Fifth Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA V), Lima Recommendations for the Prevention of Crime, Violence, and Security

Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
October 20, 2015


(Approved at the second plenary session on November 20, 2015)

WE, the Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas and the representatives of the Member States of the Organization of American States (OAS), gathered in Lima, Peru, on November 19 and 20, 2015, at the Fifth Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA V), convened by the OAS General Assembly through AG/RES. 2866 (XLIV-O/14) and pursuant to the “Document of Port of Spain: Institutionalization of the MISPA Process”;

REAFFIRMING the importance of continued implementation of the "Commitment to Public Security in the Americas," adopted at the First Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA I), held in Mexico City in October 2008; the "Consensus of Santo Domingo on Public Security," adopted at the Second Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA II), held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, in November 2009; the Recommendations of Port of Spain on Police Management,” from the Third Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA III), held in Trinidad and Tobago in November 2011; as well as the “Recommendations of Medellín for Strengthening International Cooperation in the Area of Public Security," which document was agreed on at the Fourth Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA IV), held in Medellín, Colombia, in November 2013;

UNDERSCORING the need to build the Member States' institutional capacity to generate, consolidate, and expand comprehensive strategies to prevent crime, violence, and insecurity that contribute to social, economic, political, and cultural development; foster social inclusion; combat corruption; reduce inequities and vulnerability; and create opportunities for their peoples pursuant to the Declaration of San Salvador on Citizen Security in the Americas;

RECOGNIZING that the vulnerability of the population to crime and violence is a challenge that requires effective action by the State to prevent, minimize or reverse its impact; taking into consideration the participation of civil society and other social actors in this objective;

RECOGNIZING ALSO that the sharing of information and best practices and cooperation among the Member States' public security institutions can enhance our efforts to design efficient and effective public policies to prevent and address crime, violence, and insecurity;

CONVINCED that ongoing and systematic dialogue involving multiple governmental and non-governmental stakeholders needs to be promoted to prevent and combat crime, violence and insecurity, and that new technologies, including virtual networks, in particular need to be used to promote the sharing of information, experience, and knowledge in the field, at the hemispheric level;

BEARING IN MIND that crime extends beyond borders and that the transnational nature of certain crimes and their impact on Member States calls for close coordination among national authorities, particularly those of neighboring countries;

REAFFIRMING that gathering and analyzing reliable and quality data on the reality of crime, in accordance with domestic laws and international instruments, while fully observing human rights, should be the basis for decision-making and for formulating policies to prevent crime, violence, and insecurity in the Hemisphere;

CONCERNED by the high homicide rates that affect the region and by the multidimensional and long-term impact on society, which requires greater national efforts and the promotion of hemispheric actions to address this serious challenge, with special emphasis on the prevention of this phenomenon;

HIGHLIGHTING the holding of the Second Meeting of the Subsidiary Technical Working Group on Police Management, held in Trujillo, Peru, on April 23 and 24, 2015, and the First Meeting of the Subsidiary Technical Working Group on International Cooperation, held in Washington, D.C., on September 28, 2015, pursuant to resolution AG/RES. 2866 (XLIV-O/14) “Advancing Hemispheric Security: A Multidimensional Approach”;

MINDFUL that the use of firearms by criminals is a significant problem in the region, and of the need to adopt measures in order to achieve greater control of the trade of firearms, ammunition, explosives and other related materials in order to prevent and combat their illegal use and indiscriminate proliferation; and

FULLY MINDFUL of the diversification, complexity and expansion of transnational organized crime and of the multiple challenges that it poses for the societies, economies, financial systems, and democracies of our region;

OFFER THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS:

