AG/RES. 2574 (XL-O/10) Hemispheric Cooperation Against the Crime of Kidnapping and for Support for Victims
(Adopted at the fourth plenary session, held on June 8, 2010)
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,
CONCERNED by kidnapping in some countries of the Hemisphere and by the harmful effects of this crime on both victims and their families;
CONCERNED ALSO because common criminals, organized criminal groups, and illegal armed groups use kidnapping especially for extortion purposes in order, as the case may be, to consolidate their criminal operations and perpetrate other unlawful activities;
AWARE that kidnapping, under any circumstances and whatever its motive, constitutes a serious crime which undermines the enjoyment of fundamental rights of people and affects public security conditions, and may in some cases have adverse repercussions for the economy and the development of states;
RECOGNIZING that full respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, as well as the promotion of education, culture, health, and economic and social development, improve the public security conditions of our peoples;
RECOGNIZING that in the Declaration on Security in the Americas, the member states condemned transnational organized crime; renewed their commitment to confronting it by strengthening the domestic legal framework and multilateral cooperation respectful of the sovereignty of each state; and undertook to combat and define different crimes, including kidnapping, by fully implementing the obligations contracted by the states parties to the United Nations Convention on Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo Convention);
RECOGNIZING ALSO that the Commitment to Public Security in the Americas, adopted at the First Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas, held in Mexico City, Mexico, in 2008, and the Consensus of Santo Domingo on Public Security, adopted at the Second Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas, held in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, in 2009, emphasized that additional efforts are needed at the hemispheric, subregional, domestic, and local levels to reduce crime, violence, and insecurity in the region;
CONVINCED that the Palermo Convention, as well as the applicable provisions of other international, regional, subregional, and bilateral legal instruments provide the necessary legal framework for international cooperation to prevent, prosecute, punish, and eliminate kidnapping and that, to achieve this objective, it is necessary to continue generating opportunities for dialogue among states and for the exchange of experiences and best practices of combating kidnapping; and
BEARING IN MIND the organization of the First Hemispheric Conference on the Fight against Kidnapping, held in Bogotá, Colombia, on May 12 and 13, 2010,
1. To vigorously condemn and reject the crime of kidnapping in all circumstances, whatever its motive or purpose.
2. To invite the member states to consider the adoption of all forms of comprehensive national anti-kidnapping strategies, especially emphasizing the development of guidelines for preventing, prosecuting, punishing, and eliminating this crime, as well as for the care of victims and their families.
3. To urge those member states that have not yet done so to criminalize kidnapping in all its forms.
4. To encourage member states, in accordance with their domestic legislation, to increase their efforts to prevent kidnapping and to investigate, arrest, and prosecute kidnappers.
5. To urge member states, in accordance with their domestic legislation, to facilitate international cooperation and mutual assistance in order to, among other measures, locate, detect, freeze and confiscate the proceeds of kidnapping.
6. To urge member states, in accordance with their domestic legislation, to pay special attention to the serious psychological, social, and economic harm kidnapping entails, adopting, where appropriate, legislative, administrative, or any other type of measures that facilitate the provision of appropriate support and assistance to victims and their families.
7. To encourage the member states, in accordance with their domestic legislation, to continue to promote international cooperation, including extradition, mutual legal assistance, collaboration among law enforcement authorities, and information exchange and analysis, with a view to preventing, punishing, and eliminating kidnapping in a context of the rule of law and respect for human rights.
8. To include the item “Hemispheric Cooperation to Prevent, Combat, and Eliminate Kidnapping and to Provide Assistance to Victims” on the 2010-2011 schedule of activities of the Committee on Hemispheric Security, in order to promote, at the hemispheric level, an exchange of experiences, best practices, and lessons learned in this area.
9. To invite interested member states to raise the subject of kidnapping at the next Meeting of Ministers Responsible for Public Security in the Americas.
10. To request the General Secretariat to organize seminars or workshops for the exchange of experiences and best practices of combating kidnapping.
11. To request the General Secretariat to compile different national laws on kidnapping for the information and benefit of the competent authorities and legislators of the member states.
12. That the execution of the activities contemplated in this resolution shall be subject to the availability of financial resources in the program-budget of the Organization and other resources.
13. To request the Permanent Council to report to the General Assembly at its forty-first regular session on the implementation of this resolution.