[Due to its size, chapter is in two parts. See Part I: Asuncion through Caracas]
The Narcotics Affairs Section (NAS), U.S. Embassy La Paz, provides technical, administrative, and logistical support to Bolivian counternarcotics (CN) operations nationwide. More than 4,000 program participants from the Bolivian National Police (BNP), Bolivian Armed Forces, governmental and non-governmental (NGO) agencies are involved in interdiction, eradication, and law enforcement development programs. During CY 2009, NAS provided to the Government of Bolivia uniforms, field equipment, computers, office furniture and equipment, vehicles, aviation and ground fuel, limited economic incentives, travel funds and per diem, lease payments for offices and other facilities, utilities payments, food services, and medical supplies and services to support 24 counternarcotics and law enforcement projects in Bolivia. This support was funded with a budget of USD $26.3 million.
EUM Program Coordinator
The NAS Management Officer, Bevan Benjamin, has primary responsibility for End Use Monitoring, under the general supervision of the NAS Director and Deputy Director.
NAS La Paz maintains a comprehensive inventory of all Program Development and Support (PD&S) items under the WEBPASS system. Host nation-titled property that remains in NAS custody is monitored through the NAS-developed National Integrated System (NIS) Warehouse Module. An inventory of property under the direct control of all NAS personnel was conducted between October 1, 2008 and January 31, 2009 and the reconciliation was submitted to the Department in March 2009. The EUM software developed by the Logistics Section of the Bolivian Counternarcotics Police (FELCN) in 2008, in conjunction with NAS, experienced some technical problems that resulted in the discontinuation of the program. Currently an “off the shelf” accounting package called MONICA is being tested at the Blue Devil Task Force (BDTF) facility in Trinidad. If this turns out to be acceptable, post will implement this software in other NAS supported projects. In addition, a Fixed Asset Tracking (FAT) module was implemented in the NIS in 2008. In 2009, NAS property management personnel began the process of uploading data into FAT with the latest nationwide physical inventory broken down by project, region, issue date, and other categories. The data of this new module will also be updated automatically every time new items are issued to host nation-supported projects by NAS warehouses, enabling users to get up-to-date, on-line information of all items issued.
Staff Member EUM Responsibilities
As of the end of CY 2009, NAS La Paz staff consisted of three U.S. Direct Hires, three U.S. Personal Services Contractors (PSCs), and one Eligible Family Member (EFM). The NAS Director departed in May 2009 and a new Director arrived in November. The Management Officer arrived in July 2009. There are three U.S. PSC positions in Santa Cruz and one U.S. PSC position in Cochabamba. The Regional Director position in Santa Cruz became vacant in November 2009. An interim director (When Actively Employed employee) provides coverage in Santa Cruz at this time. A new Regional Director for Santa Cruz has been hired and will assume his duties in February 2010. One PSC position was filled in January 2009 for the Red Devils Task Force (RDTF) in Santa Cruz. Another PSC position in Santa Cruz, the RDTF Maintenance and Logistics Advisor, became vacant in March 2009 and will not be filled. These regional positions supervise and monitor all procurement, warehousing, personnel, communications, transportation, and other administrative and financial requirements related to NAS-funded projects. NAS Project Officers, NAS Regional Directors in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba, and the NAS Resources Control Staff assist the NAS Management Officer in EUM.
U.S. Direct Hire Program Officers and PSCs also require adequate justification and strict accountability prior to initiating new procurement actions. NAS staff members primarily conducted regular reviews to account for and verify the condition and use of USG equipment and property provided to the GOB. Officials of other agencies and offices, such as; USMILGRP, USAID, and INL Air Wing, monitored end use on their own visits. NAS Program Officers, Regional Directors and NAS La Paz leadership conducted regular announced and unannounced field visits to all projects, and maintain frequent contact with project personnel. NAS Budget and Resources Control staff, conduct spot inspections of property records, impress funds record keeping, and vehicle/fuel usage reports. Fuel consumption reports countrywide are consolidated and reviewed by the NAS Resources Control Unit on a monthly basis. NAS Project Assistants are responsible for EUM of all items issued to NAS supported projects. This includes but is not limited to office supplies, cleaning supplies, military equipment and non-expendable items. Project assistants perform spot checks of inventory items when visiting project sites.
The Aviation Advisors regularly report the operational status of all NAS-supported aviation assets to the NAS Director and Deputy Director. NAS aviation contract personnel participate in inventory management and property oversight. NAS motor pool personnel in the regional offices conduct unannounced checks of vehicles two or three months after a change of pilferable items (e.g. batteries, voltage regulators, etc.) to ensure that they were not removed from the vehicles by project personnel and replaced with older ones. This practice has proven to be effective in discouraging pilferage. Other personnel involved in the physical control of USG and GOB property (property custodial officers) include the Accountable Property Officer, Program Coordinators and Assistants, Warehouse Supervisors and Supply Clerks. Custodial Officer responsibilities include the physical control of USG and GOB property within the designated area of responsibility, including; (1) signing Receiving and Inspection Reports (DS-127), accepting and receiving accountable property on behalf of the USG as defined in 14 FAM 413.3; (2) custody, care, and safekeeping of all accountable property; (3) periodically completing and reconciling a physical inventory; (4) completing required reports as outlined in NAS procedures; (5) supervising and training personnel assigned property management duties; (6) preparing survey reports and documenting inventory shortages or damages for the Accountable Property Officer; and (7) implementing NAS property management policies and management directives. Under the supervision of the Accountable Property Officer, Area Custodial Officers are required to take a 100% inventory annually and submit results for consolidation between October 1 and January 30.
If there are any major problems or discrepancies, these are reviewed during February and the report is submitted to the Property Management Officer for Host Nation titled property and A/LM prior to March 15 of that year for State Department Property. Biennial inventories of selected high dollar value and sensitive items are conducted by regional warehouse personnel covering the projects within their region, in conjunction with regional Program Assistants. The Accountable Property Officer (APO) and Resources Control personnel are formally designated to perform on-site inspections; however, Program Officers, Program Assistants, Regional Directors, as well as other managers including upper management are encouraged to carry out these types of inspections and have conducted a number of on-site visits as detailed below. The Property Management Officer and Accountable Property Officers are responsible for implementing monitoring procedures. The receiving agent is responsible for the receipt and inspection of all property and the preparation and distribution of receiving reports. The Property Disposal Officer (NAS Ground Programs Officer) oversees disposal of materials. The NAS has formally designated personnel to carry out these duties. ISO 9000 certification effort was postponed through lack of funding. NAS will complete certification as funds are made available; however, several NAS sections have already implemented procedures to comply with ISO 9000 standards.
Other USG Agencies Assistance
Other USG agencies assisting in EUM included the USMILGRP and USAID. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) left in January 2009 and no longer operates in Bolivia. USAID/EXO provides customs clearance services under ICASS for mission Bolivia.
Agricultural Reconversion (DIRECO/DIGPROCOCA)
Black Devil Task Force (BKDTF), Bolivian Air Force
Red Devil Task Force (RDTF), Bolivian Air Force
Green Devil Task Force (GDTF), Transportation Battalion, Bolivian Army
Anti-narcotics Training Center (GARRAS del Valor)
Chemical Investigations Group (GISUQ)
Directorate of Seized Assets of the Bolivian National Police (DIRCABI)
Ecological Police (ECOPOL)
Economic & Financial Investigations & Analysis Group (GIAEF)
Financial Investigation Unit of the Bolivian National Police (FIU)
Joint Task Force (JTF)
National Council for the Fight Against Illicit Drugs (CONALTID)
BNP Special Force for the Fight against Narcotics Trafficking (FELCN) – The Logistics Section of the FELCN is the most developed logistics entity within the GOB and assists in End-Use Monitoring for interdiction programs.
Mobile Rural Patrol Unit (UMOPAR)
Special Group for Coca Leaf Control (GECC)
Special Intelligence and Operations Group (GIOE)
Special Operations Force (FOE)
Bolivian Navy Blue Devils Task Force (BDTF)
FELCN’s Drug Detection Canine Unit (K-9)
Special Criminal Investigation Unit (GTIDE)
Office of Professional Responsibility of the Bolivian National Police (OPR)
Prosecutors Program (Fiscales)
Trafficking in Persons offices of the Bolivian National Police (TIPS)
Vice Ministry for Social Defense (GOB)
UELICN (Unidad Ejecutora) - Ministry of Government
Procedures used to document the provision of items provided to agencies are as follows: All interagency transfers are documented using the proper forms (DS-584). Provisions to host nation-supported projects are documented on the OF-127 or DS-127 form. Receipts generated from the Property Management Section using the NIS are signed at the time of delivery by the end user.
Approximately 27,652 non-expendable property items were distributed nationwide to supported host government projects, valued at over $13 million (not including vehicles).
In general, approximately 50% of the higher value items are inspected throughout the year in addition to personnel carrying out preventive and corrective maintenance. Vehicles are personally inspected regularly during routine maintenance. Program Assistants are also encouraged to conduct "spot checks" of issued property. The Garras School for example was spot checked for at least 60% of their inventory, whereas for OPR, 95% of the assigned items were inspected and verified.
Secondary Method of Monitoring Resources Status
Comparison of Records. Although the use of the EUM software package developed by NAS and the FELCN has been discontinued, delivery records are compared with existing items in the case of nonexpendable property and against estimated consumption in the case of consumables or expendable property.
Discussions: NAS personnel made several visits to various project offices around the country where visual inspections and inquiries were made of the donated materials. For example, Law Enforcement and Development Program (LEDP) personnel made several visits to the CN Prosecutor, TIPs and OPR offices around the country where visual inspections were conducted, and inquiries made regarding assigned equipment.
Approximately 15% of donated items on average are monitored using secondary methods.
The NAS supports the Black Devils Task Force, a Bolivian Air Force unit that is equipped with three C-130B Hercules transport planes to ferry cargo and one King Air B200. NAS projects also include two light fixed-wing aircraft and nine UH-1H helicopters, maintained under the Red Devils Task Force (RDTF) program.
A U.S. PSC Aviation Advisor provides supervision to the BKDTF. The C-130s were Excess Defense Articles (EDA) that was transferred to the GOB in various years since the 1990’s. The BKDTF consists of 17 Bolivian Air Force (FAB) pilots, copilots, flight engineers and navigators, in addition to 58 enlisted maintenance personnel. The BKDTF is located at the 1st Air Brigade Base next to the airport at El Alto. The BKDTF project is also supported by four Third Country National (TCN) contract mechanics that provide quality assurance and supervision for the Bolivian Air Force mechanics. Two Locally Employed Staff (LES) employees provide logistics support and manage the C-130B warehouse operation. These employees report directly to the Aviation Advisor and ensure accountability for C-130B parts and equipment. The U.S. PSC Aviation Advisor, the NAS Deputy Director and Director approve all routine and operational missions and expenditures for the BKDTF project.
Bolivian Air Force personnel assigned to the RDTF maintain, support, and operate the INL/A-owned UH-1H aircraft and NAS-supported C-206 aircraft. The RDTF is comprised nominally of 157 FAB personnel. However, as the year progressed available manning decreased steadily as the FAB and GOB diverted assigned personnel to duties and tasks outside the CN mission. The RDTF is advised and assisted by 18 DynCorp International Technical Advisor contractor personnel in the areas of aircraft maintenance, logistics, POL, operational standardization, safety and information technology. Fourteen NAS LES’ and a U.S. Personal Services Contractor (PSC) provide oversight and end use monitoring of both NAS and INL resources. This year began with the RDTF operating and maintaining a fleet of 11 Bell UH-1H helicopters and 2 Cessna C-206 fixed-wing aircraft. The operation, employment, and maintenance of the aircraft, as well as the aircrew and mechanic training, are conducted under the regulatory guidance of the Department of State INL Air Wing located at Patrick Air Force Base, FL. The helicopters are the property of the USG but the airplanes are titled to the GOB. The primary base for RDTF operations is in Santa Cruz, Bolivia at El Trompillo Airport. The RDTF also operates out of two permanent Forward Operating Locations (FOLs) located in Chimore and Trinidad.
