The United States' Commitment to the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves: Year Three Progress Report

Fact Sheet
Office of the Spokesperson
Washington, DC
September 26, 2013

In honor of the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves’ third anniversary, the United States is pleased to announce that its total commitment in support of the Alliance and clean cookstoves has grown to up to $125 million through the first five years of the Alliance. This investment represents an increase of nearly $11 million over the past year and will help the Alliance achieve its goal of enabling 100 million homes to adopt clean and efficient stoves and fuels by 2020. This commitment also spans eleven federal agencies and comprises $60 million in research, $15 million in field implementation activities, and up to $50 million in financing.

The new commitments target a wide range of work, including: expanded research on cookstove performance, marketing, and adoption; expanded research on the health, climate and air quality benefits of clean cookstoves; and expanded field efforts in Kenya, Haiti, Bangladesh, and Nigeria.

The total amount invested to date by all U.S. agencies under this commitment is over $67 million, including nearly $59 million from the six agencies that originally committed $50 million.

The State Department, under the leadership of Secretary of State John Kerry and former-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, has undertaken a wide range of diplomatic activities to advance the Alliance and the cookstoves sector.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include:

  • Extended partnership with countries across the globe, including Cambodia, China, France, Ghana, Guatemala, Ireland, Kenya, Laos, Malawi, and Mongolia.
  • Announced up to $74 million in new commitments from partners to bring 4 million clean stoves to the East Africa by 2020 and launch clean cookstove manufacturing facilities in Kenya and Lesotho.
  • Awarded grants to help ramp up cookstove manufacturing in Kenya, support USAID’s field testing of stoves in Bangladesh, and perform field health evaluations of stoves in Peru.
  • Engaged with U.S. embassies abroad to support Alliance activities in priority countries.
  •  Worked with the Alliance to propose and launch a $1.4 million cookstoves initiative under the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants.

Original Commitment: $0.37 million

Updated Commitment: $1.02 million

Funding Allocated through Year 3 of the Alliance: $1.02 million

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is committed to leading the cookstove sector with regard to stove testing, climate and air quality research, and developing international standards.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include:

  • Launched state-of-the-art cookstove testing lab in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, and proceeded with testing of 20 cooking technologies and fuels, with evaluation of fuel efficiency and air pollutant emissions that affect human health and the environment.
  • Committed to award $3 million for research on the air quality and climatic benefits of interventions for cookstoves and residential burning.
  •  Led efforts to develop interim International Organization for Standardization guidelines for performance ratings of cookstoves (fuel use, emissions, safety) and provided technical support for the development of cookstove testing protocols, guidelines, and standards.
  • Hosted an intensive training on cookstove testing at EPA’s lab in North Carolina for more than 30 staff from Regional Stove Testing and Knowledge Centers (sponsored by the Alliance) and held regional field testing and stove performance capacity building workshops for more than 50 organizations in Benin, India, Mexico, Nepal, and Vietnam; each workshop was followed by stove testing in the field.
  • Continued to provide research leadership in the field with a co-authored peer reviewed cover feature article on cookstoves in the scientific journal, Environmental Science & Technology.
  •  Worked with the Alliance to propose and launch a $1.4 million cookstoves initiative under the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants.

Original Commitment: $6.0 million

Updated Commitment: $9.67 million

Funding Allocated through Year 3 of the Alliance: $6.33 million

The National Institutes of Health are committed to support health research and training to improve the health and lives of those at risk from household burning of solid fuels.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include:

  • Five NIH Institutes and Centers provided $5.57 million in funds for awards on household air pollution studies in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Topics studied include: exposures related to biomass fuel use, associated cardio-respiratory, cancer, and maternal and child health outcomes in vulnerable populations, as well as research on acceptability of novel stove designs in communities.
  • Several NIH components and CDC NIOSH are supporting grants to establish regional network research and training hubs in global environmental health and occupational health. Household Air Pollution studies to support interventions and policy formulation is a key part of many of the planning grants and is anticipated to scale up with full awards in 2015.
  • NIH led a group of stakeholders from a May 2011 international meeting with experts on indoor air pollution to write and publish a policy article in PLOS Medicine titled, Household Air Pollution in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Health Risks and Research Priorities.

