Foreign Operations Assistance: Moldova

Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
August 31, 2016


United States Department of State
Office of the Coordinator of U.S. Assistance to Europe and Eurasia
Foreign Operations Assistance Fact Sheet, August 2016*

Date: 08/2016 Description: FY 2015 Foreign Operations Assistance by Objective--Moldova: Peace and Security; Governing Justly and Democratically; Economic Growth. - State Dept Image

U.S. assistance is helping Moldova become a democratic and economically prosperous state, anchored in Europe, secure within its internationally recognized borders, and governed by effective, transparent, and accountable institutions. The United States is achieving these goals by providing assistance to strengthen democratic institutions, especially the justice sector, and to promote a more dynamic civil society and media environment; improve the business-regulatory environment, enhance private sector competitiveness, develop export-oriented, high-value agriculture; and help Moldova take advantage of the trade benefits of its Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the European Union. These efforts will open new markets for Moldovan exports and foster continued integration with Europe. U.S. programs will maintain a focus on democratic reform, anti-corruption initiatives, and increased transparency. In addition, funding will also support a common solution to the Transnistria settlement process that respects Moldovan sovereignty and territorial integrity while providing a special status for Transnistria.

Assistance Activities by U.S. Foreign Policy Goals in Moldova

Support Moldova’s European Path

• U.S. assistance helps local governments improve the provision of basic services, facilitating decentralization and building citizen confidence that democratic institutions improve their quality of life.

• U.S. technical assistance develops the institutional capacity of courts and the Prosecutor General’s Office, including full implementation of an integrated case management system in all Moldovan courts that allows for interoperability between the courts’ and the PGO’s systems. The United States also supports watchdog groups monitoring the justice sector.

BY ACCOUNT

FY 2015 ACTUAL

FY 2016 653(a)

FY 2017 REQUEST

TOTAL ($ in thous)

30,619

44,956

59,131

Assistance for Europe, Eurasia, and Central Asia

-

30,431

-

Economic Support Fund

15,050

25

41,121

Foreign Military Financing

11,250

12,750

12,750

International Military Education and Training

1,139

1,150

1,150

International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement

2,800

-

3,510

Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related Programs

380

600

600

• U.S. advisors provide training and technical assistance to improve the quality of criminal investigations, particularly related to eliminating coerced confessions and increasing the government’s capacity to fight transnational crime. U.S. support also helps Moldova create a community-focused police force and establish a joint law enforcement training center.

• U.S. economic assistance helps create incentives for investment by improving the legal and regulatory environment for businesses. Activities focus on reducing the regulatory burden of tax compliance, increasing efficiencies in trade, promoting alternative dispute mechanisms, and addressing other key constraints to doing business. Activities also encourage use of e-governance tools that enable a more transparent environment and reduce opportunities for corruption.

• U.S. technical assistance supports Moldova’s energy sector development agenda, including compliance with the EU’s Third Energy Package.

Strengthen and Bridge Divides in Moldovan Society by Promoting Unity, Civic Engagement, and Supporting Independent Voices.

• U.S. assistance helps independent media outlets improve their ability to provide high-quality information that meets journalistic standards; to produce unbiased content that provides balanced news coverage; to find creative ways of using web-based tools to increase readership and to develop a vibrant online presence; and to improve overall quality, distribution, and financial independence of local and regional outlets.

• U.S.-funded exchange programs link exchange alumni with counterparts in Europe to promote greater European integration and strong transatlantic ties, and engage opinion-makers in media, civil society, and government to communicate democratic values throughout Moldova, including the breakaway region of Transnistria.

Support a Whole and Secure Moldova

• U.S. agricultural assistance promotes person-to-person linkages and confidence-building measures through training events in Transnistria, with experts from Chisinau, and by including Transnistrian high-value agriculture farmers in study tours with other Moldovans.

BY OBJECTIVE

FY 2015 ACTUAL

FY 2016 653(a)

FY 2017 REQUEST

TOTAL ($ in thous)

30,619

44,956

59,131

Peace and Security

14,519

18,505

16,950

Governing Justly and Democratically

7,079

10,041

17,217

Economic Growth

9,021

16,410

24,964

• U.S. security assistance supports Moldova’s purchase of modern defense equipment that enables it to provide for its own security and contribute to international peacekeeping operations. In addition, funding allows Moldovan officers to participate in trainings at U.S. military institutions in the United States to increase the professionalization of forces, build capacity in key areas, build lasting military-to-military relationships, and promote democratic values.

• Moldova is a potential transit country for materials related to weapons of mass destruction, and U.S. border security assistance helps the government meet international standards for strategic trade controls through the provision of training and equipment. Assistance includes enhancements to Moldova's electronic systems to better track goods moving through the country, increased interaction with EU countries, and more cross-border contacts with Ukraine.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:
State Department Fact Sheets
U.S. Embassy Website
www.foreignassistance.gov
Millennium Challenge Corporation

*This fact sheet does not reflect Peace Corps funding or centrally managed or regional Foreign Assistance funding that is not specifically budgeted for Moldova.