Chronology of the Hemispheric Security Agenda Since 1991

Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
April 1, 2014


June 1991

Santiago Commitment to Democracy and the Renewal of the Inter-American System

Santiago, Chile

May 1992

Cooperation for Security and Development in the Hemisphere—Regional Contributions to Global Security. General Assembly Resolution (AG/RES 1179/80) establishing the agenda of cooperation on Hemispheric Security

Nassau, The Bahamas

March 1994

Meeting of Experts in Buenos Aires to identify Confidence and Security-Building Measures

Buenos Aires, Argentina

December 1994

First Summit of the Americas, Declaration of Principles signed by participating Heads of State and Government Calling for Confidence and Security-Building Measures Meeting

Miami, USA

June 1995

OAS General Assembly adopts a resolution creating the Permanent Committee on Hemispheric Security

Montrouis, Haiti

July 1995

First Defense Ministerial of the Americas, Declaration of the “Williamsburg Principles”

Williamsburg, US

August 1995

Meeting of Experts on Terrorism

Buenos Aires, Argentina

November 1995

Regional Conference on Confidence and Security-Building Measures, Declaration of Santiago on Confidence and Security-Building Measures

Santiago, Chile

December 1995

Framework Treaty on Democratic Security in Central America

Honduras

March 1996

Treaty Establishing the Caribbean Regional Security System (RSS)

St. Georges, Grenada

April 1996

Inter-American Specialized Conference on Terrorism, Declaration of Lima to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Terrorism

Lima, Peru

October 1996

Second Defense Ministerial of the Americas, Declaration of Bariloche on Confidence and Security-Building Measures

Bariloche, Argentina

November 1997

Adoption of the Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (CIFTA)

Washington, D.C.

February 1998

Regional Conference on Confidence and Security-Building Measures, Declaration of San Salvador on Confidence and Security-Building Measures

San Salvador, El Salvador

February 1998

High-Level Meeting on the Special Concerns of Small Island States

San Salvador ,El Salvador

April 1998

Second Summit of the Americas,

Declaration and Plan of Action of Santiago

Santiago, Chile

July 1998

Inter-American Convention Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and Other Related Materials (CIFTA) enters into force

Washington, D.C.

November 1998

Third Defense Ministerial of the Americas,

Declaration of Cartagena

Cartagena, Colombia

November 1998

Second Specialized Conference on Terrorism (recommends creation of CICTE)

Mar del Plata, Argentina

June 1999

General Assembly creates Inter-American Committee against Terrorism (CICTE)

Guatemala City, Guatemala

June 1999

Adoption of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Weapons Acquisitions

Guatemala City, Guatemala

October 2000

Fourth Defense Ministerial of the Americas,

Declaration of Manaus

Manaus, Brazil

April 2001

Third Summit of the Americas, Declaration and Plan of Action of Quebec City adopted by Heads of State and Government

Quebec, Canada

September 2001

Adoption of the Inter-American Democratic Charter for the defense and

promotion of democracy

Lima, Peru

January 2002

Second Regular Session of CICTE

Washington, D.C.

June 2002

OAS General Assembly, Declaration of Bridgetown: “Multidimensional Approach to Hemispheric Security”

Bridgetown, Barbados

June 2002

Adoption of the Inter-American Convention Against Terrorism,

Allows states to strengthen countermeasures and cooperation

Bridgetown, Barbados

November 2002

Inter-American Convention on Transparency in

Conventional Weapons Acquisitions enters into force

Washington, D.C.

November 2002

Fifth Conference Ministers of Defense of the Americas,

Declaration of Santiago

Santiago, Chile

January 2003

Second High Level Meeting on Security Concerns of Small Island States

Kingstown, St. Vincent and the Grenadines

January 2003

Third Regular Session of CICTE, Declaration of San Salvador on

Strengthening Cooperation in the Fight Against Terrorism

San Salvador, El Salvador

February 2003

Summit-mandated Miami Experts Meeting on Confidence and Security-

Building Measures

Miami, Florida

July 2003

The Inter-American Convention against Terrorism enters into force

Washington, D.C.

