2006 End-Use Monitoring Report: Europe and the Middle East
Equipment has been assigned to numerous locations throughout the country. With the post’s limited budget, physical inspection of any but a very small portion is a practical impossibility. Post relies on periodic meetings with supervisory personnel in each recipient agency to monitor use.
No new equipment was provided in 2006. Post expects virtually all remaining INL funds to be exhausted with the conclusion of the Afghan-Turkish counternarcotics training course.
Post verified that equipment in use in provincial police stations matched both post's records and those of the TNP. Due to sustained USG efforts, almost all of the INL-funded equipment has been distributed to field offices where it most directly benefits interdiction efforts. The TNP and Customs Guards place sufficient emphasis on proper storage, maintenance, and use of equipment. All equipment inspected appears to be in good condition.
INL has not provided any assistance to Turkey since 1999, because the Government of Turkey (GOT) did not accept language regarding human rights in the 2000 Letter of Agreement.
Customs Officials in Mersin use INL-funded actuators, a fiberscope, cameras, Night Vision Goggles and tape recorders frequently. Customs Guards in Samsun use the USG-funded fiberscope extensively. The fiberscope enables the guards to search inner compartments and fuel tanks of large TIR trucks, which increases their effectiveness dramatically. It was particularly helpful in making the recent acetic anhydrite seizures.
In 2003, four videoscopes were delivered to the TNP. The GPS tracking system provided in 2000 has been very useful. The TNP constantly uses Night Vision equipment in investigations. The analog voice recording systems is nearing the end of its useful life, but is still in use. About 200 voice-recording systems will be retired by year’s end since the TNP has upgraded to digital systems. INL-funded equipment accounted for the bulk of specialized equipment in both Customs and TNP's inventories in Mersin. The INL-funded equipment was well maintained and property used.
The TNP is effectively using the briefcase kit and Night Vision binoculars. Other items used extensively by the Alcohol and Addictive Treatment Center (AMATEM) include data projector, screen, slide projector, video recorder and player. They are used for the drug awareness program in schools.
The Turkish Customs was efficiently using the INL-funded Ion scanners and fiberscopes along the most important smuggling routes. Of the equipment previously provided to Customs, Ion scanners used to detect narcotics and explosives are the most useful. The GOT bought additional Ion scanners to be used in their most highly trafficked areas. The fiberscopes need to be updated. Customs updated these to videoscopes and sent the fiberscopes to less active border crossings. Customs also uses the digital cameras and Night Vision pocketscopes delivered in 2000-2002.
Post procured covert cameras and communications radios for the TNP; covert transmitters and micro surveillance recorders for the Jandarma; a pilot facility and a seed processing facility for the Turkish Grain Board; and test kits and Night Vision pocket scopes for Turkish Customs. They are in good condition and used for the purpose intended.
In 2003, post provided ATAMEM (a state-sponsored drug rehabilitation facility) computer equipment and software, communications equipment, and telephone switchboard. The equipment is being used for patient management and rehabilitation. It has proven very useful.
In 2004, INL donated two video receiving/recoding systems and one nite-mate 3G night vision camera. In December 2004, a humidity meter device was donated to the TMO for poppy processing operations. They are in good condition.
The Turkish Grain Board (TMO) continues to use all 20 vehicles INL funded in 1992 and 1993 to conduct monitoring and liaison with Turkey's licensed opium farmers. The vehicles are still in use in their monitoring operations in Ayton, Turkey.
TNP continues to use the radio sets in the following locations: Anaya (1); Baliksehir (3); Bursa (1); Diyarbakir (1); Gaziantep (1); Istanbul (2); Izmir (9); Kars (1); Kocaeli (4); Konya (5); TNP headquarters (36); Mersin (4); Mugla (4); Sanliurfa (5); Van (5); Yalova (2).
Transmitted packets are used in Ankara (10); Baliksehir (1); Diyarbakir (5); Isanbul (30); Izmir (10); Konya (5); TNP Headquarters (33); Mesin (1);Van (2).
Microphones are used in Diyarbakir (1); Istanbul (2); TNP headquarters (15); Mugla (1).
Videoscopes are used in Istanbul (1) and at TNP headquarters (1).
The DX-2B telephone switchboard and related technical equipment together with 50 phone machines provided in 2003 are operational and used for the communication of the staff and patients within the AMATEM section of Bakirkoy hospital.
TNP uses GSP tracking system equipment in the following locations: Diyarbakir (1); Istanbul (2); TNP Headquarters (5).
Three X-ray machines located at the three main border gates were installed as part of a harmonization project. They have helped Customs detect and seize greater amounts of narcotics than in previous years.
TNP continues to use cameras in the following locations throughout Turkey: Adana (1); Ankara (3); Diyarbakir (1); Malatya (1); TNP headquarters (1); Mugla (1).
Maintenance of equipment procured from vendors in the United States that do not have distributors in the United States is very costly and time-consuming since products have to be shipped back to the United States for repair.
Because of the Government of Turkey’s refusal to accept the Leahy amendment language contained in the 2000 Letter of Agreement, the INL program is winding down.
The INL-funded equipment has had a concrete, long-lasting, and positive impact on TMO’s operations. For example, licit poppy production has increased through the use of donated seed processing equipment, and the morphine content of poppies significantly increased due to the INL-funded pilot production facility. TMO’s products have become more marketable and profitable. INL-funded equipment is in good working condition and repaired locally.
Overall, the INL-funded equipment and training provided to Turkey has been useful, but without continued funding post’s reporting trips to outlying areas to monitor resources in the field will become increasingly more difficult due to budgetary restraints.
Embassy law enforcement officials are in regular contact with the Alexandroupolis Unit. The riverboat continues to be used for patrol and drug interdiction efforts.
A five-meter long, shallow-draft riverboat was provided to the Greek National Police in 1996. The riverboat was used by the National Police Counternarcotics Unit in Alexandroupolis for use in patrolling the Evros River and the border between Greece and Turkey, a major crossing point for traffickers in narcotics and illegal immigrants. Embassy DEA agents report that the boat is well maintained by the National Police.