Original Commitment: $24.7 million

Updated Commitment: $31.69 million

Funding Allocated through Year 3 of the Alliance: $20.46 million

The U.S. Agency for International Development’s programs support the adoption of affordable stoves that require less fuel to meet household energy needs and release fewer pollutants, as a means to improve health, reduce environmental degradation, mitigate climate change, foster economic growth, and empower women.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include:

  •  Facilitated the sale of over 16,000 improved stoves in Haiti. With partners SONAPI industrial park and LPG supplier Sodigaz, created the first charcoal-free street food vendor area in Port-au-Prince, serving ~10,000 meals a day to local workers.
  • Funded a randomized control trial in India to measure the impact of four economic and marketing tools aimed at reducing barriers to adoption of a cookstove that contains a USB charger allowing excess energy produced while cooking to charge small electrical devices.
  • Funded World Food Programme to disseminate 24,000 fuel-efficient stoves to host communities surrounding refugee camps in northern Kenya and commissioned a study on the links between efficient cookstoves and reductions in gender-based violence.
  • Supported stove performance and marketing research for fuel-efficient stoves in rural Bangladesh, including consumer preferences and willingness to pay studies.
  • Funded a market assessment to support the Malawi National Cookstove Task Force.
  • Identified attributes of financing, marketing, and stove design that encourage correct and consistent use of fuel efficient stoves in Uganda and India.
  • Working with financial institutions in Nigeria and Kenya to catalyze commercial lending to cookstove enterprises.

Original Commitment: $9.0 million

Updated Commitment: $18.40 million

Funding Allocated through Year 3 of the Alliance: $18.40 million

The Department of Energy is spurring development of low emission, high efficiency cookstoves through research in areas such as combustion, heat transfer, and materials development.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include moving forward with 3 grants begun last year ($2.5 million) to develop clean cookstove designs, as well as six new grants ($5.4 million) to:

  • Support the development of innovative cookstove designs to burn wood or crop residues more efficiently and cleanly than traditional stoves ($1.6 million);
  •  Improve the durability and performance of cookstove materials ($600,000);
  • Provide an improved biomass cooking stove following high quality testing and validation of flame measurement and stove geometries ($1.2 million); and
  • Support innovative small businesses in the United States that are developing advanced cookstoves and improved cookstove assessment devices ($2.0 million).

Original Commitment: $12.5 million

Updated Commitment: $13.2 million

Funding Allocated through Year 3 of the Alliance: $8.6 million

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation will provide up to $50 million in debt financing or insurance that meet their credit and lending standards over five years to support projects that provide clean, consistent, and affordable access to energy and energy savings through the manufacture, sale, and purchase of cookstoves.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include:

  • OPIC committed a loan of $3.0 million to Burn Manufacturing to support the establishment of a cookstove assembly and manufacturing operation in Kenya.
  • OPIC has approved a $4 million loan to The Paradigm Project. Loan proceeds will be used as working capital for the purchase of clean cookstoves, which will be resold to buyers for sale and distribution.

Original Commitment: up to $50 million

Updated Commitment: up to $50 million

Funding Allocated through Year 3 of the Alliance: $7 million

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are evaluating cookstove programs to better understand their public health benefits and key determinants of adoption.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include:

  •  Conducted a multi-stove evaluation in Kenya to evaluate stove performance, acceptability, and adoption of improved biomass stoves in a rural household setting.
  • Concluded a pilot study in Guatemala to assess the effects of in utero and infant exposures to indoor air pollutants on growth and neurodevelopment.
  • Collaborated with the Alliance, WHO, and Partners in India to form burn injury working group and begin pilot burns registry project in India.
  • Provided technical assistance for development of WHO Indoor Air Quality Guidelines.

Original Commitment: $1.0 million

Updated Commitment: $3.90 million

Funding Allocated through Year 3 of the Alliance: $3.90 million

The National Science Foundation is supporting research related to the climate, air quality and health benefits of the adoption of clean cookstoves.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include:

  • Awarded nearly $1.5 million for a study in Ghana to examine the scaled-up air quality and health impacts of clean cookstoves adoption.
  •  Awarded nearly $250,000 for a study to understand the aerosol absorption in biomass burning plumes through measurements of albedo effects, coatings, and brown carbon.

