2007 End-Use Monitoring Report: The Caribbean
Post is responsible for the INL-funded program in seven countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Post is also responsible for monitoring equipment provided to the French Department of Martinique. The Narcotics Affairs Agent personally monitored equipment and met with the police, Coast Guard, Defense Force, Financial Intelligence Units and other officials to review the use of equipment and services provided through NAS funding. Host government officials cooperated fully with end use inspections.
Vehicles-The Barbados Airport Security uses one 2001 Mitsubishi L2000 double cab purchased in support of the C-26 program. The Drug Squad’s 1999 Suzuki Grand Vitari wagon has reached the end of its useful life. The 2003 Nissan X-Trail provided to the Barbados Information Centre remains in good condition.
Communications Equipment-The Sectel telephone and base station at the Coast Guard are working well.
Computer Equipment-Thirty laptops purchased for the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions in 2002 are distributed throughout the court system and used daily. Three laptops, four computers, i2 Analyst’s Notebook, four printers, one digital camera and one projector are in use at the Financial Crime Investigations Unit (FCIU). Two of the laptops need new batteries. Their plotter has still not been set up. Two printers, a server, scanner and a fax machine are in use at the Barbados Information Centre (JICC program). Twelve computers and three printers at the Barbados Community College (BCC) Court Reporting Program have reached the end of their useful life. The Drug Squad uses one computer and one printer.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The BCC’s 22 stenography machines are in need of servicing. The television, chairs, TV carts, A/C units, keyboard charts are all used daily. The Barbados Information Center uses its security access system and one photocopier.
Uniform and Field Gear- One pair of night vision goggles is in use at the Airport Security. The Drug Squad uses one digital camera and the Barbados Information Center uses one portable scanner and one digital camera. . Vessels-The Coast Guard has replaced the EMMs on H920 RHIB engines. They found it so useful to their operations that they have purchased a second one with Barbados Government funds. The 733 RHIB is being refurbished and fitted with a new collar, but needs new engines as well. The Boston Whaler is working well.
Vehicles-In 2007, the NAS purchased a Nissan double cab for the Dominica customs. The Coast Guard uses one 2006 Kubota tractor mainly for hauling and retrieving the H920 RHIB boat. The Kubota tractor provided to the Coast Guard, is used mainly for hauling and retrieving the H920 RHIB boat. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero used in the DARE program is working well. One 2000 Mitsubishi Pajero Wagon at the Special Branch is in good condition. Two 2000 Nissan double cabs, were assigned to the Police Stations at Grand Bay and Portsmouth; one 1996 Jeep Cherokee at the Coast Guard and one1998 Nissan Double Cab at the Drug Squad have reached the end of their useful life.
Computer Equipment- The FIU uses two laptops, three computers, one all-in-one fax machine, i2 Analyst’s Notebook, two printers, one laptop and one server. Three computers, two printers, and one projector are in use at the Financial Services Unit (FSU).
Comunications Equipment-The Police Force has one solar repeater in use.
Vessels- In 2007, the NAS purchased two 275 hp engines for the H920 RHIB which is not fully functional. The lower units of the 733 RHIB’s engine are having problems and the Coast Guard is seeking to have them replaced by the manufacturers. The 22’ Nautica RHIB purchased in 2001 continues to experience engine and fuel tank problems and the collar needs to be replaced. It has been determined that repairs would be too costly so arrangements are being made to dispose of the vessel by auction.
Maritime Equipment-The 733 RHIB has been fitted with new engines acquired by TAFT and is working well. The H920 RHIB has engine problems but is serviceable. The 22’ Nautica RHIB purchased in 2001 continues to experience engine and fuel tank problems but is serviceable and is used in shallow areas. Two 225 HP engines purchased in 2001 are operational.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2007, the NAS purchased one portable air compressor for the Coast Guard. The Director of Public Prosecutions uses law books and one photocopier. The Drug Squad uses two filing cabinets and a shredder. Their photocopier is no longer serviceable. The FIU uses a photocopier, safe, shredder, and twelve office chairs. Five office chairs have reached the end of their useful life. One photocopier, fax machine, shredder, heavy duty stapler, binding machine and paper cutter are in use at the FSU.
Uniforms and Field Gear-In 2007, the NAS purchased twelve handcuffs, eight drug test kits, fifteen BDU’s, six microcassette recorders, six flashlights and latex gloves for the Customs and Excise Department and Personal floating devices (PFD’s) for the Coast Guard. The Customs and Excise Department also uses five binoculars, two spotlights, ten body armor and one digital camera. The Drug Squad uses night vision goggles, binoculars, a digital camera, traffic vests, BDU uniforms, holsters, body armor, flashlights, GPS receivers, rain gear, handcuffs, weapons belts, ponchos, jungle boots, water bottles, two vehicle camouflage nets, six tents, inspection mirrors and field compasses. The Coast Guard has one handheld spotlight, rain gear, night vision goggles, binoculars, body armor, a digital camera and fiber optic viewer.
Vehicles-One 2001 Isuzu double cab at the Marine Police Unit is serviceable but is having the clutch replaced. The Police Drug Squad’s 2001 Nissan Patrol wagon is in good condition. Their 1998 Mitsubishi double cab has reached the end of its useful life. One 2000 Mitsubishi mini bus is used for the DARE program.
Computer Equipment- One computer and printer are used by the Police Community Relations Office (CRO). Two computers, two printers, one laptop and one fax machine are used by the Police Special Branch. One computer was stolen when an office of the Special Branch which is situated in a remote area was burglarized and another was damaged due to a power surge. The FIU is using a projector, one i2 Analyst’s Notebook, six computers, a fax machine, digital camera, scanner, two printers and one laptop. One computer was damaged during a power surge and has been replaced by the local power company. One monitor and one laptop have reached the end of their useful life. One fax machine and one scanner are used daily at the Coast Guard. Two computers and two printers have reached the end of its useful life. The Drug Squad is making use of one computer and printer at their Vieux Fort location. Two computers, one laptop, and two printers are in use at the Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat (SAACS). The Customs Central Intelligence Unit uses three computers, two scanners, one printer, and one laptop.
Communications Equipment-Two VHF radios and one base station are in use at the Marine Unit.
Vessels-In 2007, NAS Bridgetown replaced the engines on the Marine Unit’s Zodiac H920 RHIB and it is now fully operational. The St. Lucia Government has replaced the engines and collar on the 733 RHIB and it is fully operational as well. One Boston Whaler, which is used mainly for training, is working well.
Uniforms and Field Gear- The Customs Department uses two night vision goggles. The Drug Squad uses 25 sets of uniforms and boots, one portable scale, two night vision goggles and a digital camera. The Marine Unit uses six sets of dive gear, fourteen sets of body armor, and a fiber optic viewer. Their inspection mirror, camcorder, flashlights, batons, handcuffs and binoculars have reached the end of their useful life. The FIU uses one NVG, one pair of binoculars, and three bulletproof vests. The Special Branch is using one camcorder, one digital camera, and ten sets of body armor.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2006, the NAS provided five air conditioning units for the Marine Unit’s Base in Castries, which were damaged due to voltage problems but replaced by the insurance company. Five air conditioning units, one photocopier, shredder, four filing cabinets, lockers and folding chairs are used daily at the Marine Unit’s sub-base inVieux Fort. One NAS provided photocopier is in use at the CRO. The FIU uses one conference room table with chairs, four 2-drawer filing cabinets, one safe, six office desks, six chairs, one shredder and two fireproof filing cabinets. Four office chairs have reached the end of their useful life. The Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat uses armchairs, side chairs, desk, a credenza, and a conference table. One shredder is in use at the Police Special Branch. Law books are in use at the Office of the D.P.P.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vehicles-The Drug Squad’s uses one 1988 Toyota double cab and one 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero wagon. Both have been extensively used and need to be replaced. The 1996 Jeep Cherokee, reassigned to the Coast Guard has reached the end of its useful life. One 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero for the Marion House “Right Step Program” remains in good condition. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero purchased for the DARE Program is in good condition.
Computer Equipment-The Drug Squad uses two laptops, one digital SLR camera and one photo printer. One computer and a scanner are used at the Community Relations Office (CRO). Three laptops, two projectors, one scanner, one printer, one USB flash drive, and an I2 Analyst Notebook are in use at the FIU. Five computers at the FIU have reached the end of their useful life. The A/G’s office uses three computers, one server, two printers, one scanner, one projector, and one photocopier. The Police Narcotics Intelligence Unit has two computers, one fax machine and one printer.
Vessels-Two H920 RHIB’s and one 733 RHIB at the Coast Guard have received new engines from the St. Vincent government and are working well. Their Boston Whaler is presently receiving repairs to the hull.
Miscellaneous Equipment- One laminator, one binding machine, a digital surveillance and security access system, shredder, television, VCR, digital camera, safe, and photocopier are in use at the FIU. One TV/VCR and one slide projector provided by the NAS are in use at Marion House. The Drug Squad uses twenty-four pairs of bunk beds and one paper trimmer. The Police Narcotics Intelligence Unit uses one photocopier.
Uniforms and Field Gear-Three bullet proof vessels, one NVG, one digital SLR camera, one camcorder, one digital camera, one pair of binoculars and three micro-cassette recorders are used by the FIU. One digital recorder, two vehicle rotating lights, Raid T-shirts, one NVG, drug I.D. kits, body armor, GPS’s, SLR camera, binoculars, one digital camcorder and flashlights are used daily at the Drug Squad. One NVG at the Coast Guard has reached the end of its useful life.
