Preventing & Mitigating Conflict & Violent Extremism


Date: 2015 Description: QDDR: Preventing & Mitigating Conflict & Violent Extremism  - State Dept Image
U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry participates in the first session -- Understanding Violent Extremism Today -- at the White House Summit to Counter Violent Extremism at the U.S. Department of State in Washington, D.C., on February 19, 2015. [State Department photo/ Public Domain]

Diplomacy and development play critical roles in preventing, mitigating, and responding to threats such as instability within countries, inter-state and great-power conflict, and the spread of violent extremism. These are distinct challenges requiring unique, but complementary, approaches from the State Department and USAID that will enhance our capacity to prevent and mitigate conflict, and to place great emphasis on preventing violent extremism.


“…Whether it’s ISIL or Boko Haram or al-Shabaab, their ideology does not include a plan to build a nation…They don’t have a plan to create jobs or deliver opportunity. They don’t have any of those things that people most want. But they do have a strategy to capitalize on the grievances of those who feel underrepresented and left behind, to march into places of extreme poverty and turn them into their direction, to capitalize on a failure of governance and a failure of vision and a failure of leadership and a failure of accountability, to capitalize on impunity that comes with corruption in too many places…”

– Secretary John Kerry


Recommendations:

  • Expand prevention efforts to counter violent extremism. The State Department and USAID will work with other agencies and multilateral partners to strengthen U.S. counterterrorism and CVE efforts by focusing more on prevention and tackling the drivers of violent extremism. Our approach places a premium on partnering with host governments, supporting vulnerable communities, and challenging extremist messaging.
  • Strengthen our ability to prevent and respond to internal conflict, atrocities, and fragility. We will work with other departments and agencies to finalize and implement a strategic framework for fragile states. We will invest more in conflict prevention, develop a planning process that will be triggered when crises emerge, and provide personnel and support to specified countries of concern.