Additional Details on FY 2003 Performance Results - Strategic Goal 10: Humanitarian Response

FY 2003 Performance and Accountability Report
Bureau of Resource Management
December 2003
Report

Performance Goal 1: Assistance for Refugees and Other Victims

Initiative/Program #1: Refugee Assistance

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #1: CRUDE MORTALITY RATES
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
1 Refugee crises do not exceed a CMR of 1/10,000 people per day. 1. N/A 1. Where data was available, crude mortality rates did not exceed 1/10,000 people per day in refugee crises. On Target
2 Expand pilot data collection to other countries. 2. N/A 2. Efforts to expand pilot data collection have been delayed; PRM implementing partner was behind schedule and did not reach the pilot stage of the project, but finalized guidelines and methodology for CMR surveys. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: Data is reliable; however, standard collection and reporting methodology has not yet been implemented in the field.
  • Data Validation: Excess mortality exists when the CMR is higher than the prevailing mortality level of the surrounding population in an emergency setting. In developing countries a CMR higher than 1/10,000 people per day has been the traditional definition of excess mortality.
  • Partners: USAID, HHS, UNHCR, UNRWA, WFP, UNICEF, WHO, OCHA, ICRC, IOM, NGOs, Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #2: NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF REFUGEE CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS OF AGE
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
1. In humanitarian crises, children under five have weight-for-height ratios that are greater than or equal to 2 standard deviations below the mean (Z score of greater than or equal to -2), or greater than 80 percent median weight-for-height, and an absence of nutritional edema. 1. In humanitarian crises, 90% of children under five have weight-for-height ratios that are greater than or equal to 2 standard deviations below the mean (Z score of greater than or equal to -2), or greater than 80 percent median weight-for-height, and an absence of nutritional edema. 1. Baseline: In humanitarian crises where Department funds were provided, at least 90% of children under five had weight-for-height ratios that were greater than or equal to 2 standard deviations below the mean (Z score of greater than or equal to -2), or greater than 80 percent median weight-for-height, and an absence of nutritional edema. Kakuma refugee camp in Kenya is one exception where slightly less than 90% of children under five had weight-for-height ratios that were greater than or equal to 2 standard deviations below the mean (Z score of greater than or equal to -2), or greater than 80 percent median weight-for-height, and an absence of nutritional edema. An anthropometric survey of Kakuma camp by the International Rescue Committee in January 2003 found that 12.5 percent of Somali Bantu children and 14.3 percent of other children under five suffered from acute malnutrition. On Target
2. Improve and expand data collection and reporting. 2. N/A 2. PRM and USAID continued to support the development of tools and measures to improve data collection and reporting on nutritional status. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Reason for Target #1 Revision: Although ideally no children would suffer from acute malnutrition (indicated by Z score of less than -2), population movements and possible limitations on humanitarian access in emergency situations may result in some cases of acute malnutrition. Prevalence of acute malnutrition in 10% or more of a population indicates a serious crisis and problems in the provision of humanitarian assistance.
  • Data Reliability: Data is reported only from areas where PRM funds are provided, and therefore does not account for all humanitarian crises worldwide. Data is not yet collected ��and reported systematically, and is currently available only from selected partner organizations. Standard collection and reporting methodology has not yet been implemented in the field.
  • Data Validation: Weight-for-height ratios that are greater than or equal to 2 standard deviations below the mean indicate an absence of acute malnutrition (wasting). Correction of wasting and edema reduces the risk of death.
  • Partners: USAID, HHS, UNHCR, UNRWA, WFP, UNICEF, WHO, OCHA, ICRC, IOM, NGOs, Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters.

 

Initiative/Program #2: Refugee Admissions to the U.S.

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #3: REFUGEES RESETTLED IN THE U.S., AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE ALLOCATED CEILING[1]
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
100% N/A Out of a ceiling of 70,000 refugees, 28,421 (or 41 percent) were resettled. Significantly Below Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Reason for Significant Performance Target Shortfall: Refugee admissions to the U.S. continue to be affected by developments related to the events of September 11, 2001. Performance was contingent upon a number of external factors, such as unanticipated refugee approval rates, security constraints on processing overseas, and the capacity to expeditiously process security checks in coordination with other agencies.
  • Steps Being Taken to Improve Performance: The Department is making significant efforts to improve performance, by: Identifying new populations in need of resettlement; Providing appropriate resources to UNHCR to develop resettlement referrals; Training NGOs to identify refugees for resettlement; and Expediting the transmission of Security Advisory Opinions for resettlement applicants.
  • Data Reliability: Data are collected by the Department's Worldwide Refugee Admissions Processing System (WRAPS).
  • Data Validation: Data show the extent to which refugee admissions have reached the allocated ceiling established by Presidential determination.
  • Partners: UNHCR, IOM, NGOs, DHS, HHS.
Note 1: The ceiling is established by Presidential determination each year through consultations with voluntary agencies, Congress, the Immigration and Naturalization Service, and the Department of Health and Human Services.