Original Commitment: [not applicable]

Updated Commitment: $1.72 million

Funding Allocated through Year 3 of the Alliance: $1.72 million

Additional Federal Agencies Providing Support:

  •  In 2010, prior to the launch of the Alliance, the Millennium Challenge Corporation committed to an investment in Mongolia which remains the largest single stoves-related investment of the U.S. government: $45.3 million focused on economic growth from energy efficiency and improved air quality.
  • The Peace Corps trains community members (including masons, small enterprises, and community-based women’s/other groups) to select, construct and maintain improved cookstoves, provides ongoing support to sustain use of these cookstoves, and helps low-income families, schools, and others access grants to reduce the cost of them.
  • The Department of Agriculture is lending its technical expertise on key policy questions facing the cookstoves sector and helping align the Alliance with ongoing international efforts that promote the sustainable production and use of clean burning biomass cooking fuels, as part of its global strategy to optimize natural resource conservation and agricultural productivity.
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is partnering with scientists in other countries to monitor global black carbon emissions and assess the climate impacts and benefits of switching to clean cookstoves by: developing instrumentation quantifying corresponding changes in soot emissions; characterizing the properties of the soot produced; quantifying the climate impacts and evaluating the climate benefits of soot emission reductions.

Alliance Progress: Through a wide range of activities to build the sector and support organizations that can scale production, distribution, and adoption, the Alliance is on track to achieve its goal of 100 million households adopting clean and efficient cookstoves and fuels by 2020.

Key Third Year Accomplishments include:

  • Generating tremendous momentum and activity in focus countries Bangladesh, China, Ghana, Guatemala, India, Kenya, Nigeria and Uganda: In each country, the Alliance has convened relevant actors, conducted market assessments, advised stakeholders during the locally led country action planning process, and learned about the unique challenges and opportunities in each market. Government leaders in Bangladesh, Ghana, Guatemala, and Kenya have made clean cooking solutions a part of national health and energy policies.
  •  Driving investment into the sector: The Alliance and its partners around the world have driven $35 million of new private investments in clean cookstove businesses (including OPIC’s investments) into the sector, part of its strategic plan to inject $1 billion worth of investments into the sector by 2020.
  • Developing and promoting global standards and enhancing testing centers: The Alliance is collaborating with national standards committees and relevant organizations worldwide as it leads the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) process to create first-ever standards for cookstove safety, efficiency and cleanliness. The Alliance is also increasing local capacity in design innovation and testing by supporting 13 regional testing and knowledge centers across Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
  •  Building the evidence base by galvanizing and coordinating the research community: The Alliance is directly and indirectly supporting more than $45 million (including U.S. government efforts) in competitive research grants in the areas of child survival, climate change, fuels research, innovation in design, gender impacts and women’s empowerment, and clean cookstove and fuel adoption. The Alliance’s global research advisory platform formed in the past year and has already met as it works to convene researchers, commission research, and communicate results.
  •  Raising awareness of this silent killer, convening partners, and advocating for change: The Alliance was featured in more than 100 global, national and local media outlets, hosted two international forums attended by record numbers of clean cooking sector actors, grew its partnership base to more than 800 organizations worldwide, and saw increased international efforts to address the issue through its advocacy (e.g., at the World Health Assembly, Sustainable Energy for All, and the Climate and Clean Air Coalition).
  •  Mobilizing influential champions to support the cause: The Alliance’s ambassadors, champions, and leadership and advisory council members are a diverse array of world leaders, celebrities, and experts from the public, private, nonprofit, and investment sectors actively involved in fundraising, media appearances, advocacy, and strategic guidance and advice for the Alliance.
  •  Ensuring a strong flow of resources to support Alliance and sector efforts: Since its inception, the Alliance has raised over $32 million in direct support for its grant programs, and leveraged more than $200 million in parallel funding (including the U.S. commitment) to spur advances in the clean cooking sector.

* For all agencies, all future investments are subject to appropriations.

PRN: 2013/1188