DynCorp International provides maintenance and logistical support, technical expertise, and oversight directly to the RDTF personnel, with additional training support provided through USMILGRP. The fixed-wing aircraft maintenance program is now mostly nationalized, in that Bolivian Air Force personnel provide all the assistance in this area. Operational control of the aircraft resides with the NAS Director in Bolivia and is exercised through an RDTF Senior Aviation Advisor, who is a PSC. He is accountable to the NAS Director and Deputy Director and provides oversight of NAS-provided commodities to ensure they are used exclusively for NAS-funded/authorized activities. Only the Ambassador, Deputy Chief of Mission, or the NAS Director can authorize non-routine missions, such as humanitarian missions. Additionally, oversight of INL resources, as well as Contractor Logistical Support contract compliance is provided by the Senior Aviation and Maintenance Advisors. Aircraft status is tracked continually through daily reports and a weekly report of flying operations and maintenance status provided by the Senior Aviation advisor to the NAS Director. Aviation Resource Management inspections are conducted by INL personnel on an annual basis. During these inspections, all aspects of flying operations-training, operations, and maintenance are thoroughly reviewed. The RDTF is currently up to nine "Fully Mission Capable" aircraft with repairs to corroded aircraft having been completed. In 2009, the RDTF lost two aircraft – one due to excessive corrosion and subsequent shipment back to Patrick Support Division in Melbourne, FL. The second aircraft was lost following an in-flight engine failure and subsequent hard landing in rough terrain. No lives were lost.
NAS currently maintains 1,525 project vehicles of which 713 are more than 10 years old. The NAS also supports a Bolivian Army Transportation Battalion designated as the Green Devils Task Force located in Santa Cruz. The GDTF's primary mission is to provide ground transportation support for CN operations. The GDTF transports fuel, cargo and personnel supporting eradication and interdiction operations. Its secondary mission is to train Bolivian Army personnel in specialized vehicle maintenance and repair from organizational to depot level maintenance, warehouse operations, and operation of heavy wheeled U.S. military vehicles. Currently there are 126 vehicles in the GDTF of which 119 are military vehicles acquired through Department of Defense Foreign Military Financing (FMF). The GDTF vehicle fleet consists of:
The GDTF is organized with 125 Bolivian Army personnel and is commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. One U.S. PSC and nine NAS LES personnel are responsible for ensuring operational readiness. In 2009, the unit maintained an average operational readiness of 96%. The GDTF is maintained according to U.S. Army maintenance standards. It conducts unit level as well as Direct Support, General Support, and Depot-level maintenance. NAS personnel assist in the management of military repair parts using an automated U.S. Army inventory control system. All other project vehicles are maintained through one of the eight major full service motor pool facilities that NAS operates in remote service areas, or at designated locally contracted service facilities. All vehicles are evaluated when they are fueled, serviced, or repaired. If a vehicle is damaged or unmaintained, the motor pool requires official reports from the responsible employee on the cause of damage. Currently NAS motor pools on a national scale service between 455 and 576 vehicles per month.
NAS supports a riverine unit of the Bolivian Navy--the Blue Devil Task Force. The BDTF is a 140-person unit organized into six task groups with a headquarters and Riverine Training School in Trinidad. The BDTF task groups are located in Trinidad, Riberalta, Guayaramerin, La Horquilla, Cobija, and Puerto Villaroel. The NAS regional office in Trinidad supports the BDTF Trinidad headquarters, the unit’s Riverine School, and all task groups (except for the group in Puerto Villaroel, which is supported by NAS/Chimore).
These boats were transferred to the Bolivian Navy via the Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program or constructed (in the case of the mother ships) with INL funding.
The NAS does not monitor weapons in the possession of the GOB and therefore must rely on GOB reporting for weapons status. The USMILGRP donated in prior years the weapons listed below. FELCN maintains a computerized inventory of these weapons. Due to tensions between the police and military it is no longer feasible to store FELCN weapons at the Ingavi Army Base. The majority of FELCN weapons have been transferred to alternate locations until a proper arms warehouse can be constructed on FELCN property. NAS does not currently provide any lethal assistance to Bolivian police or military units.
All arms reported as missing were lost or stolen prior to 2001. No arms were reported as missing in 2009.
The following lists the status of construction projects throughout the country:
NAS Warehouse in Beni - 100%
FELCN VILLAZON in Potosi - 100%
LEDP Offices in Seguencoma - 100%
Valenciani in La Paz - 50%
Chapare FTC in Chimore - 100%
Garras remodeling in Chimore - 40%
Diablos Verdes in Santa Cruz - 97%
FELCN parking in Santa Cruz - 70%
RDTF Electric in Santa Cruz - 100%
The NAS Construction Section also completed 661 infrastructure maintenance requirements nationally, using LES maintenance technicians and outside contractors:
Prevention and Demand Reduction Programs
The USG continued to operate several drug prevention and demand reduction programs despite the GOB’s limited interest in working with the U.S. Mission. Due to lack of GOB support on a national level, the USG focused outreach and educational activities at the municipal and regional levels. These USG-sponsored programs seek to change beliefs about drugs and usage patterns over the long term, and therefore help to achieve USG CN objectives.
The USG supported 13 drug prevention and demand reduction programs in Bolivia during 2009, in addition to various other one-time activities, such as a student awareness day and several sports events for at risk youth. These USG-sponsored programs enabled prevention messages to reach over 100,000 Bolivians during the year.
The NAS-supported D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance Education) program works to educate Bolivian youth about the dangers of illegal drugs. The program reached approximately 18,000 students in 2009. Since February 2008, NAS has been working with the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to conduct a drug abuse prevention and citizen safety project in El Alto that educates teachers, students, and community members. To date, the program has reached at least 80,000 people. Post is also working with a local NGO to fund a community-based drug abuse prevention program for high-school students in the cities of La Paz and Sucre that is expected to reach 20,000 youths. In the Department of Cochabamba, NAS helped implement the region’s “Healthy Schools Drug Prevention Program” by training health professionals, teachers, and parents about drug abuse prevention. Post is also conducted training in demand reduction issues and techniques for several technical teams of trainers from the municipalities of Cochabamba, Tarija, Sucre and Guayaramerin. Additionally, NAS funded one drug demand research study during the year, which is ongoing.
The NAS conducts a sports outreach effort by sponsoring the “Tahuichi” Soccer Academy in Santa Cruz in putting on a tournament in the coca growing area of the Yungas that involved three teams and 70 youth participants. This initiative also provided three year-long soccer scholarships to at-risk children from rural areas to live, study, and train at the academy for one year. In total, the NAS supported 13 drug prevention and drug demand reduction programs in 2009, in addition to various other one-time activities, such as a Student Awareness Day and several sports events for at-risk youth.
LEDP - The Law Enforcement & Development Program (LEDP) Section of NAS provides administrative and logistical support to seven (7) NAS/GOB Projects: LETDP; Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR); Counter Narcotics Prosecutor Program; Garras del Valor CN Training School; Financial Investigative Unit (FIU); Trafficking in Persons (TIP) and DIRCABI. Under the “Development” part of the LETDP, NAS provides administrative and infrastructure support to the Bolivian National Police as an institution with various national and regional projects.
There have been nine Garras del Valor courses with 353 certified participants; two Advanced CN Jungle operations courses, one for males (with international students) and one for females (with international students), two CN Combat Paramedic courses (1 basic, 1 advanced), one Jungle Tactical Operation (OTS) course, one Special Assault Group (GECHA) course, one international Clandestine Labs Course, one Demolition course and one refresher course for Garras School Instructors.
The NAS supported the following courses: 48 LEDP courses around the country with 5585 certified participants; two Financial Investigation and Money Laundering courses, nine Advanced Interview Technique (TAE) courses, two Shooting Simulator Training System courses (Use of Force), four Basic Criminal Investigation (BCI) courses, six Basic and Advanced Computer courses, two First Responder courses for BNP/ANAPOL Cadets, eight Trafficking in Persons (TIP) courses, one ballistic Criminal Investigation course, one identification documents course, one project involving 46 workshop sessions, one BNP Women Rights International Conference, one Crisis Control course, one Operational Intelligence course, phases I-II of the i3 Case tracking system courses, one Electronic Evidence in Criminal Investigation course and two Surveillance Detection courses. There also have been two Office of Professional Responsibility (OPR) Administrative procedures workshops supported by the NAS.
The NAS also provided a Polygraph Examiner Certification Training course for 10 GOB/Counter Narcotics Prosecutors in La Paz. LEDP Section Instructors and other designated NAS project personnel attended four international courses; a TIP course for Law Enforcement Professionals, a course on Crime Scene for Police and Prosecutors, and one on Post Blast Investigation for Fire Fighters and Police personnel, all at ILEA Lima, Peru; and an Advanced Management Course for Prosecutors at ILEA in Roswell, New Mexico.
Under the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Project, NAS sponsored one International TIP Conference in Cochabamba with over 200 attendees. Other seminars on TIP Victims’ Rights and Reintegration took place in La Paz, in coordination with the Italian Government Cooperation Office.
The NAS LEDTP project was able in 2009 to almost double the number of training courses supported, as well as police officers and prosecutors trained. In 2008 NAS provided support to the BNP to implement 26 courses and train about 3000 personnel. In 2009, NAS supported 56 courses with 5700 police and prosecutors trained.
Other Professional Services
Food Service – the NAS provided food services to various branches of the Bolivian Armed Forces, National Police and civilian personnel in the field to support eradication efforts for CY 2009. Food services for the year totaled over $2.5 million and consisted of food supplies, preparation and delivery.
Canine Program - NAS funds all aspects of Bolivia’s K-9 program, including training, infrastructure, and provision of medical supplies. The program is composed of 125 dogs and 88 handlers. While most of the dogs are used for drug detection, there are three explosive detection teams. During 2009, K-9 units posted at Bolivian airports seized 207,277 grams of cocaine HCL and 515,263 grams of cocaine base. Bolivian CN units report that the current level of K-9 teams is far lower than needed to properly support country-wide interdiction operations. To address that deficiency, the NAS is supporting a new breeding program that will help alleviate current deficiencies. Food, medicines (vaccines, antibiotics, antifungal, antiparasite), supplies (bandages, chalk, disinfectants, etc), and veterinary equipment and veterinary services (X ray, ultrasound, and other services) totaled $50,778 in 2009.
Medical – the NAS covers costs of treatment for medical emergencies of project personnel. Typical services include treatment for bullet wounds, vehicle accident trauma, snake bites, and diseases common in the tropics such as salmonella, dengue, and leishmaniasis. NAS also procures medicines for eradication and interdiction projects. These include antibiotics, analgesics, antipyretics, cough and cold preparations, decongestants, dermatologicals, muscle relaxants, opthalmologicals, anesthetics, antacids, antibacterials, and antifungal treatments. Medical equipment provided includes wheelchairs, stretchers, oxygen, examination tables, and minor surgical equipment. In 2009, NAS provided $320,265.61 in medical services, supplies and equipment. $158,593 of that was for medical services.
Communications – the NAS provided 2064 sets of communication equipment, including repeaters, base stations, mobile radios, and UHF hand-held radios to various projects distributed throughout Bolivia. Equipment supported operations of the FELCN, UMOPAR, FOE, AIROPS, BDTF, and other projects.
A total of 260 pieces of equipment were disposed of during the year, and 3025 pieces purchased, including accessories. NAS technicians usually perform equipment maintenance in the NAS-controlled repair facility in La Paz. Frequent field visits are made to verify condition and proper use of the equipment as well as to perform preventive maintenance.
Computer Equipment - the NAS has provided 31 pieces of computer equipment, 138 printers, 2 data shows, 12 scanners, 18 Laptops, 10 canopy antennas Access Point (10mb, 5.7 mhz), 20 Subscribers Canopy (10mb 2.4mhz), and other devices to NAS and GOB agencies participating in NAS-funded activities. NAS currently maintains around 4650 pieces of computer equipment (CPU, Monitors, Printers, Scanners, Laptops, and Data Shows) and 18 servers at its project sites. The Access Point (Canopy) system was installed in the main office of the FELCN in La Paz to provide internet services to 20 FELCN programs, TIPS and OPR offices of the Bolivian National Police. With this service we have reduced 80% of the cost of internet service for those programs by eliminating the need for external Internet Service Providers in La Paz. Post is in the process of replacing the commercial ENTEL communication link that we have between NAS Cochabamba and NAS Chimore with a wireless communication system. This option will reduce the total cost of providing the NASBOL system to those offices by 35%. The NAS installs and provides support and maintenance to all communication equipment in Santa Cruz, Trinidad and Cobija.
Most eradication takes place in the Cochabamba Tropics, Bolivia's principal region for the cultivation of illegal coca and the production of cocaine, and is an essential element of our bilateral CN strategy. Prior Bolivian Governments have been unable to establish an effective program for controlling coca cultivation in the Yungas of La Paz Department, where approximately two-thirds of the coca in Bolivia is grown. The GOB eradicated 460 hectares in the Yungas in 2009. Ninety-nine per cent of all the Chapare coca and approximately 50% of the Yungas-grown coca is used for making cocaine. The GOB eradicated 6341 hectares of coca in the entire country in 2009, which was a 15% increase from 2008; however, total coca cultivation increased (UNODC data shows 32,500 hectares in 2008, the latest figures available). Potential cocaine production from Bolivian cultivation is estimated at over 130 metric tons.
