Achieve Peace and Security

FY 2004-2009 Department of State and USAID Strategic Plan

The foremost responsibility of government is protecting the life, liberty, and property of its citizens. Since our struggle for independence, diplomacy has been critical to our nation's security. The Department of State, as the nation's first line of offense, leads the effort to build and maintain relationships, coalitions, and alliances that help create the conditions for peace, contain or eliminate potential dangers from abroad before they can harm our citizens, and promote economic, social, and cultural cooperation.

We recognize that our own security is best guaranteed when our friends and neighbors are secure, free, and prosperous, and when they respect human rights and the rule of law. As a result, the Department focuses its efforts on resolving regional conflicts, countering global terror networks, combating international organized crime, and keeping weapons of mass destruction out of the hands of those that can harm the United States, our allies, and our friends. At the same time, USAID's programs help ensure the economic, social, and political stability of developing and transitional countries while combating poverty, environmental degradation, infectious disease, and other threats to security. Our shared goal is to ensure that today's troubled countries do not become tomorrow's failed states.

No nation can create a safer, better world alone. The Department seeks the sustained cooperation of traditional allies and new partners so that our combined strength and resources can bring us closer to achieving shared security. We are committed to lasting and accountable multilateral institutions such as NATO, the United Nations, and the World Trade Organization, as well as other longstanding international financial institutions and regional organizations. We help achieve peace and security by ensuring these institutions maintain their vitality and adapt to meet the challenges of the 21st century.

Regional Stability

Avert and resolve local and regional conflicts to preserve peace and minimize harm to the national interests of the United States.

Instability and conflict among states arise from diverse causes. Ethnic hatred, unequal economic opportunities, and political discrimination within states can lead to instability and refugee flows that spill across borders. Societies that lack means of dissent can nurture radical ideologies that appeal to those who feel threatened by existing norms and arrangements. Often, legitimate grievances provide opportunities for unscrupulous or shortsighted leaders who exploit and exacerbate tensions. Stable relations among states also can be threatened by changes in their relative wealth, power, and ambitions.

The democratic transformation sweeping much of the world is a factor that supports stability by removing potential causes of conflict. In addition, for the first time in 100 years, there is the prospect for a durable peace among the great powers on the basis of a strategic alignment against common threats. Despite these positive developments, regional tensions and crises harm U.S. national security in varying degrees. They strain our alliances, threaten peace, create fertile ground for terrorism, damage national economies, and intensify human suffering.

Securing stable and peaceful relations among states is a fundamental, traditional goal of diplomacy. Building the foundations for stability and addressing the root causes of conflict are vital roles of development assistance. In each region of the world, we will build effective ties with allies, friends, partners, and regional and international organizations ultimately to resolve existing and emergent conflicts. In each region, we will focus on key priorities to achieve our goal:

  • Israel and the Palestinians: We have long worked for peace between Israel and the Palestinians because of the importance of security in the region, to diminish human suffering, and because of our close relationship with Israel and key Arab States. We are committed to two states, Israel and Palestine, living side-by-side in peace, security, and dignity. We will work with the parties themselves and our Quartet partners (the European Union, the United Nations, and Russia) to implement a roadmap that offers hope of achieving a lasting and comprehensive peace, ensuring a halt to terrorism and violence, and establishing an independent Palestinian state at peace with Israel. We will pursue inclusion of Syria and Lebanon in that peace process.
  • South Asia: Reducing tensions between India and Pakistan, both armed with nuclear weapons, is critical to regional and world security. We will press India and Pakistan toward dialog on all issues, including Kashmir. We will continue to work with Pakistan to promote reforms that will create a more stable, democratic, and prosperous nation. With India, a sister democracy, we will continue to work together on shared strategic interests. In Afghanistan, the Department and USAID will lead the international effort to establish economic reconstruction, security, and democratic political stability, based on an effective central government and denial of safe haven for terrorists. In Nepal and Sri Lanka, we will support processes to end civil conflicts. We will take concrete steps throughout the region to empower women, emphasize protection of human rights, and help establish institutions that promote the rule of law based on international standards.
  • East Asia and the Pacific: We will continue to work with our allies Australia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, the Philippines, and Thailand, as well as with important partners such as Singapore, to improve our capacity to maintain stability, defuse tensions, and resolve conflicts in the region. We welcome the development of a peaceful and prosperous China, and encourage it to work in partnership with the United States and others to fashion solutions to pressing regional and global problems. Our goal is the development of a China rooted in democracy and respectful of human rights. Where our interests overlap, often in addressing economic issues and transnational threats, we work well together. We continue to have areas of disagreement, including human rights abuses, weak controls over weapons proliferation, and our commitment to the self-defense of Taiwan. But, we will not allow these differences to preclude cooperation when we agree.