  1. Continue and strengthen efforts and progress made at the governmental level to develop and implement programs and policies to prevent crime, violence and insecurity, taking into account the participation of civil society and other social actors, that emphasize a comprehensive approach and coordinated effort, and the centrality of human rights and a gender perspective, ensuring that the efforts and achievements made are replicated where appropriate and in accordance with the realities of each country to build safer societies and communities.
  2. Promote the development of comprehensive policies for the prevention of crime, violence and insecurity that strengthen protection factors for the most vulnerable sectors of the population, guaranteeing the active participation of civil society and other social actors.
  3. Develop integrated, interlinked, and coordinated strategies among the national authorities in the Region to prevent crime, violence, and insecurity, with special emphasis on transborder cooperation, with full respect for human rights.
  4. Support and promote the consolidation and implementation of the Inter-American Network for Police Development and Professionalization; the Inter-American Network for the Prevention of Violence and Crime; as well as the presentation of the Inter-American Public Security Information and Knowledge Network as tools for promoting international cooperation in the various arenas of public security, and request that the OAS General Secretariat report to MISPA VI on progress made.
  5. Underscore the important role of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocols, and the UN Convention against Corruption, as well as the work of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime that promotes international cooperation to address crime, violence and insecurity.
  6. Encourage the OAS General Secretariat to continue developing, in consultation with Member States, an Inter-American Program for the Prevention of Violence and Crime, especially directed toward young people and other sectors of the population in situations of vulnerability, based on a comprehensive, multidimensional prevention strategy, focused on reducing risk factors that contribute to violence, as well as on strengthening protection factors that reduce it, prioritizing the promotion of cooperation among countries and community participation.
  7. Encourage continued progress at the national, sub regional, and regional levels on the creation, update, and/or strengthening, as appropriate, of integrated official national systems of crime and prison statistics, and further encourage the cooperation of these entities with the Inter-American Public Security Information and Knowledge Network and the Hemispheric Security Observatory.
  8. Encourage pertinent national authorities to work to standardize definitions, indicators and data-gathering tools, including victimization surveys, so as to provide necessary inputs and comparative analysis for the design, implementation and evaluation of policies for the prevention of crime, violence, and insecurity. In order to assist Member States that so request it, instruct the OAS General Secretariat to consolidate and forge closer cooperative ties with other similar organizations and entities, including the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime's Center of Excellence in Statistical Information on Government, Public Security, Victimization and Justice, among others.
  9. Promote implementation, as soon as possible, of the International Crime Classification for statistical use among Member States in order to facilitate collection, processing, and analysis of data on crimes, based on common definitions, and request the OAS General Secretariat to strengthen its ties and close cooperation with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), with a view to implementing said classification in the Americas.
  10. Promote the design and implementation of national homicide prevention and reduction programs and policies, encouraging inter-institutional coordination and interaction, and prioritizing impact assessments in each country; promote also the exchange of experiences and lessons learned in homicide prevention and reduction; and encourage integrated processes for collection and quality data on homicides in the region.
  11. Support and advance the development of regional cooperation mechanisms in order to bring together national authorities responsible for the control of firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials for use in the region, with a view to contributing to the development of more effective instruments for controlling such materials, including the exchange of information and best practices, taking into account contributions from other stakeholders. Also support full implementation of the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) by its States Party, as well as the work of CIFTA’s Consultative Committee.
  12. Encourage in the societies, prevention measures centered on the family and the community, strengthening educational programs on the use of non-violent alternative measures for resolving conflicts.
  13. Support the efforts of the Committee on Hemispheric Security of the OAS Permanent Council, within the framework of its 2015-2016 Work Plan and Calendar of Activities, as regards the Hemispheric Plan of Action against Transnational Organized Crime, ten years after its adoption, with the view to strengthening our commitment at the national, bilateral, and multilateral levels to prevent and combat transnational organized crime.

FOLLOW-UP:

  1. Thank the Government of Peru for having chaired the Second Meeting of the Subsidiary Technical Working Group on Police Management, take note of its Final Report, and support the continued existence of this Working Group.
  2. Thank the Government of Colombia for having chaired the First Meeting of the Technical Working on International Cooperation, take note of its Final Report, and support the continued existence of this Working Group.
  3. Establish a Subsidiary Technical Working Group on the Prevention of Crime, Violence, and Insecurity and elect the Government of the Republic of Ecuador to serve as the Chair of the Group, which, with the support of the Secretariat for Multidimensional Security, will submit to the Committee on Hemispheric Security progress reports on implementation of any mandates assigned on this matter.
  4. Invite the agencies and entities of the inter-American system, as well as other United Nations and international organizations, within their respective spheres of competence, to consider making voluntary, financial, technical, and/or human resource contributions in order to achieve the implementation of these Recommendations.
  5. Ask the OAS General Secretariat to provide ongoing technical support to member states and subregional organizations that request it, in order to achieve the purposes and objectives of these Recommendations to prevent crime, violence and insecurity in the region; and keep the Permanent Council informed, through its Committee on Hemispheric Security, about the results achieved.
  6. Request the OAS Permanent Council to follow up on these Recommendations through the Committee on Hemispheric Security.
  7. Thank the Government of Peru for hosting the Fifth Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA-V), in Lima, Peru.
  8. Welcome the offer made by the Government of Honduras to host to Sixth Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas (MISPA-VI) in 2017 (MISPA-V/doc.6/15).