Antigua and Barbuda
Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad's Canine Unit is using two 2001 Suzuki vans with dog cages. They are in good condition. The Police Drug Squad’s 1998 Mitsubishi Pajero has reached the end of its useful life. The 1999 Nissan Patrol purchased for the DARE program works well. The ONDCP’s 2003 Suzuki Vitara wagon is used extensively and is experiencing engine problems. Their 2003 Toyota Corolla was involved in an accident while conducting surveillance operations and has been written off.
Vessels-The Coast Guard’s H920 RHIB is working well. Their 733 RHIB needs a new collar. Two Boston Whalers are in use but in need of cosmetic repair.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The ONDCP uses four stationery storage cabinets, nineteen desks and chairs, two fireproof filing cabinets, a fax machine and a typewriter. One 2-drawer safe is in use at the IFSRA.
Uniforms and Field Gear- In 2007, NAS Bridgetown purchased body armor, dive equipment and fire fighting gear for the Coast Guard. One pair of night vision goggles is in use at the Defense Force. The Drug Squad uses one portable scale, portable scanners, cameras, binoculars, micro cassette recorders and handcuffs. Their night vision goggles have been sent for repair. The ONDCP uses a portable scale, body armor, portable scanners, camera equipment, a camcorder, flashlights, binoculars, night vision goggles and rechargeable spotlights, and micro cassette recorders. The Coast Guard uses a NAS-provided digital camera.
Computer Equipment-In 2007, the NAS purchased three additional laptops for the Financial Services Regulatory Commission. Four laptops are in use at the Financial Service Regulatory Commission. Two laptops, have reached the end of their useful life. The International Financial Sector Regulatory Authority (IFSRA) uses 14 computers, two servers, one network printer and one scanner. The Office of National Drug and Money Laundering Control Police (ONDCP) equipment includes 24 computers, three printers, a projector, three i2 Analyst’s Notebooks, two servers, a plotter, four scanners and four printers. They are in good condition. The Defense Force uses one laptop. The Drug Squad uses one projector. The laptop has been sent out for repair.
Vehicles-The Nevis Task Force uses one 2001 Toyota double cab. The St. Kitts Drug Squad’s uses one 1996 Jeep Cherokee. Their 1998 Mitsubishi mini van has reached the end of its useful life and has been replaced by the Police Credit Union. The 1999 Mitsubishi mini bus provided to the DARE program remains in good condition.
Miscellaneous Equipment-One air conditioning unit is in use at the National Joint Headquarters (NJHQ). The Nevis Financial Services Department uses one photocopier. The Drug Squad uses six air conditioning units, desks, filing cabinets, stacking chairs and office chairs. The FIU uses one office desk and chair, one secretarial workstation, one conference table and twelve chairs, three fireproof filing cabinets, a binding machine, trimmer, television, VCR, photocopier, shredder and digital camera. The NACDAP uses one television, VCR, photocopier, five desks, five office chairs, ten guest chairs, and a conference table with sixteen chairs, two stationery cabinets and two filing cabinets.
Vessels-The Coast Guard’s Zodiac H920 RHIB needs new engines which are being purchased by TAFT in Puerto. The Boston Whaler is operational. Their 733 RHIB is having one collar patched and reinstalled. The 22’ RHIB purchased for the Nevis Customs is operational.
Computer Equipment-One server, three computers, one printer, digital camera and projector are in use at the National Joint Headquarters (NJHQ). Four computers, one server and one laptop are in use at the Financial Services Department (FSD). The Nevis Regulation and Supervisory Division (RSD) uses four computers, three printers, and one laptop. The FIU uses one i2 Analyst Notebook, two computers, a network hub, laptop, projector, scanner and two printers. One computer and one printer are in use at their Nevis office and two computers have reached the end of their useful life. Five computers, a projector and fax machine are in use at the National Council for Drug Abuse Prevention (NACDAP). One scanner is in use at the Drug Squad.
Uniforms and Field Gear-In 2007, the NAS provided five sets of body armor and one NVG to the Coast Guard; two vehicle light bars, two siren sets, two handheld scanners, one NVG, twenty body armor, ten leg irons and twenty handcuffs to the Police Force; seven body armor, two digital cameras, thirteen handcuffs, one NVG, four binoculars, and 39 sets of BDU’s to the Drug Squad. The Drug Squad uses a camcorder, handcuffs, two portable scales (one in Nevis) and a digital camera. The Nevis Police uses BDUs, jungle boots, ponchos, handcuffs, fingerprint cameras, fingerprinting equipment, SLR cameras, film developing equipment, night vision goggles, handcuffs, flashlights, binoculars, rain gear, body armor, traffic vests and a digital camera.
Vehicles-The Special Services Unit’s (SSU) 2001 3-ton Toyota truck is working well. The FIU’s 2001 Mitsubishi L3000 van works well but is waiting for body repairs. The Drug Squad’s 2003 Suzuki Grand Vitara wagon is in good condition. Their 2001 Toyota Prado is in use and used mainly for night operations. The DARE program uses one 1999 Mitsubishi Prajero wagon.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2007, the NAS purchased three office desks for the Drug Squad. Fireproof filing cabinets, an alarm system, a photocopier, two fireproof filing cabinets, one shredder, four desks, six chairs, coffee table, six waiting room chairs, television, VCR, fax machine, digital camera, a filing cabinet, and a portable projector screen are all in good condition at the FIU. The Drug Squad uses one NAS-provided television and VCR, one shredder, a photocopier, three filing cabinets, five office chairs and two fireproof cabinets. Six air conditioning units are in use at Police Headquarters.
Vessels-The Coast Guard’s five engines purchased in 2003 remain in good condition. The H920 RHIB has received new engines from TAFT and is in good working order. The 733 RHIB is working; new engines will soon be provided through TAFT as well. Both Boston Whalers are being refurbished.
Computer Equipment-The FIU uses two laptops, one fax machine, four computers, three printers, and one scanner. One laptop which was stolen from the FIU in 2006 has been recovered and is in good working order. Their i2 Analyst’s Notebook needs to be upgraded. The Drug Squad uses one server, two computers, and two palm pilots. The laptops have reached the end of their useful life.
Uniforms and Field Gear-The Police Force uses 250 police caps and belts, 430 sets of uniforms, 150 reflective vests and 150 flashlights which are distributed throughout the police force. The Drug Squad uses binoculars, polo shirts, caps, pagers, a rescue phone, body armor, two digital cameras, a digital camcorder, batons, windbreakers, micro cassette recorders, flashlights, and night vision goggles. Two digital cameras have reached the end of their useful life. The Coast Guard’s body armor, night vision goggles, and boarding kit have reached the end of their useful life. The Police Special Branch uses body armor, microsette recorders and a GPS receiver.
The Director of the French Coast Guard has reported that the 82-foot patrol boat, the Lafayette, is in good condition and continues to contribute to the seizures of marijuana and cocaine.
Regional Security System
Vehicles-The Administration Section uses to 2006 Suzuki APV vans. One 2002 Isuzu double cabin pickup purchased for the C-26 project is receiving clutch repairs.
Aircraft-The RSS Airwing has two C-26 aircraft. Both are fully operational and very effective in interdictions throughout the region.
Vessels-One Zodiac H20 “go fast” RHIB located at the RSS Training Unit in Antigua is working well.
Computer Equipment-The Administration Section uses two laptops and two projectors for classroom training sessions. The Training Unit in Antigua uses one scanner and one fax machine. The C-26 project uses one computer and three printers. Two laptops have reached the end of their useful life.
Communications Equipment-The pilot headsets at the C-26 program are in good condition. NAS Bridgetown sent four sets for repairs and they were returned in good condition. Their hand-held batteries need new batteries.
Uniforms and Field Gear-The C-26 program uses sixteen aircrew survival vests, life preservers, flight suits, boots, rescue lights, rescue mirrors, a digital camera and camcorder. Chain saws, two 20’ x 40’ tents, night vision goggles, rope, binoculars, machetes, gloves, jerry cans, MRE’s GPS receivers are used for marijuana eradication operations. Their riot helmets, batons and shim guards have reached the end of their useful life.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The RSS Training Unit in Antigua uses lockers, a shredder, ten filing cabinets, 12 utility tables, 32 classroom chairs, one lectern, one coffee table, one living room suite, mattresses, folding chairs, folding tables, two washing machines, two dryers and a 25-ton air conditioner condensing unit. Two refrigerators, two televisions, two VCRs, a TV stand, microwave oven, radio cassette, refrigerator, lawn mower, weed-wacker, and 11 air conditioners are used by the C-26 support staff. Their microwave oven has reached the end of its useful life.
NAS Bridgetown targets procurement to meet the needs of a unit at a given time. However, a recent reduction in the NAS program budget has hampered the mobility of some agencies as most countries are desperately in need of modern equipment and their vehicles are aging. Skill and experience levels among various agencies and units vary widely, as well as the ability to use sophisticated equipment. NAS Bridgetown targets procurements to meet the needs of a unit at a given time. However, subsequent personnel turnovers sometimes result in non-use of sophisticated equipment by new personnel unfamiliar with the equipment. Most countries lack spare parts and repair facilities for electronics, leading to collections of items in need of repair. Incidents of theft and misuse are rare.
INL project funds provided through the NAS are critical to ensure that law enforcement agencies are capable partners in regional counter-narcotics and anti-money laundering efforts. The equipment provided by the NAS has improved their mobility, communications, record keeping, safety, intelligence collection and drug detection capabilities. The Coast Guard has received new engines for their H920 RHIB’s which are crucial to their operations. INL-funded training provides personnel with the necessary skills to carry out their mission and demonstrates the USCG’s counter-narcotics commitment in the region, the United States’ Third Border.