Equipping and supporting of Bolivian CN units has enabled the successful execution of interdiction operations on land and water. Bolivian CN offices employ 1,540 people who serve in more than 20 posts across the country. In 2009, these CN units carried out 711 operations, during which they seized: 1574 Metric Tons (MTs) of coca leaf; 22 MTs of cocaine base; 5 MTs of cocaine HCL; 871 MTs of solid precursor chemicals (e.g. sulfuric acid, bicarbonate of soda); and 1,578,681 liters of liquid precursors (e.g. acetone, diesel, ether, etc.). CN units destroyed 4864 cocaine base laboratories and 16 cocaine HCL laboratories.
NAS-provided equipment enabled efficient and effective communications within the various projects and between the projects and NAS project management personnel. Due to the remote nature of the work in Bolivia, reliable equipment is essential and has also greatly assisted in responding to medical emergencies.
Bolivia has strict laws that dictate that weapons used by GOB personnel may be used only in self-defense and as a deterrent.
The NAS construction engineers/architects advice, design and provide oversight during all phases of construction projects related to NAS-funded activities. The engineers are also responsible for executing projects by direct administration under the supervision of Program Managers. The impact of the construction projects has strengthened significantly the living and working conditions of CN personnel in remote areas, and has helped raise the morale and efficiency of the units in the field.
X-ray and laboratory equipment. The NAS purchases laboratory supplies for FELCN laboratories. The materials help FELCN to test the chemical properties of substances to determine whether they are illegal drugs. The NAS has also provided three X-ray machines and various expendable supplies, including reagents and glass flasks, to FELCN for use in detecting narcotics at the country’s airports. In 2009, FELCN carried out 487 operations at the Santa Cruz “Viru Viru” airport and seized 16,626 grams of cocaine.
Vessels, Aircraft, Vehicles
Resources provided by NAS were instrumental in key operations such as Operation Brabo conducted by the FELCN in April 2009 that took down one of the largest crystallization labs ever found in Bolivia. The NAS provided logistical support and resources, including fuel, MREs, hot meals, water, equipment, vehicles; helicopter support transporting CN police, GOB authorities, prosecutors, judges, defendants and their lawyers, and reporters; and the GDTF transported heavy equipment including tractors and generators from the clandestine site to Santa Cruz.
Drug traffickers frequently transport cocaine base that originates in Peru, the greater La Paz area, and northern Santa Cruz to Brazil via Bolivia’s extensive river system. The vessels NAS has provided to the BDTF are used to support interdiction operations on these rivers. In 2009, the BDTF performed 150 operations, during which they destroyed 131 cocaine processing factories; seized 594,500 pounds of coca leaf, 2983 liters of liquefied cocaine, six vessels, six guns; and USD $57,200 in the possession of drug traffickers.
In 2009, C130 aircraft flew 621 hours, 130 missions, 634 sorties, transporting 3572 passengers and 1,062,133 pounds of cargo in support of CN operations, as well as in-country logistics and overseas cargo missions supporting all NAS-funded projects.
NAS-provided project vehicles provide needed assistance to the GOB to support the GOB’s eradication program. Any increase in eradication effort in the Yungas, however, would require additional infrastructure improvement, deployment of additional light trucks appropriate to the terrain in that area, as well as additional equipment, e.g., field kitchens, generators, etc. Similarly, a major eradication initiative focused on National Parks would probably require a reconfiguration of resources, such as greater reliance on helicopters, as these areas are less accessible via road.
As a direct result of the NAS TIP project, the statistics for the La Paz TIP Prosecutors office increased in 2009 to 173 cases compared to 34 cases in 2008, 19 cases in 2007 and 7 cases in 2006. These same increases can be documented in the other three TIP special investigative/ prosecution offices that NAS supports in Santa Cruz, Cochabamba & El Alto. Additionally, in the area of financial investigation, the specialized training provided by NAS to police and prosecutors was a contributing factor in the first successful criminal conviction of a money laundering case in Bolivia.
Uniforms and Field Gear
NAS issues uniforms and equipment to JTF, FELCN and UMOPAR personnel and other NAS-supported projects on a regular basis. NAS has an indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity (ID/IQ) contract to ensure timely delivery of uniforms for issue. This contract concluded in March 2009 and has not been renewed as of yet. Until such time as the contract is renewed, requests are being entered on a case by case basis for each project. In 2009, the NAS received approximately 27,000 sets of Battle Dress Uniforms (BDU). All pending requests of BDUs were cancelled and will not be purchased in CY 2010. Some of the other items received through the ID/IQ contract included, but were not limited to: boots, hats, and such field gear as web belts, field packs, hammocks, tents, and entrenching tools. Total value of these items was more than $2.5 million USD and supported 2600 project personnel, including FELCN police officers, UMOPAR, BKDTF, BDTF, and the RDTF as well as 3000 military personnel assigned to eradication.
Problems and Corrective Action Plan (CAP)
As stated above, weapons that were provided by the USMILGRP to Bolivian CN units are not inventoried by NAS. The GOB is solely responsible to provide statistics on those resources. The current political situation has made contact with Bolivian authorities more difficult, especially following the expulsion of DEA and the distancing of Bolivian military and police units from the U.S. Embassy; however, NAS-supported police internal affairs investigators continue to help ensure accountability of weapons for police CN interdiction programs.
At the BDTF, there are no NAS employees physically present. The EUM package post is testing at the BDTF (par. 1.B.) has partially resolved problems with end use monitoring of items there; however, as it is dependent on the BDTF itself to provide information as to where the provided spare parts were used, a follow up has to be a “spot check” in order to physically verify end use. Post continues to evaluate this commercial EUM system for use in other projects. Additionally, the implementation of FAT is ongoing and will significantly enhance our ability to track the issuance of items to host nation entities.
The Food Service contract which supports primarily the eradication JTF provides food for up to 1600 individuals at up to 20 bases and mobile camps throughout the country. Many of these locations are difficult to access and some can be reached only via helicopter. It is not possible to monitor the quality and quantity of product provided.
Repair and Maintenance of Commodities
Due to the large number of vehicles that need to be maintained and serviced, the limited number of mechanics and the increasing difficulty in obtaining parts, delays do occur in repairing and maintaining vehicles. The National Motorpool Supervisor and Regional Directors have implemented a number of quality controls, procurement, and maintenance/repair procedures and policies to address this issue. Maintenance personnel from Cochabamba and Chimore assist by coming to La Paz, and we also transport motorcycles from La Paz to Cochabamba for repairs. Post also transferred a mechanic position to La Paz from Cochabamba. This has reduced the backlog in vehicles waiting repair. However, with a constant operational tempo and an aging fleet, post anticipates chronic difficulties in obtaining critical parts for more of the project vehicles, as well as increasing demand for repair services per mile of operation. The production data for each location is monitored regularly. At the GDTF, maintenance of military vehicles has been hindered by the lack of updated U.S. Army Technical Manuals (TM). TMs are now being requested from the U.S. Army Publishing Agency and are being distributed to the GDTF. In the area of communications, the systems that we have been using are based on QUANTAR Motorola digital repeaters as well as some MSF 5000 analog repeaters. Those analog repeaters are no longer being manufactured and parts are not available. Consequently, post provides and uses digital transmission systems with repeaters manufactured and programmed to support both analog and digital features.
Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities
Misuse of vehicles continues to be a problem. As corrective actions, post has required timely reporting of vehicle incidents; however, as the GOB has taken over much of the economic incentive payments that NAS was paying in the past, we have less ability to implement punitive measures against project personnel who misuse project vehicles. Previously, post could suspend incentive payments. The NAS is working to implement standard operating procedures to better enforce control over the management of project vehicles.
Disposal of Commodities
Auctions of non-expendable property are conducted as authorized. The NAS conducted an auction in March 2009 that yielded $87,535.57. No significant problems are reported.
In an effort to continuously improve management tools, the NAS worked to improve the NIS by completing new budget and financial modules. NIS can now produce various reports that can be exported to compare against official Regional Financial Management System (RFMS) data. The possibility to record in NIS the transactions that were pending (refunds, overpayments, etc) allows the system to be complete so it can now generate reports that were in the past generated manually after a tedious and time consuming manual data entry process. NIS is now a tool that can be used to generate different types of reports that can be utilized by upper management to assess status of funds as well as to help plan for budgeting and provision of goods to projects. The NAS is now in the process of developing a new web-based NIS that would allow access from the Internet. Development has just started and is expected.
EUM Program Coordinator
Richard Loveland, Tel. 618-2815, firstname.lastname@example.org
Post uses Microsoft Access software with an integrated bar code system.
Staff Members EUM Responsibilities
Logistics Staff - The Logistics Management Adviser in Lima is principally responsible for developing and implementing EUM procedures. He monitors the scheduling of inspections and actively participates in EUM inspections. He participates and monitors reconciliation of inventories and discrepancies. He instructs staff; monitors and documents donations and transfer and disposal of materials. He is also responsible for Customs clearances of all counternarcotics materials.
The Senior Logistics Supervisor in Pucallpa actively participates in EUM inspections and monitors reconciliation of inventories and discrepancies. He instructs staff and monitors and documents the disposal of materials at the Forward Operating Base (FOB).
Two Logistics Specialists in Lima and one Logistics Technician in Pucallpa, along with other logistics duties, are responsible for a large percentage of the travel to counterpart sites to physically verify existence, condition and proper use of donated materials. This staff works closely with the Logistics Management Adviser in developing and implementing EUM procedures. It recommends and verifies disposal of inoperative or obsolete materials.
The Vehicle Maintenance Supervisor works closely with counterparts to recommend, coordinate, and supervise disposal by auction or other means of obsolete and inoperative donated vehicles. On occasions, they coordinate and oversee repairs of donated vehicles.
The Logistics Customs Agent, along with other Customs and freight related duties, obtain Customs clearances for all counternarcotics materials. He also participates in preliminary inspections and inventories in bonded warehouses prior to Customs release.
The Logistics Customs Technician obtains Customs clearance and conducts preliminary inspections and inventories in bonded warehouses prior to Customs processing and release.
The Logistics Customs Dispatchers conduct preliminary inspections and inventories received at bonded warehouses to facilitate Customs release and to deliver materials to the NAS warehouse.
NAS Aviation Staff - The Embassy Field Coordinator coordinates all flights, fixed-wing and rotary-wing, and monitors aircraft.
The NAS Field Adviser/Security Specialist, along with the daily duties, is responsible for providing oversight of all USG materials or equipment donated and or used by the counterparts and for advising Logistics of any notable damage or missing items.
NAS Police Staff - The NAS Senior Police Adviser authorizes donations
Deputy Police Adviser oversees use and maintenance of donated equipment; the Logistics Administrative Coordinators receive and distribute materials to Forward Operations Locations (FOL’s); the Logistics Coordinators maintain inventories.
Police Field Adviser-The Police Field Adviser authorizes and oversees use of donated equipment and materials and oversees use and maintenance of donated equipment.
Police Program Assistant receives and maintains records of all Police Program donated items.
CORAH staff - CORAH is the GOP coca eradication agency. CADA is a subsidiary of CORAH and is responsible for coca management and eradication verification. CADA is funded by the NAS under a different budget. The CORAH staff is also responsible for oversight of NAS funding of the Instituto de Cultivos Troppicales (ICT), a NGO that conducts studies on cacao and coffee cultivation as alternative crops to coca. Additionally, ICT conducts soils studies and extension training for farmers.
The Narcotics Control Officer authorizes donations.
The Eradication Operations Officer is principally responsible to oversee correct usage and maintenance of NAS donated property in the field and CORAH (Ministry of Interior) warehouses.
ICT - This institute is mentored by the NAS CORAH Project and is visited periodically for oversight of activities funded by NAS and EUM.
DEA - The Program Logistics Specialist for the Sensitive Investigation Unit is responsible for conducting an annual inventory of donated items and delivering equipment to Peruvian National Police (PNP) and responsible for coordinating donations with the NAS. The DEA Special Agents also assist as required...
MAAG - The Air Force Section Chief is responsible for developing and implementing EUM Standard Operating Procedures for the MAAG, and actively participates in EUM inspections when visiting Peruvian Air Force (FAP) installations throughout the entire country.
The Army Section Chief actively participates in EUM inspections when visiting Peruvian Army installations throughout the entire country. He also monitors donations to EP.
The Navy Section Chief actively participates in EUM inspections when visiting Peruvian Navy (MGP) installations throughout the entire country. He also monitors donations to MGP.
All listed counterparts have facilitated access and provided cooperation during EUM inventories/inspections and, in general, responded well in inventory reconciliation when requested. Most counterparts also maintain detailed inventories of materials received. NAS Logistics has not experienced any serious problems with counterpart cooperation this year.
