U.S.-Pakistan Strategic Dialogue Energy Working Group
The U.S.-Pakistan Energy Working Group, part of the Strategic Dialogue framework reenergized during Secretary Kerry’s August visit to Pakistan, met in Washington today at the U.S. Institute of Peace. Pakistan’s delegation was led by Minister of Petroleum and Natural Resources Shahid Abbasi and Minister for Water and Power Khawaja Asif. They were joined by Special Advisor to the Prime Minister Musadik Malik. U.S. Special Envoy for International Energy Affairs Ambassador Carlos Pascual led the U.S. delegation and co-chaired the meeting. This is the first Working Group meeting to be held since the announcement of the resumption of the U.S.-Pakistan Strategic Dialogue, though the fifth time it met since 2010. Energy issues were also a core topic of discussion during Prime Minister Sharif’s recent official visit to Washington.
The Energy Working Group meeting underscores the sustained bilateral partnership in the energy sector, and the critical importance of a stable supply of energy in accelerating Pakistan’s economic growth. The Pakistani Government is committed to expanding power generation, promoting energy efficiency, and discussing ways to better use Pakistan’s domestic natural gas, hydroelectric, and renewable resources. The United States has organized a Pakistani trade delegation later this week to Houston, Texas to meet with major U.S. oil and gas companies, facilitating investment from the private sector in addressing Pakistan’s energy needs.
Minister Abbasi highlighted the need to attract private-sector investment to catalyze domestic gas exploration and production in Pakistan. Ambassador Pascual welcomed the Pakistani Government’s commitment to undertake necessary reforms to improve efficiency in gas development, acquire liquefied natural gas (LNG), and increase domestic natural gas production. Minister Asif welcomed U.S. support for the Government of Pakistan’s power policy and privatization plans.
The U.S. committed to assist the Government of Pakistan’s effort to privatize at least two power distribution companies by 2015. Ambassador Pascual announced technical assistance to help Pakistan increase production and maximize recovery from existing gas fields as well as to identify new areas for conventional gas development in order to help meet the country’s increasing energy demand, especially for power generation. These efforts build on the sustained and substantial efforts the U.S. has undertaken to help Pakistan meet its critical energy needs, including adding 1,000 megawatts since 2009 to Pakistan’s national grid--enough electricity for more than 16 million Pakistanis. Additionally, the Overseas Private Investment Corporation, the U.S. Government’s development finance institution, is in the process of negotiating a $95 million loan to a prospective 50 MW wind power plant in southeastern Pakistan’s Gharo-Keti Bandar Wind Corridor.
The Pakistani delegation also met with Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, with whom they discussed potential collaboration in grid resiliency and the energy-water nexus. The U.S. Department of Energy invited their Pakistani counterparts to visit the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Colorado next year to explore areas of further cooperation in research, and to share best practices.