U.S. Relations With Equatorial Guinea

Bureau of African Affairs
Fact Sheet
January 28, 2016

More information about Equatorial Guinea is available on the Equatorial Guinea page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


The United States established diplomatic relations with Equatorial Guinea in 1968, following the country's independence from Spain. Equatorial Guinea's President has held office for more than three decades, and his party dominates the legislature. Three major U.S. foreign policy issues form the cornerstone of the bilateral relationship with Equatorial Guinea -- good governance and democracy; the protection of human rights; and U.S. national security, especially access to energy resources. The United States seeks to encourage improved human rights, the development of a working civil society, greater fiscal transparency, and increased government investment in Equatorial Guinea's people in areas such as health and education.

U.S. Assistance to Equatorial Guinea

The U.S. Agency for International Development has several small regional projects, but does not have a presence within the country. The Ambassador's Self-Help Fund annually finances a number of small grassroots projects. Equatoguineans visit the U.S. under programs sponsored by the U.S. Government, U.S. oil companies, and educational institutions.

Bilateral Economic Relations

Equatorial Guinea's hydrocarbon riches dwarf all other economic activity; the country's oil reserves are located mainly in the Gulf of Guinea. U.S. oil companies are one of Equatorial Guinea’s largest investors, and they have a lead role in oil and gas exploration and extraction. Equatorial Guinea's exports to the U.S. are dominated by petroleum products. In an effort to attract increased U.S. investment, U.S. passport-holders are entitled to visa-free entry. Imports from the United States include machinery, iron and steel products, optic and medical instruments, and inorganic chemical and rare earth minerals.

Equatorial Guinea's Membership in International Organizations

Equatorial Guinea has used its oil wealth to expand its foreign presence, establishing diplomatic missions in other countries. Equatorial Guinea and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, and World Bank. The country also is an observer to the Organization of American States and World Trade Organization.

Bilateral Representation

The U.S. Ambassador to Equatorial Guinea is Julie Furuta-Toy. Other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Equatorial Guinea maintains an embassy in the United States at 2020 16th Street NW, Washington, DC 20009 (tel. 202-518-5700).

More information about Equatorial Guinea is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Equatorial Guinea Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Equatorial Guinea Page
U.S. Embassy: Equatorial Guinea
USAID Equatorial Guinea Page
History of U.S. Relations With Equatorial Guinea
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information