Superintendencia Nacional de Aduanas (SUNAT)
Aduana-Aerea brigade de operaciones expeciales (SUNAT-AERA)
Intendencia Nacional de Prevencio Del Contrabando Y control Fronterizo-Boe (SUNAT-MARTIMA)
Intendencia de Aduana Postal (SUNAT_POSTAL)
Autoridad Portuatia Nacional OPD (Organiso Publico Decentralizado (APN)
Business Allinace for Secure Commerce–Basic Peru
Centro de Informacion y Educacion Para la Prevencion del Abuso de Drogas (CEDRO)
Centro de Estudios de Prevencion Tratamiento Investigacion y de Salud (CEPTUS)
Capital Humand y Social Alternativo (CHSA)
Control y Reduccion del cdultivo de la Coca en el Alto Huallaga (CORAH)
Cuerpo de Asistencia para el Desarrollo Alternativo (CORAH-CADA)
Cooporacion Peruana de Aeropuertos Aviacon Comerciall S.A (CORPAC)
Presidente de la Corte Superior de Ucayalo (Juzgado de Aguaytia) (COORTE SUPERIOR UCAYALI)
Centro de Estudios y Assesoria en Conductas de Riesgo Social y Promocion Desarrollo Integral (CREWSIER)
Comision Nacional Para el Desarrollo y vida sin Drogas (DEVIDA)
Dialogo Ciudadano (Diqalogto Ciudadano)
Direccion General de Migraciones y Naturalizacion (DIGEMIN)
Ejercito Peruano (EP)
Fuerza Aerea del Peru (FAP)
FAP-Comando de Operaciones-Centro de Informacion de Defensa Aerea Nacional (FAP-COMOP-CIDAN)
FAP-Direccion de Inteligencia-Centro de Inteligencia Aerotecnica (FAP-DIFAP-CINAT)
Congregacion Hermanas Adoratrices (HNAS DORATRICES)
Instituto de Cultivos Tropicals (ICT)
Instituto de Educacion y Salud (IES)
Asociacion Kallpa-Para la Promocion Integraol de lea Salud y el Desarrollo (KALLPA)
Ministerio del Interior-Oficina de Asuntos Internos (MINISTER-ASUNTOS INTGERNOS)
Ministry of Interior-Oficina de comunicacion Social MINISTER-OCOSMIN)
Minister-Oficina Ejecutva de Control de Drogas (MINISTER-OFECOD)
Mininter-Oficina General de Defensa Nacional (MINISTER-OGDEN)
Ministerio Publico-Fiscalio de La Nacion-Segunda Fiscalia Suprema Especializada en (MP-FN-SFSP-FEA)
Ministerio de Transportes y Comunicaciones-direccion Aeronautica Civil-Direccion Di (MTC-DGAC-TID)
Marina de Guerra del Peru-Direccion de Capitania de Puertos-Ofinina de Coordinacion (NAVY_DICAPI)
PNP-Direccion de Instruccion Escuela Tecnico Superior (PNP-DINST-ETS)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Centro Operative Polical (PNP-DIRANDRO-CEOPOL)
Policia Nacional del Peru-Direccion Nacional Antidrogaqs-Destacamento Antidrogas (PNP-DIRANDRO –DAD)
Policia Nacional del Peru-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Departmento de Operacion (PNP-DIRANDRO-DEPOTAD)
Policia Nacional del Peru-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Division de Investigacion (PNP-DIRANDRO-DICIQ)
Policia Nacional del Peru-direccion Nacional Antidrogas Division de Investigacion (PNP-DIRANDRO-DICIQ-DIE)
Policia Nacional del Peru-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Division of Investigacion Fim (PNP-DIRANDRO-DINFI)
Policia Nacional del Peru-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Direccion (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIRECCION)
Pollicia Nacional del Peru-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Division de Investigacion (PNP-DIRANDRO-DITID)
Policia Nacional del Peru-Dieeccion Nacional Antidragas-Division de Investigation (PNP-DIRANDRO-DITID-AIR)
Police Nacional del Peru Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Division de Investigacion (PNP-DIRANDRO-DITID-DIE)
PNP Dirandro Division de Operaciones Especialses Antidrogas (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVOEAD)
PNP-Dirandro Division de Operaciones Especiales Antidrogas-Departmento de Operations (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVOEAD-DEPOES1)
PNP-Dirandro-Division de Operaciones Especiales Antidrogas-Departmento de Operations (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVOEAD-DEPOES2)
PNP-Dirandro-Division de Operaciones Especiales Antidrogas-Departmento de Operations (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVOEAD-DEPOES3)
PNP-Dirandro Divoed-Departmento de Operaciones Especiales –Control de Insumos (PNP/DIRANDRO-DIVOEAD-DEPOES-CIQPF)
PNP-Dirandro Division de Operaciones Especiales Androgas-Unidad Canina (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVOEAD-K9)
PMP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas Division de Operaciones Tacticas Antidrogas (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVOTAD)
PNP-Direccion Antidrogas-Equipo Inteligencia (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVOTAD-EQUINT)
PNP-Dirrecion Nacional Antidrogas Division de Prevencion del Trafico Ilicito del Drug (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVITID)
PNP-Dirandro Division de Prevencion del /trafico Ilicito de Drogas Proyeccion Social (PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVPTID-PROY.SOCIAL)
PNP-Dirreccion Nacional Antidrogas-Escuela de Investicion del Trafico Ilicito de (PNP-DIRANDRO-ESINTID)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-estado Mayor (PNP-DIRANDRO-ESTADO-MAYOR)
PNP-Direnado-Jefature de Estado Mayor (PNP-DIRANDRO-JEM)
PNP-Dirandro-Oficina de Administration (PNP-DIRANDRO-OFAD)
PNP-Dirandro-Oficina Administrativa-Unidad de Recursos Humanos
PNP-Direccion de Operaciones Antidrogas Oficina de Analysis Especial (PNP-DIRANDRO-OFANESP)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas Oficina de Criminalistica (PNP/DIRANDRO-OFCRI)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas Oficina de Inteligencia (PNP-DIRANDRO of INT)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas Departmento de Opeeraciones Tacticas Antidrogas (PNP-DIREADRO-OFINT-RIG)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Ofina de Inteligencia-Unidad de contrainteligent (PNP-DIRANDRO-OFINT-UNICOUNT)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas-Odicina de Telematica (PNP-DIRANDRO-OFITEL)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas Secretaria (PNP-DIRANDRO SECRETARIA)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas Telematica (PNP-DIRANDRO TELEMATICA)
PNP-Direccion Nacional Antidrogas Unidad de Informacion (PNP-DIRANDRO-UNINFO-RR-PP)
PNP-Direccion Antigragas Unidad de Planeamiento Operative (PNP-DIRANDRO UPO)
PNP-Direccion de Aviacion Policial (PNP-DIRAVPOL)
PNP-Direccion Ejectiva de Operaciones Policials (PNP-DIREOP)
PNP Direccion General Tribunal Adminitrativo Disciplinary Nacional (PNP-DIRGEN-TRIADN)
PNP-Direccion de Investigacion Criminalistica y Apoyo a la Justicia (PNP-DIRINCRI)
PNP-Direccion de Inteligencia (PNP-DIRINT)
PNP-Direccion de Seguridad Publica-Division de Operacciones Especiales (PNP-DIRSEPUB)
PNP-Direccion de Turismo y Ecologia Division de Policia Ecologica (PNP-DITUEC-DIVPOECA)
PNP-Division Antidragas (PNP-DIVANDRO)
PNP-Division Antidragas Departmento Caning Political (PNP-DIVANDRO-DEPCAPOL)
PNP-Direccion Frente Policial Huallaa Oficina de Inteligencia Provincial (PNP FPH-OFINPRO)
PNP-Direccion Frente Policial Huallaga-Oficina de Inteligencia Provincial (PNP-FPH-OFINPRO)
Xi Direccion Territorial de Policial Ayacucho (PNP-IX-DIRTEPOL)
PNP-Seguridad del Estado Departmento de Extranjeria Aijch (PNP-SE-DEPEXT)
PNP-V Region Policial Direccion General (PNP-V-REGION DIRECCION)
PNP-V Region Policial Unidad de Inteliencia (PNP-V REGION INTELLIGENCIA PRISMA)
Minisgerio de la Produccion Direccion de Insumos y Productos Quimicos Fiscaizados Proyecto luli (PRODUCE PROYECTO LULU)
Servicios Urbanos y Mujeres de Bajos Ingresos (SUMBI)
Unidad de Ingelobencia Financiera (UIF)
Items authorized by Project Advisers for donation are issued to counterparts with a computerized document of issue detailing description, model, make, serial number, EUM bar code number, etc. and followed up with a letter of donation presented to the commander/director of the unit/section stating the terms to include a recall if the item is found not to be used as indicated. The NAS has included a statement in its donation letters clarifying that if no acceptance of donation response is received within 30 days of the letter, the NAS will consider the donation as accepted. This was required due to some counterparts delaying acceptance and official transfers to them thus compelling the NAS to cover vehicle insurance and other owner related expenses.
There were 63 scheduled inspections in 14 cities during 2009 of 1,675 items. The number of items subject to inspection was 4,778. The percentage of donated items inspected was 35%. The balance was inspected in 2007. Unscheduled inspections are practically impossible as coordination for access to bases, warehouses and offices are normally granted by commanders/directors upon receipt of a written request.
A staffing change and the associated training of a replacement caused an appropriate 4 month delay and resulted in a lower than usual number of site visits in 2009. An increase in the number of scheduled inspections is planned for 2010 which will return Peru to its normal schedule.
10/23/2009- ADUANAS MARITIMA
09/23/2009- DIALOGO CIUDADANO
10/01/2009- PNP-DIRANDRO-DIVOTAD PNP
04/24/2009- PNP-IX DIRTEPOL
10/02/2009- PNP-V REGION DIRECCION
09/29/2009- PNP-V REGION INTELIGENCIA
Secondary Method of Monitoring Resource Status
The NAS requests annual inventories from all counterparts in possession of commodities donated under the bilateral agreement. Counterparts normally comply.
In some cases involving extremely small and remote sites with just a few items, NAS Logistics communicates with the counterpart and without stating the serial number requests that they confirm an item and give NAS the correct serial number on specific pieces of equipment. When the counterpart responds with the correct number, it would indicate that the piece of equipment is at that location. The NAS will then request operational status. If the counterpart does not respond with the proper serial number, NAS Logistics conducts follow up questioning.
Thirteen (13) dogs were provided to the DNCD in 2005. Four are in Punta Cana; five in La Romana; four in Santo Domingo. They are used for explosives detection. Twelve are in good health; one dog in Punta Cana is ill and will soon be retired.
The NAS continues to donate computer systems to Peruvian counterpart institutions for use in counternarcotics and data keeping. These systems are located at Forward Operating Locations (FOL’s) and maintained by the NAS IT section. As the units become obsolete, they are upgraded or replaced with new units. Computer systems have been donated to NGO’s with the majority located in Lima. Maintenance for the systems remains the sole responsibility of the counterpart.
Additional base stations and hand-held radios were donated to the Peruvian Police and CORAH to improve coordination and communications for interdiction and eradication. These items are maintained by the counterpart with oversight from the NAS and monitored during EUM inspections.
The NAS Port program donated a computerized surveillance system to augment an existing system at the sea port in Callao. The existing system had several serious blind spots which make it possible for Port personnel to manipulate cargo in shipping containers after they had been inspected. During installation of the additional system, the NAS IT encountered considerable interference and delay by Port authorities which were finally overcome and the project was completed. Although the NAS IT has spent a considerable amount of time training SUNAT personnel to monitor and record events at the Port, consistent results continue to be hampered.
NAS Peru donated a total of 60 vehicles during 2009, 56 of which are motorcycles. The major of these vehicles were donated to the Peruvian Police Drug Units. The units have responsibility for maintenance. The NAS occasionally funds and oversees some repairs and maintenance due to lack of funding on the behalf of the GOP.
The NAS did not donate any vessels in 2008. The vessels donated in prior years are maintained by the Peruvian Coast Guard. Many of the smaller craft are presently inoperative due to lack of funds.
All weapons are closely monitored by NAS personnel during routine inspections. They are distributed in various locations throughout the country, mostly on Peruvian Police bases.
The four C-26 Aircraft donated to the Peruvian Air Force and supported by NAS Aviation assisted GOP and CN/CT operations. NAS Aviation installed a forward Looking Inferred (FLIR) digital camera from one C-26 to the other as needed for operations. It is used for reconnaissance and identifying clandestine runways and drug production activities. The C-26’s are also used in support of Joint Armed Forces Command and Peruvian Police Command. They are also used for transporting Peruvian CN police units.
