Foreign Operations Assistance: Armenia

Fact Sheet
Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
December 1, 2015


United States Department of State
Office of the Coordinator of U.S. Assistance to Europe and Eurasia
Foreign Operations Assistance Fact Sheet, December 2015*

Date: 12/2015 Description: FY 2014 Foreign Operations Assistance by Objective--Peace and Security: 31%; Governing Justly and Democratically: 30%; Investing in People: 7%; Economic Growth: 32%. - State Dept Image

U.S. assistance to Armenia supports efforts to strengthen Armenia’s ties to Euro-Atlantic institutions, normalize relations with its neighbors, integrate into the regional economy and diversify trade, develop democratic institutions, and create an environment for sustainable economic development and social protection where benefits are shared throughout society. U.S. assistance also complements U.S. diplomatic efforts to resolve peacefully Armenia’s long-running conflict with Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh and to normalize Armenia’s relations with Azerbaijan and Turkey. U.S. assistance has become even more vital to Armenia as Russia has increased its pressure on this small, landlocked country, even as the Government of Armenia continues to look for ways to increase and deepen engagement with the EU and United States. U.S. assistance to Armenia seeks to counter Russian pressure while encouraging the development of a democratic and prosperous Armenia, integrated into the Euro-Atlantic community.

Assistance Activities by U.S. Goals in Armenia:

Develop Armenia's Ability to be a Constructive and Peaceful Regional Neighbor

By Account

FY 2014
Actual

FY 2015
653a

TOTAL (in thousand $)

27,527

16,522

Economic Support Fund

20,677

11,482

Foreign Military Financing

2,700

1,700

International Military Education and Training

586

600

International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement

2,824

1,700

Nonproliferation, Antiterrorism, Demining and Related Programs

740

1,040

• U.S. security assistance provides training to security forces to enhance senior leadership strategic-management skills, promote respect for Western values and human rights, strengthen civil-military relationships and military-to-military relationships, and increase interoperability with NATO forces and other international peacekeeping operations, including maximizing Armenia’s participation in NATO’s interoperable partners program. As a result of our collaboration, Armenia is enhancing its capabilities in cooperative biological engagement, border security, non-proliferation, and counter-terrorism efforts.

• The United States provides assistance to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) for conflict-mitigation projects, people-to-people programs, and international visitor exchanges.

Increase Armenia’s Private Sector Competitiveness and Economic Stability

• U.S. economic assistance helps authorities to remove policy, regulatory, and administrative barriers to doing business, with a focus on competition, customs, civil aviation, and contract enforcement. U.S. experts also support policy and regulatory reforms in the financial sector that stimulate innovation, research, and development.

• U.S. assistance to small and medium enterprises (SME) increases access to credit, especially in rural areas, and develops more diverse markets for SMEs. In addition, targeted workforce development partnerships produce a workforce better equipped to meet the needs of the labor market. The United States is helping Armenia to develop its potential as a tourist destination by enhancing marketing and branding strategies and increasing its range of cultural tourism products.

• U.S. assistance strengthens policies and practices in animal health and food safety, ensuring that they are science-based and meet international standards.

• U.S. technical assistance promotes regional energy systems integration, increased production from renewable resources, and improved efficiency and transparency in the energy sector, thereby supporting greater energy independence. U.S. experts are also working with the private sector to encourage investments that use efficient water management systems and support environmentally sound fish-farming practices in the Ararat Valley. U.S. assistance supports safety enhancements and capacity-building at Armenia’s aging nuclear power plant.

• U.S. technical assistance and training in customs valuation and classification, and in public procurement regulations, keeps Armenia in line with international standards.

Improve Armenia’s Democratic and Rule of Law Capacities

By Objective

FY 2014
Actual

FY 2015
653(a)

TOTAL (in thousand $)

27,527

16,522

Peace and Security

8,484

6,096

Governing Justly and Democratically

8,290

5,286

Investing in People

2,000

1,060

Economic Growth

8,753

4,080

• U.S. assistance supports decentralization and local government reforms, including municipal efforts to mobilize public and private resources for local development projects. In addition, with U.S. support a consortia of local NGOsis mobilizing citizens to advocate for and monitor reforms, including decentralization and local governance, transparency and accountability, and social policies.

• U.S. technical assistance to media organizations and NGOs is increasing citizens’ access to independent information and improving the professionalism of journalists and the quality of their work.

• U.S. assistance to law enforcement agencies is helping Armenia to modernize police procedures, address domestic violence, and encourage better relationships between police officers, juveniles, and communities. The United States is also providing training and technical assistance to specialized units and institutions to help them more effectively deal with transnational crime, corruption, and narcotics trafficking.

• The U.S. government provides training for judges, investigators, police, border guards, and others to raise awareness of the problem of trafficking in persons, better identify and assist victims, and detect and prosecute traffickers. Assistance also supports implementation of the new Criminal Procedure Code, improved legal education, greater judicial independence and improved respect for the rule of law and human rights, and expanded access to professional legal representation.

Enhance Armenia’s Health and Social Services

• U.S. assistance helps to reduce the number of children in institutional care by creating alternative community-based services, a stronger network of community social workers, and inclusion of child protection into the government’s social services package.

• U.S. assistance supports pension reform implementation, including work with government agencies and the private sector to develop adequate social protection models and social safety nets.

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

State Department Fact Sheets
U.S. Embassy Website
www.foreignassistance.gov
Millennium Challenge Corporation

*This fact sheet does not reflect Peace Corps funding or centrally managed or regional Foreign Operations funding that is not specifically budgeted for Armenia.