AG/RES. 2628 (XLI-O/11) Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisition
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 7, 2011)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
HAVING SEEN the Annual Report of the Permanent Council to the General Assembly (AG/doc.5217/11 add. 1), in particular the section on the activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security;
BEARING IN MIND:
That one of the essential purposes of the Organization of American States (OAS) set forth in its Charter is to achieve an effective limitation of conventional weapons that will make it possible to devote the largest amount of resources to the economic and social development of the member states;
That the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions recognizes that, in accordance with the Charter of the Organization of American States and the Charter of the United Nations, member states have the inherent right to individual and collective self-defense; and
That the Declaration on Security in the Americas also recognizes that transparency in conventional weapons acquisitions and in defense policies, the limitation of military spending while maintaining capabilities commensurate with legitimate defense and security needs, as well as other cooperation mechanisms between countries, are important confidence- and security-building measures which contribute to the reduction of tensions and to the strengthening of regional and international peace and security;
CONSIDERING that, in the Plan of Action of the Third Summit of the Americas, held in Quebec City, the heads of state and government declared that they would strive to improve the transparency and accountability of defense and security institutions and to promote greater understanding and cooperation among government agencies involved in security and defense issues, through such means as increased sharing of defense policy and doctrine papers and personnel and information exchanges, and improving transparency in arms acquisitions;
NOTING WITH SATISFACTION:
That the governments of Mexico and Costa Rica deposited their instruments of ratification of the Convention on March 7, 2011, and May 12, 2011, respectively, thereby expressing their commitment to strengthening the instruments of the inter-American system that contribute to hemispheric security;
That the governments of Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) have deposited their instruments of ratification or accession, bringing to 15 the number of member states that are states parties to the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions; and
The holding of the fourth meeting of the Forum on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures in Lima, Peru, on November 15 and 16, 2010, as well as the Rapporteur’s Report and the Chairman’s Conclusions from that meeting; and
The commitment in the Declaration of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, adopted at the IX Conference of Defense Ministers of the Americas, to promoting universal participation and the full implementation of the Convention;
The designation by the General Secretariat of an area responsible for systematizing the information presented by member states and, within its sphere of competence, following up on implementation of the Convention; and
The creation by the General Secretariat of a web page dedicated to the Convention,
1. To reaffirm, where applicable, its mandates to the Permanent Council and to the General Secretariat contained in resolution AG/RES. 2552 (XL-O/10), “Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions,” as well as the recommendations to the member states contained therein.
2. To reaffirm its commitment to the principles of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions and other related instruments applicable at the global, regional, and subregional levels.
3. To invite all member states which have not already done so to consider signing, ratifying, and/or acceding to the Convention.
4. To urge states parties to submit, in a timely fashion, annual reports and notifications in compliance with their obligations under Articles III and IV of the Convention.
5. To urge states parties to identify, by July 1 of every year, national points of contact to contribute to the preparation of notifications and annual reports.
6. To invite states parties, non-states parties, permanent observers, regional and international organizations, and civil society organizations interested in transparency in conventional weapons acquisitions to consider the possibility of offering technical assistance to those states that so request and/or making voluntary contributions to support activities related to the application of the Convention.
7. To request that the General Secretariat, in accordance with Article V of the Convention, contact the permanent observers so that they may contribute to the objective of the Convention by providing information annually to the General Secretariat on their exports of conventional weapons to states parties.
8. To request that the Permanent Council, through the Committee on Hemispheric Security, convene a meeting of national points of contact in 2012, to which member states not party to the Convention will also be invited, to consider implementation of the Convention and activities aimed at promoting signature and ratification of the Convention, and to contribute to the preparation of the second Conference of the States Parties.
9. To request the Secretary General to forward this resolution to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the Secretary General of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), the Association of South-East Asian Nations Regional Forum (ARF), and other pertinent regional organizations.
10. To request the Secretary General to present a report to the Permanent Council prior to the forty-second regular session of the General Assembly on the status of signatures and ratifications of the Convention and of accessions thereto.
11. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-second regular session on the implementation of this resolution. Execution of the activities envisaged in this resolution will be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.