The Police Service of the Government of Bermuda (GOB) provides annual reports on the use of the USG-provided vessels.
In November 2006, the BPS took delivery of a new, purpose-built vessel, the “M/V Guardian,” to replace the “Blue Heron.” According to the terms of the new original transfer, the BPS is authorized to sell the “Blue Heron” upon condition that the proceeds be used for search and rescue. The “Blue Heron” was put out for bids and sold to a Bermuda Customs Officer in 2007.
The Bermuda Police reiterates its appreciation of this asset, which allows them to function in ways that would not otherwise be possible.
The Narcotics Affairs Section (NAS) uses regular reports by Jamaican and US law enforcement agencies to assess utilization of equipment. At least once a year, the NAS inspects commodities provided. In addition, other agencies, including DEA, DHS, MLO and U.S. Marshals, work directly with Jamaican law enforcement agencies.
These procedures work effectively in terms of monitoring performance of the law enforcement entities that have received INCLE-funded commodities. However, frequent coordination between DEA and NAS on utilization of resources is needed.
Most vehicles are used for surveillance missions, information gathering, transporting fugitives and narcotics operations all over the island. The trucks are used exclusively to transport personnel to marijuana cultivation sites throughout Jamaica.
Two Mitsubishi 5-ton trucks each are used by the JDF and the JCF in the Buccaneer eradication program. They destroyed 701 hectares of marijuana in 2007.
The mobile trailer used by the Narcotics Police as surveillance points to monitor illicit movement of drugs and contraband has no electricity or running water and has serious signs of deterioration. The GOJ has been unable to provide the necessary amenities. Therefore, the new Commissioner of Police will be consulted to determine disposition of the trailer.
The JCF Narcotics Police have a 2005 Panel Van which is located at the Narcotics Headquarters on Spanish Town Road, Kingston. The vehicle is used to transport drug exhibits to and from court and recover drugs from operational sites.
Ten vehicles were provided to the Narcotic Police/Vetted Unit. These vehicles are over ten years old and are proving to be unreliable and need replacement. One was stolen and has not been recovered. About seven of these vehicles are operational.
Five vehicles were given to the JFAT and are used for fugitive apprehension operations. Two of the vehicles are in need of immediate replacement. The unit arrested 11 fugitives in 2007.
Seven vehicles are at the JDF Intelligence Unit. The vehicles were used in a number of operations which resulted in the arrest of 13 persons and the seizure of 22, 951 pounds of compressed marijuana. The vehicles are in good condition except for one which was in an accident during an operation.
Two Twin-cab pickups and one SUV vehicle are used by CET to transport the officers to the various seaports and airports to conduct their duties. The vehicles are used for the purpose intended.
All of the vehicles are in good condition, except as noted with respect to the Vetted Unit and JFAT.
Three office copy machines were donated to the GOJ: one is at the JDF/CG, one is with the Contraband Enforcement Team (CET), and one is with the JFAT. All are used for routine administrative work. Twenty-six filing cabinets were donated to the GOJ:15 are at the NIB, one at JFAT, and 10 at the JCF/vetted unit. One shredder was donated to the NIB, one to JFAT, and one to JDF/CG, The office equipment is in good condition and used for the purpose intended.
Six new desktop computers at the Airport Interdiction Task Force (AITF) building are not being used. The AITF building is not yet occupied. Electrical problems in the building are currently being addressed.
Seven desktop computers are located at the Jamaica Defense Force/Coast Guard (JDF/CG). They are used for intelligence gathering and have greatly assisted in the planning of operations.
Seven desktop computers are located at the Office of the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JDF) Narcotics Police/Vetted Unit and one desktop is located at the Jamaica Fugitive Apprehension Team (JFAT) office of the JCF. They are used for processing information derived from investigations and surveillance as well as routine office reports.
Eight laptops are kept on the large patrol vessels at the JDF/CG. They facilitate the ships’ quick access to a large volume of operational information. The ship captains can access this operational data while underway at the CG headquarters. The captain of the FMJS SURRY was able to use his laptop to check on the status of the two fishing vessels (F/V OCEAN POWER and F/V DENSOM) at seas in August. Electronic files stored on the laptop indicated that the vessels’ licenses had expired.
Five laptops were donated to the National Intelligence Bureau (NIB). Two have become unserviceable and are at the NAS office and are beyond economic repair. Three are at the NIB.
Two units of i2 Inc. software are at the NIB. Only one is being used and the license for the second software was not renewed. The software has been used to identify two alleged criminals who were involved in extortion and gang activities.
The NIB has two scanners and the JDF/CG one. They are used to scan a variety of documents and enhance document sharing capability with units and external agencies.
One server is installed in the JDF CG operations room and serves the entire Unit. Its primary use is information sharing, with a focus on operational data. In addition it is used to help the Marine /workshop to manage their electronic maintenance program for vessels.
One uninterrupted power supply located at the JDF CG. This is used for the purpose intended.
The following computer equipment was donated to the Financial Investigation Division:1 power server, 10 optiflex mini towers, 2 routers, 1 LaserJet printers, 3 Cisco catalyst, and 4 KVM converters.
With the exception of the two laptops taken from NIB, all computer equipment is in good to excellent condition and is or will be used for its intended purposes.
The ten portable radios and phones have assisted the JCF Narcotics Division Special Vetted Unit in fullfilling its mandate by giving them more communication capacity and allowing them to remain in surveillance position longer. Seven are operable and three inoperable and are at the JCF telecommunications shop for repair. They are used for law enforcement operations.
Thirteen cellular phones were provided to the Narcotics Police Vetted unit. Most of the phone are defective and need replacement. They have served their useful life and will be removed from inventory.
The water desalinization equipment and one generator will be installed at Perdo Cays by the end of April 2008. The marine generators presently are at the JDF CG. They are in good condition. The remaining generator is being kept at CG headquarters as a backup.
GPS maps were provided to the JDF CG. Five are fitted on the unit’s inshore patrol vessels which are in five different locations; the other is at the JDF CG Cagway, Port Royal. These are mounted on the open hull of go-fast vessels. They allow the coxswains the ability to navigate and drive the vessels at varying speeds and give the crews the ability to accurately locate targets of interest. In the drug case F/V North Star and the seizure of 400 pounds of marijuana, the GSP was used to identify the target.
Three rescue baskets were given to the JDF Air Wing. They are in good condition. The unit used the basket to rescue about 10 persons during heavy rains in October. In addition, they are taken on each rescue operation.
A Shallow Water Egress Trainer (SWET) was given to the JDF CG. The SWET is used for training. It is in good working condition.
Twelve brush cutters and replacement parts were donated to the Jamaica Defence Force for Buchaneer Operations. Six of the units will need replacement soon. They were used for the purpose intended. The furniture purchased for residential use by the NAS is fully accounted for and in acceptable condition.
Safety equipment, such as life jackets, and headsets provided to the JDF Air Wing are used on all routine flights. Approximately 200 persons were air lifted to safety in post hurricane operations in July and October 2005 using two rescue baskets. Ten brush cutters were used by the JDF to destroy 119 hectares of marijuana in 2005. The JDF also used six binoculars, one projector, one shredder, 15 rappelling ropes, two cameras, one generator.
The Contraband Enforcement Teams uses two metal detectors to search large and small bags of food products and other packages for weapons. They are in good working condition and used for the purpose intended.
The NAS provided parts and equipment to refurbish a decompression chamber at the JDF Coast Guard. It is the only decompression chamber in Jamaica. The major refurbishing work of the chamber has been completed. The JDF/CG has never had the opportunity to use the chamber.
Six binoculars were given to the JDF headquarters. They have been used extensively in 14 night standing observation posts. The information gathered has led to successful drug seizures.
Two metal detectors and one vapor tracer hand held machine are at the CET. The detectors are in good condition.
The generator, hardy house and the two air conditioners units are at the JDF CG station Black River. The generator provides power to some of the vessels and additional power source to the station. The hardy house and air conditioned units provide shelter and a pleasant environment for JDF personnel.
One marine travel lift is at the JDF/CG. It has replaced an old lift. The present equipment is used to remove vessels from the water for maintenance.
The refurnished building at the Norman Manley International Airport, Kingston housed the Airport Interdiction Task Force which was designed as a multi agency operation to engage in law enforcement operations and to capture data from participating agencies for more effective intelligence gathering. However, there have been many challenges. The NAS is correcting some minor electrical and other related problems at the building. The building will be used for law enforcement operations starting in March 2008.
Uniforms and Field Gear
Ten turtle skin search gloves, 10 special operations gloves, 15 Eagle Beta bags, and 8 ballistics vests were provided to Narcotics Police/Vetted Unit. They are in good condition and used in operations.
Two refurbished 40’ inshore Sea Ark vessels are used by the JDF/CG in the apprehension of persons alleged in the drugs for gun trade between Haiti and Jamaica and used as a platform for divers who recovered 11 canisters of compressed marijuana last year.
Two Sea Ark vessels and two of the three Coastal Interceptors donated to the JDF Coast Guard are unserviceable. One of the coastal interceptors was repaired by the CG engineers but it has limitations. The NAS Director has approached INL for funds to redesign all three Interceptors. The Sea Arks are about 15 years old. Two Sea Arks of the original four have been refurbished with INCLE funding. They are in excellent condition and are used for their intended purpose.
A Rigid Inflatable Hull is at the JDF/CG and is used by divers during operations to examine the bottom of bauxite ships for drugs and contraband. The boat is in excellent condition and will be maintained by the CG.
