Strategic Goal 7: Democracy and Human Rights - Performance Results for Performance Goal 2

FY 2003 Performance and Accountability Report
Bureau of Resource Management
December 2003
Report

PERFORMANCE GOAL 2

Universal standards protect human rights, including the rights of women and ethnic minorities, religious freedom, worker rights, and the reduction of child labor

 

I/P #2: BILATERAL AND MULTILATERAL DIPLOMACY

Press governments with poor human rights records to move toward full observation of internationally recognized human rights standards and norms.

OUTPUT INDICATOR

Indicator #1: Number of UN Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR) Resolutions on Democracy Adopted

FY Results History 2000
  1. Resolutions on Cuba, Iran, and Iraq passed.
  2. Resolution on China defeated.
  3. No Belarus or North Korean resolution on table.
2001
  1. UNCHR passed resolution for the third year on Cuba, Iran, and Iraq.
  2. Resolution on China defeated.
  3. No Belarus or North Korean resolutions on table.
2002

N/A

  • This Indicator was not tracked because the United States was not a member of the UNCHR in 2002, but was re-elected as a member for 2003.
FY 2003
Data
2003 Results In 2003, UNCHR passed resolutions on Cuba, North Korea, Belarus (U.S.-sponsored), Turkmenistan, Burma and Iraq. Chechnya, Sudan and Zimbabwe resolutions were defeated. U.S. took strong stand against Libyan chairmanship of UNCHR. U.S. succeeded in blocking "special sitting" on Iraq, despite strong anti-U.S. bloc among some Muslim countries and some EU states.
Target Commission adopts a majority of country-specific and thematic resolutions of highest interest.
Rating On Target
Impact Belarus responded to resolution by examining its human rights. Cuban rejection of resolution noted worldwide and met international condemnation. Dissidents in all countries noted resolutions.

OUTPUT INDICATOR

Indicator #2: Number of UNCHR States With Negative Human Rights Records

FY Results History 2000 Of the fifty-three member states, seventeen had negative human rights records.
2001 Eighteen states had negative human rights records.
2002 UNCHR election in April 2002 returned the United States as a member; United States began work to change UNCHR membership.
FY 2003
Data
2003 Results Sixteen member states with negative records.
Target No more than 15 UNCHR member states with negative record.
Rating Slightly Below Target
Impact Decrease in number of countries with negative human rights records assists UNCHR in carrying out its mandate. In turn, UNCHR is more effective when countries with poor human rights records are no longer members of UNCHR thus paving the way for more effective resolutions and interventions by Special Rapporteurs.

 

Photo showing a girl holding a placard while riding on an elephant which leads a rally marking "World day against child Labour" in Kathmandu, Nepal.

A girl holds a placard while riding on an elephant which leads a rally marking "World day against child Labour" in Kathmandu, Nepal. A report by the International Labour organization (ILO) states that there are 2,600,000 child workers in Nepal. � AP Photo/Narendra Shrestha

 

I/P #3: APPLY HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS

Ensure that human rights standards are upheld and advanced.

INPUT INDICATOR

Indicator #3: Amount and Quality of Post Reporting on Human Rights Violations Pursuant to Leahy Requirements

FY Results History 2000 Leahy procedures established for Foreign Operations and Defense funding, but posts are not required to make systematic reports.
2001 The Bureau of Intelligence and Research created a database for HR abuses in Colombia and Indonesia.
2002
  1. The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor produced case studies and lessons learned from Leahy implementation.
  2. DRL reopened dialogue with the Bureau of Political and Military Affairs, and regional bureaus on standardization of vetting procedures and implementation.
FY 2003
Data
2003 Results Database to collect information on human rights abuses in countries receiving security assistance is being developed and tested.
Target Reporting procedures formulated and put into place.
Rating On Target
Impact Many human rights violations are committed by security forces. Through vetting and withholding of U.S. assistance to human rights violators, military discipline and respect for human rights increase.

 

Photo showing delegates attending a ministerial-level Security Council meeting entitled "Justice and the Rule of Law: The United Nations Role."

Delegates attend a ministerial-level Security Council meeting entitled "Justice and the Rule of Law: The United Nations Role." � AP Photo/Mary Altaffer

 

I/P #4: ANNUAL COUNTRY REPORTS ON HUMAN RIGHTS PRACTICES

Consolidate the U.S. Government's assessments on human rights situations around the globe, recognizing that judging a country's human rights performance based on internationally accepted norms remains a powerful tool

EFFICIENCY INDICATOR

Indicator #4: Effective Use of the Human Rights Report (HRR) to Promote U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives

FY Results History 2000 HRR is not linked to policy or activities.
2001
  1. HRR not linked to policy or activities.
  2. HRR translated into Vietnamese.
2002
  1. DRL developed strategic plan within the Department to use HRR to promote key policy issues.
  2. Strategy developed to increase number of posts using HRR for public diplomacy efforts.
  3. Introduction of HRRs translated into French, Spanish, and Russian.
FY 2003
Data
2003 Results
  • Though length of total HRR was reduced only 10%; 27 pilot countries were selected for editing of text to produce higher readability and more succinct presentation. Praise for the integrity and quality of the report was received from would-be critics, including Human Rights Watch, which said the reports "pulled no punches." (See target #1)
  • Full reports or critical portions are translated into Chinese, Russian, Spanish, French, Arabic and Farsi. Over 50 individual posts' reports translated and posted on websites. (See target #2, #5 and #6)
  • Human Rights Democracy Fund (HRDF) projects were implemented in several countries in Central Asia and the Middle East in response to issues highlighted in corresponding reports. (See target #3)
  • Human Rights Strategy Report was published in June 2003. Portions translated into host-country, regional and world languages. Translations and other spin-off products for public diplomacy used worldwide, particularly in Africa and Middle East. (See target #2 and #7)
Target
  1. 2002 HRR length is cut by 15% to the 2001 base, while maintaining high standard.
  2. Strategy developed to increase number of posts using HRR for public diplomacy efforts.
  3. Pilot posts chosen for human rights reporting-based HRDF program implementation plan.
  4. HRR focus on institutional change is developed.
  5. HRR translated into Chinese and Russian.
  6. Posts in China, the former Soviet Union, Central Asia, Latin America, and Europe post the appropriate country reports on their websites in the appropriate languages.
  7. Human Rights Strategy Report is published and distributed widely to illustrate ways in which U.S. government programs are having an impact worldwide.
Rating On Target
Impact Many human rights violations are committed by security forces. Through vetting and withholding of U.S. assistance to human rights violators, military discipline and respect for human rights increase.

 

I/P #5: PROMOTE INTERNATIONAL RELIGIOUS FREEDOM

Enhance long-term stability, increase opportunity for democracy, support other human rights, and undermine religiously based terrorism by advancing religious freedom in countries and regions important to U.S. interests.

OUTCOME INDICATOR

Indicator #5: Level of Engagement with Foreign Governments and NGOs to Promote and Advocate on Behalf of Religious Freedom in Keeping with Foreign Policy Directives such as the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA)

FY Results History 2000
  1. Some religious prisoners released.
  2. Discussions on religion laws.
2001
  1. Minor U.S. successes in forestalling or improving bad religion laws in Eastern Europe and Central Asia.
  2. Some religious prisoners released.
2002
  1. Continuing U.S. influence on some religion legislation.
  2. Some religious prisoners released; some religious refugees assisted.
FY 2003
Data
2003 Results
  • IRF concerns have been raised by the Department in bilateral and multilateral meetings.
  • IRF officers have begun engagement on promoting religious freedom in Afghanistan and Iraq.
  • Posts have shown an increased engagement on IRF issues, producing for the most part excellent country reports for the International Religious Freedom Report to Congress.
  • The IRF ambassador and officers have been instrumental in facilitating the removal of people persecuted for their faith from harm's way.
  • The Ambassador-at-Large and staff have visited China, Vietnam, and Saudi Arabia for repeated trips.
Target
  • More IRF integration into policy and advocacy by senior U.S. officials abroad and executive and legislative branches, including better coordination with Congress.
  • Special focus on Afghanistan and Iraq for increased religious freedom, including through the constitution-drafting processes.
  • Posts provide consistently high-quality reporting on religious freedom. More IRF advocacy is undertaken by the Department in multilateral forums.
  • Build coalitions through travel to like-minded countries which will strengthen ties and enlist broader-based advocacy in support of international religious freedom goals.
Rating On Target
Impact

The Department's advocacy in these areas has resulted in increased attention to religious freedom in target countries around the world. In target countries diplomacy and travel by the Ambassador-at-Large, and advocacy and diplomatic engagement have resulted in the release of prisoners, the relaxing of enforcement of restrictive religious laws, and greater operating space for religious minorities.

The Department's ongoing reporting and monitoring of religious freedom conditions allow us to engage in purposeful and targeted religious freedom advocacy. Such monitoring and analysis are essential to the conduct of effective diplomacy and for the identification of targeted benchmarks in our dialogues with countries of concern for religious freedom violations.