Greece is part of the traditional “Balkan route” for drugs flowing from drug-producing countries in the East to drug-consuming countries in Western Europe. Investigations initiated by the DEA and its Hellenic counterparts suggest that a dramatic rise has occurred in the number and size of drug trafficking organizations operating in Greece. Having a police boat on patrol in the Evros deters illegal smuggling and trafficking activities. The Greek National Police reported that in the first six months of 2006, 52.3 kilograms of processed hashish, 5,067 kilograms of unprocessed hashish, 67.6 kilograms of heroin, 98.3 kilograms of unprocessed opium, 3,269 methadone tablets, 1,137 opiate tablets, 100,763 MDMA pills, and 14 kilograms of cocaine were seized by authorities throughout Greece. Cooperation between U.S. and Greek law enforcement officials is exceptionally close and professional.
Post monitored INL-financed commodities by on-site inspections, periodic spot checks, meetings with the Romanian law enforcement officials and comparison of records at post with GOR reports. Every time equipment is provided to the GOR, the RSO and the representative of the beneficiary agency sign a note containing a brief description of the items donated, technical specifications, serial numbers and prices. Each piece of equipment is marked with the Embassy logo via permanent stickers for easy recognition. In addition, representatives of the U.S. law enforcement agencies at post observed and made use of equipment provided by the USG during joint operations with Romanian Police.
The following equipment was donated to the Police Academy in Bucharest to be used by the students during tactical training sessions: Redman training suits (10), training gun glocks (10), frame training guns (5), training guns (2), training radios (10), red training flashlights (10), red training knives (5), straight training batons (20), chain handcuffs (30), Galls standard cuff keys (100), Galls molded nylon duty belts (10), Galls molded nylon hand cuff cases, Galls molded nylon universal radios (10), Galls molded nylon duty belt keepers (10), Galls molded nylon flashlight holders (10), Redman full training suits (4), baton training bags (15), training shotguns (2), Red training guns (1), Galls Pro 1 duty holsters (10). The equipment is located at the Police Academy; it is properly maintained and used to provide practical and realistic training to the students.
The following equipment was donated to the Postgraduate Training course of the Ministry of Administration and Interior: Redman training suits (10), training gun glocks (10), frame raining guns (5), training guns (2), traveling radios (10), red training flashlights (10), red training knives (5), straight training batons (20), chain handcuffs (30), Galls standard cuff keys (100), Galls molded nylon duty belts (10), Galls molded nylon hand cuff cases (10), Galls molded nylon universal radios (10), Galls molded nylon duty belt keepers (10), Galls molded nylon flashlight holders (10), Redman full training suits (4), baton training bags (15), training shotguns (2), Red training gun (1), Galls Pro 1 duty holsters (10). This equipment is properly used and maintained.
The following equipment was donated to the Special Protection and Intervention Group ACVILA (Ministry of Administration and Interior) to be used for their technical training: Redman training suits (5), training guns clocks (5), frame training guns (5), training guns, training radios (5), red training knives (5), Galls molded nylon duty belts (5), Galls molded nylon hand cuff cases (5), Galls molded nylon universal radios (5), Galls molded nylon duty belt keepers (5), baton training bags (5), training shotguns (5), training guns (5), Galls Pro 1 duty holsters (5). All equipment is located at ACVILA’s headquarters and is constantly used for training purposes and for demonstrations at special events or visits.
Laptops and Projectors
Two laptops and one video projector were purchased for the benefit of the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime. They are located at the Unit’s headquarters and are properly maintained and used by the officers. The equipment is also used by the FBI Romanian Police Cyber task force.
One laptop and one video projector were donated to the Police Academy’s Law School (Department of Investigations). They are property maintained and used for seminars and lectures for presentations.
One laptop and one video projector were donated to the local brigade of the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime in the city of Cluj-Napoca. They are properly maintained and used by officers for daily operations and for special investigations in cooperation with U.S. agencies (ICE).
Forensic software was donated to the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for combating Organized Crime. Nineteen licenses for Forensic software Version 5 were purchased for the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime. The software allows all the units to analyze electronic data contained on computer drives for forensic evidentiary purposes. It is used on computers located at the Cyber Crime headquarters and the local brigades.
The following technical equipment was provided to the Cyber Crime Unit within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime: computers (16), UPS (10), switches (5), scanner (1), printers (3), flash drives (4), copier (1). All equipment is properly maintained and used for investigative purposes.
The specialized equipment allows the Police Academy to offer higher standards of practical training to the young recruits. The Police Academy is also the main venue for many law enforcement related events, official ceremonies, training programs, high level visits, where the donated equipment is used for demonstrations. The cooperation with the “Alexexadru Ioan Cuza” Police Academy in Bucharest plays an important part in the relationship between the USG and local law enforcement agencies.
The Cyber Crime Unit, created in 2003, within the General Directorate for Combating Organized Crime represents one of the most successful stories of cooperation with the GOR since the inception of the INL program in Romania. The unit investigates a large number of cases that involve victims from the U.S. (over 90% of the total enforcement cases). It has developed excellent cooperation with U.S. law enforcement agencies. The Cyber Crime Unit is part of a very dynamic joint task force with the FBI. The support from the USG is instrumental in their daily activities. The number of cyber crime related investigations exceeded 272 in January-September 2006, while electronic and credit fraud reached 311 cases during the same interval.
The training facilities at the Police/Academy in Bucharest are often used by post for seminars. The laptop and video projectors donated are extremely useful for Academy’s teaching staff and students. They can also be used during the sessions organized for the benefit of various Romanian law enforcement agencies.
Special agents from the DEA Cairo country office routinely visit the offices of the Egyptian Anti-Narcotics General Administration (ANGA) and meet with ANGA personnel. These meetings fulfill operational and liaison purposes and provide opportunities to monitor End Use of INL supplied equipment.
Jeep Cherokees were provided to ANGA in 1998 for use in opium, poppy and cannabis eradication initiatives in the Sinai Peninsula. They were also used to enhance remote border drug interdictions. The vehicles were used by ANGA in rough, off-road terrain where drug trafficking is prevalent. The vehicles have reached the end of their useful life and are no longer in use.
