Strategic Goal 5: International Crime and Drugs - Performance Results for Performance Goal 2

FY 2003 Performance and Accountability Report
Bureau of Resource Management
December 2003


States cooperate internationally to set and implement anti-drug and anti-crime standards, share financial and political burdens, and close off safehavens through justice systems and related institution building



Set standards; share political and financial burdens through international cooperation.


Indicator #1: Status of UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime (TOC) and Supplemental Protocols (e.g., Trafficking in Persons Protocol and the Migrant Smuggling Protocol)

FY Results History 2000 Negotiations in progress.
2001 TOC completed; 135 states signed treaty.
  1. A total of 141 states signed the TOC, of which, 24 have ratified it. Of the 107 states that have signed the Trafficking in Persons Protocol, 14 have ratified it.
  2. Of the 103 states that have signed the Migrant Smuggling Protocol, 13 have ratified it.
  3. Of the 35 states that have signed the firearms protocol, two have ratified it.
FY 2003
2003 Results
  • Fifty-six states have ratified the TOC; 45 states have ratified the Trafficking in Persons Protocol; 40 states have ratified the Migrant Smuggling Protocol. All have entered into force.
Target Forty states ratify TOC treaty, which enters into force.
Rating Above Target
Impact This is the first global convention whereby states agreed to criminalize a range of crime normally committed by transnational organized crime groups and agreed to cooperate in tracking down and bringing to justice their leaders and members. Now that both the TOC Convention and the Trafficking in Persons Migrant Smuggling Protocols have entered into force, they take on the force of international law for States Parties, which are legally committed to implement the provisions of both agreements. States that have signed but not ratified (including the United States) are obligated to take no steps that are contrary to the object and purpose of the treaty.



Upgrade the facilities of existing ILEAs to permit a broader range of operational training, including counterterrorism.


Indicator #2: Number of Officials Trained at International Law Enforcement Academies (ILEAs)
and Through Other Programs

FY Results History 2000
  1. ILEA: 1,100
  2. Other: 11,799
  1. ILEA: 1,412
  2. Other: 14,581
  1. ILEA: 2,100
  2. Other: 9,500
FY 2003
2003 Results
  1. ILEA: 2,200
  2. Other: 4,500
  1. ILEA: 2,100
  2. Other: 15,000
  1. ILEA: Above Target
  2. Other: N/A (See "Other Issues" Below)
Impact Training is a key ingredient in the development of professional law enforcement officials and the improvement of institutions they work with and lead. ILEA training is particularly important and cost-effective because it combines a focus on regional issues with international training standards. Law enforcement officers from different countries train together on a regional basis, creating an informal network that improves cooperation at the operational level.
Other Issues "Other" training is now embassy-determined and project-driven, it no longer useful as a performance indicator. Henceforth, the Department will no longer report on "other training" as currently defined.


Indicator #3: Number of Law Enforcement Officials Receiving Counternarcotics Training

FY Results History 2000 1,200
2001 1,662
2002 1,800
FY 2003
2003 Results No data collected during FY 2003.
Target 1,800
Rating N/A
Impact N/A
Other Issues After FY 2002, the Department discontinued tracking this information because it was no longer pertinent to performance. Per the Department's planning cycle, the indicator was developed in late FY 2002, but discontinued shortly thereafter.



Target four anticorruption areas: transparency in fiscal affairs, transparency in procurement, enforcement, and empowering civil society.


Indicator #4: Status of UN Convention Against Corruption

FY Results History 2000 UN Crime Center received mandate to complete comprehensive study of existing work on corruption.
2001 Study completed. Experts Group developed Terms of Reference for negotiations.
2002 Progress made at three negotiating sessions.
FY 2003
2003 Results Agreement reached on text of convention. Signing ceremony set for December.
Target Consensus reached on text of all major provisions.
Rating On Target
Impact This is the first global treaty against corruption. It provides a comprehensive approach to fighting corruption and requires countries to criminalize corrupt behavior, implement measures to prevent corruption, and facilitate international cooperation in combating corruption. It also provides a channel for governments to recover assets illicitly acquired by corrupt officials and, in certain situations, return assets stolen from state treasuries. States that sign the treaty will be obligated to take no steps contrary to its object and purpose. States that subsequently ratify the treaty will be legally obligated to carry out its provisions.


Indicator #5: Status of Regional Anticorruption Frameworks

FY Results History 2000 Three existing multilateral anti-corruption and peer review mechanisms (OAS, COE,GCA).
2001 Number of mechanisms increased to four, by addition of Stability Pact agreement.
2002 Number of mechanisms increased to five, by addition of ADB/OECD Asia Initiative.
FY 2003
2003 Results African Union (AU) Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption was adopted by the African Union General Assembly at the AU Summit in Maputo in July 2003. The Convention is now open to signature for 42 AU member States. AU is working with Transparency International to develop a monitoring and assistance mechanism related to The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NePAD).
Target Number of mechanisms increased to six by addition of African Union.
Rating On Target

Regional anti-corruption compacts complement and reinforce international conventions, such as the recently completed UN Convention Against Corruption. Regional agreements involve a more active role for regional participants and a corresponding greater sense of "ownership" of anti-corruption issues and problems.

The signing of the AU Convention raises the profile of the issue within the region and provides a multilateral vehicle for cooperation and assistance to those governments that have the political will to combat corruption. Moreover, it is the first step in a process toward a regional monitoring mechanism of peer pressure to ensure that individual governments implement the provisions of both the AU Convention as well as other international anti-corruption instruments, such as the UN Convention.