U.S.-Indonesia Environment and Climate Change Cooperation
As part of the U.S.-Indonesia Comprehensive Partnership, the United States has pledged more than $450 million towards environment and climate change cooperation. The United States is working with Indonesia on a wide range of activities that will advance low carbon growth and address major threats to the world’s environment, including:
- Promoting Environmentally Sustainable Economic Growth: Through the just-signed Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) Compact for Indonesia, the Government of Indonesia will implement a Green Prosperity Project totaling $332.5 million to support environmentally sustainable economic growth through enhancing management of forests, peat lands, and other natural resources and deployment of renewable energy.
- Strengthening Climate Change Policy: The United States is providing $6.9 million in support – with matching funds from Norway – for the new Indonesia Climate Change Center (ICCC), which will focus on mapping and monitoring of carbon-rich peat lands and tropical forests with expertise from the U.S. Forest Service, bringing the best available science and analysis to policy leaders on key strategies and decisions to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
- Conserving Tropical Forests: United States and Indonesia signed a second Tropical Forest Conservation Act Agreement (TFCA) in September 2011 that allows for a debt-for-nature swap of $28.5 million to support tropical forest conservation.
- Protecting Coastal Communities and Fisheries: The United States plans to provide at least $40 million over five years to support the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security, a multilateral partnership between Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Timor-Leste, and the Solomon Islands to safeguard the Southeast Asia region’s extraordinary marine and coastal biological resources. In addition, bilateral support to improve fisheries and coastal management in Indonesia is expected to total $35 million over five years.
- Moving forward on SOLUSI: The United States has initiated $58 million in new USAID programs in management of forests, marine resources, and clean energy as part of our existing $119 million SOLUSI partnership with Indonesia on low emissions development.
- Improving Air Quality: The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Indonesia’s Ministry of Environment signed an MOU in June 2011, expanding environmental cooperation, and formalizing cooperation on “Breathe Easy, Jakarta” to improve air quality and protect public health.