Stopping Human Trafficking, Sexual Exploitation, and Abuse by International Peacekeepers & Civilian Personnel

Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

As required by law, this section summarizes actions taken by the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) to prevent trafficking in persons or the exploitation of victims of trafficking.


United Nations



Total Number of Peacekeeping and Support Personnel




Total Number of Missions




Prevention Policy

“Special Measures for Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse” (2003)

“Code of Conduct for Staff and Mission Members

“NATO Policy on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings” (2004 and 2007)

Lead Office Responsible for Implementation

Office of Field Support

Office of Human Resources

NATO Political Affairs and Security Policy Division (PASP)

Prevention Training

Pre-deployment and at mission


Pre-deployment and at mission

“NATO Guidance for the development of training and educational programmes to support the policy on combating the trafficking in human beings” (2004)

Number of Allegations in 2013

66 [civilian (19), military (37), police (7), and other (3)]

Most of the allegations were made against personnel of UN missions in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Liberia, Haiti and South Sudan

27% of the allegations involved children under 18 years of age

No reported allegations

No reported allegations – NATO relies on contributing countries to report allegations.

New Initiatives

In December 2013, the UN General Assembly amended the UN Staff Rules to clearly specify sexual exploitation and abuse as a specific instance of prohibited conduct.

The Conduct and Discipline Unit (CDU) in the Department of Field Support expanded the scope of its personnel screening program. First, CDU and UN Volunteers (UNV) have agreed to share information on whether prospective UN civilian staff members who previously served as UNVs were subject to any disciplinary action. Second, CDU’s Misconduct Tracking System (MTS) was linked with automated recruitment systems used by the Police Division and the Office of Military Affairs in the Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO). This allows CDU to better screen individual police officers, military observers, and military liaison officers serving in the field.


An October 15, 2013 meeting of the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) was held to rejuvenate discussion and provide renewed visibility of NATO’s Policy on Combating Trafficking in Human Beings

Links for Additional Information