The Mechanism for Follow-Up on the Implementation of the Inter-American Convention Against Corruption

Fact Sheet
Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
February 19, 2014


This Mechanism, known by its Spanish acronym, MESICIC, is an intergovernmental body thatwas established in the framework of the OAS on June 4, 2001, to support its States Parties (currently 31) in the implementation of the provisions of the Convention through a process of reciprocal evaluation in which two States Parties review a third State Party. Based on conditions of equality among the states, the MESICIC adopts evaluation reports that include specific recommendations for improving and strengthening legal and institutional measuresto tackle corruption, fill gaps, and remedyshortcomings detected in that process.The MESICIC also affords civil society broad scope for participation.

The Mechanism is composed of the Conference of States Parties, the political body, as well as the Committee of Experts, the technical body, and is supported by the OAS Department of Legal Cooperation which serves as Technical Secretariat for the Mechanism.

Some of the concrete results and activities that have taken place within the framework of the MESICIC include:

  • The completion of three Rounds of Review analyzing implementation by States Parties of various aspects covered in the Convention, including the adoption of 83 country reports. As of September 2013, fifteen country reports have been adopted during the Fourth Round.
  • Follow-up on implementation of the recommendations formulated during the first two Rounds of Review, as a result of which a considerable number of countries have made significant amendments to their legal and institutional frameworks in line with the Convention, as follows:
    • Adoption of laws and legal measures on the following:
      • Prevention of conflicts of interest - 17 countries;
      • Access to public information - 18 countries;
      • Transparent, equitable, and efficient government hiring systems - 20 countries;
      • Transparent, equitable, and efficient government procurement systems - 17 countries; and
      • Protection for persons who report acts of corruption - 13 countries.
  • Development of a technical cooperation program funded largely by the United States to assist 17 countries in the creation of a national Plan of Action to implement the recommendations formulated by the MESICIC, with the full participation of the public sector and civil society of each country.
  • Adoption of three Hemispheric Reports, which synthesize the main recommendations that the MESICIC has formulated to each of the member States individually; the activities carried out by the MESICIC Technical Secretariat to assist countries in implementing the Convention; and measures implemented by the countries.
  • Adoption of two National Progress Reports discussing the actions taken by the States Parties to implement the recommendations issued by the MESICIC. [1] The Second Progress Report indicates, inter-alia, that collectively, between December2008 and March2013, the States Parties took 147 concrete actions related to: systems of government hiring (64 actions); government procurement (48 actions); protection of those who report acts of corruption (26 actions); and the criminalization of acts of corruption (9 actions). Similarly, during the same time period, the States Parties took a total of 515 actions related to the topics addressed in the First Round, including 133 actions related to the implementation of legal standards and/or measures; 127 training actions; and 116 actions related to institutional strengthening.
  • The holding of 19 successful on-site visits (as of October 2013), within the Fourth Round of Review, including meetings with representatives and authorities of oversight bodies, as well as with representatives of civil society, the private sector, professional associations, academics and researchers.
  • Development of a set of legal cooperation tools by the MESICIC Technical Secretariat to support the states in their implementation of the Convention, and to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of their laws, policies, and national institutions involved in fighting corruption, including the following:
    • The Anticorruption Portal of the Americas, which facilitates access to the developments taking place within the OAS and the MESICIC in the areas of government transparency and anticorruption cooperation.
    • The systematization of national laws that entails the classification, by topic and by country, of the domestic legal provisions submitted by the states for consideration by the MESICIC.
    • A series of legislative guidelines to support states in identifying the basic elements that should be included in their domestic legal framework applicable to the topics that the MESICIC analyzes.
    • A set of model laws that offers a legal reference framework to support states in drafting, reviewing, and amending their domestic laws and regulations related to the provisions of the Convention, in topics such as systems for registering the income, assets and liabilities of persons and for protecting those who report acts of corruption.

[1] These National Progress Reports are available here: http://www.oas.org/juridico/english/mesicic_reports.htm