Ten life rafts were donated to the JDF. Four are at the JDF Air Wing and used on aircraft engaged in maritime operations. Six are positioned on JDF CG small vessels which are deployed at our stations. Personnel from both units have been trained to operate the rafts. They are in good condition.
One aluminum boat trailer is used by the JDF/CG. It s in excellent condition and used for purpose intended.
One remotely operated underwater vehicle (ROV) is at the JDF/CG. This has given divers’ additional capabilities to scrutinize areas inaccessible by divers. Five day and one night vision binoculars are at the NIB and one standard binocular is at the JFAT. They are in good condition and are used for surveillance operations.
Two night shadow and four night storm binoculars were donated to the JDF headquarters. They have been used extensively in numerous night standing observations posts. Information gathered has led to successful law enforcement operations. They are in good condition.
One Handyman SR camcorder is used by NIB officers for surveillance duties. The equipment is in good condition.
Four cameras each were donated to the JDF/CG and to the JDF/Air Wing. Three are used on the three large patrol vessels and the fourth is located at the operations room at the JDF Coast Guard and four are at the JDF/Air Wing. They are used to record images of interest. The cameras are in good working condition and are used for the purposes intended.
Two hundred and sixty M-16 rifles were transferred under the provisions of the FY-1998 counter-narcotics drawdown in 2002 under section 506(A)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended. The majority were assigned to different JCF locations around Jamaica. The JCF does not want to use the M-16’s due to their length and weight. In addition, the Commissioner of Police recently announced that police will be equipped with MP5 sub-machineguns, which are less lethal weapons. This was in response to criticism of JCF killings of innocent victims or bystanders during police operations. The Jamaica Defence Force also will not use the old M-16s. They have a more modern model, as does JCF.
International Airport Interdiction Task Force
Staffing of the Airport Interdiction Task Force (AITF) was delayed due to post’s inability to obtain candidates whose integrity was beyond question. However, the Commissioner of Police agreed to provide additional candidates in early 2007. Even though the staffing problem was resolved and the building was ready for occupancy, the AITF failed to occupy the building in 2007 because it was located too far from the terminal. That excuse was not accepted by the NAS. Post attributed the failure to poor management by the JCF and insufficient oversight by DEA. In late 2007, and early 2008, the NAS Director raised this issue with the new Commissioner of Police and with the DEA Attache. Both agreed that the head of the Narcotics Police would be sensitized to directly engage in management of the AITF.
Insufficient Budget Allocation
Most of the enforcement entities in Jamaica suffer in some degree from insufficient budget allocation by the Government of Jamaica (GOJ). As a result, some entities experience less than optimal funding for day-to-day operations (including maintenance/repairs) and for optimal staffing levels. The GOJ contends that debt servicing cuts deeply into revenues that otherwise would fund government operations. When problems are severe enough to seriously affect operations by entities assisted with INLE funds, the NAS and other members of the U.S. Mission intercede with high-level officials to correct the problem. The results are usually positive.
National Intelligence Bureau
In 2006, the NAS suspended assistance to the National Intelligence Bureau (NIB). Years of pointing out serious budgetary and staffing problems fell on deaf ears and indicated that the GOJ did not truly value the entity. The NAS advised the GOJ that it was prepared to resume assistance when these issues were effectively addressed by the GOJ and when post could determine that NIB was able to produce an acceptable level of measurable performance. The NAS expects to resume support to the NIB in 2008. As part of the reorganization of JCF, the new commissioner of police is joining NIB with Operation Kingfish, which has produced numerous successful law enforcement operations in past years. The NAS will become the JCF’s focal point for intelligence and analysis, as was originally intended. Special Branch is being eliminated and its intelligence analysts will transfer to NIB.
The antinarcotics mission is to substantially reduce the flow of illicit drugs coming from Jamaica to the United States. Historically, Jamaica has been a favored Caribbean transit point for cocaine coming from South America. It is also the largest producer of cannabis in the Caribbean. INCLE assistance aims to improve the capacity of the GOJ to attack the illicit drug problem, which post views to be in our mutual interest.
During 2007, there was an 8% decline in cannabis seizures. However, it was still more than double the amount seized in 2005. Cannabis cultivation likely decreased in the last half of 2007, due to damage produced by Hurricane Dean. Nonetheless, Jamaica was able to increase the number of hectares eradicated in 2007 by 35% over 2006. Although cocaine seizures continued to decline slightly, the quantity of cocaine going to the U.S through Jamaica continued to be less significant than in earlier years.
The reduction in cocaine seizures was a positive indicator from the standpoint that, within the Caribbean context, improved enforcement capacity deterred trafficking through Jamaica as traffickers preferred less risky sites such as the Domical Republic and Haiti. The deterrent largely resulted from improved, intelligence driven operations which successfully targeted major cocaine traffickers over the past three years.
Trafficking patterns and methods change. For example, in 2008, the new political administration in Mexico could damage trafficking organizations so severely that post could see a shift back to the Caribbean route. Cocaine still transits Jamaica. Traffickers changed their preference from using air strips and “go fast” boats to smuggling cocaine via air drops and containized maritime shipments. It is important for the GOJ to sustain and improve its enforcement capacity, looking particularly at its vulnerabilities, especially with respect to containerized shipments. Unfortunately, GOJ support of the Customs’ Contraband Enforcement Team has been marginal at best.
As opportunities for cocaine interdiction decreased in Jamaica, they increased with regard to cannabis. Generally, improved weather conditions contributed to skyrocketing cultivation levels over the past couple of years. It is believed that, following arrests of major cocaine traffickers, a new generation of traffickers is emerging. At this stage they prefer to trade home grown cannabis for cocaine, which does not necessarily transit Jamaica. It is a tribute to Jamaica enforcement that, as the opportunities for cannabis seizures increased, they have responded effectively using the capacity developed to attack cocaine smuggling.
For many years, post recognized that corruption within the JCF and other reinforcement entities, such as Customs, posed a serious obstacle to maximizing results derived from INCLE assistance. For that reason, post’s efforts were focused on discrete units such as the Narcotics Police/Vetted Unit, the Jamaican Fugitive Apprehension Tem, and Customs Contraband Enforcement Team. All are closely linked to U.S. law enforcement agencies.
In 2006, post attempted to assist the GOJ in establishing the international Airport Interdiction Task Force at Kingston’s international airport. The Task Force is to be multi-agency entity (police, customs, and immigration) which will work with Jamaica’s law enforcement partners, primarily the U.S., the U.K, and Canada. As part of the effort to create the Task Force, the GOJ agreed to vet candidates for the staff. The results were extremely disappointing, demonstrating a definite need to immediately begin to implement projects that will attack widespread corruption within the law enforcement community. For that reason, the NAS began to devote a portion of INCLE resources toward funding such projects, rather than just commodities and training for law enforcement entities. Results of such investments should begin to appear in 2008.
The new Commissioner of Police will adopt measures that advance accountability an attack corruption within the JFC. The NAS intends to support the commissioner’s efforts to the extent that resources will permit.
The NAS staff monitors end-use of commodities year-round and conducts periodic inspections of vehicles, computers, boats and other equipment in Nassau and Freeport. DEA, US Army, and Coast Guard personnel assigned to OPBAT provide ongoing reports on the status of equipment and infrastructure at the helicopter bases in Andros, Exuma and Great Inagua Islands. NAS personnel visit these remote facilities periodically to assess the status of NAS-funded commodities and equipment. Officials of the GCOB cooperate fully with NAS in these monitoring efforts.
The NAS purchased a SUV for the Turks and Caicos police in 2005. The NAS continues monitoring the status and condition of vehicles purchased in previous years. Most of the vehicles purchased were purchased prior to 2000 and are in need of repair or no longer serviceable.
The pickup located in Inagua is in good working order and is being used by the DEU in Great Inagua. The pickup that was located in Exuma is in the RBPF repair yard awaiting parts to repair its transmission.
As drug traffickers seek the safest and most expeditious ways to move their contraband, obtaining intelligence concerning their plans and methods becomes even more critical. These criminals constantly upgrade their communications equipment, taking advantage of the latest technological breakthroughs to avoid detection. The NAS continues to support the maintenance and upgrade of intelligence-gathering capabilities of the RBDF Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) by providing electronic surveillance equipment and tools. This equipment is in the custody of the DEU and is kept in excellent condition.
In 2002, the NAS procured an Advanced Digital Audio Collection System (ACACS) for the DEU office in Nassau. In 2004, the NAS purchased an Ion scanner to assist law enforcement units in conducting searches in concealed compartments. Bahamian officers continue to receive training in its use and maintenance. High technology intelligence-gathering equipment donated to the RBDF in the past is maintained in excellent condition at the Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) offices in Nassau and Freeport. The NAS also provided training on the use and proper maintenance of this equipment to DEU officials.
NAS-donated computers, although aging, are being used by the DEU, the RBDF Forensic Laboratory, the Police College, Customs Department, and National Drug Council. These agencies do an outstanding job of maintaining their NAS-donated computers and office equipment. The NAS continues to maintain the highly technical Office Network System donated in 2003. It communicates with Nassau and Freeport.
The NAS purchased eleven work stations for the RBDF Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU). They continue to be used and are in good working order. The DEU refurbished its area to allow more investigators use of the computer facilities and electronic equipment previously provided by the NAS. The remodeling remedied an overcrowding situation that forced investigators to share work simultaneously. In addition, the NAS purchased a color printer for the National Drug Council for use in its anti-drug campaign.
About one-third of NAS-funded computers are nearing the end of their useful lives. Plans are underway to replace these computers.
