U.S. Relations With Montenegro

Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
Fact Sheet
May 2, 2016

More information about Montenegro is available on the Montenegro Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


The United States established diplomatic relations with Montenegro in 1905 following its 1878 independence from the Ottoman Empire. After World War I, Montenegro was subsumed into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, and U.S.-Montenegro diplomatic relations ended in 1920. The United States reestablished diplomatic relations with Montenegro in 2006 following the dissolution of the state union of Serbia and Montenegro.

The relationship between the United States and Montenegro has promoted peace and prosperity in the region and around the world. U.S. policy toward Montenegro is structured to help the country transition to a prosperous, market-based democracy, fully integrated into Euro-Atlantic institutions including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union. At a meeting of NATO foreign ministers on December 2, 2015, the Allies invited Montenegro to begin accession talks to join the Alliance. The country is a participant in NATO's Partnership for Peace program. The European Union opened accession negotiations with Montenegro in June 2012. Montenegro has demonstrated its commitment to international peacekeeping efforts, including in Afghanistan where it has contributed troops to the International Security Assistance Force and Resolute Support Mission.

U.S. Assistance to Montenegro

U.S. Government assistance to Montenegro aims to help the country advance toward Euro-Atlantic integration, increase its ability to fight organized crime and corruption, strengthen its civil society and democratic structures, and provide stability in the Balkans. A fact sheet on U.S. assistance to Montenegro can be found here.

Bilateral Economic Relations

A number of U.S. companies are operating in Montenegro, and the Government of Montenegro has put an emphasis on attracting more U.S. investment. The Montenegrin Government counts the following as incentives for U.S. investors to do business in Montenegro: a business-oriented economic system, a high level of economic freedom, a stable currency (Euro), macroeconomic predictability, and openness to incentivized tax structures. Montenegro has been designated as a beneficiary developing country under the Generalized System of Preferences program, which provides duty-free access to the U.S. market in various eligible categories.

Montenegro's Membership in International Organizations

Montenegro and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, NATO’s Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and the World Trade Organization. Montenegro also is a participant in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) Partnership for Peace program.

Bilateral Representation

The U.S. Ambassador to Montenegro is Margaret Ann Uyehara; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Montenegro maintains an embassy in the United States 1610 New Hampshire Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20009; tel. 202-234-6108.

More information about Montenegro is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Montenegro Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Montenegro Page
U.S. Embassy: Montenegro
USAID Montenegro Page
History of U.S. Relations With Montenegro
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Library of Congress Country Studies (see Yugoslavia (Former))
Travel and Business Information