Completed Program Evaluations for FY 2003 - Strategic Goal 4: Weapons of Mass Destruction

FY 2003 Performance and Accountability Report
Bureau of Resource Management
December 2003

Title or Topic Review of Department of State's End-Use Monitoring of Munitions Exports (AUD/PR-03-31)
Evaluator Office of Inspector General, Department of State
Department Contact David Trimble, Chief, Bureau of Political and Military Affairs
Major Findings
  • Annually, the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (PM/DDTC) targets a small number of export license applications and approved licenses for end-use monitoring under the Blue Lantern Program.
  • In four of the nine countries OIG visited, no site visits were conducted as part of the relatively significant number of end-use monitoring checks assigned by PM/DDTC. In FY 2002, these nine countries accounted for $6 billion out of total of $16 billion dollars of approved licenses for munitions exports.
  • Improved guidance to Blue Lantern Coordinators overseas and better reporting and communication are needed on the results of end-use checks.
Major Recommendations
  • OIG recommended the use of an analytical approach to increase the number of end-use checks performed annually.
  • OIG recommended that PM/DDTC specify in its cables to Blue Lantern Coordinators overseas when a site visit or physical inspection is required as part of a requested end-use check.
  • OIG recommended that PM/DDTC clarify in its annual report to Congress the limitations of its trend analysis of illegal export diversions given the small scope of its Blue Lantern Program.
Major Actions Taken or That Will be Taken

PM/DTCC agreed with OIG's major recommendations and has provided a plan with milestones to address outstanding areas. Specifically, the Directorate plans to:

  • Increase the number of end-use checks using an enhanced targeting approach.
  • Specify in cables when a site visit is necessary to Blue Lantern Coordinators overseas.
  • Update the Blue Lantern Program guidance and annual worldwide cable to address some of OIG's suggestions.
  • Clarify to Congress the statistical basis behind the highlighted trends in its annual report.
Expected Result
  • The State OIG program evaluation was conducted in conjunction with five other statutory OIGs, reporting as mandated to Congress in the April 2003, Interagency Review of Federal Export Enforcement Efforts. The result of the individual and joint reviews is expected to increase the effectiveness of federal programs to detect and prevent the illegal export of munitions and dual-use items.