The Joint Information Collection Center (JICC) makes use of a small number of computers and other office equipment provided by the NAS. The JICC has a full-time computer technician who does an excellent job of maintaining the equipment. The JICC continues to make a very small contribution to the Bahamian counternarcotics effort. The value of the data collected is very limited.
Intelligence Gathering Equipment
The NAS continues to support the maintenance and upgrading of intelligence-gathering capabilities of the RBDF Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) by providing electronic surveillance equipment and tools.
The three NAS-donated interceptor boats, two high performance, triple engine, diesel-powered Nor-tech and a 12-meter outboard motored Avenger continue to be used effectively in drug interdiction missions. The boats provide vital “end game” capabilities for OPBAT helicopter pursuits. In 2007, NAS purchased three new Avenger engines to replace faulty engines. NAS-funded maintenance contracts provide a cost effective means for keeping these boats operational. In 2006, the NAS purchased trailers to allow these vessels to be moved around the country. giving greater flexibility to the police in deploying these assets and saving engine time and maintenance costs.
The boat trailers are in good condition and housed at the Police College. They are used to transport two NAS-funded fast boats.
OPBAT structures are jointly used by USG personnel, Bahamian and Turks and Caicos law enforcement officers. The NAS is responsible for funding some of the maintenance and repairs at these sites, primarily those used by host nation personnel and those shared by all three nations, such as water supply, sewage treatment and pest control.
The NAS purchased an aggressive drug-sniffing dog for use by the RBPF in Freeport, Grand Bahama. The dog is deployed at the airport, seaport, and the Freeport Container Port to search for illegal narcotics. The dog also has been displayed at schools to encourage students to avoid drug use. The RBPF built a kennel for the dog in its main police unit station in Freeport. In 2007, the dog assisted the RBPF and DEA in the discovery of 150 kilograms of cocaine hidden in a cargo container at the Freeport Container Port.
Uniforms and Field Gear
In 2007, the NAS purchased bullet-proof vests and other safety equipment for the DEU Strike Force and the Royal Turks and Caicos Island Police Force assigned to the OPDAT bases. They continue to be used by officers manning Operations Bahamas, Turks and Caicos (OPBAT) missions.
In 2007, the NAS funded a study of drug use by patients admitted to emergency room in the Bahamas on behalf of the National Drug Council (NDC). This survey will complement a previous survey of drug use among school age children. The NAS paid for the printing of 2,500 copies of the school age drug use survey to allow for its wide dissemination throughout the Bahamas. The NAS also funded an on-line certification program in drug treatment and prevention through the University of the East Indies for staff members at the NDC, increasing the NDC’s expertise in these areas.
The Advanced Digital Collection System is located at the Royal Bahamas Police Force’s (RBDF) Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU). It is in good condition and continues to be used to investigate drug trafficking organizations.
The Ion scanner is in good condition. It is located with the DEU Marine Unit and is being used to search boats for hidden compartments and narcotics.
The major problem facing the Bahamas is a lack of funding for law enforcement agencies. This results in poorly equipped officers and hampers joint interdiction efforts. From 2005 through 2007, the NAS purchased a variety of safety and tactical gear, including tactical entry tools, land goggles, batons, and floatation vests for DEU Strike Force Officials and Strike Force Officials from the Royal Turks and Caicos Islands Police Force.
Lack of funding also affects Bahamian authorities’ ability to provide upgrades and maintenance for USG-donated equipment. The NAS has provided maintenance contracts and implemented the use of logs to ensure that high-priced commodities receive adequate maintenance and are in working order. The NAS has also provided technical assistance in the form of training-the-trainer sessions to ensure that personnel know how to handle donated equipment. Post also continues to encourage the GOB to invest assets seized in its interdiction efforts back into the law enforcement agencies.
NAS donations continue to have a significant impact on host nation efforts to stem the flow of drugs through the Bahamas into the United States. NAS donations, along with the excellent work of U.S. and Bahamian law enforcement personnel, have reduced the flow of cocaine through the Bahamas to the U.S. from upwards of 70 percent in the 1980’s to less than 10 percent today. Without an adequate tax base, and many competing demands for limited resources, the Bahamas depends upon NAS donations to support its drug fighting partnership with the US. In its 2007 budget, the GCOB increased its funding for the RBPF and the Royal Bahamas Defense Force. Additional RBPF marine and air assets will be available to assist OPBAT and the U.S. Coast Guard in their drug interdiction efforts. Bahamas law enforcement and their USG counterparts enjoy a very close working relationship. Careful review and detailed planning occur prior to the approval of any request for supplies and equipment. NAS intelligence gathering and surveillance equipment made it possible for law enforcement to dismantle two Bahamian based drug trafficking organizations in 2007. The NAS continues working with the GOB to review the effectiveness and cost-efficiency of all USG-funded programs.
PORT AU PRINCE
The NAS staff member primarily responsible for the End Use Monitoring of NAS donated equipment is the Program Specialist who is assisted by an Administrative Assistant and an Inventory Clerk. They keep a detailed day-to-day inventory of all donated equipment. The equipment is also monitored regularly by others, including the NAS Director, the Program Manager, Police Adviser and PAE (Pacific Architects and Engineers). They inspect donated items as part of every visit to the Police Academy, the Haitian National Police (HNP) Headquarters, the Coast Guard bases in Cap Haitian and in Port-au-Prince, the Sensitive Investigative Unit (SIU) and the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU). On-site monitoring is periodically done by PAE, MLO, and CGLO as part of their regular site work.
A donation letter, listing the equipment and specifying its use and location, is signed at each donation by the NAS and by the head of the office receiving the donation. The equipment must be used for the intended purpose; if not, the U.S. Government has the right to withdraw it. Post requests official written notification of intent to withdraw any donated equipment from service. Post has to inspect such equipment prior to its removal from the inventory.
There is good collaboration between the Haitian Government and post.
In 2007, post donated the following vehicles to the Haitian Police (HNP): one (1) Armored SWAT truck 2007 Chevrolet Kodiak 550, one (1) heavy duty roll back tow truck, 30 Ford Rangers super cab pickup trucks, 200 Kawasaki motorcycles, and 40ATV’s.
Post also donated the following vehicles to the SIU: three (3) Ford Rangers Super cab pickup trucks, one (1) Honda Pilot SUV, one (1) Nissan X-Terra SUV, and one (1) Nissan Pathfinder SUV. All are in perfect condition.
The 40 Ford Rangers and 78 motorcycles donated to the HNP in 2006 are in good condition.
Of the 41 Dodge Ram pickup trucks remaining from the 42 donated in 2004, 38 are operational but in poor condition; three (3) are out of order and need to be repaired.
The 75 motorcycles donated in 2004 are in use around the country but are in generally poor condition.
In 2007, the NAS provided a complete internet system and service to the SIU including one (1) HN 7000 direct Way Satellite 0.98 meter dish and one (1) HN 70000 Hughesnet modem. The NAS donated to the Forensic Lab at the HNP academy the following: one (1) computer Dell precision workstation with 19” monitor, one (1) Epson scanner, one (1) Xerox phaser color printer.
The computers donated in 2005 are in their assigned places and in fair to poor condition.
Sixty-four (64) computers were donated in 2004, 59 to the HNP including 11 to Killick base, one (1) to the Coast Guard in Cap Haitian, and five (5) to the FIU. Sixty-three (63) are in good condition and the one donated to the Coast Guard at is in poor condition.
The USG has donated 12 vessels to the HCG. Two 40-foot MonArk patrol craft were overhauled in 2005 and a third was refitted in 2006. Three refurbished 32-foot Eduardono fast boats were delivered to the HCG in 2005 and 2006. Two are in working order. One MonArk and two Eduardonos, one of which is not in operating condition due to stress fractures, are harbored in Cap Haitian. Four 25-foot Boston Whalers were provided, but only one remains in service. The other three are considered unserviceable, with one static display due to hull integrity compromise. A project to restore a 65-foot swift boat in Port-au-Prince was approved but upon further evaluation by USN engineering experts, it is unlikely that the boat can be cost-effectively put back in service. Instead, the funds may be used to overhaul three additional hulls which were previously assigned to the Haitian Port authority but have not been in service for several years. A USCG industrial engineering team from Miami is scheduled to assess these hulls for use by the HCG. The highest priority for future projects in Port-au-Prince include a badly overdue dredging of the harbor in which the HCG operates, repair and replacement of the pier, and the purchase and installation of heavy weather moorings.
In 2007, the NAS refurbished a police station in Croix des Bouquets. The NAS also repaired the swimming pool at the Coast Guard Killick base.
In 2007, the NAS donated to the HNP 240 portable radios, 250 chargers and 250 belt clips. The HNP distributed 140 of the radios to various units and currently has 100 portable radios in storage. The radios are being used for the designated purposes. The 36 radio base stations installed previously are in good working condition. The SIU received 11 cellular phones that are all accounted for; ten (10) are in good condition; one (1) cell phone was lost and the agent responsible has purchased a replacement.
Uniforms and Field Gear
In 2007, training class 19 was issued a complete set of gear. Equipment, such as inner and outer belts, belt keepers, handcuffs and handcuff case, speed loader and case, flashlight and flashlight holder, baton and baton holder, and ammo and ammo pouch was issued to police cadets upon their successful completion of training at the HNP police academy. During 2007, INL funded the entire HNP supply of clothing for the 656 cadets ranging from training clothes to police uniforms, including shirts, underwear, shorts, pants, boots, service caps, baseball caps, socks, dress uniform, etc.