July 2003

CICTE hosts a Cyber Security Conference to develop a global cyber-

security strategy for the OAS

Buenos Aires, Argentina

October 2003

OAS Special Conference on Security;

Declaration on Security in the Americas

Mexico City, Mexico

January 2004

Special Summit of the Americas,

Reiterates commitment to the Declaration on Security in the Americas

Monterrey, Mexico

November 2004

Sixth Conference Ministers of Defense of the Americas,

Declaration of Quito

Quito, Ecuador

November 2005

Fourth Summit of the Americas,

Declaration and Plan of Action of Mar Del Plata

Mar del Plata, Argentina

March 2006

Juridical link established between OAS and Inter-American Defense Board

(IADB); Declaration on Security in the Americas institutional reform

Washington, D.C.

June 2006

OAS General Assembly adopts a multidimensional resolution on Avian

Influenza

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

October 2006

Seventh Conference Ministers of Defense of the Americas,

Declaration of Managua

Managua, Nicaragua

February 2007

Seventh Regular Session of CICTE, Discussion of policies, regulation, and hemispheric coordination with regards to critical infrastructure

Panama City, Panama

June 2007

OAS General Assembly Resolution 2270: “Confidence- and Security-Building in the Americas” aims to improve transparency of military expenditures

Panama City, Panama

March 2008

Eighth Regular Session of CICTE, Discussion focused on cyber security, document security/fraud prevention, and port security

Washington, D.C.

April 2008

Seventh Meeting of Ministers of Justice or Attorneys General of the Americas (REMJA), Washington Consensus. Rules of procedure adopted

Washington, D.C.

September 2008

Eight Conference Ministers of Defense of the Americas, Declaration of Banff

Banff, Canada

October 2008

First Public Security Meeting of Ministers of the Americas (MISPA),

Discussion of prevention strategies, areas for improvement, and greater international cooperation related to public security

Mexico City, Mexico

April 2009

Fifth Summit of the Americas

Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

November 2009

Second Public Security Meeting of Ministers of the Americas. Institutionalized MISPA every two years.

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

March 2009

Ninth Regular Session of CICTE, Declaration on Strengthening Border Controls and International Cooperation in the Fight Against Terrorism

Washington, D.C.

February 2010

Eight Meeting of Ministers of Justice or Attorneys General of the Americas, Reports on organized crime, cyber-crime

Brasilia, Brazil

March 2010

Tenth Regular Session of CICTE, Declaration on Public-Private Partnerships in the Fight Against Terrorism

Washington, D.C.

November 2010

Ninth Conference Ministers of Defense of the Americas, Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra

Santa Cruz, Bolivia

November 2011

Third Public Security Meeting of Ministers of the Americas,

Addresses police management. MISPA rules of procedure adopted

Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago

March 2012

Twelfth Regular Session of CICTE, Focus on Strengthening Cyber-Security in the Americas

Washington, D.C.

April 2012

Sixth Summit of the Americas

Cartagena, Colombia

September 2012

Chapultepec Consensus, The Hemispheric Approach for Cooperation Against Transnational Organized Crime

Mexico City, Mexico

October 2012

Tenth Conference Ministers of Defense of the Americas, Declaration of Punta Del Este

Punta del Este, Uruguay

November 2012

Ninth Meeting of Ministers of Justice or Attorneys General of the Americas, Focus on access to justice, policing transnational organized crime, and monitoring cybercrime

Quito, Ecuador

March 2013

Thirteenth Regular Session of CICTE, Declaration on Strengthening of Hemispheric Cooperation to Address Terrorist Financing and Money Laundering

Washington, D.C,

November 2013

Fourth Public Security Meeting of Ministers of the Americas, Recommendations of Medellin for Strengthening Cooperation in the Area of Public Security

Medellin, Colombia


1 All relevant documents, declarations and resolutions can be found at //2009-2017.state.gov/p/wha/hs.