Strategic Goal 1: Regional Stability - Performance Results for Performance Goal 1

FY 2003 Performance and Accountability Report
Bureau of Resource Management
December 2003

VII. Performance Results



Close, strong, and effective U.S. ties with allies, friends, partners, and regional organizations



Promote stability, security, democracy, and prosperity within the region and build
support for U.S. strategic goals beyond Europe.


Indicator #1: Implementation of Adapted Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaty

FY Results History 2000
  1. CFE adaptation negotiations continued.
  2. Adapted Treaty and Final Act signed at Istanbul.
  1. Second Review Conference of CFE Treaty successfully concluded and advanced U.S. and NATO interests.
  2. NATO remained firm in demanding Russian compliance with Istanbul commitments.
  3. Russia made initial progress towards implementing Istanbul commitments.
  1. Russia fulfilled its Istanbul commitment on the flank issue, reduced its flank equipment to Adapted Treaty levels, and discharged its Istanbul commitments for CFE equipment in Georgia and Moldova.
  2. Russia needs to reach agreement with Georgia on remaining issues regarding Gudauta base and its future use, and the duration of Russian presence in Batumi and Alkhalkalai. Russia also needs to complete the removal and destruction of munitions and small arms in Moldova.
  3. Conditions for U.S. ratification of Adapted CFE Treaty have not yet been met.
FY 2003
2003 Results
  1. The situation in Moldova, which had been improving earlier in 2003, then stalled at mid-year, is now again proceeding toward resolution; however, the trains moving ammunition and equipment out of Moldova are running only on a modest schedule.
  2. It is clear that Russia will not meet the December 31, 2003, deadline to withdraw forces from Moldova.
  3. Progress on Georgia has been stalled for most of 2003, though there are now indications that Georgia and Russia will meet soon to resume discussions on implementing the commitment regarding Georgia.
  4. Russia remains in compliance with Adapted CFE Treaty Flank Limits.
Target Russia fulfills all Istanbul commitments (troop withdrawal from Georgia and Moldova), allowing for U.S. ratification and entry into force of the Adapted CFE Treaty.

Significantly Below Target

Impact The continued inability to begin the process of achieving entry into force of the Adapted CFE Treaty will undercut the level of confidence and predictability achieved by the current CFE Treaty.
Other Issues

Reason for Performance Shortfall: Russia has not made the difficult political decisions necessary to fulfill its commitments regarding Georgia and Moldova.

Steps to be Taken to Improve Performance: The U.S. will increase the level of pressure on Russia by making this a topic for senior exchanges.


In Tbilisi, Georgia, Ambassador Miles at deployment of Georgian military personnel to Baghdad to join the coalition forces in Iraq. Department of State Photo

Photo showing Ambassador Miles in Tbilisi, Georgia, at a deployment of Georgian military personnel to Baghdad to join the coalition forces in Iraq.



Use diplomacy to foster stability in the EAP region.


Indicator #2: Status of U.S.-South Korean Relations

FY Results History 2000 N/A
2001 Baseline:
Began interagency discussion of the Future of U.S.-South Korean Alliance.
  1. Began U.S. and Republic of Korea (ROK) negotiations on the Future of the Alliance (FOTA).
FY 2003
2003 Results Talks between the U.S. and ROK on the FOTA produced a timetable and division of costs for the reconfiguration of U.S. Forces in Korea during 2004 - 2008.
  1. Negotiations on the future of U.S.-South Korean alliance.
  2. Begin reconfiguration of U.S. Forces in South Korea.
Rating On Target
Impact The Republic of Korea is anxious about moving U.S. troops away from the Demilitarized zone. The realignment of troops is perceived as a weakening of the U.S. and ROK alliance and weakening of the deterrent against the North.
Other Issues Although there was some discussion of the U.S. and ROK working on Confidence Building Measuress with the DPRK, these proposals were never fully developed. The reconfiguration of U.S. forces in Korea is a much better measure of the strength of the U.S.-South Korean Relationship.


Indicator #3: Status of Chinese Cooperation on Regional Stability

FY Results History 2000 Cooperation on regional security selective and episodic.
  1. Limited Chinese tension-reducing diplomatic efforts toward North Korea and South Asia.
  2. China cooperated in encouraging North Korean openness and dialogue.
  1. China continued to urge Pakistan and India to avoid conflict and reduce tensions. There was a continuing impasse on Cross-Strait dialogue.
  2. China encouraged North Korean openness and multilateral dialogue to end its nuclear weapons program. China's public statements at APEC ministerial were helpful in maintaining a nuclear weapons-free Korean Peninsula.
FY 2003
2003 Results
  1. China discussed its bilateral border disputes with South Asian officials.
  2. China played a crucial role in facilitating multilateral talks with North Korea on maintaining a nuclear weapons-free Korean peninsula.
Target China increases coordination on security issues related to the Korean Peninsula and South Asia with the United States and the international community.
Rating On Target
Impact China's forward progress regarding coordination of regional security issues will contribute to regional stability in this region.