U.S. Relations With Nepal

Fact Sheet
Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs
February 10, 2014

For the most recently published version of this fact sheet, see //2009-2017.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/.

More information about Nepal is available on the Nepal Page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.


The United States recognized Nepal in 1947, and the two countries established diplomatic relations in 1948. Bilateral relations are friendly, and U.S. policy objectives toward Nepal center on helping it build a peaceful, prosperous, and democratic society. The United States works with Nepal to promote political and economic development, decrease the country’s dependence on humanitarian assistance, and increase its ability to make positive contributions to regional security and the broader global community. Nepal is one of the largest contributors of troops to international peacekeeping missions.

Nepal's comprehensive peace accord formally ended the country's decade-long Maoist insurgency in 2006. In July 2013, the Government of Nepal announced the successful completion of the reconciliation and integration process of ex-Maoist combatants into the Nepal Army. Nepal’s Constituent Assembly, elected in 2008, failed to finalize a new constitution and was dissolved in May 2012. In November 2013, a new Constituent Assembly was elected. Prime Minister Sushil Koirala was elected by the Constituent Assembly in February 2014.

U.S. Assistance to Nepal

Nepal is one of the poorest countries in the world and is prone to natural disasters. The country faces several medium- and long-term development challenges, including poor transportation and energy infrastructure, high vulnerability to climate change, and a large youth population.

U.S. assistance seeks to cement gains in peace and security, further the democratic transition, support the continued delivery of essential social services, scale up proven effective health interventions, and address the challenges of food insecurity and climate change.

Bilateral Economic Relations

The United States and Nepal have signed a trade and investment framework agreement, providing a forum for bilateral talks to enhance trade and investment, discuss specific trade issues, and promote more comprehensive trade agreements between the two countries. U.S. exports to Nepal include agricultural products, aircraft parts, optic and medical instruments and machinery. U.S. imports from Nepal include textile floor coverings, apparel and leather.

Nepal's Membership in International Organizations

Nepal and the United States belong to a number of the same international organizations, including the United Nations, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and World Trade Organization.

Bilateral Representation

The U.S. Ambassador to Nepal is Alaina B. Teplitz; other principal embassy officials are listed in the Department's Key Officers List.

Nepal maintains an embassy in the United States at 2131 Leroy Place, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (tel: 202-667-4550).

More information about Nepal is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here:

Department of State Nepal Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Nepal Page
U.S. Embassy: Nepal
USAID Nepal Page
History of U.S. Relations With Nepal
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Investment Climate Statements
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information