INPUT INDICATOR

Indicator #6: Intensity of Monitoring, Reporting, and Analysis on Behalf of Religious Freedom by the USG and Multilateral Institutions in Keeping With Foreign Policy Directives such as the International Religious Freedom Act

FY Results History 2000
  1. IRF Ambassador and IRF office established for one year.
  2. Ambassador attended senior staff meetings with Assistant Secretaries.
  3. Access to Secretary.
2001
  1. Second IRF Report built credibility among NGOs and in Congress.
  2. Improved IRF reporting from U.S. posts abroad.
  3. Vietnam and China HR dialogues included subject of IRF.
2002
  1. Third IRF report generally well received.
  2. Post reporting remained at improved 2001 levels.
  3. Bilateral HR dialogues with China and Vietnam included subject of IRF.
FY 2003
Data
2003 Results N/A, see "Other Issues" below.
Target
  1. IRF reports recognized for high-quality reporting.
  2. Analysis expanded either in report introduction or in separate op-ed piece for major U.S. newspaper or other widely circulated publication.
  3. New resolution or conference reporting on IRF or IRF-related issue agreed to by a multilateral institution due to U.S. intervention.
Rating N/A
Impact N/A
Other Issues Work pertaining to this indicator has been subsumed into indicator number five.

 

Photo showing various images representing the major religions in the world.

� AP Photo

 

I/P #6: LABOR DIPLOMACY AND ADVOCACY FOR WORKERS' RIGHTS

Promote respect for workers' rights by pressing governments to respect internationally recognized worker rights, voluntary business codes of conduct, and the rule of law.

OUTPUT INDICATOR

Indicator #7: Number of Public-Private Partnerships to Advance Respect for Human Rights

FY Results History 2000
  1. Voluntary Principles for Security and Human Rights (VPs) announced.
  2. Partnership to Eliminate Sweatshops (PESP) grants awarded.
2001
  1. Government of the Netherlands and Newmont Mining adhered to the VPs.
  2. Public-private partnerships created in Central America and Asia to address labor conditions in factories.
  3. Child labor abuses decreased due to programs.
2002
  1. Occidental Petroleum, ExxonMobil, PaxChristi and the Government of Norway joined VPs.
  2. First security managers' workshop conducted.
  3. In-country briefings in Colombia.
  4. Voluntary Principles and Partnership to Eliminate Sweatshops Program (PESP) programs contributed to greater respect for worker rights in Central America and Philippines.
  5. PESP program contributed to workers empowerment enabling negotiation of agreed framework in Costa Rica and Guatemala.
FY 2003
Data
2003 Results
  1. Programs funded to educate workers on rights and pilot program developed to address labor conditions in select factories in China and in forty-two other countries.
  2. Method to track labor violations not developed. Once this is developed, the Department will be able to track progress and more fully report on target two.
  3. PESP projects showing progress in Central America.
Target
  1. Develop program to improve work safety and health conditions in China.
  2. Worker rights violations decrease in half the countries in which DRL/IL has anti-sweatshop programs.
  3. The number of overseas factories respecting business codes of conduct increases 20 percent.
Rating Slightly Below Target
Impact Public sector actions allowing for freedom of association and providing for workers' right to organize are key components of civil society and representative government. Private sector acceptance of workers' rights and the responsibility to provide adequate working conditions builds confidence in democracy, economic liberty, and free trade. Advances made over the last three years are the result of U.S. success in bringing together all actors in this arena and extending efforts to new regions.

OUTPUT INDICATOR

Indicator #8: Status of Workers' Rights

FY Results History 2000 N/A
2001 N/A
2002

Baseline:

  1. Established national plans for the elimination of child labor in Muslim countries.
  2. Increased acceptance of International Labor Organization (ILO) issues in the Muslim world.
FY 2003
Data
2003 Results
  1. Significant HRDF and DOL/ILAB projects dealing with worker rights begun in China. Notable improvements in worker rights made in Cambodia. Continuing improvement in Bahrain and Saudi Arabia. For example,
    • Nineteen new labor unions were formed in Bahrain after the 2002 adoption of a ground-breaking labor law.
    • Labor "committees" authorized in Saudi Arabia.
    • Key ILO conventions ratified by Syria, Sudan and Lebanon.
  2. Labor clauses in all initial versions of the trade agreements currently under negotiation: the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA), other free trade agreements (FTAs) with Morocco, Australia, and the South African Customs Union.
Target
  1. Worker organizations established in one country in each of the following regions: Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Middle East, China, Central America, and Africa. Increase in implementation of International Labor Organization standards in the Muslim world. Increase in respect for workers' rights in China.
  2. Include provisions to protect worker rights in the FTA under negotiation with five Central American nations, and in other FTAs and Trade and Investment Facilitation Agreements (TIFAs).
Rating
  1. On Target
  2. On Target
Impact For the first time ever, worker rights are being discussed locally and bilaterally in certain Gulf States. As part of U.S. initiatives for democratization, labor organizations have been a key building block for developing civil society and representative movements.

 

Photo showing a group of children marching as they join a contingent during the celebration of the 105th Independence Day anniversary in Manila, wearing World Day Against Child Labor t-shirts.

A group of children march as they join a contingent during the celebration of the 105th Independence Day anniversary in Manila which coincides with the World Day Against Child Labor. � AP Photo/Pat Roque