Four Pentium PC’s, four printers, three scanners, cameras, copy machines, etc. are now outdated, obsolete or not compatible with current technology and are no longer used.
INL has not invested equipment or training to ANGA in almost 10 years. ANGA could use new equipment to better combat international drug trafficking organizations that transit Egypt. Drugs transit through the Sinai, across the gulf of Aquba from Jordan, from/to Israel via Gaza, and the Red Sea/Suez Canal from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Yemen. ANGA could do much more to interdict illicit drugs destined to the US and Europe if it was better equipped and trained.
ANGA has been a loyal and extremely cooperative friend to DEA and the US Embassy. ANGA has provided assistance, intelligence and direction on counternarcotics issues other than drugs (like human smuggling in the Sinai) upon request, even though human trafficking and other topics are not ANGA’s mission within Egypt.
ANGA is working jointly with DEA and is assisting DEA in several US impact investigations. In one investigation, ANGA and DEA dismantled a Los Angeles-based trafficking organization and seized the first laboratory in the region. In a second investigation with DEA, ANGA was instrumental in tracking 10 tons of Ehphedrine destined to Mexico for conversion to methamphetamine for sale inside the Unites States.
Post conducted on-site inspections of the equipment in conjunction with separate programs such as training events, site visits, etc. The Government of Moldova was fully cooperative in this effort and made all commodities available upon request. The INL assistant maintains an updated comprehensive spreadsheet to track inspections and location of donated commodities.
In December 2003, post donated seven vehicles to the Ministry of Interior (MOI) for use in patrol and response by police personnel. The vehicles are being used in accordance with the LOA and are well-maintained.
Post provided an X-ray van to the Moldovan Customs Service in 1999. It is based in Chisinau but regularly deploys to Moldovan Ports of Entry. Maintenance was performed earlier this year. The van is fully operational.
Only 50% of the computers at the Police Academy are fully functional. It appears that they are substandard desktop PC’s. Chips on the hard drives overheat. Attempts to cannibalize them to support the remaining ten computers are underway. The multimedia classroom is well-maintained.
During 2003, post continued its efforts to advance Moldovan law enforcement capabilities by donating three pieces of INL-funded forensic equipment. Two were donated to the MOI and one to the MOJ. All three are in excellent condition and being used for their intended purposes.
The Customs stamps, although used since 2001, only became effective in 2003. It took two years for Ukrainian Customs to recognize their legitimacy.
The X-ray van has provided a strong deterrent to smugglers, forcing criminals to look for alternate means of transportation. The Customs stamps are already proving beneficial by stifling illicit trade through the Transnistria region of Moldova and adding economic pressure to the Transnistrians to engage in reunification talks.
The MOI lab has made extensive use of the two pieces of forensic equipment since their donation in late September. Document and/or chemical analysis that used to take fifteen days now takes only one. The lab performs tests for other Moldovan ministries and departments as well.
The Ministry of Justice (MOJ), since enactment of the new criminal code in June 2003, performs similar document analysis and has conducted about 100 analyses for use in court since mid-October. The forensic equipment at both the MOI and MOJ labs has had a significant impact on the quality and quantity of forensic work performed by and for Moldovan law enforcement.
The equipment conveyed to the Ukrainian recipients was documented in transfer letters referencing the 2000 MOU. It included a detailed list of the transferred equipment, cost break downs, and guidance on appropriate use of the equipment including periodic on-site inspections. The most recent spot check of the equipment was conducted in November.
Computer Equipment and Vehicle Inspection Tools
In 2006, the following equipment was provided to the State Border Guard Services (SBGS) of Ukraine through the FLECT-implemented project: Notebooks (12), MS office pro (12), printers (15), flash memory sticks (24), flip charts (6), desk phone (1), floppy drives FDD (4), multimedia projector (2), headphones (4), mouse pads (4), CT-30 Inspection Kit (3), vehicle search kits (2), inspection mirrors (6), stethoscopes (12), flashlights (8), power converters (3), Mag-Lite flashlights (6), air compressor (1), laser length measuring device (1).
The equipment was distributed among the training centers and the personnel training division. The equipment was used to introduce law enforcement courses into SBGS training curriculum.
Computer Network and Communications Equipment
In 2006, INL provided the following equipment to the Ministry of Interior (MOI) of Ukraine through the ICITAP implemented project: network tools (4), cable analyzer kit (1), digital laser distance meter (1), cable tester Repotec (4), laptops (12), Telindus 1421 SHDSL routers (2).
The equipment was used to facilitate IT network administrative training for the MOI IT department. The equipment has remained with the IT department so it can be used by its staff to manage and service the MOI computer network that will be installed under the next stage of the INL project.
The equipment was provided to facilitate further training of personnel by the Ukrainian trainers as well as to ensure that the Ukrainian law enforcement activity complied with European and international standards. The MOI system will greatly increase the operational capabilities of the MOI to combat sophisticated transnational crime. The new system will also increase the integrity of the system and thus reduce the opportunity for the police system to be compromised or misused.
Post conducted periodic spot checks and reviewed government reports for Customs and Federal Drug Control Service (FSKN) procurements. Treasury has a U.S. representative at the Federal Service for Financial Monitoring (FSFM) who is present forty percent of the time and a locally hired representative who is present full time.
StatusAll commodities were recently delivered to the FSKN and Russian Customs. They are being stored at the agency’s storage facilities in Moscow pending delivery of the vehicles for which the equipment is intended. All equipment is in brand new condition.
Twenty-one notebook computers and 6 desktop computers are used by FSKN; seventeen notebook computers and nine desktop computers are used by Customs.
Analyst Notebook and Ibridge software is used by the Anti-Money Laundering assistance program to the Federal Service of Financial Monitoring.
In 2006, seventy-two Motorola hand-held radio stations were provided to FSKN and 32 to Customs. Eighteen Motorola-vehicle mounted radio stations were provided to FSKN and 8 to Customs.