The total number of A-37’s the FAP has in the inventory is 23. Of these, six are static displays at different locations. Of the remaining 17, only four to six are operational (the number fluctuates). The remaining aircraft are in various states of disrepair. At one time, they had 40 but over the years, 14 have been lost in accidents and three have disappeared. The A-37 has three missions: counterdrug, primary interceptor and advance fighter tactics training for fighter pilots.
Several sophisticated X-ray units, mobile and stationary, including body scanners have been donated to Customs for use at the principal airports and sea ports of Peru. They are used to scan air cargo and passengers along with shipping containers. They are maintained by a contract with the vendor’s local representative. Cooperation between Customs and DIRANDRO (Peruvian Drug Police) has caused delays this year.
Construction project in Ayacucho -100% completed
Sant Lucia Base-2nd phase-46% completed
Expansion of Canine areas-95% completed
Demand Reduction Services
Combating TIP- NAS Lima engages with the NGO sector, multi-national organizations, the police and various Peruvian government agencies to train police, prosecutors, and judges to recognize TIP cases; make the appropriate changes; provide victim assistance; enforce existing TIP laws; and raise general public awareness.
Public Awareness Campaign on Drug Consumption
The campaign engages and educates children, parents, policy makers and the general public on the growing use of and availability of illegal drugs not just in the schools, but in the neighborhoods and on the streets.
Anti-Drug Community Coalitions
The coalition creates grass roots neighborhood organizations with representatives from different sectors of the community to identify community level problems; engage the police; and work together towards creative solutions.
The community anti-drug coalitions in Peru received funding to work on two main goals: 1) reducing substance abuse among youth by promoting a healthy lifestyle free of drugs and reducing risk factors in a community contest; 2) establishing and strengthening the collaboration among local sectors and law enforcement authorities, to support the efforts to prevent and reduce substance abuse among youth.
The model has different strategies to monitor the impact and progress toward the main goals, to achieve community changes by providing information, enhancing skills, providing support, enhancing access and enforcing laws and politics, changing the physical design or structure of the environment to reduce risk factors and enhance protective factors among other initiatives.
The services include the monitoring of pro-narcotics trafficking messaging east of the Andes and the daily monitoring of all radio and television news outlets broadcasting in controlled areas of the country.
The services provide an alternative voice-radio and internet news service and comprehensive reporting for the narco-controlled areas east of the Andes as a counter voice to the pro-cocalero, pro-narcotrafficker, and anti-alternative development messages that dominate the airways in these regions.
The academic voice supports academic research and discussion of the issue of narcotics and narcotic trafficking in Peru, to fuel the policy debate.
NAS Aviation Commodities/Service
The donation of miscellaneous equipment by NAS Aviation improved eradication and CN interdiction operations in Santa Lucia, Tingo Maria and Palma Palmpa.
The two C-26 aircraft donated in prior years to the Peruvian Air Force and supported by NAS Aviation assisted GOP and CN/CT operations. The NAS spent $2,075,000 in 2009 which included a maintenance, training, and operations package. NAS Aviation interchanges a Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) digital camera from one C-26 to the other as needed for operations and is used for reconnaissance operations and identifying clandestine runaways and drug production activities. A digital camera has been purchased by the NAS, installed in one FAP C-26 in January 2008, but is awaiting repair. Modification of the C-26 was completed in August of 2007 at the facility of ARINC contractor in Oklahoma.
In 2009, these aircraft equipped as such and in coordination with the Peruvian National Police (PNP) ground units, provided locating data for interdiction operations. The aircraft also increased security providing nocturnal FLIR imaging of NAS eradication sites.
The C-26s also participated in the DEA region-wide all inclusive exercise. The C-26’s are also used in support of Joint Armed forces Command and Peruvian Police Command and for transporting Peruvian CN Police Units.
INL Project funds provided through NAS Lima are the sole source of funding for CORAH and CADA in support of their mission (coca eradication and monitoring).
CORAH conducted a total of 285 eradication mission during 2009, eradicating 10,025.03 hectares which exceeded the projected goal of 8,000 hectares.
The majority of commodities purchased included satellite imagery, survey equipment, communications, computer equipment and field gear. These commodities permitted CORAH and CADA to perform the functions required to conduct eradication in a programmed manner. These functions include identification of coca growing areas, quantification of coca under cultivation, physical eradication of coca in the field, reporting and verification.
ICT through NAS Lima partially funds the Instituto de Cultivos Tropicales (ICT) in support of their activities.
ICT worked in 260 locations primarily in Huanuco and San Martin Provinces. ICT conducted 250 educational events mostly related to cacao and coffee cultivation methods to increase production. However, they also conducted limited work in Amazonas, Loreto, Cajamarca and Piura Departments, as well as in Quillamba, Cusco and the Valley of the Apurimac and the Ene Rivers (VRAE). They conducted 221 educational events (courses, orientations, etc) mostly related to cacao cultivation methods to increase production. ICT provided technical assistance to about 2,725 beneficiaries in support of 4,504 hectares of cacao. The technical assistance consisted of agricultural technique demonstrations, rehabilitation of plants, monitoring, maintenance, seedbed installation, etc. They were an integral part in the creation of an agricultural cooperative (“ASSOCIACION KALLPA”) dedicated to cacao commercialization. This cooperative has 885 members presently and their goal is 1,500. Major commodity purchased with NAS provided funding was very limited in 2009. These purchases included six motorcycles.
Problems and Corrective Action Plan
Three hundred two (302) items or 18 percent of the items subject to inspection at visited sites were not able to be inspected for various reasons. The items are being researched and/or are awaiting responses from counterparts.
Repair and Maintenance of Commodities
On occasion, donated vehicles do not receive proper maintenance due to lack of counterpart funding. The NAS is obligated to cover repairs and maintenance to keep the vehicles operative. This only applies to special cases approved by the individual Project Adviser.
Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities
Two body scans originally received in country in February 2008 and donated to Customs for use at airports had not been installed. This was corrected in 2009, all fur body scanners donated to UNAT Customs were installed, two at the International Airport in Lima, one at the International airport in Cuzco, and one at the International Land port of Entry in Tacna.
The Hauncayo and Piura Prosecutors Offices also have copy machines that were not being used at the time of inspection due to lack of funds for toner. This lack of use has been communicated to the Program Adviser.
In 2008, NAS logistics report had concern over the accuracy of reports being sent to INL due to several projects having their own logistics sections, warehouses, procedures, and forms and not being required to report or advise the principal NAS Logistics section of their transactions.
Being principally responsible for accurate tracking of EUM materials, NAS Management directed that all logistics operations report directly to NAS logistics to standardize forms and procedures, to improve reporting accuracy and security of materials. Management implemented a procedural change improving communications by having the NAS Police logistics personnel responsible for the reporting of inventories and materials issued to NAS’ Principal Logistics section. Steps were taken to eliminate the restricted access to NAS Police warehouses for NAS Logistics inspectors.
EUM Program Coordinator
Erin Markley, Tel. 598-2-418-7777 ext. 2429, email@example.com
Post has two systems to track inventory – one held by the INL Officer in the POL/ECON office and one held by the finance office. The POL/ECON office holds a detailed list of the equipment purchased in recent years. All of the equipment purchased is provided to one single government agency, the Anti-Drug Police, so there is only one list. Demand reduction donations, to this point, have not included equipment donations, so there is no inventory involved. The finance office holds all purchase orders and/or receipts of all purchases and donations made with INL funds.
Staff Member Responsibilities
Montevideo is not a NAS post, and has one officer who dedicates approximately ten percent (10%) FTE to the INL portfolio. This officer is responsible for conducting inventories and on-site inspections. There is a finance specialist that works with vouchers and purchases.
Other USG Agency Assistance
DEA regularly works with the organization that receives INL equipment, but DEA does not participate in end use monitoring.
The Directorate General for the Repression of Illicit Drug Trafficking (DRGTID)
Uruguayan Anti-Drug Police Unit
The National Anti-Drug Secretariat (JND)
An MOU with Uruguay describes the provisions of INL donations. Receipts, financial records, and memos showing where and how the money was spent are kept by the Embassy’s finance office.
There were two scheduled on-site inspections performed for the 2009 End Use Monitoring report:
There are 111 donated items subject to inspection. Over 90% on donated items were inspected by Emboff.
In the last ten years, INL donations in Uruguay have primarily been donations of computer equipment. The following list contains all donations made during the last five years – five years defining useful life of computer equipment.
DTRGID Montevideo – one hard drive, in good condition; one digital scope, in good condition; one laptop, currently being repaired; 3 pieces of video editing equipment, in good condition; motherboards for computer upgrading, in good condition; 33 computers, 28 in good condition, one undergoing repairs, four in a warehouse; seven computer monitors, in excellent condition; one wiretapping information processor, in good condition; four printers, in good condition; one server, in excellent condition; seven computer desks, in excellent condition; eight travel drives, in excellent condition; four digital cameras and memory cards, in excellent condition.
DTRGID Rivera – one digital scope, in good condition; two pieces of video editing equipment, in good condition; motherboards for computer upgrading, in good condition; four computers in good condition; two computer printers, in good condition; on travel drive, in excellent condition; one digital camera and memory card, in excellent condition.
DTRGID Salto – one piece of video editing equipment, in good condition; three computers, in good condition; two printers, in good condition; three computer desks, in excellent condition; one travel drive, in excellent condition; one digital camera and memory card, in excellent condition.
Three of six digital cameras and eight of ten travel drives were not monitored, because they are in use in the field. Emboff monitored the equipment in use of one investigative team in each of the DTRGID sites; Montevideo, Rivera and Salto.
No aircraft, vehicle, vessels or weapons have been donated to any Uruguayan agency during the last ten years.
Computer equipment provided to the DTRGID facilitates their capabilities to detect criminal elements, hence disrupting attempts to traffic narcotics into and out of Uruguay. In 2009, the DTRGID in cooperation with other Uruguayan agencies (the Coast Guard and Customs) seized 2.46 metric tons of cocaine (more than double from previous years) and 1,655 kilos of cocaine base which is up by approximately 40 percent compared to last year. Also, 549,000 kilos of marijuana were seized. There were 1,677 arrests, which resulted in the opening of 721 cases. The successful large scale operations are the result of improved investigative capability and of excellent communication with DEA and Argentine law enforcement.
EUM Program Coordinator
Geneve Menscher, Pol-Econ Chief, tel. 579 472-900 ext. 2205, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Post does not have an automated inventory system for INL donations. Post keeps track of resources provided to host government agencies in a Word document master list. This is feasible because of the limited amount of INL funds received by post annually.
Staff Member EUM Responsibilities
Post’s EUM Program Coordinator has responsibility for coordinating the EUM; but most EUM is conducted by Regional Security Officer (RSO) Doug Martin, LES Security Investigator Rene Sabajo, and LES Security Investigator Gilberto Blagore. Some EUM was conducted by TDY RSO Steven Baker, EUM Coordinator Geneve Mensher, and the LES Pol/Labor Assistant (position vacant). The Management Section’s Financial Management Office and General Services Office assist in INL-related procurements. Political Assistant Bhartie Chandoe assisted in making appointments and in interpreting during monitoring visits.
Other U.S. Agency Assistance
Attorney General's Office
City Police Office
Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU)
Judicial Intelligence Unit Maritime Police
Police Forensics Department
Police Liaison Bureau
Police Ombudsman Unit
Special Surveillance Unit
Suriname Police Force (KPS)
Trafficking in Persons Office
Vehicle Inspection Unit
Post uses a word document that lists the conditions of INL such as End Use Monitoring and is signed and dated by the recipient organization. Post notes that turnover documents prior to January 2009 neglected to include mention of the return of items at the end of their useful lives to the U.S. Embassy. Post has rectified this omission in all turnover documents since January 2009.
Fifteen (15) scheduled on-site inspections at 15 locations were performed in 2009.
The number of donated items subject to inspection was 886. Post counted some computer equipment as one set rather than as individual pieces of equipment, which resulted in a reduction in the number of items subject to inspection.
The percent of donated items personally inspected was 27%.
Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resource Status
Gear currently in use was monitored via comparison of records and discussions at the Anti-Narcotics Unit (11/16) and the Suriname Police Force (1/19).
The percentage of donated items monitored using secondary methods was 73%.
One DSL Package Brons 128/64 was donated to the Police TIP unit to set up a Police TIP Office in Paramaribo. The ADSL was turned off pending resolution of a funding issue. It is located at the Police TIP office to support combating TIP and is in good condition.
Six 8 Pentium CPU’s were donated to the Police TIP unit to set up a police TIP office in Paramaribo. These computers include modems and faxes. They are located in the Police TIP office to support combating TIP and are in good condition.
Six LCD flat panel computer monitors were donated to the Police TIP unit to set up a Police TIP office in Paramaribo. They are located in the Police TIP office to support combating TIP and are in good condition.