The USG donated 2,657 weapons as part of the project to reform the HNP in August 2005. They were issued to officers as part of training exercises and to cadets graduating from the HNP Academy over the course of two years. Out of 24 M-4’s, twenty were sent to the SWAT team and four to BLTS. Twenty shotguns went to twenty members of the 18th training class. Other weapons such as .38 caliber handguns were also distributed to cadets of the Weapons Data Base. Nine members of the National Police Security have been equipped with Smith & Wesson 9mm handguns. They were all trained and Leahy-vetted. Fifty-seven 357 caliber handguns, three hundred forty-one .38 caliber handguns and sixty 9 MM are inoperable. Four thousand rounds of 5.56, and 4000 rounds of 7.63 were issued to the HNP in September 2006 for training purposes. Each vetted cadet in the training class received 75 rounds for practice and 12 rounds for duty after graduation. In addition, non-lethal weapons including smoke grenades, air horns, gas mask 37 mm white smoke projectiles, 37 mm singe shot launchers and riot control grenades were provided to the training class.
Weapons are issued only for use by vetted officers trained and certified in the use of these weapons. The HNP is in the process of updating its procedures for weapons distribution and accountability, which will facilitate tracking of service revolvers in the future.
In 2007, the NAS donated one (1) 25 KW Diesel Generator to the Coast Guard Killick Base to maintain the pool in useable condition, a super pump 1.2.2 HP, and a filter TR 50.
For the Coast Guard base in Cap Haitian, the NAS donated 2 water coolers, one micro wave, one toaster oven and a complete set of kitchen utensils, including plates, folks, water jars, glasses, and trash cans.
To the HNP Academy, the NAS donated 5 water coolers, 10 water bottles, 15 wall hair cutters, office supplies and school supplies to ensure professional training of the police cadets for Training Class 19.
The NAS donated to the SIU six (6) UPS’, gardening and cleaning tools, office supplies like flipcharts paper and stands, and weapon cleaning and training supplies.
The NAS donated the following to the HNP BLTS counternarcotics unit: 52 marketing sports bags with BLTS logo, 6 digital cameras, 10 Olympus digital voice recorders, 2 security safes, 4 inspection mirrors, 4 tripod work lights, 4 stream light, Hi intensity spotlights and 22 carrying cases.
The NAS donated the following to the Forensics Unit: five (5) Crime Scene Photography kits, each containing one (1) Fuji Pro Camera with filters, batteries and charger, software and cable for camera, 2 MB cards, 12” cable release and other supplies. During the forensic training the NAS also distributed many forensic supplies for Crime Scene evidence collection.
The surveillance equipment donated in 2006 to the BLTS is in fair condition. The Ion scanner donated in 2006 is in good condition.
A major problem encountered in conducting End Use Monitoring is the lack of data regarding prior year donations, creating discrepancies between the NAS data and the counterpart agencies’ reports. The NAS has no significant record of the equipment distributed to the HNP Academy and the HNP in years prior to 2006.
The equipment, supplies, accessories and services donated to the HNP from 2006 to present are being used appropriately for the purpose intended, to the best of post’s ability to track them. Some items are in use in rural areas that are not accessible to embassy staff at this time, so their use is tracked through documentation provided by the HNP.
Haiti is still struggling to emerge from past political upheaval and economic stagnation; its instability and the current fragile improvements in that situation remain a potential threat to U.S. national security and regional stability. With GDP per capita of $400, Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Through improvements in recruitment and training, the HNP is gradually emerging as a better equipped and trained force, although still lacking sufficient numbers of officers to effectively police the entire country. With donor assistance in areas such as vehicles, other equipment, training and mentoring, there has been a noticeable reduction in some types of crimes, most notably the number of kidnapping cases, attributable to the much more visible presence of police offices in the streets.
All USG assistance has supported and created synergies with the MINUSTAH mission as well as other donors, including Canada. The USG support provided to the HNP contributes tremendously to its professionalization and improves its capability to act as a viable and effective police force of the type post envisions. USG continued support to the Police Academy is leading to an upgraded and better equipped police force, with the academy able to handle new recruit and in-service training for up to 1,000 students simultaneously. INL funding support permits the Police Academy to meet cadets’ basic needs both during training and at graduation.
The vehicles and motorcycles provide facilities a more viable and mobile police presence in the major cities and allow transport over large zones in remote areas. The radios provided to the HNP give them the capability to communicate with police stationed throughout the country.
Donations of vehicles made possible the graduation of training class 19 as a Motorized Intervention Brigade. That unit is tasked with mobile patrolling of the Port au Prince area, ranging from the up-scale suburbs to hot spots such as Cite Soleil. This additional police presence is seen daily on the streets and contributes to a more favorable public opinion of the police and increasing arrests of criminals involved in major crimes such as kidnapping.
The Northern Plateau Initiative, a project involving INL/NAS, DEA, MLO, and CGLO, is designed to support the GOH’s capacity to combat narcotics trafficking and related international crimes. The HNP which has received considerable institution–building assistance from the USG and the United Nations, has demonstrated the willingness to undertake an initiative of this type, with the support of the USG in the provision of facilities and technical expertise. This initiative provides vital infrastructure for the Haitian Coast Guard (HCG) operational base and thus directly impacts narcotics smuggling from Haiti to the US.
In 2008, the NAS will upgrade its database it include additional information on donation documentation and condition to facilitate End Use Monitoring. The donation letter format is being revised and will explicitly state the responsibilities of both the USG and the GOH involved. Post will require periodic written reports on all equipment being donated or already in place rather than just annual reporting.
PORT OF SPAIN
Each recipient of INL-funded equipment is given the “Guidelines for INL Provided Equipment Receipt.” Resources provided to the Government of Trinidad and Tobago (GOTT) are monitored primarily through quarterly reports to the Embassy that detail the location, status and use of the equipment, as required by USG-GOTT Letters of Agreement. The INL specialist maintains a record of all reports. A central office in the Ministry of National Security also receives a copy of these reports. The Embassy’s Political/INL officer, Military Liaison Officer, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Agents, U.S. Customs Officers, other Embassy officers and the INL Program specialist monitor the resources when visiting sites where equipment is located. The GOTT recipient agencies are generally cooperative in allowing site visits as requested, but are frequently late in submitting written reports. The GOTT agencies are generally better at providing inventory reports than at sending in reports on the operational use of the donated equipment.
The Cessna 172 aircraft has been out-of-service since 1994 because of severe mechanical problems and lack of funding for replacement parts. It is presently in storage. Even though the long-term plan is to return it to service for use in training, the TTCG did not complete any task this year to achieve that goal. The Cessna 310 underwent engine repairs and was operational in 2007.
One of the two Piper Navajo aircraft was in service for all of 2007. The other has been deemed unserviceable and is used only for simulation training.
One of the two C-26 aircraft remained in serviceable condition throughout 2007. In February 2007, the other aircraft, which had been grounded since January 2005 returned to country after completion of repairs and is now operational.
One of the Bowen "go-fast" boats incurred damage to its hull and has been out of service since 2002. This vessel does not appear salvageable and will be disposed of. The second vessel was operational during 2007.
The four 82-ft Class Patrol Craft were inspected in 2007 and parts were replaced as needed. All of the vessels are operational and frequently conduct patrols off the coast of Trinidad and Tobago. Three vessels are headquartered in Trinidad, and the fourth vessel is headquartered in Tobago. One of the vessels is outfitted with complete radar, an electronic package, reducers and converters. The 30-foot U.S. Customs vessel and two 29-foot Phantom interceptors are currently operational. The TT Customs and Excise Division and other agencies are using the vessels for counternarcotics and law enforcement interdiction operations.
Three of the four Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) were fully operational during 2007. The engines on these craft have been overhauled. These craft were used extensively in maritime interdiction operational around Trinidad.
Both of the 40 ft interceptors were fully functional during 2007.
All three Zodiac Hurricanes are unserviceable. One does not have an engine. The second Hurricane was unserviceable due to impeller and wiring defects. The third Hurricane has damaged pontoons. The vessels do not appear to be salvageable. The Board of Survey to will determine disposal.
The six night-scopes were in use and fully operational in 2007. The TTCG and its Special Naval Unit share the night scopes. The hand-held Global Positioning System receiver was fully functional and in use throughout the year. The data scopes, infrared cameras, and three handheld Global Positioning System receivers were fully functional and in use throughout 2007.
The four right-hand drive vehicles that replaced the SUV’s donated to the Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit were fully functional during the year. The vehicles allow the task force to conduct surveillance and interdict narcotics trafficking throughout the country. They are being maintained and are located on both islands.
U.S. Customs-Provided Radar
The six U.S. Customs-donated radars provide the GOTT with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking. At any given time during the year, between two and three installations are fully functional. The radar systems, via realtime feeds, allows the JOCC to coordinate the interdiction of vessels suspected of narcotics trafficking, as well as vessels suspected of fisheries violations. However, only two radars are consistently operational and the U.S. donated radars components are not fully compatible with other radars. The GOTT contracted an Israeli firm and replaced several GOTT radars in 2006; but the system is still not operating at full capacity.
The laptop computer’s tracking system has greatly enhanced the GOTT’s ability to monitor pleasure craft/cargo vessels in coastal waters, thus facilitating the interception of suspect vessels.
The laptop computer donated to TT Customs and Excise Division in December 1999 became unserviceable and had to be replaced. The computer equipment provided to the Counter Narcotics and Crime Task Force (CNCTF) allows information and intelligence to be analyzed in a more comprehensive and timely manner than would otherwise be possible. The computers, electronic equipment, and safe were in use throughout the year with the exception of ten monitors, one printer, and a micro recorder.