 

Initiative/Program #3: Humanitarian Demining

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #4: PERCENTAGE POINT CHANGE IN REPORTED LANDMINE CASUALTIES
IN U.S. PROGRAM COUNTRIES[1]
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
5% N/A 6% Above Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Reliability: Final 2003 numbers are not yet available. Mine incidents in remote areas often go unreported and some countries do not maintain the statistics.
  • Data Reliability: Figures reported by government agencies and NGOs are reliable in general, but do not necessarily represent a comprehensive picture of the countries casualty rate.
  • Data Validation: The Landmine Monitor Report provides the most through, reliable, and comprehensive data available. It compiles statistics from many sources.
  • Partners: USAID, DoD, NGOs, UN and regional organizations, other donor nations.
Note 1: Results are calculated on an annual, not fiscal, year basis.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #5: SQUARE METERS OF LAND CLEARED IN U.S. PROGRAM COUNTRIES
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
230,000,000 m2 72,000,000 m2 103,319,920 m2 Above Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Reason for Target Revision: Due to confusion in planning process, global figure was used rather than limiting to only those projects to which the USG contributes.
  • Data Availability: The 2003 figure is still an estimate because our partners have not yet finalized their production results (most of them use the calendar year not the U.S. fiscal year).
  • Data Reliability: Information is drawn from reports received from our contractor and NGO grantees. Given our program oversight regime, it is considered reliable, however extrapolation of year-end totals may cause errors.
  • Data Validation: Program Managers make field visits to work cites.
  • Partners: UN, NGOs and DoD, UN and regional organizations, other donor nations.
PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #6: NUMBER OF U.S. PROGRAM COUNTRIES IN SUSTAINMENT OR END STATE (CUMULATIVE)
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
13 N/A 19 Above Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Availability: Highly Reliable. The end state determination is made by the Department and tracked in funding plans.
  • Partners: USAID, DoD, CIA, CDC (our interagency partners), NGOs.

 

Initiative/Program #4: World Food Program Donor Base

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #7: PERCENTAGE OF NON-U.S. DONORS TO THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME (WFP)
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
1. Increase the number of donors to WFP by four. 1. N/A 1. As of September 22, 2003, WFP had nine new donors. "New donors" are defined as those that did not contribute in either 2002 or 2001. They are: Cameroon, El Salvador, Greece, Kuwait, Malta, Marshall Islands, Qatar, Russia, and Vietnam. On Target
2. Increase non-U.S. contributions by 4 percent over CY 2002. 2. N/A 2. As of September 22, 2003, non-USG contributions to WFP totaled $877 million, compared to $871 million as of December 31, 2002, an increase of 0.7 percent (short of the 4 percent target). By December 31, 2003, the percentage increase will likely be greater. On Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Availability: This is an interim report, because WFP reports on a CY basis.
  • Data Reliability: Data provided by WFP.
  • Data Validation: Data gathered by WFP on contributions and donors is authoritative and directly related to reporting results for this indicator.
  • Partners: The Department of State, USAID, and USDA all have substantial interest in and have dealings with WFP. WFP leadership, including the Executive Director himself, has done a great deal to attract new donors including private sector donors.
  • Other Issues: Although the number of new donors was more than double the targeted number (see target/result #1), the percentage of non-USG dollar value contributions was lower than expected. (see Target/Result #2)

Performance Goal 2: Disaster Prevention and Response

Initiative/Program #5: Global Disaster Information Network

PERFORMANCE INDICATOR #1: STATUS OF GLOBAL DISASTER INFORMATION NETWORK (GDIN)
Initial FY 2003 Target Revised Target FY 2003 Result FY 2003 Performance Ratings
Establish a GDIN operations center. N/A GDIN operations center not established, but a blueprint for an operations center has been created. Slightly Below Target
Details of 2003 Results
  • Data Validation: GDIN progress is measured by the GDIN Executive Committee and the GDIN Fund Board, elected GDIN bodies. GDIN will post its results on the GDIN website (www.GDIN.org).
  • Partners: GDIN is a voluntary, independent, self-sustaining, non-profit association of nations, organizations, and professionals, from all sectors of society including NGO's, Industry, academia, governments, and international organizations with an interest in sharing disaster information. The aim of GDIN is to provide the right information, in the right format, to the right people, in time to make the right decisions.