    As a vestige of the Cold War, North Korea remains isolated behind its borders, its large army within striking distance of Seoul, and its efforts to develop nuclear weapons and their delivery systems threatening neighbors and the global nonproliferation regime. North Korea must understand that its relations with the world hinge on abandoning its nuclear weapons ambitions. Working with the Republic of Korea, Japan, China, and others, we will continue to pursue our goal of having North Korea comply with its Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, end its WMD programs, and undergo reforms to ensure stability and prosperity on the Korean Peninsula. We persevere in our efforts to foster democratic changes in Burma, where a despotic government oppresses its own people and creates regional instability. In Cambodia, we seek to build stronger democratic institutions that will help support political stability and advance security in the region.

  • Europe and Central Asia: In Europe, NATO must be able to act wherever our collective interests are threatened. We will enhance NATO's ability to further European and Eurasian security and stability by integrating new members and by embracing new capabilities and new relationships. We also will work to develop NATO's capability to field, at short notice, highly mobile, specially trained forces to respond to a threat against any member, including threats from afar. We will develop further our relations with the EU: to nurture our immense trading relationship; advance global economic growth; seek common solutions to regional disputes; foster stability and reform in Southeast Europe; and combat transnational challenges, from terrorism to HIV/AIDS. With Russia, our foreign policy agenda is broad, including the war on terrorism, increased cooperation on regional conflicts, nonproliferation, trade, and investment. We support the independence and stability of countries of the former Soviet Union. A prosperous and stable region will reinforce Russia's growing relationship to the Euro-Atlantic community and improve U.S. economic opportunity in that part of the world. We will continue to foster stability and encourage reform in Eurasian subregions, particularly in the former Yugoslavia. With eight Muslim majority countries and strong Muslim minorities in several other countries in this region, the United States has the opportunity and challenge to engage Islam positively in these countries and bridge the divide between Islam and Western society.
  • The Persian Gulf: The destruction of the old regime in Iraq removes a major threat to the region, but does not obviate the need for security arrangements. A stable, democratic Iraq, with its territorial integrity intact, will be a stabilizing influence. The United States will maintain military-to-military relationships with friendly countries and access to facilities to assure regional security.
  • Africa: In Africa, democratic success stories sit side-by-side with failed or failing states. Promise and opportunity contrast with disease, desperate poverty, and large numbers of refugees and internally displaced persons. Civil wars have spread beyond borders to create regional war zones. To enhance stability and create conditions for general prosperity, we will pursue a multipronged approach. We will engage regional powers such as South Africa, Nigeria, Kenya, and Ethiopia. We will work to strengthen the capacity of reforming states and subregional organizations to address transnational threats. Africa will be the primary focus of the President's Emergency Plan for HIV/AIDS relief. We will coordinate with European allies and international institutions to strengthen fragile states, provide peace operations, and attempt to address the underlying socio-economic factors feeding conflict, especially in the Great Lakes Region, Horn of Africa, and West Africa. We also will offer more opportunity through the full use of the preferences allowed in the African Growth and Opportunity Act, leading to free trade. We will work with the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). NEPAD represents the African leaders' vision of how Africa should assume responsibility for its own development, emphasizing good governance, the rule of law, investing in people, and pursuing policies that approach development in the context of our national interest more as a partnership based on African priorities rather than donor assumptions of Africa's requirements. Finally, we will intensify our efforts to strengthen civil society organizations as constituencies for reform, so that African citizens themselves will hold their governments accountable.