Computers are installed at the Customs and Excise Prevention Branch and at key stations of the Customs and Excise Division. They give the branch an automated database system, providing continuous connectivity of the branch as well as key stations of the Customs and Excise Division in Trinidad and Tobago, and other related law enforcement agencies.
The 25 laptop computers and three desktop computers donated to the Board of Inland Review are fully functional. The attorneys and new criminal tax investigators use the equipment daily.
The two Compaq computers, printers, and monitors are fully operational at the Ministry of Health.
In 2001, post donated 4 Jaguar computers with viewsonic monitors, 1 HP LaserJet printer, 2 Sony digital photo printers to the OIJ Narcotics Section.
Computers and associated peripherals were installed at the Board of Inland Revenue. Criminal Investigation Unit members were trained on the equipment and in investigative techniques in early 2003. Legal and Enforcement training started in January 2004.
One of the two computer workstations, donated to the Joint Operations Command Center (JOCC) is used to transmit information to and from the EPIC, while the other serves as a backup. The computer and copier provided to the OCNFB are housed at the Piarco Airport have limited functionality and are in need of repairs and/or replacement.
The Counter-Drug and Crime Task Force (CDCTF) operations and administrative center used the computers throughout the year.
The Trinidad and Tobago Judiciary received computers in 2004-2005 for the Audio Digital Court Recording Systems. The equipment is used to improve the existing method of taking Notes of Evidence on hand. All of the computers and other equipment are fully functional and are deployed at the St. George West Magistrates Court and the Supreme Court.
The Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit's (OCNU’s) thirty (30) hand-held radios are out in the field, at Piarco Airport and at OCNU's headquarters. The Interpol radios were in use throughout the year. All ten radios are in good condition.
The ten radios provided to the Interpol Liaison Office were in use throughout the year. They were used to conduct communications between Interpol, other TTPS units and the TT Customs and Excise Division. All are in good condition.
The six installed radars provided the Customs and Excise Division with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking radars. The GOTT has contracted to replace the six radars.
The thirty (30) handheld radios provided to the OCNFB are located with field units, the Piarco airport and at OCNFB’s headquarters.
The kool kube, battering ram, handcuffs, tape recorders, binoculars, bullet proof vests (35), camera kit, chainsaws, electronic surveillance equipment, night vision goggles and brush cutters are all operational and in use by the OCNU. None of the equipment is checked out to individual officers. All are kept at headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The boots, bulletproof vests, chainsaws, and brush cutters, were particularly valuable as defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers. The brush cutters have been serviced and are operating at an acceptable level.
The two TT Defense Force (TTDF) hand-held Global Positioning System receivers were fully functional and in use throughout the year. The unit is regularly used during marijuana eradication operations to help locate marijuana fields and to position troops. The night scopes and other electronic surveillance units assisted in locating go-fast contacts that would have normally been missed during nocturnal operations.
The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of TT Customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense. The handcuffs provided to the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) are used to transport prisoners to and from court as well as in general police work. The digital camera and micro-cassette recorders were in use throughout the year to record interviews/interrogations of suspects and have led to a higher success rate with regard to prosecutions based on such interviews. The three digital cameras are functioning well; the fourth has been discarded for not powering up. These cameras are used at crime scenes to document evidence and for mug shots. While these photos have not been used in court as evidence, investigators have used the photographs to identify crime scene areas that needed further exploration. The editing VCR was fully functional and in use throughout the year. It has greatly improved the audiovisual section’s ability to produce high quality drug education and public service videos. The bulletproof vests protect the officers during law enforcement operations.
Thirty (30) iron beds and the woodworking equipment are at the Piparo empowerment center. All items are in good condition and in use by the Piparo residents.
Brushcutters have been serviced and are fully functional. All equipment is kept at OCNU headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The cutters were used extensively in 2007. The TV and the VCR have significantly increased the number of children exposed to the counterdrug videos of the Police Youth club. Having the equipment on site has allowed greater flexibility in terms of when all of the items are in good condition and were in use throughout the year.
The steel soled boots, bulletproof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chair saws and brush cutters were used in marijuana eradication efforts. Boots, bulletproof vests, and leggings were valuable defenses against booby traps planted by the marijuana growers.
The Ion scanner provided to the Trinidad and Tobago Airports Authority (T&TEC) remains minimally operational. T&TEC rewired the terminal in 2001, but continual power surges have damaged the sensitive equipment, limiting its effectiveness.
Two explosive detection canines arrived in country in June 2005 along with two which were donated to the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS). They continue to be used extensively at the airports and other points of entry, in addition to being used in the explosive detection unit. They have been used in over 200 operations including search of outgoing and incoming passenger’s baggage, import and export cargo, courier packages, major high profile events and during several bomb threats. When seen carrying out their duties, these canines convey a sense of security to the public.
The INL program employs a full time INL Assistant to staff the office and to monitor equipment use. In spite of meetings with officials responsible for compiling data for the end use report, post continues to experience delays in receiving the necessary reports from post’s GOTT counterparts. The GOTT requires that all reports be approved by the Office of the Minister of National Security. This procedure causes the severe delays. Post is otherwise unaware of any significant problems in the course of the year’s equipment use.
Adequate staffing remains the biggest obstacle in narcotics and law enforcement. The GOTT continues to take the necessary steps to ease their manpower shortage, but some government entities still do not have the required manpower to fully use the INL-funded services and commodities provided.
The GOTT conducted numerous marijuana eradication operations, and improved training and general maintenance of aircraft over the year. As in previous years, the GOTT funded repairs of its vehicles and vessels, and will likely continue this trend in the coming year. Benefiting from INL-funded equipment and training, GOTT law enforcement agencies apprehended couriers at airports attempting to smuggle narcotics into the United States. According to GOTT law enforcement personnel, marijuana eradication operations occurred almost daily. In addition, the GOTT took steps to strengthen its counterdrug air and maritime surveillance interdiction capability. The GOTT provided significant resources for the TTCGAW by upgrading its two C-26 aircraft with maritime sensor packages. Post noted that GOTT law enforcement entities participated in several GOTT-orchestrated counternarcotics law enforcement operations in 2007.
The Piper Navajo and C-26 aircrafts flew about 120 missions, logging over 300 flying hours, which included patrol, support, training and counternarcotics missions. However, a lack of reporting by the TTCG and TTCAW made it difficult to determine if the intelligence gathered by the C-26 has been utilized. The sensor/maintenance has greatly enhanced the Air Wing’s ability to patrol the area surrounding Trinidad and Tobago.
The Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC), the one operational Bowen Go-Fast boat, the four 82 ft. patrol boats and the two 40 ft. interceptors conducted over 150 patrols and intercepted an undisclosed amount of marijuana and cocaine as well as small arms, ammunition and other contraband. The two 29 ft. Phantoms and the other Customs vessels have played a key role in monitoring the nation’s coast and surrounding waters. During 2007, Customs officials conducted more than 200 counter-drug/law enforcement patrols and frequently operated in conjunction with TTCG and other GOTT law enforcement agencies when performing those operations. However, the operations of the Customs Marine Interdiction Unit (MIU) continue to suffer some restriction due to staff shortages.
The steel soled boots, bullet-proof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chain saw and brush cutes were used in the marijuana eradication efforts. OCNFB used the equipment between January 1 and December 8, 2007 to destroy 148 fields, with over162,210 fully-grown trees, 15,500 seedlings, and 193.95 kg of cured marijuana.
The SNGC has participated in nine maritime counterdrug operations, which increased the deterrence factor along the pacific and Caribbean coast of Costa Rica. Results include hundreds of at-sea boardings, the detention of dozens of vessels for illegal fishing, the detention of suspect go-fast refuelers, and the rescue of a sinking ferry with 48 passengers. The SNGC has also provided port security for visiting U.S. law enforcement vessels.
The implementation of the Audio Digital Recording Systems has decreased trial time by about 50% and production of Notes of Evidence for judgement and appeals by the same percentage. The increased pace allows litigation more cases to be disposed of during this period than was filed. Reducing any backlog shortens the appeal process and provides the accused with faster and more efficient access to justice.
The Counterdrug and Crime Task Force (CDCTF) computer equipment facilitates timely analysis of information and intelligence. However, due to the age of the computers, there is a need to replace these units with current technology. The safe provides a secure place to store evidence and information relating to investigations. The remainder of the vehicles and equipment provided by the U.S. Government allow the Task Force to conduct surveillance and interdict narcotics trafficking throughout the country. This equipment, in conjunction with INL-funded training courses, has assisted GOTT law enforcement officials in interdicting couriers, smugglers and their illicit goods.
The computers have assisted the Ministry of Legal Affairs in becoming a fully automated entity by complimenting and enhancing its capabilities. The computers increase the range of access to the patent information services and provide current transactions of all Intellectual Property applications. The office has successfully captured and validated all patent and trademark records and will expand the scope of the data captured to include classification of figurative elements and patent diagrams. The office has also been able to broaden its public education efforts to schools and business organizations via a lecture series, greater use of the electronic media and introduction of workshops.
Suspended school students spent their day at the Police Youth Club where they receive assistance with their studies rather than remaining at home or on the street. The television and VCR have significantly increased the number of children exposed to PYC’s counterdrug videos. On-site equipment has allowed greater flexibility of when and how frequently club members are exposed to counterdrug videos. The folding chairs are frequently used in conjunction with the viewing of drug education videos and conducting club meetings. In addition, PYC members who participate in the suspension unit use the folding chairs. The ping pong table is an additional incentive to spend free time at the Youth Club. The newly replaced computer equipment is being used to help members with their studies and to teach basic computer skills. These skills will enhance their ability to obtain future employment, rather than potentially get involved in drug trafficking.