In 2006, the following equipment was provided to FSKN: concealed cavities detection device (6), portable X-ray and TV system (6); digital camera Canon (9); digital dictophones (18); metal detector (6). The following equipment was provided to Customs: concealed cavities detection device (10); portable X-ray and TV system (10); technical videoscope (4); digital camera (17); digital dictaphones (16); metal detector (6).
Eighteen Chevrolet Nivas and three minivan Gazels were previously donated to the FSKN. In 2006, Eight Chevrolet Nivas and five minivan Gazels were provided to Customs.
The major problem is procurement of vehicles for ESKN and Russian Customs without VAT included in their process. This lasts for more than 3 years. According to Russian laws, only producers in exceptional cases can sell vehicles directly without VAT. The post, together with Regional Procurement Support Office of US Consulate General in Frankfurt, is actively working on this issue. One contract has already been signed for the delivery of 8 Gazel mini-buses.
The normalization and identification data quality projects are important elements of the Anti-Money Laundering Assistance Program to the Federal Service for FSFM. They will allow the FSFM to increase efficiency of analytic resources and enhance its investigation of corruption and money laundering cases. The equipment provided to Russian Customs and the FSKN will enable Russia to increase its capacity to fight narcotics trafficking at its borders especially in the southern direction on the trafficking routes from Afghanistan to Europe.
The RSO and the Political/Economic Section work cooperatively to monitor the use of the equipment through on-site inspections. The RSO meets regularly with police officials and all recipient entities. They are cooperative and cordial during the on-site inspections.
Post funded the renovation and technological upgrade of a classroom at the Latvian Police Academy. Post regularly uses this classroom to conduct training aimed at promoting US objectives in Latvia and the region.
Computer equipment was donated to upgrade the headquarters Information Bureau and other headquarters offices. Through an on-site spot check, the RSO confirmed that this equipment is being used as intended. Post records indicate that all computer donations made under INL program funding are now at least seven years old and rapidly becoming obsolete.
The Political /Economic Officers and the RSO worked cooperatively to use residual SEED funds to donate surveillance detection equipment to the State Police and to the Anti-Corruption Bureau. Spot checks show this equipment being used as intended. The regional DEA office provided training on the equipment to both recipient groups.
The Latvian Police are using the following equipment for its intended purpose: Night Vision equipment; fiber scopes; contraband detectors; pinhole cameras; video cameras; analytical software; gas chromatograph; and genetic analyzer.
A computer sent to the Organized Crime Section in Valka, Daugavpils Region cannot be located. It is an old computer nearing the end of its useful life.
All equipment continues to be coordinated into operational activities and is considered effective by the Latvian Police. The equipment provided supports the mission goal of creating more professional and capable Latvian law enforcement agencies through equipment and training.
The equipment donated to the Ministry of Interior (MOI), the Ministry of Justice (MOJ), National Service for Combating Organized Crime (NSBOP), and the National Forensics Laboratory was checked through on-site inspections. Post verified the use of additional equipment distributed to the General Customs Directorate.
The thirty (30) Motorola radios provided to the General Customs Directorate have been distributed to the local offices (e.g., 5 to Svilengrad, 3 to Ruse, etc.). The fiberscope is being used by Customs "Counter-Narcotics Intelligence and Investigations Unit" in Svilengrad.
Two PC model Pentium II workstations at the MOJ are used to handle the bulk of the Probation Service’s workload, including all email and internet connectively and the compilation of statistics from affiliates across the country.
The six PC’s and five printers at the Institute for Forensic Science are in use. Five of the six computers provided to the Minister of Interior are being used by the International Cooperation Directorate; the other has been retired.
The laptop, the seven IBM PC’s, the IBM workstations, the three printers (3), and the scanner donated to the NSBOB are in good working order and in use. Six of the eight UPS’ are in use. The other two are in need of battery replacement.
None of the MOI’s UPS’ are in use. The batteries have outlived their useful lives.
All equipment (video camera, video cassette player and monitor, 16 telephones, 4 answering machines) donated in 1993 is located in the offices of the Counternarcotics Division of the Central Service. The video camera plays but can no longer record. The MOI has requested a digital camera.
The projector and 3M-tripod projection screen donated to the NSBOB are in use. The polygraph machine at the MOI Psychology Institute is in use. Its portability allows it to be used in criminal investigations across the country. The gas chromatograph/mass spectrometer, video spectral comparator, electronic laboratory balances donated to the National Forensics Institute are in good working order and in use. The gas chromatograph donated by DEA is in need of a memory card and transformer for 220V current before it can be used. MOJ ICITAP representatives are aware of this issue and are attempting to acquire the needed parts.
Bulgarian officials appreciate the equipment provided; make use of it; and appear to want more, newer and better items. The Government of Bulgaria has formed mobile teams to stop and search vehicles for drugs around the country and seek cooperation with the United States and its neighbors. Continued support will be needed before the Bulgarian criminal justice system is able to undertake successful prosecutions of organized crime, including major drug traffickers.
INL-funded programs in Georgia provide both technical and commodity support. INL-funded Department of Justice resident Legal Adviser, Senior Police Adviser, Police Academy Adviser, and Forensic Adviser provide both technical and commodity support to the Minister of the Interior, Ministry of Justice, and Office of the Procurator General.
Since equipment is assigned to locations throughout the country, an annual physical inspection of each item is practically impossible. Within the regions, post relies on periodic meetings and visits with respective agency decision-making level personnel to monitor use and to physically inspect the equipment present All equipment that is located in Tbilisi has been physically inspected within the last twelve months.
In June 2006, INL Tbilisi completed phase 1 of a computerization program for the Patrol Police and its parent agency the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MOIA). This program established a database for all vehicle registrations in the country to allow the police to know if a vehicle was stolen. To complete phase 1, INL provided the following: 90 user licenses, 2 server licenses, 1 central server, 15 Encryption/VPN software licenses, 1 wireless service provider link, 16 computer terminal licenses, plus training and testing for 90 police officers. The equipment is located in MOIA’s main building in Tbilisi and in Patrol Police cards located in the capitol.