Six UPS were donated to the Police TIP unit to set up a Police TIP office in Paramaribo. They are located in the Police TIP office to support combating TIP and are in good condition. Six DVRs were donated to the Police TIP unit to set up a Police TIP office in Paramaribo. They are located in the Police TIP office to support combating TIP and are in good condition.
One scanner was donated to the Police TIP unit to set up a Police TIP office in Paramaribo. It is located in the Police TIP office to support combating TIP and is in good condition.
Two laser printers were donated to the Financial Intelligence Unit. They are used to combat money laundering and are in excellent condition.
Four CPU’s with monitors and keyboards were donated to the Financial Intelligence Unit. They are used to combat money laundering. Two of the CPU’s no longer work and one is in fine condition. The fourth CPU is located at the Attorney General’s Office.
One scanner was donated to the FIU. It is used to combat money laundering and is in excellent condition.
One printer was donated to the FIU. It is used to combat money laundering and is in excellent condition
One server Dell power edge 2850 was donated to the Police Forensics Unit. It is used with the fingerprint software to combat crime. It is in excellent condition.
Four Dell Dimension 4700 workstations were donated to the Police Forensic Unit. They are located at the Police Forensics Unit/ Financial Intelligence Unit and are used with the donated fingerprinting software to combat crime. They are in excellent condition.
Six Biometrics Fingerprint Scanners were donated to the Police Forensics Unit. They are used with the donated fingerprinting software to combat crime and are in excellent condition.
Two Link Systems were donated to the Police Forensics Unit in support of money laundering. They are in excellent condition.
One fingerprint matching software was donated to the Police Forensic Unit. Post learned in January 2008, that the scanner used to bulk scan fingerprint cards into the system did not work properly because the fingerprint cards were not a standard size. Post used INL funds to have a software engineer fix this problem in 2009 and the software is now working properly.
Nine Dell CPUs, monitors and keyboards were donated to the Cantonal court to computerize its case processing. They are located in the Cantonal court and are in good condition, with the exception of one monitor which requires repair.
Ten Dell flat screen monitors were donated to the Cantonal court to computerize its case processing. They are located in the Canonal Court and are in excellent condition.
Three computer scanners were donated to the Cantonal court to computerize its case processing. They are located in the Canonal Court and are in excellent condition.
One server with Ethernet switch and APC battery backup was donated to the Cantonal court to computerize its case processing. It is located in the Cantonal Court and is in excellent condition.
One Hewlet Packard 3800 color laser printer was donated to the Cantonal Court to computerize its case processing. It is in excellent condition but they noted it requires color ink cartridges to be full even when printing black and white and the color ink cartridges are not readily available in Suriname.
Two laptop computers were donated to the Police TIP Unit to set up a Police TIP Unit office in Paramaribo. The batteries were no longer rechargeable and the Embassy has ordered replacement batteries.
Six HP Jet printers were donated to the Police TIP Unit to set up a Police TIP office in Paramaribo. They are located in the Police TIP office to support combating TIP and are in good condition.
Ten Dell computers were donated to the Attorney General’s office and were in good working order.
Three HP printers were donated to the Attorney General’s Office and were in good working condition.
Four PC Intel Pentium 4, with UPS, internal fax modem, CDRW drives, and AOC 17” color monitors were donated to the Police Ombudsman Unit and were in good working condition. One of them was not in use while voltage issues to the office where it is used were being resolved.
Eight CPUs with monitors and keyboards were donated to the vehicle inspection unit. Four of the computers are in good working condition, two are broken, and two have been disposed of. Five of the monitors are in good condition, one was broken and two had been disposed of.
Four Belking Home Office UPS systems USZB VA were donated to the Vehicle Inspection Unit. Two were in good working condition and two were broken.
One computer scanner was donated to the Vehicle Inspection Unit and it was in good working condition.
Two laser network printers were donated to the Vehicle Inspection Unit and were in good working condition.
One Microsoft windows 2003 server was donated to the Vehicle Inspection Unit but they had upgraded to a bigger server and moved the original server to the Duisbeg Meldkamer office. They are still networked and say is in good condition.
Twenty-nine, PC Intel Pentium 4 were donated to the Suriname’s Police Force (KPS). The KPS showed us one of the computers, which was no longer operational. The other computers were distributed to other police stations throughout Suriname and we were told they were still in use. The computer equipment is complete with internal fax modems, color monitors, UPS, and CD drivers.
One laser printer was donated to the Surinamese Police Force (KPS). During monitoring, the KPS could not account for the current location of their equipment.
One Dell notebook was donated to the Surinamese Police Force (KPS). During monitoring, the KPS could not account for the current location of this equipment.
One projector was donated to the Surinamese Police Force (KPS). During monitoring, the KPS could not account for the current location of this equipment.
One DVD player, one Toshiba flat screen TV, and one telephone fax machine, were donated to the Police TIP unit to set up a Police TIP unit in Paramaribo. They are in good condition.
One Toshiba Flat screen TV was donated to the Police TIP unit to set up a Police TIP office in Paramaribo. It is located in the Police Office to support combating TIP and is in good condition.
One telephone fax was donated to the Police TIP Unit to set up a Police TIP office in Paramaribo. They are located in the Police TIP office to support combating TIP and are in good condition.
One copy machine and one fax machine were donated to the Financial Intelligence Unit to support combating money laundering. The copy machine is in excellent condition. The fax machine is in fair condition.
One fax machine was donated to the financial Intelligence Unit. It is located in the financial Intelligence Unit to support combating money laundering and is in partially working condition.
One table top transmitter, 50 one channel wireless receivers, one carrying case and one headset microphone were donated to the Police Academy for interpreting at trainings. The equipment was in good condition with the exception of some batteries which had corroded. Post was told that the headset microphone was broken and requiring repairs and had been provided to the RSO office to repair. The RSO office had not received this equipment from them.
One NEC projector was donated to the Police Academy and was in good working condition.
One computer was donated to the Police Academy and was in good working condition.
One Dell Inspiron 2200 Notebook computer was donated to the Police Academy. The POC reported that it was stolen in the spring of 2009 after a lecturer left it in the classroom overnight and neglected to lock the door, and said that a police report on the theft had been filed.
Sixty Motorola portable radio units, battery and charger belt were donated to the Suriname National Police (FPS). Post is told that the equipment had been distributed to police officers and is still in use. Post randomly encountered one Police officer using the radio and found several other radios that the Dispatch Center. It was explained that the radios are provided to the officers on shift.
Two Multi-Rapid Charger units were donated to the Surinamese National Police (KPS). Post saw the unit but could not identify that it was the same one that the USG had donated. One set of Rib Bop programming accessories was donated to the Surinamese National Police (KPS). Post was told it was still in use.
Ten single MTS Rapid charges were donated to the Suriname National Police (KPS). During EUM post was told that only nine were donated and that these were distributed to police stations. Post reconfirmed in its record that it had donated ten.
Twenty portable antennas were donated to the Surinamese National Police (KPS). Post was told that they are still in use and shown several of the twenty during EUM. They appeared in good condition.
Twenty single radio charges were donated to the Surinamese National Police (KPS). Post was told in monitoring, that it was only five that were donated and they were still in use; post reconfirmed its records and the number donated was seven.
100 portable batteries were donated to the Suriname National Police (KPS). Post was told that these had reached the end of their useful lives and had been replaced.
Two microwave links war donated to the Surinamese National Police. Post saw one Microware Link but could not identify that it was the same one the USG had donated.
One fax phone was donated to the Surinamese National Police (KPS). Post was told that they had no information regarding this donation.
One Sony Mavica digital camera was donated to the Special Surveillance unit. It was not identified during EUM.
Two digital handy cam camcorders and camcorder lenses were donated to the special surveillance Unit. They were in good condition. Thirty maglites were donated to the Arrest Team. They have been issued and are in excellent condition.
Fifteen special mission vests were donated to the Arrest Team. These had been issued and are in use and in excellent condition.
Fifteen tactical squad suits were donated to the Arrest Team. These had been issued and are in use and in excellent condition.
One color photocopier was donated to the Police TIP Unit to set up a Police TIP unit office. It is located in the Police TIP Office for combating TIP and is in excellent condition.
One refrigerator, three vertical blinds, two paper shredders, six office chairs, six desks, two file cabinets, and one color photocopier were donated to the Police Office for combating TIP. They are in excellent condition.
Two four-drawer file cabinets, one copy machine, one shredder, one conference table, and five office desks were donated to the Financial Intelligence Unit to combat money laundering. They are in excellent condition.
Fifteen pairs of boots were donated to the Arrest Team. During End-Use-Monitoring, the RSO did not observe these boots.
Fifteen Tactical Squad Suits and mission vests were donated to the Arrest Team. During End Use Monitoring, post learned that most were issued and in use by the Arrest Team. The Arrest Team has responsibility for arresting the most dangerous and armed criminals.
Ballistic helmets (15), face shield direct mounts (15), tactical elbow pads (15), tactical knee pads (15), tactical black gloves (15), Maglites (30), flashlight rings (30), ceramic rifle plates (30), backpack entry kits (2), and entry shields (2) were donated to the Arrest Team for use in arresting armed criminals. They are in excellent condition.
One 1998 Toyota Station wagon is in working condition but requires ball joints and other repairs. One Toyota Regis station wagon donated has been inoperable for one year. Post is planning to replace this vehicle and have this one returned for auction. The Arrest Team has a Nissan sedan that has minor damage due to running the vehicle off the road. The Judicial Intelligence Unit has a Toyota Corolla in passable condition. The Anti-Narcotics Unit has a Toyota Land cruiser on loan to the Arrest Team. A Toyota Land cruiser provided to the Technical Unit was sold by auction when repairs proved costly.
The Arrest Team has an Aluma craft all-welded boat in fair condition.
The Police Academy classroom building, which was renovated, was monitored and the building was in excellent condition.
Post’s INLprogam has strengthened GOS’ institutional capacity to make real progress in its fight against narcotics trafficking in persons, and related crimes within its borders. The success of the program has also deepened and strengthened post’s bilateral relationship and cooperation. Suriname’s police, law enforcement agencies, and courts receiving assistance appear to use all resources provided in an effective manner and are extremely appreciative of any and all assistance. While it is difficult to ascribe specific law enforcement victories to specific INL-donated items, post can provide the following seizure and arrest data for 2009.
This was an increase in seizures for all drug types compared to 2008 numbers.
Communications equipment is essential to police operations. USG donated communications equipment is combined with communications equipment provided by other donor or purchased by the GOS, and has resulted in a better operating police force. Suriname’s police appear to use all resources provided in an effective manner and are extremely appreciative of any and all assistance. There is an indication that the KPS will be changing to digital radios, which will not be compatible with the USG-donated analog radios. Additionally, KPS officers indicate that USG-provided radio batteries, while rechargeable, only have a shelf life of 2 years and that KPS had replaced the batteries.
The vehicles donated to the TIP Unit by the USG are the only vehicles in TIP unit possession. As such, they make a large impact on the TIP’s ability to monitor brothels and other locations where sex work is known to take place. The regular visits by the TIP unit ensure that brothels and other venues are reluctant to engage in trafficking in persons. The other operational vehicles donated by the USG to the Surinamese Police Force are used as part of daily police operations.
Suriname is a country of rivers and narcotics smuggling takes place by boat over these rivers. The donation of two vessels by the USG has enabled law enforcement officials to pursue and apprehend the traffickers of drugs on water as well as on land.
The USG has donated tactical gear to the Arrest Team, which has responsibility for arresting Suriname’s most dangerous criminals (including narcotics traffickers) wherever in Suriname they might be. The gear has been integral to the Arrest Team’s ability to engage criminal elements while ensuring the safety of its own members. Suriname’s police receiving assistance appear to use all resources provided in an effective manner and are extremely appreciative of any and all assistance. USG assistance is a key component of the Suriname Police in conducting basic duties and operations in Suriname.
USG donated computer equipment has played a role in modernizing the police and the judiciary. The Criminal Management Database System is the capstone of computer-related assistance to the GOS. This database provides a mechanism for the GOS to track information on criminals in a computerized system. Post used INL funding in FY-09 to enhance this system to include generation of a wanted list and implementation of latent fingerprint match.
The USG has donated a software and computer system to the Attorney General’s office and the Cantonal court. Due to this advancement, Attorney General cases can be tracked by computer and not just by paper files. Post is planning the next step enhancements to this project, which would link the Attorney General database to the Cantonal court, which would diminish the time and user error involved in re-inputting the data at the court.
Problems and Corrective Action Plan
There were some items that recipients could not account for, denied receiving, or claimed were in use at another location. Post has noted these results in the EUM. Post will continue to work with partners to locate and identify these items and will continue to stress the importance of diligent accounting of USG-donated items. There was also at least one case where donated equipment at the end of its useful life had been disposed of by the recipient rather than being returned to post.