The National Directorate of Drug Control (DNCD), the Director of Migration, and the Superintendent of Banks maintain inventories and USG-donated equipment. The contractor frequently visited partner offices, including field offices, for informal on-site inspections and spot checks on the status, condition, and use of equipment. Assets that have reached the end of their useful life are reported to the NAS, formally inspected by a NAS representative, and retired from inventories based on a letter of release from the NAS.
DEA and U.S. military representatives from DAO and MAAG carry out informal on-site monitoring during operations or when interacting with local counterparts. All embassy law enforcement personnel stress to counterparts their accountability for proper use and care of INL-donated equipment. In 2007, the NAS received excellent monitoring cooperation from the receiving GODR agencies and counterparts without exception.
Fifteen (15) vehicles and nine (9) motorcycles have been purchased for the SIU since its inception in 2001. No vehicles or motorcycles were purchased in 2007, although four (4) of the nine (9) SIU motorcycles were purchased 2006. There were several minor incidents in 2007. One major accident in November destroyed a Nissan X-Trail. Vehicle insurance covered the majority of the repair costs and returned full reimbursement for the Nissan. DEA is requesting authorization to use the reimbursement funds to purchase two sedan vehicles for the SIU unit. The SIU performs routine and preventive maintenance on all equipment and vehicles.
Radio communications equipment including a third repeater tower, 28 hand-held radios, scramblers, and related components were supplied to the police/military Border Intelligence Units (DOIFs). The repeaters give radio communications coverage along the border with Haiti for use by the DOIF’s and DNCD. The NAS has been unable to confirm the status of the repeaters. The following equipment was previously donated to the DNCD: Motorola MX-350 radios (8); ICOM radio receivers (6); Motorola syntor x9000 mobile radios (3); Motorola "Micro" radio repeaters (9); Motorola "Saber" radios (12); Motorola "Spectra" radio bases (25); Motorola "Spectra" mobile radios (12). The current radio communications system is adequate to accomplish the goals of the counternarcotics agencies.
The JICC operates with 17 workstations. Embassy officers routinely work with the JICC and ensure that all computer equipment purchased by INL is fully used and maintained. The JICC received software to implement the Guardian system.
All computer equipment donated to the DNCD, CND, National Police, and Immigration is in operational condition and being used for the intended purposes. In a few cases, e.g., in the CND financial investigations unit, the equipment is not being used to its full potential due to GODR program deficiencies. Computers recently donated to the J-2 are in excellent condition and being used for the intended purpose of improving communication between field units and headquarters.
The NAS purchased computer hardware for the National Police including a Dell desktop, SFF Window XP, DVD, and two USB ports. GSA contracts one laser jet printer to the DNP Planning Unity. All equipment is operational and being used properly.
The following equipment was donated to Immigration: 31 Compaq Desk Pro computers; 35 High resolution monitors; 3 Compaq PL 1600 servers; 4 HP LaserJet 4050N printers; 33 UPS backups. The following equipment was donated to the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU): 1 Dell Poweredge 4400 server; 4 Dell Optiplex GX110 computers; 2 Dell laptops; 1 HP LaserJet printer. The NAS purchased computer equipment for the newly established National Police Trafficking in Persons Investigation Unit and supplied racks for equipment previously provided. Search and Rescue personal computer software was previously acquired through a Foreign Military Financing (FMF) case. The Dominican Navy is using the software for search and rescue operations.
Six former Coast Guard cutters were transferred to the Dominican Navy under Section 516 Excess Defense Article (EDA) programs. Of these, two (2) remain in operational condition, but in poor material condition readiness. The other four (4) are no longer in use. Of the four (4) no longer in use, two (2) were sunk by the DR Navy in 2006 and the remaining two (2) are awaiting approval to be scrapped.
In 1994, DR Navy acquired six (6) Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB’s) to conduct patrol of rivers and coast near ports and remain in operational condition.
In 2003, three (3) outboard Zodiac and three (3) 17-foot fiberglass harbor patrol craft were acquired through Foreign Military Financing (FMF) case in November 2003. None of the six (6) are operational due to poor maintenance practices and the lack of funds for repairs and preventive maintenance.
In 2007, four (4) 43-foot, high speed, long-range, off-shore interceptor boats were given to the DR Navy under the Enduring Friendship (EF) Regional program. Boats were manufactured by NORTEC boats of Naples Yacht. They were procured with 2006 funding and are equipped with excellent, but commercial, off-the-shelf navigation equipment that includes radar, Nav-plot with integrated GPS, fix mounted FLIR camera, and ship to shore communications. Additionally, EF interceptor boats are outfitted with MILSPEC Harris HF/VHF radios. All four (4) boats are operational and in good material condition readiness.
Two (2) of the donated UH-1Hs are fully operational and being used for their intended purpose of anti-narcotics, search and rescue and support and transportation. Four (4) UH-1Hs are grounded due to scheduled maintenance, certification, and missing parts. Parts should arrive by the end of 2008. In 2004, FAD received eight (8) refurbished “Huey 2” helicopters and ten (10) OH-58 helicopters. Three (3) Huey IIs are grounded due to missing parts and scheduled maintenance. Shipment of the parts is expected by the end of 2008. The remaining five (5) of the Huey IIs are being used for their intended purposes of anti-narcotics, search and rescue and transportation. Of the ten (10) OH-58s, five (5) are grounded due to maintenance and lack of funds. No order for the missing parts has been made. The other five (5) are used for DV transportation, observation, and training.
In 2007, the NAS provided support to the Cuerpo Especializado en Seguridad Aeropuertuaria (CESA) explosives-sniffing canine units in the form of training and re-certification of the canine handlers at five major Dominion airports. There are nineteen (19) dogs, two (2) of which are old and not in use. There are seventeen (17) dogs in use among the following locations: ten (10) between Santo Domingo and Punta Cana, two (2) in Puerto Plata, three (3) in La Romana and two (2) in Santiago. Two (2) local handlers were sent to Guatemala for a handler’s course. One (1) is now in the Punta Cana airport detecting explosives and the other is teaching other handlers to detect drugs. The dogs are all in good condition and kept in good facilities. Trainers continue to meet expectations.
During 2007, DEA purchased several earphones, shredders, camcorders and accessories, VD players, DVD and CD duplicators/recorders, televisions, a wireless projector, external hard drives, Marantz recorders, encryption software, routes and a new fax machine. Some broken equipment, such as chairs, digital and video cameras, helmets, binoculars and flashlights, have been disposed of. A laptop was either lost or stolen from a vehicle in August.
Tactical gear such as T-shirts, pants, boots, goggles, gloves, backpacks and holsters have been purchased during this past year.
The following are in use by the DNCD: 17 Craig recorders, 17 Sony recorders, 7 Panasonic recorders, 20 headphones, 25 Radio Shack tele-recording controls, 4 fax machines, 4 Pentax cameras, 1 CD-Rom reader, two digital cameras, 4 fax machines, helmets, handcuffs, bullet-proof vests, and electronic typewriters, concealed recording devices and transcription equipment. Each DOIF received a stock of flashlights, handcuffs, and nylon wrist/ankle ties. The NAS bought surveillance equipment, office furniture, and appliances for the DEA vetted unit in 2002. Due to age and condition, a few items were disposed of including old office chairs, and tables, cell phones, beepers and a small cassette recorder. The DNCD maintains an inventory system that includes photographs of items purchased for the DNCD. It also tracks short-term equipment disbursement.
The NAS purchased and installed a new 35kv generator to help protect the increasingly complex Information Systems Unit from frequent power outages. The recently installed lightning rod system continued to control dangerous power surges during summer storms. Non-functional vehicles were formally inspected and removed from DNCD inventory.
The NAS continued to fund regular maintenance of generators and UPS equipment for the DNCD and for the Bani Center for victims of domestic violence.
Budget restraints continue to force the NAS to remain focused on core programs, including support to the National Drug Council Directorate (DNCD), National Police training, port and airport security, and Money Laundering and Illegal Migration. The NAS contractor has done an outstanding job of stretching the budget by bringing in technical assistance from other Latin American countries to train the local police force and prosecutors. In spite of this very good use of resources, more money is needed to continue with quality programs.
The greatest problem to overcome in the battle against drug trafficking, international crime, and potential terrorist support is endemic corruption. Establishment of a new norm of public service without bribery and favoritism is a prerequisite for any real progress in strengthening the judicial law enforcement systems. Due to an excellent working relationship between the USG agencies and their local counterparts, NAS-provided resources are not at great risk for misuse in spite of this corruption. This excellent working relationship is in jeopardy; however, if post’s NAS Director is discontinued.
That DNCD is a productive partner in counternarcotics affairs is almost completely attributed to equipment training and close support provided by DEA and NAS over several years. The NAS is making good progress to cement the same partnership relations with the National Police, Cuerpo Espedializado de Seguridad Aeroportuaria (CESA), Cuerpo Especializado de Seguridad Portuaria (CESEP), and the National Drug Council. Other agencies in the Embassy’s law enforcement community are working with the National Police, Customs Immigration, the National Investigation Department (FBI equivalent) DNCD and military agencies with law enforcement powers, including CESAA and CESEP. Continued law enforcement cooperation with the Dominican government is vital to avoid losing the battle to smart, well-organized gangs of delinquents and corruption in official positions.
The donation of equipment to the SIU enables them to perform in a more efficient and technologically advanced manner, therefore providing valuable assistance and cooperation to the narcotics investigation conducted by U.S. law enforcement agencies.