In previous years, the MOIA received four desktop computers, one laptop and a server for use in the ministry itself to expedite information processing. During 2001-2005, the Office of the Prosecuro General (Procuracy) was given 47 desktop computers as well as one laptop and 27 printers and a flat bed scanner to expedite the processing of information. The Ministry of Justice has twelve desktop computers and twelve printers all located in the Forensic Bureau Laboratory. All of these listed items located in Tbilisi have been physically accounted for. The items located in the 13 regional law libraries have been accounted for by either an actual visit or by telephonic contact with the local prosecutors. A computer in the Racch-Lechkumi/Kvemo Svaneti office was stolen. A police investigation was undertaken with no positive results. All other computers are operational.
The MOIA received one facsimile machine, which is located within the ministry headquarters. The Prosecutor General’s Office has 8 fax machines. Six are located in the various law libraries, one is with the National Money Laundering Bureau and one is in the Civil Rights Office. There are 12 hand-held, two-way Motorola radios located in the Criminal Investigations Office. They are used for crime scene control purposes. All of the equipment is operational with no problems reported.
Ten small four-wheel drive vehicles (Llada Nivas) were donated to the Department of Justice Bureau of Probation for the purpose of allowing caseworkers to check on probationers. The vehicles have been distributed throughout the country and all are accounted for. They are located in the following areas: Tbilisi; Kutaisi; Telavi; Ambrollauri; Gori; Rustavi; Zugdidi; Akhaltsikhe; Batumi. There have been no reported maintenance issues with any of the vehicles.
The Forensic Bureau Laboratory has been equipped with new office furnishings. These consist of eight conference tables, 120 conference sizes, 210 office chairs, 30 laboratory chairs (stools), 70 filing cabinets and four executed style desk chairs. In addition to these furnishings, 90 laboratory dividers and 20 laboratory benches have also been donated. A generator valued at about $100,000 and capable of powering the entire laboratory has been installed.
The following scientific equipment is on hand: HP (Hewlett Packard) Mass Spectrometer, HP Gas chromotograph, HP Gauge Controller, HP Chem Station, HP Monitor, HP Gas chromotograph Control, Agilent (Hewlett Packard) Mass Spectrometer W/3 controllers, auto sampler, Vacuum pump, gas chromatograph, (2) Agilent gas chromotograph W/additional related items, (3) agilent gaschrometer w/additional related items, HP HPLC W/Related Items, assorted ink analysis equipment (glassware) and chemicals, stereo microscopes (4 each), ultraviolet observation box (for examination of questionable documents) 1 each, Hydrogen Generator (2 each) and assorted small parts and tools, assorted safety and First Aid equipment, petrolab petroleum testing system model ADU-4 w/supporting ancillary equipment and parts, petroleum laboratory fume hoods (4 each) w/installation materials, toxi-lab narcotics testing system w/parts and accessories (1 each), Toxi-lab fume hood (1 each).
All of the listed equipment is located in the Forensic Bureau and has been physically inspected by the Senior Forensic Adviser. Due to the poor electrical system within the Bureau, few of the more robust equipment has actually been installed.
The Public Affairs Office (PAO) has received assorted cameras, recorders, lightning equipment and a mixer to better communicate with the local media and the citizenry of Georgia. The MOIA has 55 Level III ballistic vests, as well as hand-held spotlights for patrol vehicles (100 ea), hand-held megaphones (20 each), car entry devices (Slim Jims) (40 sets), Police Barrier tape (2500 rolls), reflective road triangles (1,000 sets), plastic flex-cuffs (5000 packages), and Night Vision Binoculars (2 each). With the exception of the PAO equipment, all other items have been distributed within Tbilisi and the regions. The Prosecutor General’s Criminal Investigative Unit was furnished with two refurbished interview rooms complete with two-way mirrors.
In 2006, INL provided the Police Academy with a Fire Arms Training System (FATS) to better train officers in life threatening situations requiring a shoot/don’t shoot decision. INL has also provided the Patrol Police 3,000 wood police batons, 3,000 baton belt holders, 3,000 police traffic whistles, 3,000 high visibility traffic vests.
INL donated the following to the MOIA Police Academy in Tbilisi, 25 Red Man Training Knives, 4 body opponent bags, 12 Red Man student suits, 3 Red Man instructor suits, 4 Red Man Mats, 20 Red Man strike shields, and 40 Red Man training batons. With the exception of the PAO equipment, all other items have been distributed within Tbilisi and the regions. Through RLA, Procuracy’s Criminal Investigative Unit received 2 refurbished interview rooms complete with two-way mirrors.
To support the facilities, the following electrical sound and video items were provided: video cameras (2), video recorders (2), audio recorders (2), video monitor (1). Furthermore, this same unit has a Crime Scene Search responsibility. To support this mission, they were provided with a LCD projector (1), digital camera (1), video recorder (1), micro recorder (1), tape recorder (1), digital recorder (audio)(1), television (1), metal detector (1), and a video work station (1). The Prosecutor’s General’s Office received 16 copiers, 16 small generators, 32 sets of shelves, 16 sets of law books, 16 computer work stations w/chairs, 16 conference tables, and 128 conference chairs. All of these items were given in support of the sixteen Tbilisi and regional law libraries. Furthermore, the Civil Rights Office was donated one copier, six computer work stations, w/chairs, six file cabinets, twelve sets of shelves, one conference table w/eight chairs, and six small office safes.
The Money Laundering Bureau was given one copy machine, 20 conference chairs, ten small desks, seven sets of bookshelves, two office tables, ten “L” shaped desks, four file cabinets, one conference table, one internal office telephone network, ten telephones, one sound recording system, five security cameras, and one security system w/monitor. The Supreme Court of Georgia was donated one copier. All of the miscellaneous items have been accounted for during the past twelve months either by physical inspection or telephonic verification.
With the exception of the theft of the computer in the Svaneti Region, there have been no major equipment problems in the past twelve months.