Disposal of Commodities
Post notes especially that some big ticket items, such as vehicles donated some years ago, may be at the end of their useful lives. Post did not find in LOA documentation or turnover documents an agreement on how equipment reaching the end of its useful life would be handled. Post discussed this with the Police Commissioner who seemed amenable to the return of the vehicles that are no longer in use and asked post to provide a list of specific vehicles. Proceeds of the sale of the vehicles will be returned to post’s INL funds to support future projects with the Ministry of Justice and Police. The post will remove them from the INL EUM inventory. During the 2009, EUM, post staff explained to all recipients that equipment at the end of its useful life should be returned to post for disposal/auction.
Repair and Maintenance of Commodities
It is our LEWG policy not to pay recurring costs such as repair and maintenance which should be included in the recipient’s budget. Due to the irregular nature of INL funding to Suriname, post cannot commit to any funding after the original donation. An exception to this is buying the Police TIP unit a second 4WD since the vehicle purchased in 2006 had serious recurring maintenance issues. The vehicle has been procured and will be delivered in February 2010.
Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities
Post discovered in its 2007 EUM that the Criminal Fingerprint database was not being fully used because there are different sizes of fingerprint cards. Post worked with the software contractor and the KPS in 2008 to come up with a plan to use INLfunds to adjust the programming of the database and the software fix was completed in FY-09. Furthermore, post also funded an additional upgrade to the system which is in progress and will be completed in FY-10.
EUM Program Coordinator
NAS Director, Drew Schyfletowski, Tel. 593-2 398-5311, email@example.com
Staff Member Responsibilities
The NAS Deputy Director supervises the implementation and planning of End Use Monitoring and resolves problems that might arise during the inventory. The NAS Program specialist coordinates the inventory. The NAS Inventory Specialist and Mobility Assistant conduct the physical inventory verification. In addition, the POC for post’s Military group End Use Monitoring activities is the Logistics NCO. The NAS CBP adviser located at the U.S. Consulate in Guayaquil provides monitoring and spot checks of equipment and vehicles during his site visits.
NAS Ecuador uses two types of databases to record and track the distribution of all resources provided to host government agencies and to maintain and retrieve End Use Monitoring information. The NAS Inventory Assistant uses an Access database on a laptop computer to monitor all of NAS’s donated resources. The NAS Mobility Assistant uses an Excel database to monitor NAS’ donated vehicles.
The MILGP maintains an Excel data base to record all military deliveries. The database includes information such as description, location, recipient, and condition of donated items. Deliveries to Ecuadorian Military Units are recorded on hand receipts signed by/for the unit commanders. The MILGP monitors all of these items annually and records updates to the items by location, use and condition of equipment. USMILGP provides the Ecuadorian Armed Forces a copy of the excel data base kept by USMILGP as a tool for the Armed Forces to upkeep their records.
Staff Member Responsibilities
The NAS Deputy Director coordinates all of the activities regarding End Use Monitoring. He works closely with the NAS FSN-10 Program Specialist, Monica Villacreces, who assists in the coordination of EUM activities. She assists with the implementation and direction of the monitoring and works closely with the FSN-8 Mobility Assistant, who conducts the mobility inventory, FSN Project/Engineering, who provides the inventory of the facilities, and FSN Inventory Assistant, who conducts the physical, on-site inventory verifications.
Other USG Agency Assistance
The USMILGP conducts regular reviews and monitoring of NAS-donated resources to their military counterparts.
Ecuadorian Anti-Drug National Police (ENP-DNA)
Sensitive Investigative Unit (SIU)
Directorate of Police Intelligence Unit (DGI)
Money Laundering Unit (ULA)
Customs Bulk Cash Smuggling Group (GELA)
National Directorate for Crime Against Children and Human Trafficking (DINAPEN)
Attorney General’s Office
Transnational Crime Unit
Judicial Police (PJ)
DNA’s Unit for Investigation of Ports and Airports (SIPA)
Anti-drug Police Canine Units
Police Intervention and Rescue Group (GIR)
Special Mobile (GEMA)
Ecuadorian Military (ECUMIL)
The issuing of NAS donated resources is done through a receiving and inspection report (DS-127/OF-127). The receiving agency inspects the items and takes receipt of them by signing the receiving and inspection report. A signed memorandum by the NAS and the Ecuadorian counterpart is also used to document some transfers. The MILGP also maintains a separate receipt documenting the transfer of equipment to military units, which provides a duplicate copy from the NAS report and signatory responsibility of the end user at at each ECUMIL Command, Directorate or Unit.
The NAS performed 118 scheduled and 6 unscheduled inspections at 132 locations. The number of donated items personally inspected was 95%.
02/02/2009- Lago Agrio
03/12/2009- Lago Agrio
03/12/2009- Sucumbios Province
04/22/2009- Lago Agrio
04/29/2009- Sucumbios Province
07/07/2009- Sucumbios Province
07/07/2009- Sucumbios Province
09/10/2009- Sucumbios Province
09/15/2009- San Lorenzo
There were 6 scheduled and 3 unscheduled inspections performed.
Two hundred twenty-four (224) vehicles and motorcycles were personally inspected at Quito, Guayaquil, Ibarra, Baeza, Tulcan, and Machala by the NAS Military Assistant. In addition, NAS personnel, such as the NAS Inventory Assistant, CBP Advisor, NAS Program Specialist, NAS engineer, and other NAS personnel, conducted spot checks and monitoring of about 186 additional vehicles and motorcycles through visits to many other locations throughout the country, including Loja, Ydel, Cuenca, Azogues, Manta, Portoviejo, Esmeraldas, San Lorenza, Lago Agrio, coca, Tena, Latacunga, Ambato and Riobamba.
The NAS Mobility Program has 20 vehicles and 143 motorcycles, so the percentage of vehicles and motorcycles monitored during 2009 was 99%. For all vehicles, the NAS mobility assistant maintained contact with the supply personnel at each location to determine the proper use of the vehicles and motorcycles.
01/11/2009- De Amazonas
01/12/2009- De Amazonas
01/13/2009- De Amazonas
01/14/2009- De Amazonas
02/03/2009- De Amazonas
02/12/2009- De Amazonas
02/13/2009- Lago Agrio
03/10/2009- De Amazonas
03/17/2009- De Amazonas
03/26/2009- Lago Agrio
04/06/2009- De Amazonas
04/07/2009- De Amzaonas
06/02/2009- Lago Agrio
06/03/2009- Lago Agrio
09/08/2009- Lago Agrio
09/09/2009- Lago Agrio
09/10/2009- Lao Agrio
09/24/2009- San Lorenzo
10/06/2009- De Amazonas
10/07/2009- De Amazonas
12/01/2009- De Amazonas
Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources
Secondary methods of End Use Monitoring were used for two (2) DNA units located in the Galapagos. There was no physical inspection of NAS resources in the Galapagos this year.
The MILGP sends their inventory list to the Ecuadorian Military Joint Command requesting input on the location, use and condition of each item. In addition, the MILGP often has personnel on-site to monitor the equipment donated to the military units.
The NAS and MILGP hold permanent discussions on the use and location of deliveries during formal meetings, official memos, and via phone with the Ecuadorian police and military operational levels throughout the year. Secondary methods were used 5% of the time.
The NAS Mobility Program had 233 vehicles and 137 motorcycles delivered to the DNA. The Mobility Program is in charge of the expenses of maintenance and fuel for these vehicles. The NAS provided the fuel for these vehicles until December 30, 2009. Beginning in 2010, the mobility program will only provide maintenance for these vehicles. The fleet is divided between automobiles, pickups, vans and SUV’s trucks. The DNA has different branch offices such as their canine center, unit headquarters; specialized anti-narcotics police units, intelligence units, etc. Vehicles are distributed to these units depending on the needs of each office. The vehicles are used for different duties by the Antinarcotics Ecuadorian Police branch agencies. The pickups are used for operations to control drug distribution in each city. Sedans are used in undercover operations. Some are painted like taxis. The canine units use the pickups and trucks in the transportation and logistics of the canines.
The Ecuador Military program has 270 vehicles and 143 motorcycles.
Three body scan ray machines were donated to the ENP/DNA. One Hazmet ID system was donated to the DEA sponsored Special Investigative Unit. Ten ion scanners were donated to the Ecuadorian Military. Six identify IR’s detectors were donated to the DNA. Forty sets of scuba gear with compressors (2) were donated to the DNA/GEMA. Fifteen CT-30 contraband inspection kits were donated to the DNA. Two chromatographers were donated to the PJ. Nineteen sets of individual equipment (clothing, footwear, eye protection, police related items and communication accessories) were donated to the money laundering/human trafficking unit. One hundred thirteen thousand dollars (113,000) of computer equipment (17 PC’s, 4 servers, 17 hard drives, 2 UPS’, 6 printers, 1 scanner,. 10 CCTV cameras, 4 INFOCUS projectors, 2 security bundles, 2 switches, 2 routers, and miscellaneous software) donated to the Financial Intelligence Unit. Living room furniture donated to the DNA/UCA Quito Airport (2 sofas, 1 loveseat, and 4 chairs); 96 bedding sets, 68 bunk beds, 5 living room furniture sets, 2 dining room furniture sets, 3 UPS’155 mattresses, 97cookers, 3 office furniture sets, 45 air conditoners, 245 reflective vests, 35 helmets, 5 televisions, 7 DVD players, 2 pressure washers, 3 binoculars, 1 security surveillance equipment, 2 projectors. All of these items have been donated to the DNA units around the country.
Ninety-nine (99) NAS donated dogs are in the DNA inventory, 30 of which are newly acquired; 45 are in the Pichincha; 23 in Guayas, 2 in Sucumbios, 4 in Imbabura; 3 in Manta; 10 in tulan; 1 in Latacunga; 3 in Esmeraldas; 7 in Mcahala; 1 inY del Jobo.
Thirty (30) dog canines were bought and donated to the Canine Training Center in 2009. The dogs were entered into the next canine guide training course and will then be re-assigned to their next post along with their handlers upon completion of the course.
Four Boston Whalers were donated to the Ecuadorian Military through the USMILGP. Five Zodiac boats w/engines (2 each) are located at the Port of Guayaquil until training is completed. Afterwards, the boats will be sent to different ports of Machala, Guayaquil, Esmeraldas, and Mana.
Five Zodiac boats are used for port operations along the near coastal waters.
The NAS had previously contributed weapons to the Ecuadorian National Police Anti- Drug Units. There is still a deficiency in weapons and ammunition within the DNA. However, the majority of the police units have a stock of weapons to issue to personnel for use during operations.
The NAS has supported training and prevention activities by producing a best practices video series for police investigators and by producing and disseminating, in cooperation with PAS, a musical audio CD dealing with prevention of drugs and TIP to be used in prevention campaigns with Ecuadorian youth, particularly high school students. So far, 1000 students have been reached through this initiative.
Within the NAS, ABA Justice Penal Ecuador (JPE) Program, judges and prosecutors around the country participate in training sessions on oral litigation skills for improving the prosecutorial procedures. The NAS, in cooperation with the Council of the Judiciary and the Universidad Tecnica de Loja, supported the development of a web based case tracking system. Activities for training police investigators have reached 186 investigators with a basic training course for a total coverage of 2,100 police investigators so far. A selected group of investigators have been trained on investigation techniques including crime scene protection and in workshops discussing the perpetrators’ modus operandi. In addition, with NAS support, an evaluation system devoted to determining the level of understanding the investigators have attained on the legal framework ruling their operations, with 4,500 investigators evaluated so far.
ABA has trained Ecuadorian criminal justice operators in the investigation and prosecution of serious offences and criminal organizations. They have supported criminal justice operators, scholars and lawyers in discussing the impact of new constitution in the prosecution and ruling of crimes; discussing and elaborating urgent reforms to the Crimean Procedures code needed for the transitional period and discussing long-run comprehensive reforms to the Criminal Justice System.
The United National office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) completed a NAS funded grant to support drug prevention and demand reduction programs titled “Integrated Drug Abuse Prevention in Urban communities in Manta, Loja, Ambata, Esmeraldas, Ibarra, and Santa Cruz.
The facilities donated to the Police are used by the Antinarcotics Police Unit for canine units, mobile units, and Special Forces that control the drug traffic. The remodeled and constructed buildings are used for offices and barracks for the Antinarcotics Police personnel to live and to have a safe area.
The donated buildings are in good condition for their normal operations, except for the following police units that need small improvements at maintenance levels: integrated police check point in San Geronimo, police check point in La Y del Jobo, and Carchi antinarcotics police headquarters in Tulcan. To improve the maintenance, post is developing a maintenance contract for the equipment.
