U.S.-China Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific Region
On the occasion of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), the United States and China underscored the benefits to the United States and China, the Asia-Pacific region, and the international community of building a U.S.-China cooperative partnership based on mutual respect and mutual benefit and fostering a new type of relationship between major countries. Toward this end, through regular and substantive dialogue and consultation, the United States and China are developing cooperative activities throughout the Asia-Pacific region.
At this year’s ARF, the two countries pledged to enhance and initiate collaborative efforts in the region, including in the areas of science and technology, climate change, disaster warning and response, energy policy, forest management, fisheries management, disease detection and control, and wildlife protection and conservation. Recent accomplishments in U.S.-China cooperation in the Asia-Pacific include:
- Disaster relief: The United States and China co-hosted the ASEAN Regional Forum Seminar on the Laws and Regulations on Participation in International Disaster Relief by Armed Forces in Beijing, June 10-12, 2012.
- Disaster response: The United States and China jointly funded and participated in an urban search and rescue (USAR) training exercise aimed at improving USAR capacity of Indonesia and other Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) member states. The International Search and Rescue Advisory Group (INSARAG) Asia Pacific Regional Earthquake Response Exercise, jointly funded by USAID and the China Earthquake Administration, was hosted by the Government of Indonesia National Search and Rescue Agency and held in Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia, May 29-June 1, 2012.
- Disaster warning: The United States and China decided to sign a Letter of Intent for a Collaborative Oceanographic Scientific Research Pilot Project for the Development of South Sea Real-Time Tsunami Forecasting Capabilities between the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and China’s National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center in the State Oceanic Administration (SOA).
- Science and technology: The United States and China signed the Framework Plan for Ocean and Fishery Science and Technology Cooperation between NOAA and SOA.
- Climate change: The United States and China are developing the Indian Ocean Southern Climate Observation, Reanalysis, and Prediction (ISOCORE) Program.
- Energy policy: The United States and China are participating as partners in the Asia-Pacific Energy Regulatory Forum (APERF) to facilitate sharing of information on energy regulatory and policy practice and experience in the Asia-Pacific Region, with China to attend the U.S.-hosted APERF meeting in Washington, D.C., in August 2012.
- Wildlife protection: The United States and China participated in a Special Investigations Group meeting led by the ASEAN Wildlife Enforcement Network (ASEAN-WEN) in Nanning, China, in June 2012.
- Forest management: The United States and China are strengthening cooperation and exchange through the Asia-Pacific Network for Sustainable Forest Management and Rehabilitation (APFnet).
- Wildlife conservation: The United States and China are collaborating on wild tiger conservation, including in the Asia-Pacific.
- Disease detection and control: The United States and China intend to expand collaboration between the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and China’s CDC to strengthen disease detection and control capabilities and networks in the Asia-Pacific.
- Fisheries management: The United States and China reaffirmed their commitment to expand cooperation on fisheries management and jointly support the creation of the North Pacific Fisheries Commission.