The Forensic Bureau has made extensive use of the equipment that has been installed. These items have greatly assisted in support of the law enforcement community of Georgia. The Ministry of the Interior has put the PAO equipment to good use and established closer and more amicable relationships with the various media outlets. The addition of the ballistic vests and other police items will provide both the Criminal Police and the Patrol Police with vital tools to continue the improvement of both forces.
The Prosecutor General’s Office has also made extensive use of the law libraries. The Criminal Investigative/Crime Scene Unit now has tools to better and more efficiently carry out the responsibilities assigned to it. The Civil Rights Office can now investigate civil rights violations and safeguard their findings. This organization has also made extensive use of the donated items.
Post anticipates substantial changes within the programs with special emphasis placed on the Police School and the Forensic Bureau when both facilities are refurbished by the Corps of Engineers and better facilities become available. Classroom space will be available to teach the new curriculum designed by the Senior Police Academy Adviser. There will be sleeping quarters that will allow regional officers to attend the school and derive benefit from the new educational process.
In terms of the Forensic Bureau, the uninstalled equipment will come on line and with the Forensic Adviser’s assistance, the personnel will be trained to use the items. Further, additional basic police equipment purchases and training items will occur in the near future that will greatly benefit the Patrol Police’s posture. Presently, the automated police data program is continuing and will add wanted persons and administrative crimes to the existing vehicle registration database. This will exponentially enhance the Patrol Police’s ability to deal with violators. The addition of mounted computer terminals will allow the Patrol Police in- field access to vital information.
ICITAP contract advisors are assigned to advise and mentor Albanian officials at the Minister of Interior (MOI), the Albanian State Police (ASP), the ASP Academy, and within Albania’s five (5) international seaports which fall within the structures of the Ministry of Public Works, Transport and Telecommunication (MOTT). End-Use Monitoring of donations is conducted through daily on-site interactions, inspections, and spot checks. MOI, ASP, and Port Authority officials cooperate in these efforts. Given ICITAP’s current level of advisory presence in Albania, these procedures are generally effective.
In March 2006, ICITAP donated a desktop computer, monitor, and UPS for the exclusive use of the Durres Poet Security Force and Operations Directorate for the storage of access control information at the Durres Port Authority. ICITAP site visits to the Port of Durres indicate that this equipment is in use for its intended purpose. ICITAP also provided laptop computers and accessories to the Organized Crime Directorate in the MOI for the exclusive use of the Criminal Intelligence Analysis sector. Through daily advisory presence at the MOI, ICITAP has observed that this equipment is in use for its intended purpose.
In May 2006, a desktop computer was donated to the ASP’s Tirana Police Directorate for the exclusive use of the Border and Migration Police Sector.
In 2005, computer and office equipment were donated to ICITAP for exclusive use of the Port Security Force of the Durres Port Authority. Desktop computers, monitors, laptops, and photocopy machines were donated to the Deputy Minister of Interior/National Coordinator for use in Anti-trafficking.
Laptops and desktop computers were donated to the Albanian Minister of State Coordination Office (MOPM) for use by the Anti-trafficking section in 2004. INL provided the MOPO with computers previously.
While implementation of Total Information Management (TIMS) assistance was ongoing throughout 2006, a significant amount of computer and related technical equipment purchased by ICITAP is in daily operational use of intended end-users at the MOI, police directorates, commissariats, and border crossing point facilities. Due to technical and access necessities related to project implementation, official donation of all TIMS-related equipment will be conducted once primary system handovers and donations are expected in 2007 and 2008.
In 2005, voice recorders, memory sticks, digital cameras, camcorders, and batteries were donated to the Organized Crime Directorate of the Albanian State Police for the exclusive use of the Organized Crime offices in twelve police directorates of Albania.
In 2004, ICITAP donated three hand-held radios, ICOM model IC-F15 Transceiver VHF to the Port Security Force, Port of Durres Authority. Two of the radios are in good working condition and are used by the Port Security Force (PSF) in Durres. The other radio is in use by the Port Security Office in Viora Port.
The FBI donated five Mitsubishi Pajeros to the Anti-Trafficking Sector of the Organized Crime Vice Directorate in 2004. ICITAP donated two motorcycles to the Special Operation Sector of the Organized Crime Vice- Directorate in 2004. Three vehicles are in good working order and assigned to regional field duty. A fourth vehicle is at the ASP motorpool undergoing mechanical repair, while a fifth vehicle was totally destroyed in a traffic accident. The two motorcycles are used in undercover operations by the Special Operations Sector. They are in good working order and well-maintained.
Newly constructed kennels were donated for the use of the Police Commissioner’s Office in 2004. The kennel in Rinas airport is used by the Police Commissariat, but it has some problems with ventilation. The kennels in Durres and Durres ports are in use. ICITAP site visits to several border crossing points have identified this equipment in use for its intended purpose.
In May 2006, ultra violet fluorescent lanterns were donated to the Border and Migration Police personnel of the Albanian State Police for the inspection and verification of travel documents. ICITIP donated a Scantron data collection and assessment machine, software and testing templates to the Albanian Police Academy for the exclusive use of the ASP Recruitment Unit. ICITAP on-site advisers have verified proper use of these items, which enable standardized testing of applicants to the police academy basic course.
Four Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) ship tacking devices together with antennas, installations, and operation manuals translated into Albanian by ICITAP were donated to the MPTT in November 2006. The equipment is for the exclusive use of the Harbor Masters of the ports of Furres, Lora, Shengjin and Saranda. ICITAP has conformed that this equipment is being used for its intended law enforcement purpose.
On November 2006, one used copy machine was donated to the ASP Office of International Control (OIC) of the MOI for the exclusive use of OIC offices. The copying machine is located at the Sector of Information Analysis, OIC, and is in good condition.
The OIC provided a written status on previous ICITAP donations made in 2004 and 2005 and notes that all previous ICITAP donations are in good technical condition with the exception of three “Olympia” fax machines, which are inoperable. The MOI has determined that repairing them would require a considerable investment and thus is not cost effective. They are currently located at the OIC warehouse at the MOI.