Inspections of the following construction projects completed in 2009 were performed:
Troops Barracks, dining room and kitchen for CICC DNI -100%
Maintenance work for Airport canine unit, Mana-100%
Cover of parking area for GEMA group, Baeza -100%
Adaptation of kennels for the canine center at Quito airport Remodeling offices and troop barracks for canine unit at port Guayaquil -100%
Enlargement of Troop barracks for the Canine Training Center, Quito -100%
Metallic Divisions and Ceiling for the DNA warehouse, Quito -100%
Roof change from kennels area to the canine center, Quito -100%
Construction of fence and cover for kennels at Manta-100%
Remodeling facilities of Pichincha headquarters anti-drug police, Quito-100%
Removing an installation of new doors for JPAP -100%
Improvement of Fiscals office for JPAP, Quito -100%
Installation of electrical system for computers at JPAP offices, Quito -100%
Remodeling of office for the Judicial Police -100%
Adaptation of barracks and construction of kennels for the anti-narcotics police- 100%
Construction of water tank and installation of one 2 HP pump, Baeza-100%
Training rooms for dogs at the canine training center, Quito-100%
New water supply for GEMA group in Baeza-100%
Diesel tank for generator at San Jeronimo police checkpoint -100%
Parking area national police at San Lorenzo -100%
Remodeling of kennels for the Canine Training Center, Quito -100%
Construction of warehouses for CONSEP Guayaquil-100%
Enlargement of GEMA police checkpoint in Baeza -100%
Construction of kennels for the Police Canine Unit, San Domingo -100%
Remodeling of officers dormitories at the Canine Training Center, Quito -100%
Construction of kennels for the canine unit at the airport, Guayaquil-100%
Renovation of roof for the DNA headquarters, Quito -100%
Remodeling of office and dormitories and the canine unit, Santo Domingo-100%
Installation of ceramic tiles and ceiling for instruction room in Cema Baeza - 100%
Remodeling maintenance workshop for BAL 72, Quito-100%
Remodeling workshop for tactical vehicles for Ecuadorian Navy, Esmeraldas- 100%
Adaptation of a maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles for BI 39 BGalo Molina, Tulcan -100%
Adaptation of a maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles of BI 39 Galo Molina, Tulcan -100%
Provision and installation of one 30KVA transformer for the maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles at GFE-25 Esmeraldas-100%
Enlargement of the workshop and construction of parking area for vehicles for the Ecuadorian van, San Lorenzo -100%
Design and construction of one tactical tower for Ecuadorian Army Maldonado, Carchi
Construction of shelters for the ECU Army Esmeraldes-100%
Construction of workshop for tactical vehicles-100%
Maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles for Yahuachi
Ibarra Police port inspection facilities in Puerto Bolivar-el Oro
Area police control base in Santo Domingo de los Colorados-100%
Carchi Antinarcotics Police Headquarters in Tulcan-100%
Police port inspection facilities in Esmeraldas -100%
Construction of barracks and office for Canine Training Center, Quito -100%
Construction of barracks and offices for Canine Airport Unit, Guayaquil -100%
Construction of military base, Sucumbios-100%
Construction and remodeling of Villa military base, Sucumbíos -100%
Construction of Barracks and remodeling of offices for SIP Unit-Guayaquil-100%
Remodeling of Anti-Narcotics headquarters barracks in La Saiba-Guayaquil-100%
Remodeling of Canine Unit in Mascarillas-100%
Enlarge of Fence for the Canine Training Center-100%
Enlargment of Barracks for Tobar Donoso Military Base-100%
Construction of the Anti-Narcotics Police Facilities of Guayaquil Port-100%
Remodeling and Maintenance of SanLorenzo Police base-100%
Perimeter Fence and additional works, Lago Agrio-100%
GYE Port Inspection Remodeling, Guayaquil-100%
Port Inspection, Manta- 100%
Helipad construction, San Lorenzo-100%
Police Base Camp, San Lorenzo-100%
Ecuadorian Navy helipad Esmeraldes-100%
Construction of a pier for the Ecuadorian Navy San Lorenzo -100%
Police Base Camp, San Lorenzo-100%
Remodeling facilities of Pichincha headquarters anti-drug police JPAP-Quito- 100%
Extension of two tension network for the maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles for Gala Molina, tulcan-100%
Design and built C-130 working enlargement for FAE-Quito-100%
Remodeling of barracks for the recognition unit in division 1V-100%
Construction of barracks for the 31st wing-100%
Integrated Police check point in Imbabura-100%
Police port inspection facilities in Puerto Bolivar el Oro-100%
Integrated Police Check Point in La Y del Jobo-100%
Harris radio products donated to the Ecuadorian Military’s 4th Division enabled the unit to better communicate with subordinate units throughout the Sucumbíos and Orellana provinces. This allows the units to streamline decision-making process and more rapidly execute missions or changes to missions already taking. Additionally, the formal and informal classes/instructions provided by Harris instructors were absolutely invaluable to the ECUMIL.
The projects have enabled the anti-narcotics police to locate strategic locations throughout the country. In addition, the projects have improved the standard of living of the anti-narcotics police personnel which has helped to rejuvenate police morale. The work and office area for the police has improved dramatically, thereby increasing the performance of the police. Increased technology in the facilities has also facilitated a responsive force; these new and renovated facilities also provided the police a stronger and more visible presence throughout the country.
The Riverine program, run by the Ecuadorian Military along the northern border, has increased the patrolling capacity of the Ecuadorian military along the rivers. This has been accomplished with a growing program that consists of 10 Zodiacs, Boston Whalers and 15 refurbished jet boat piranhas.
The NAS donated equipment to the Forensic Laboratory for use in analyzing chemicals and drugs in an efficient manner to expedite the resolution of drug cases. The laboratories are equipped with gas chromatographers, Hazmat IDs and identity IR equipment.
The mobility program supports over 90% of the Anti-Narcotics Police vehicles, vans, trucks, and motorcycles. This program is absolutely critical to maintaining the operation.
Body scans, Hazxmet IDs, ion scanners, identifier IR equipment are critical to the detection and interdiction of illicit narcotics transiting Ecuador.
The renovated facilities in COCA for the Recognition Unit and the new barracks for the 31st Wing in Lago Agrio have improved the military’s counternarcotics operational capacity along the northern border with Colombia. In addition, it has increased the standard of living of the military personnel which now have a place to rest and to recover from their field operations.
The Riverine program, run by the Ecuadorian Military along the Northern Border, in conjunction with the US Military Group, has increased the patrolling capacity of the Ecuadorian Military along the rivers in the northern border region. This has been accomplished with the growing program that currently consists of 16 Zodiacs, 7 Boston Whalers, and 15 refurbished jet propulsion boats (piranhas).
Problems and Corrective Action Plan
USG assistance is crucial to the counternarcotics program of the Ecuadorian National Police. The central funding received from the National Police by the Anti-Drug Program covers only salaries and basic administrative expenses, aside from 30 vehicles procured for DNA by the ENP in 2006. The NAS provides almost all logistical equipment, operational and mobility support to the Ecuadorian National Police Anti-Drug Directorate.
Drug seizures and arrest statistics for the calendar 2009 are (metric tons)
Coca base- 941.21 (kilograms)
Cocaine HCL- 31.96 (MT) in land seizures
Coca HCL- 0.64 (MT) in maritime seizures
Cocaine total- 43.54 (MT)
Heroin- 148.68 (kilograms)
Cannabis- 2.80 (MT)
Drug Laboratories- 7
During inspection, equipment has often been signed out by police for day-to-day operations for use in other operational capacities. Therefore, a 100% inspection was not always possible during the scheduled and unscheduled visits. However, these items were inspected by verification of issued hand receipts by each local police logistics/supply officer.
Lack of Use and Misuse of Commodities
If the NAS identifies any deficiency in the use of a commodity, the NAS immediately notifies the unit commander and supply officer for corrective action and, if warranted, to the National Director and Deputy Director of the Anti-Narcotics Police, or associated head of the Agency receiving the commodities.
Repair and Maintenance of Commodities
The NAS has noticed some common problems associated with the brake and clutch systems for vehicles used by the police. The main reason for this is the difficult road conditions used by these vehicles. The NAS will continue to monitor this situation and be attentive to all maintenance needs of NAS-funded vehicles, especially with police units that consistently use their vehicles on poor road conditions. In addition, some of these locations did not have adequate maintenance shops with qualified work and spare parts to provide good services. The NAS mobility assistance is assisting in these areas, including basic mechanics and preventive maintenance guidelines.
EUM Program Coordinator
Patrick Fischer, 56-2-330-3394; fischerPJ@state.gov
Post uses a Sums word list and Excel spreadsheet to track INL-funded project resources. The list and spreadsheet are maintained jointly by the EUM Program Coordinator and the management sections.
The Chilean Investigative Police (PDI)
Aduanas (Chilean Customs)
Carabineros (Chilean Uniformed Police)
DIRECTEMAR (Coast Guard)
Post is able to take advantage of official travel for spot-checking on an ad hoc basis. However, scheduled and unscheduled on-site inspections are infrequent given the small size of the program. Experience has shown the Chileans to be reliable in their reporting. Post completed one on-site inspection. There are 157 items subject to inspection. The percentage of items inspected was 78%.
Secondary Methods of Monitoring Resources
Post supplements personal inspections with information obtained from Chilean contacts about the use and status of the equipment.
The Police have one radio scanner, one base station (fair condition), four walkie-talkies, and two hand-held high radios (fair condition). Customs has one base station in fair condition.
The Carabineros have four telephone systems in five locations. Three are in good condition; one is in fair condition. The Carabineros also has seven telephone message systems in five locations. They are in fair to good condition.
The Carabineros has 32 computers and one server in 17 locations. All are in good condition. Carabineros have three laptops and two printers in Santiago in good condition.
In March 2007, Interpol received 9 Intel P4 computers, 9 Acer LCD monitors, 2 printers, 1 Netgear Prosafe Switch, and 1 Netgear Smart Switch. These computers are being used for the purpose intended and are in good working condition. They constitute 50% of Interpol Santiago’s IT infrastructure.
In 2006, INL donated the following to the PICH-Santiago Narcotics Unit: one Systemax Mission small office server; 20 Systemax Intel P4 computer hard drives (with warranties and data security protection); 21 Magnavision MV177V 17” monitors; 15 Microsoft Windows server user license agreements; six Microsoft 3PK OEM Office basic packages; two Microsoft 1PK OEM Office basic packages; two Hewlett Packard HP LaserJet 1320 network printers; two Hewlett Packard HP color LaserJet 3600n printers; one Netgear FS108P Prosafe Switch; and one Netgear GS724T 513MB USB flash drive.
The equipment is in excellent working condition. It was installed in the PICH-Santiago Narcotics Office in December 2006. PICH-Narcotics uses this equipment daily and has expressed gratitude for the resulting increased productivity of their police unit.
In 2007, the following items were purchased for the Task Force Africa: 20 workstations, one Systemax Small Office server, 20 Intel PC’s, 21 monitors, two HP Laser Jet Network printers, and two HP color Laser Jet printers. The equipment was delivered to PICH-Africa in June and December respectively and is operational. The equipment was purchased to equip the PICH’s Anti-Narcotics Brigade in Africa, Chile. This brigade houses primarily PICH-Africa, but also includes representatives from other Chilean Government agencies such as Customs and Coast Guard and a task force.
A workstation and chair were purchased for the PICH Transnational Crime Unit in December 2007. Computers are also being purchased and will be delivered early 2008.
In 2007, the following equipment was purchased for the Task Force Africa: 2 conference tables, 45 chairs, 9 desks/modular units, 14 cabinets, 5 benches/sofas, 2 waste baskets, 1 coffee table, 1 TV rack, 1 data show equipment and screen and tripod.
The following equipment was purchased for the Carabineros in 2007: two 42” plasma televisions, 1 computer with a 17” monitor, 2 television supports, 4 desktop computers, 1 server, and one 17” monitor for the server. The Carabineros, with the help of LEGATT, intends to set up a crisis operational command center with the equipment.
The computer equipment permits the recipient agencies to gather, organize, sort, and share information. The equipment allows the recipient agencies to operate efficiently and increase their productivity. The equipment enhances their knowledge and promotes information sharing.
The office equipment permits the recipient agencies to work in a professional environment, hold meetings, and properly store their materials. The office equipment provides the basic needs for the recipient agencies to function and is essential to their success.
Problems and Corrective Action Plan
The following items were stolen and /or damaged during transit and are in unusable condition: one computer with a 17´monitor; four desktop computers, one server, one 17” monitor for the server. Post is working to resolve the situation and replace the equipment.
[Part I: Asuncion through Caracas]