Foreign Operations Assistance: Kazakhstan

Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
December 1, 2015


United States Department of State
Office of the Coordinator of U.S. Assistance to Europe and Eurasia
Foreign Operations Assistance Fact Sheet, December 2015*

Date: 12/2015 Description: FY 2014 Foreign Operations Assistance by Objective--Peace and Security: 47%; Governing Justly and Democratically: 22%; Economic Growth: 31%. - State Dept Image

The United States' strategic aim in Kazakhstan is to ensure and maintain the development of the country as a stable, secure, democratic, and prosperous partner that respects international standards and agreements, embraces free-market competition and the rule of law, and is a respected regional leader. To encourage progress in this areas, U.S. assistance promotes an effective civil society and strengthened non-governmental organizational (NGO) capacity, promotes the rule of law and human rightsas well as greater access to independent information. U.S. assistance also strengthens border security and combats transnational crime, and aims to mitigate climate change by supporting a lower emissions development pathway for Kazakhstan.

Assistance Activities by Goal:

Increase the ability of the government to counter and mitigate transnational threats

By Account

FY 2014
Actual

FY 2015
653a

TOTAL

10,664

8,375

Economic Support Fund

6,354

4,538

Foreign Military Financing

1,000

800

International Military Education and Training

680

707

International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement

1,200

900

Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related Programs

1430

1,430

• U.S. assistance helps Kazakhstan mitigate a variety of transnational threats. The United States supports climate change mitigation, working with the Ministry of Energy and Kazakhstan’s business community, to promote more effective implementation and compliance with Kazakhstan's emissions trading system. In the area of transnational crime, U.S. anti-TIP assistance increases citizen awareness of TIP issues and improves the government’s ability to identify and provide support for trafficking victims.

• U.S. programs also promote increased cooperation in civil nuclear energy, particularly related to nuclear safety, and provide training to enable Kazakhstani authorities to effectively respond to nuclear/radiological incidents and emergencies.

• U.S. security assistance promotes democratic values of defense personnel, builds their capacity in key areas, and also forges lasting relationships between the country’s emerging military leaders and their U.S. counterparts.

• U.S. law enforcement experts provide training in the analysis of operative information, narcotics investigations, and convictions of drug traffickers. In addition, the United States helps build the capacity of law enforcement officers to investigate drug-related money laundering crimes. In addition, U.S. personnel provide technical expertise on counternarcotics legislation and international best practices to improve Kazakhstan’s legal and regulatory regime.

• The United States provides modern detection and inspection equipment, specialized training programs, and limited infrastructure support to help Kazakhstan strengthen its strategic trade controls, meet its international nonproliferation obligations, and strengthen its borders.

• U.S. funding supports HIV prevention programs and provide linkages to health care services for over 27,000 of the most at-risk people. The United States also introduced GeneXpert rapid diagnostic testing (providing a diagnosis for tuberculosis in hours instead of weeks) and supports local health departments as they transition to providing medicine for TB patients, which is critical to help prevent transmission. Programs also support pharmaceutical development and food fortification activities.

• The U.S. is providing technical advice to the MFA on strategic planning and operational structure, and engaging the Kazakhstani government on potential collaboration as it establishes its own development agency, KazAid. Through KazAid, Kazakhstan will initially focus on providing aid to other Central Asian countries and Afghanistan in the fields of economic growth, public administration and agriculture.

Increase the effectiveness and inclusiveness of Kazakhstan’s governance institutions by promoting accountability and citizen access in order to serve the public good

By Objective

FY 2014 Actual

FY 2015 653(a)

TOTAL

10,664

8,375

Peace and Security

4,990

4,317

Governing Justly and Democratically

2,360

1,068

Economic Growth

3,314

2,990

• U.S. training and technical assistance help to identify and expand good governance reforms advocated for by civil society organizations to achieve long-term, institutionalized improvements in public-service delivery and accountability. In addition, U.S. assistance helps human-rights activists and groups to protect and promote human rights, and increases knowledge of and respect for human rights among Kazakhstan’s youth. U.S. civil society experts also seek to strengthen the legal framework for civil society, providing analysis, technical advice, and advocacy for positive legislative and regulatory reforms.

• U.S. programs strengthen independent media outlets that share content, advertising markets, and advocacy positions on policy issues. U.S. media assistance works to broaden information sources available to citizens, providing legal support, training, and networking opportunities for journalists and media outlets.

Improve Kazakhstan’s trade and investment environment

• The United States promotes the development of a robust private sector by providing industry specific training for business leaders and, where relevant, government officials. Additional activities support the development of a science-based sustainable agricultural system that is consistent with WTO obligations and that incorporates international standards.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

State Department Fact Sheets
U.S. Embassy Website
www.foreignassistance.gov
Millennium Challenge Corporation

*This fact sheet does not reflect centrally managed or regional Foreign Operations funding that is not specifically budgeted for Kazakhstan.