In 2005, eavesdropping devices, digitized maps, spy phones, digital cameras, voice recorders, memory cards, hand radios, car radios were donated to the Special Operation Sector in the Organized Crime Directorate, Ministry of Interior. They are in good condition.
Night Vision Goggles, portable digital dictation machines, camera adapter kits, and memory stick were donated to the Internal Control Directorate (OIC) at MOPO in 2004. The are in good condition and in regular use during operations conducted by the OIC.
Fax machines, copiers, and printers were donated to the Port Security Force and Police Commissioner, Port of Durres Authority in 2004. They are all being used and in good condition.
In 2004, ICITAP donated a rummage kit to the Regional Police Directorate of Durres. This equipment is in good working condition and is located at the Port of Durres ferry terminal. ICITAP has recently discovered that the equipment has been under-utilized and will take steps to ensure more effective usage.
ICITAP donated a portable CO2 detector, AMC CD2 Model to the Police Commissariat of the Port of Durres. It was donated for the use of the anti- trafficking sector to detect people in concealed compartments in boats and vehicles. This equipment requires repair work.
In April, field identification jackets, flashlights, and handcuffs were donated to the Organized Crime Directorate in the Ministry of Interior for the use of the Special Operations Sector. ICITAP has confirmed that this equipment is being used for its intended law enforcement purpose. In addition, ballistic vests, trauma packs, and MKIII training spray were donated to the Durres Port Authority for use of the Durres Port Security Force.
Limited Funding for TIMS Implementation
TIMS implementation continued throughout 2006. There is concern regarding the limited resources devoted to the project by the MOI. Electrical wiring and data cable installation at border crossing points and other TIMS sites necessary for the connection of ICITAP-provided hardware, must be installed by the Ministry but has lagged far behind implementation schedules. A general concern exists regarding the capacity and out-year funds availability within the MOI to appropriately budget and implement eventual upgrades and maintenance of donated equipment items. This could become a large problem when recurring maintenance and training costs associated with the system begin.
Uninforced MOI Network Security Policies
The MOI’s implementation of its own internal network security policies has also lagged behind TIMS-donated hardware and other technology upgrades to its computer system. ICITAP advisors have worked with the Ministry to draft comprehensive network security policies in line with the Government of Albania and NATO guidelines, but these policies have not been enforced, and lack of policy implementation in this area risks leaving aspects of the TIMS system vulnerable to technical and data security breaches. This issue is being addressed through ongoing advisory contacts with the MOI’s Information Management and Technology Directorate.
Lack of Training
Due to duty rotations and unexpected transfers of law enforcement personnel, newly assigned police and other officials may lack training to fully use previously donated equipment. During 2006, ICITAP identified the need and coordinated additional training for the Special Operations Sector in the ASP’s Organized Crime Directorate. Training was provided by the equipment vendor specifically on usage and maintenance of monitoring and surveillance equipment donated by ICITAP in 2004. The problem stretches beyond this unit, however, and is seen in the Border Police and other state police as well.
ImpactThe establishment of TIMS operations at 10 of 19 Albanian border crossing points and intersects between TIMS-protected border control and criminal intelligence information systems directly resulted in the apprehension of 328 persons in 2006. This represents a significant advancement in TIMS coverage and performance with 203 persons apprehended in 2005 and 68 persons apprehended in 2004.
From 2004-2006, ICITAP advisers monitoring within the MOI indicates the successful use of donated equipment resulting in more proactive investigations and in drug seizures, which have increased each successive year.
Automated scanning, software, and testing materials donated to the Albanian Police Academy for use of the newly established ASP Recruitment Unit has resulted in effective implementation of new police recruitment and selection policies and the first fair and transparent recruitment process for ASP Academy selections.
Ongoing ICITAP material assistance and donations for the effective establishment of a Port Security Force within the Port of Durres has resulted in increased internal and perimeter security at the port. This greater level of security has contributed to increased amount of trade through the port facilities and corresponding revenues.
ICITAP-provided support and equipment to the Port Authorities at Albania’s international seaports has also brought Albania closer to its goal of meeting the international security standards set out in the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) International Ship and Port Security (ISPS) Code.
Thanks to the U.S. trained dogs and their handlers, traffickers are finding it more difficult to smuggle narcotics into or out of Albania.
The donated computers have connected police with ICITAP’s TIMS. Overall, the ASP remains sorely under-equipped and in need of continued international assistance in the form of equipment donations.
The Ministry approved the creation of a fully restructured Information Technology Organization with the ASP in 2004. The Border Control and Criminal Records Information Systems have proven their efficiency by dramatically increasing the number of arrests at all TIMS enabled border crossings.
Post works closely with the Government of Malta (GOM) Police and the Armed Forces (AFM) to ensure proper cooperation and coordination on narcotics control issues. The RSO monitors the narcotics trafficking in the region and facilitates initiatives to expand law enforcement cooperation. Post is satisfied with GOM’s efforts to control illegal drug activity and share information with Embassy officials. The RSO works closely with the DEA Country Attache and the FBI Legal Attache based in Rome to foster cooperative efforts to strengthen law enforcement.
The eighty-seven foot “protector” class patrol boat provided to the Armed Forces of Malta through Foreign Military Sales in November of 2002 continues to be the backbone of the Maritime Squadron. To date, the boat has been kept in top condition by well-trained crews and an extensive supply of spare parts that came with the original FMS cases. The spare parts are running low. It is incumbent on the GOM to properly fund its maintenance. The GOM is exploring the processes by which it can fund the maintenance using national funds in a blanket FMS.During the summer months, the “protector” boat is used primarily for illegal migrant, search and rescue missions as well as for illegal migrant patrols in the waters between Malta and Libya. In the fall, winter, and spring, the boat is used primarily to combat illicit activities in Maltese territorial waters. In 2006, the boat was used in a counternarcotics operations. While no drugs were seized, the general consensus is that the operation forced the smugglers to abandon the contraband at sea before it could be delivered.