  • Sudan: The Department and USAID seek to achieve a durable peace, end state sponsorship of terrorism, and promote regional stability in Sudan. Our active diplomatic and assistance efforts are central to improving humanitarian access and reaching an agreement to end the civil war. We will support the Sudanese in the transition from conflict to peace by providing assistance in conflict mitigation, food security, economic recovery, primary health care, basic education, and local governance.
  • Western Hemisphere: With our hemispheric partners and the Organization of American States, we will continue to improve homeland security, consolidate democratic gains, advance the rule of law and the development of transparent and accountable governing institutions, and create a Free Trade Area of the Americas by 2005. We will fight the instability arising from the violence of drug cartels and their accomplices throughout the region and maintain an active strategy to help the Andean nations adjust their economies, enforce their laws, defeat terrorist organizations, and cut off the supply of illegal drugs. Specifically in Colombia, we will work to help the government defend its democratic institutions and defeat illegal armed groups by extending effective sovereignty over the entire national territory to provide basic security to the Colombian people.
USG Partners and Cross-Cutting Programs
The following are key USG partners with whom we will coordinate to achieve this goal:
  • Department of Defense: DOD takes the lead in any use of force and, at times, reconstruction. DOD also provides the military-to-military contact, assistance, and training that strengthens military and alliance relationships.
  • Intelligence Agencies: The CIA is a key partner in identifying and evaluating possible areas of instability.
External Factors
The following are key factors, external to the Department and USAID, which could significantly affect the achievement of the goal:
  • Non-state entities with ethnic, religious, or political agendas.
  • Latent ethnic or religious tensions within or among nations.
  • Allies and/or partners' view of the need to act.
  • Conflict parties may not be interested in peace.
  • Failing economies, creating political instability.
  • Weakened institutions despite our best efforts to strengthen them.

Prevent attacks against the United States, our allies, and our friends, and strengthen alliances and international arrangements to defeat global terrorism.

The United States is engaged in a war against terrorism that will be fought on many fronts over an extended period of time. In this war, we will make no concessions to terrorist demands and strike no deals. We will make no distinction between terrorists and those persons, organizations, or governments who aid or harbor them. No cause or grievance justifies the use of terror. Terrorism by its very nature is antithetical to the world we seek to create.

The gravest danger to the United States lies at the crossroads of terrorism and technology - the possibility that catastrophic technologies could fall into terrorist hands. We must therefore give priority to defeating terrorist organizations of global reach and preventing their state sponsors from supplying them with weapons of mass destruction or related technologies.

The world's great powers and most of the international community are on the same side in the struggle against terrorism, fighting on behalf of the civilized world against those who would destroy it. Success will come by acting with a coalition of partners willing to fight terrorism of global reach simultaneously in the domestic, regional, and global contexts. Although the Department will strive to enlist the support of the international community, the United States will not hesitate to act alone to exercise its right of self-defense.

The war on terrorism demands the combined efforts of many U.S. Government agencies to defend the United States, its allies, people, and economy. The Department is charged with developing, coordinating, and implementing American counterterrorism policy. We also are responsible for building and maintaining coalitions of states to root out terrorist networks, cut off access to resources, and punish terrorists for their crimes. USAID provides development assistance designed to diminish the underlying conditions that terrorists seek to exploit. Working with our partners, we will:

  • Utilize diplomacy to identify, disrupt, and destroy terrorist organizations of global reach. Once these organizations are identified, we and our partners will work to dismantle the leadership, material support, and finances that support terrorists. We will deny terrorists access to formal and informal financial systems and prevent abuse of charitable institutions. Together with our partners, we will work to force states that harbor terrorists to cease abetting terror. The Department will continue to encourage all countries to sign, ratify, and implement the 12 international counterterrorism conventions and fully implement UN Security Council Resolution 1373, which targets terrorists' finances, and apply it to all terrorist groups. We will work to prosecute and punish captured terrorists to the full extent of the law. In the Middle East, South Asia, and Southeast Asia in particular, we will work with key governments to maintain the political will to fight terrorism and protect formal and informal financial systems against abuse by terrorism.
  • Expand antiterrorism capabilities. Every state must be able to combat terrorists of global reach within its own borders and block them from crossing borders undetected. Where governments are willing but unable to fight such terrorism effectively, the Department will bolster their skills, capacities, and resources. We and our global partners - working through such mechanisms as the G-8 and IAEA's Nuclear Security Program - also will strengthen our common capacity to respond if terrorist attacks do occur. In the Middle East, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Southeast Asia in particular, we will strengthen political will and local capabilities to fight terrorism. The Department will join with key foreign partners to develop technology to aid in the war on terrorism, including containment and mitigation of biological agent attacks.
  • Diminish the underlying conditions linked to terrorism. Failed and failing states can provide fertile ground for terrorist organizations to thrive. The heightened threat of terrorism in states with despotism, weak institutions, and neglected social, economic, and political capacity, requires greater emphasis on moving states toward more accountable, legitimate, and democratic governance. To reduce these conditions, the Department and USAID will support development assistance focused on democracy and domestic good governance, and enlist the international community's support. We will use public diplomacy to win the war of ideas by promoting moderate government and social tolerance and countering the misguided belief of justified terrorism.
USG Partners and Cross-Cutting Programs
The following are key USG partners with whom we will coordinate to achieve this goal:
  • Counterterrorism and Security Group: The Department is a key member of this group, which the National Security Council chairs.
  • Terrorist Financing: The Department chairs and USAID participates in the Coalition Building subgroup of the Treasury Department-led Policy Coordination Committee on Terrorist Financing.
  • Departments of Justice, Treasury, Defense, and Homeland Security: Each of these agencies plays an important role in the global war on terrorism.
  • Intelligence Agencies: The information shared by these agencies establishes the basis for defensive and offensive action in the global war on terrorism.
  • National Combating Terrorism Research and Development Program: The Department chairs the interagency Technical Support Working Group under this program.
External Factors
The following are key factors, external to the Department and USAID, which could significantly affect the achievement of the goal:
  • Radical anti-Americanism.
  • New terrorist weapons, including WMD, techniques, or strategies.
  • Middle East Peace Process, developments in Kashmir and other areas of continuing instability, or the rise of new terrorist causes.
  • Ability of foreign governments to remain focused on countering terrorism given competing political and financial priorities.
  • International consensus, or lack thereof, on whether engagement, isolation, or military action is the best tool in specific cases.
  • Foreign government resistance because their own risk of terrorist attack is estimated to be substantially less than that of the United States.
  • Sovereignty issues lead foreign governments to limit operations within their borders.
  • View of some "liberation groups" as an exception to terrorism.
Homeland Security

Protect the homeland by enhancing the security of our borders and infrastructure.

The defense of the United States must begin beyond our borders. We are working closely with partner agencies, from the Department of Homeland Security to other members of the intelligence and law enforcement communities, to establish the first line of defense and stop or deter terrorist attacks before they reach our shores.

Through trade, travel, and communications, the United States is deeply connected with the rest of the world. Approximately 500 million people enter the United States every year, of whom 330 million are foreigners, more than our entire population. Sixteen million containers enter the United States annually, carrying half of our imports. Our critical infrastructure - telecommunications, information systems, transportation, and energy - is integrated into larger transnational networks. Many firms in the United States depend on global supply chains to keep their businesses running. Our open society and links with other countries and peoples enrich us, both economically and culturally. But, openness also creates vulnerabilities. Our challenge is to help protect our people and property without disrupting the economy or infringing on our cherished liberties and freedoms.

In pursuit of homeland security, the Department conducts visa operations and spearheads U.S. diplomacy to gain cooperation for measures to deter threats to travel, communications, and other critical infrastructure networks, and to secure our borders.

Visa Operations: Department consular officers at our diplomatic posts abroad adjudicate approximately seven million visa applications annually. The visa program aims to facilitate travel to the United States for eligible foreign visitors, whether for tourism, study, business or other lawful purpose, and to deny entry to those ineligible, especially those who pose a danger. The Department will:

  • Enhance consular officer training and technology to identify applicants who are threats to the United States. We will use advanced technologies, including biometrics, and sophisticated lookout systems, to assist in making a determination of eligibility. We also will urge other nations to institute similar technology and procedures to ensure document security.
  • Share intelligence. We will expand intelligence sharing with other U.S. Government agencies and foreign governments, specifically increasing the use of and access to electronic records stored in our central database.
Commerce, Infrastructure, and Borders: The protection of transport, critical infrastructure networks, and borders requires the cooperation of foreign governments and the private sector. With other U.S. Government entities, including the Department of Homeland Security and USAID, we will help partners build their capacity to use advanced technologies to enhance their security and ours. The Department will:

  • Negotiate and implement international security standards and practices related to travel and commerce. We will use advanced technologies and cooperation, beginning with the Container Security Initiative and related G-8 and APEC initiatives, to ensure that goods entering the United States do not pose a threat. We are encouraging efforts in the International Maritime Organization to implement measures that will deter use of merchant vessels for terrorist attacks. We will continue to work with the International Civil Aviation Organization, airlines, and foreign governments to enhance airline and airport security.
  • Intensify efforts to protect both physical and cyber-infrastructure shared with other nations. We are developing and strengthening standards for the protection of key infrastructure, from its physical security to legal protections. The work is already well under way, both bilaterally and through the G-8, with neighbors and allies, where the interconnectivity makes the need most acute.
  • Build "smart borders." We will negotiate with other governments to implement "smart borders," a continuum framed by land, sea, and air, where layered management will enable greater visibility of vehicles, people, and goods. Our diplomatic efforts will focus especially on Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. We will work with other governments to strengthen procedures and create the necessary infrastructure to screen people and cargo destined to the United States before departure, thus improving security while speeding movement across the border.
USG Partners and Cross-Cutting Programs
The following are key USG partners with whom we will coordinate to achieve this goal:
  • Department of Homeland Security: The Department will work with DHS, which is principally tasked with protecting the United States and its borders.
  • Homeland Security Council: The Department will work with the HSC to ensure appropriate coordination with USG agencies and departments on homeland security issues.
  • Intelligence Agencies: The Department and intelligence agencies, as well as the FBI, share information to identify persons and events that might threaten the United States.
  • Department of Justice: DOJ has historically had a major role in naturalization issues. The Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), now part of DHS, will continue to play a role.
External Factors
The following are key factors, external to the Department and USAID, which could significantly affect the achievement of the goal:
  • The political commitment and vigilance of our partners.
  • Partners' resources, quality of their laws, and strength of their judicial/legal institutions.
  • Foreign governments' willingness to share information, based on differences in legal systems, regulations on the protection of classified material, and privacy concerns.
  • Developments in key regions, particularly the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia, and Europe.
  • The number and severity of terrorist attacks.
  • Level of demand for visas.
Weapons of Mass Destruction

Reduce the threat of weapons of mass destruction to the United States, our allies, and our friends.

In an age when terrorist groups and rogue states seek to obtain increasingly dangerous weapons, there is an urgent need to minimize the threat to the United States, our allies, and friends from weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems. Rogue states and terrorist organizations no longer consider nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons as weapons of last resort, creating a far more complex and perilous security situation. Above all, the U.S. Government is committed to taking all necessary steps, including preemption if necessary, to ensure its security and the security of its allies and friends.

The Department's efforts to contain and reduce the threat of WMD/missiles are served largely through the tools of diplomacy, verification, and science and technology. Through diplomacy, we will seek to move nations away from WMD proliferation or development and persuade countries to join nonproliferation WMD-related treaties and agreements. The Department will play a key role in coordinating responses to recalcitrant states using international pressure or sanctions, among other means. We will embark on active nonproliferation programs, both bilateral and multilateral, designed to contain WMD/missile technology and reduce current stockpiles. Furthermore, the Department will focus on verifying and ensuring compliance by countries already committed to multilateral treaties and agreements.

The Department will combat this serious threat through a number of specific priorities. Given the current threat environment, we will:

  • Prevent proliferators, including state sponsors of terrorism and terrorist groups, from obtaining WMD and their delivery systems. Through direct bilateral and multilateral efforts and international pressure, including economic tools, the Department will curb weapons development and proliferation by Iran, North Korea, and Libya, and ensure that they put a complete halt to their respective programs. We will promote more stringent nonproliferation policies and programs, strengthened export controls, and improved border security to prevent terrorists or their state sponsors from acquiring WMD, their delivery systems, related materials, or technologies. These steps will ensure that terrorist groups or rogue states will not access WMD and missile materials, expertise, or technology.
  • Urge Russia to reduce WMD/missile stockpiles and materials. The Department will encourage states such as Russia and China to cease disseminating weapons technology, expertise, and materials to rogue states such as Iran and Syria. We will urge the former Soviet republics to keep stricter accounting of their WMD/missile stockpiles.
  • Ensure compliance with existing multilateral treaties and adherence to regimes, especially the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, the Chemical Weapons Convention, and the Biological Weapons Convention, as well as strengthening the verification and compliance procedures of these regimes, where appropriate. The Department will additionally focus on strengthening the International Atomic Energy Agency, enhancing safeguards capabilities, negotiating a Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty, reinforcing the Nuclear Suppliers Group and Zangger Committee, and augmenting the Missile Technology Control Regime. We will work to enforce consequences of noncompliance with all of the economic and diplomatic tools at our disposal. Should other action be necessary, including military action, the Department will work to build the necessary coalition to facilitate our response.
  • Encourage nuclear and missile restraint in South Asia. Open-ended nuclear weapon and missile programs in India and Pakistan threaten regional and international security and increase the risk of onward proliferation from the region. The Department will encourage India and Pakistan to restrain their programs, adopt measures designed to reduce nuclear risks, and bring their export control laws and practices in line with international standards.
  • Strongly discourage the worldwide accumulation of separated plutonium and the use of highly enriched uranium. The Department will collaborate with international partners to develop more secure and environmentally safe nuclear technologies.
  • Build international support for U.S. security goals, in particular missile defense systems, with our partners and allies.
USG Partners and Cross-Cutting Programs
The following are key USG partners with whom we will coordinate to achieve this goal:
  • Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agency: These agencies provide the intelligence necessary for verification and compliance.
  • Department of Defense: When necessary, DOD supports active counter-proliferation, such as interdiction, to enforce compliance with international demands on nuclear development or proliferation.
  • Departments of Commerce and Treasury: These agencies monitor export controls.
  • Department of Homeland Security: The State Department coordinates with the U.S. Customs Service and the U.S. Coast Guard.
External Factors
The following are key factors, external to the Department and USAID, which could significantly affect the achievement of the goal:
  • Lack of cooperation from allied and like-minded nations in developing and enforcing WMD-related regimes, treaties, and commitments.
  • Lack of international and regional political stability to permit focus on WMD issues.
  • Some countries resist U.S. and allied pressure to abandon or restrain WMD programs, even at the risk of international diplomatic or military action.
International Crime and Drugs

Minimize the impact of international crime and illegal drugs on the United States and its citizens.

As part of its mission to protect the United States, American citizens, and U.S. interests, the U.S. Government wages a vigorous campaign against international drug trafficking and organized crime, particularly trafficking in persons, migrant smuggling, money laundering, and cybercrime. Illegal drugs kill more than 19,000 Americans every year and impose social and economic costs in excess of $160 billion annually. The costs of transnational organized crime not connected with drugs are comparably steep. Such crimes threaten the security of the United States and other nations, undermine the rule of law, and menace local and regional stability.

The Department and USAID regard the struggle against crime, narcotics, and poverty as inseparably linked. Narcotics trafficking, crime, and poverty feed off each another. To combat the full spectrum of criminal, drug, and terrorist threats, the Department and USAID will strengthen foreign law enforcement capabilities, establish transparent public and private institutions, and encourage alternative livelihoods through education and development.

Anticrime programs encourage the democratic governance, respect for human rights, and economic activity required for sustainable development and political stability. Counternarcotics and anticrime programs also complement the war on terrorism, both directly and indirectly, by promoting the modernization of foreign criminal justice and law enforcement systems and disrupting the profits used to finance terrorism.

International crime and narcotics trafficking thrive where law enforcement institutions are weak, where money laundering and corruption are rampant, and where citizens have few viable economic alternatives. To minimize the impact of international crime and illegal drugs, the Department and USAID will:

  • Eradicate illegal drugs and trafficking organizations. In the Western Hemisphere, Southeast Asia, and elsewhere, we will: (1) provide government-to-government assistance to eradicate illegal drug cultivation; (2) attack, interdict, and disrupt operations of trafficking organizations; (3) develop institutional and resource bases to control drug abuse; (4) encourage development alternatives to drug cultivation; and (5) enhance governments' abilities to prevent drug-related public corruption. In South America, we will support the fight against narcoterrorists and aim to secure democracy, extend security, and restore economic prosperity in Colombia and the surrounding region through the Andean Counterdrug Initiative. In Afghanistan and central Asia, we will pursue alternative development programs and strengthen the capacity of the government to counter the destabilizing activities of drug traffickers and other illegal armed groups. On a global basis, we will encourage governments to investigate and prosecute trafficking in persons and provide government-to-government assistance to enhance their ability to do so.
  • Strengthen laws, law enforcement institutions, and judicial systems. Bilaterally, regionally, and multilaterally, we will push for strong laws and institutions that are rooted in democratic principles and protective of human rights. We will encourage governments to criminalize the act of trafficking in persons and provide assistance to governments that make a serious commitment to combat it. We will use international law enforcement training academies to professionalize law enforcement organizations and to strengthen regional and international cooperation. We will work to strengthen judicial systems to enable governments to investigate, prosecute, convict, and punish criminals, while protecting victims and combating corruption. In post-conflict societies, we will develop and reform civilian police, justice, and related institutions as part of international peacekeeping and security operations.
  • Combat money laundering. We will assist foreign governments, and support multilateral efforts, to develop, enhance, and implement anti-money laundering regimes that meet the highest international standards. In particular, we will focus on combating money laundering in key terrorist financing states to prevent the flow of drug and crime funds to transnational crime and terrorist groups.
  • Promote anticorruption regimes. We will assist foreign governments, and support multi-lateral efforts, to establish transparent and accountable public and private institutions to combat corruption. In particular, we will seek to develop international anticorruption norms and promote democratic governance.
USG Partners and Cross-Cutting Programs
The following are key USG partners with whom we will coordinate to achieve this goal:
  • President's Interagency Task Force on Trafficking in Persons: The Department's Trafficking in Persons Office serves as the secretariat.
  • Department of the Treasury: Treasury leads money laundering and asset seizure issues.
  • Department of Homeland Security: The U.S. Customs Service works on money laundering, asset seizure, and migrant-smuggling issues. The Immigration and Naturalization Service also coordinates on migrant-smuggling issues.
  • Department of Justice: Justice leads on extradition, international legal assistance, and rule of law issues.
  • Department of Defense, Drug Enforcement Administration, and Coast Guard: These agencies coordinate on counternarcotics programs.
External Factors
The following are key factors, external to the Department and USAID, which could significantly affect the achievement of the goal:
  • Political or social instability or lack of border control.
  • Institutionalized corruption and substandard pay for law enforcement officials.
  • Resistance to crime-fighting initiatives, sometimes based on popular sympathy with perpetrators.
  • Mismatch between the global reach of international crime and national enforcement systems.
American Citizens

Assist American citizens to travel, conduct business, and live abroad securely.

Protecting and assisting American citizens abroad is among the oldest and most important responsibilities of the Department. This mission is carried out every day from passport offices across the United States to our Embassies and Consulates in 163 countries. Our commitment helps more than three million Americans to reside abroad, and millions more to travel, do business, and study freely and safely all over the world. Our Embassies, Consulates, and Consular Agencies are like town halls for our citizens overseas. Consular officers provide assistance in cases of terrorist attack, natural disaster, crimes such as child abduction, illness, missing persons, death, destitution, arrest, imprisonment, passport loss, repatriation, and other difficulties. They ensure that Americans' rights under local and international law are respected, adjudicate hundreds of thousands of passport applications, and assist citizens to perform basic civic tasks.

To guarantee that this vital work continues to be performed to the highest standard, the Department will:

  • Disseminate safety and security information to Americans through all available means, including the latest technologies.
  • Prevent or resolve cases of international child abduction.
  • Push for implementation of The Hague Intercountry Adoption Convention.
  • Enhance the security of U.S. passports by incorporating sophisticated biometric identifiers while issuing more than seven million passports per year.
  • Plan for and bring on-line additional passport adjudication and production capacity during the timeframe of this Strategic Plan.
  • During crises, including evacuations, take all requisite steps to protect and assist Americans, in cooperation with host governments, the private sector, other U.S. Government agencies, and nongovernmental organizations (NGOs).
USG Partners and Cross-Cutting Programs
The following are key USG partners with whom we will coordinate to achieve this goal:
  • Departments of Defense, Transportation, and Health and Human Services: These agencies coordinate to evacuate U.S. citizens from crisis or disaster sites.
External Factors
The following are key factors, external to the Department and USAID, which could significantly affect the achievement of the goal:
  • Increase in number of Americans overseas singled out as terrorist targets.
  • Changes in foreign, legal, and social norms that affect American citizens abroad.
  • Technological breakthroughs enhancing the Department's ability to extend crisis assistance and conduct daily business through e-government programs.