U.S. law enforcement and security agencies and their Maltese counterparts continue to cooperate closely on drug-related crime. The joint effort to provide training, support, and assistance to GOM law enforcement agencies has clearly improved the Maltese enforcement ability to profile individuals possibly involved with trafficking and /or in possession of dangerous drugs. Although the drug problem in Malta will probably not reach a level where a concentrated INL initiative is warranted, GOM can clearly benefit from close USG cooperation.
Post RSO conducted spot checks on the use of donated equipment and consulted with Lithuanian Special Investigative Service (STT) officials.
The following equipment was donated to the STT for use in undercover operations in support of public corruption investigations throughout Lithuania: mini PIX, video vest, synthesized audio intelligence system, surveillance device configurator software, programmable miniature voice transmitter, court audio recorder, portable digital recorder, key Fob alarm transmitter, Patriot synthesized pocket receiver, covert audio recorder FLEX8C, GMS Guardian GPS tracking system, Nokia mobile phones. The equipment is in good condition and used for its intended purpose.
The equipment provided has been of vital use in fighting corruption in Lithuania.
The Luthuanian Ministry of Economy (MOE) generated a more effective export control system for strategic and dual-use items for Lithuania, using the tracker system, which is a network-based software system for automating the export control and licensing process either within a single ministry or a network with other government agencies. It serves as a nonproliferation tool as well as an export control system.
Counterfeit detection training was organized to ensure that the public is familiar with the new euro banknotes and coins and knows how to detect counterfeits. The participant learned how to check whether the banknote is genuine; tell if a banknote is counterfeit or simply damaged; recognize security features of the euro coins.; and what action to taken upon suspicion of a counterfeit.
Donations were documented through letters and inventory spreadsheets. Post’s INL officer inventoried all of the classroom equipment at the training facilities, the Forensics laboratory and the Customs House. The EXBS office regularly observes and receives usage reports on the X-ray van. It is inspected and serviced through the EXBS program.
In August 1999, INL installed an X-ray van for the Customs Department and provided relevant operation, maintenance and service training. The Department of Energy contractors inspected and performed maintenance on the van during 2006. It is based at the post office but travels to various border crossings as needed. Post regularly observes and receives usage reports on the vehicle. The van is in good working condition.
The following equipment was donated to the National Police Academy: 25 color monitors, 20 computer desks with chairs, four additional desktop computers with monitors and UPS power back-ups, three laser jet printers, two network servers with monitors, two laptop computers and one scanner. These items are situated in classrooms and offices at the Academy.
The following equipment was donated to the Procuracy Training Center: 10 desktop computers, 10 color monitors, 2 network servers, 2 laser jet printers, and one scanner.
The following equipment was donated to the National Bureau of Expertise (Forensics Lab): 2 desk computers, two computer monitors, two UPS backups, one computer/printer stand-alone table. These items are situated in different departments of the laboratory.
The following equipment was donated to the Customs House in Vanadzor: 28 computer desk chairs, 25 UPS power back-ups, 25 color monitors, 24 desktop computers, 14 computer desk and one network server. These items are situated in a large training classroom at the facility.
The following equipment was donated to the Border Guards Training Center: 12 desktop computers, 12 color monitors, 12 computer desks with chairs, 12 UPS power back-ups, three laser jet printers and two scanners. One laser jet printer was not on site. All other items were situated in classrooms and offices at the Center. All other equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.
The Kanaker NCO Training Center received one LCD projector, one overhead projector, one set of simultaneous translation equipment, one television, one VCR, one TV/VCR stand, one projection screens and one flipchart. These items remain in on-site storage, pending completion of the building’s renovation.
The National Police Academy received five wireless microphones, four speakers, two sets of simultaneous translation equipment, two erasable white boards, two VCR’s, one projection television, one flat screen television, one video camera recorder, one compact camera, one digital camera, one photocopier, one Stage Front presentation system, one projector with stand, one overhead projector with stand, one LCD projector, one film projector and one white projector screen. These items are situated in classrooms and offices at the Academy.
The Procuracy Training Center received one television, one VCR, one LCD projector, one TV/VCR stand and one white projection screen. These items are situated in classrooms at the Center.
The National Bureau for Expertise (Forensics Lab) received one fax machine and one digital camera. These items are situated in officers at the Bureau. The equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.
The Customs House in Vanadzor received one television, one DVD/VCR player, one LCD projector and one white erasable board. These items are situated in a large classroom at the facility.
The Border Guard Training Center received two televisions, two DVD players, one LCD projector, one digital video camera, one digital photo camera and one photocopier. These items are situation in classrooms and offices at the center. All of the equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.
The Kanaker NCO Training Center received 92 gym mats, 30 pairs of handcuffs, 20 red training guns, ten training knives, two Redman instructors’ suits, two body opponent bags, two heavy bags, one double-end bag, one leather speed bag and one heat/AC unit. Renovation of the building is sill underway; the items remain in on-site storage awaiting completion of the gym. All of the equipment is accounted for and in excellent condition.
The National Police Academy received 108 gym mats, 23 red training guns, 15 pairs of handcuffs, ten training knives, eight body opponent bags, five heat/AC units, four Redman instructors’ suits, two speed bags with platforms, two heavy bags, two double-end bags, one vacuum cleaner and one podium. These items are situated in the offices and gymnasium of the academy
The Procuracy Training Center received one heat/AC unit. The item is situated in the computer classroom at the Center.
The National Bureau of Expertise (Forensics Lab) received 19 air conditioning units, 15 surveillance cameras, four surveillance monitors and one surveillance system recorder. These items are situated in different areas of the building.
The Customs House in Vanadzor received four bookcases and three air conditioning units. These items are situated in a large classroom at the facility.
Equipment was installed in two classrooms in the National Police Academy. One classroom is in the Police NCO Training Center, and two classrooms are at the Procuracy Training Center under the auspices of a Law Enforcement Academy Development Project. The equipment includes: TV’s, LCD projectors, laser jet printers, desktop computers, simultaneous interpretation equipment, scanners, projection screen, etc. All of the equipment is in excellent working condition.
The classroom equipment donated to the Border Guard Training Center in Yerevan is being used to train future Border Guards in the Border Management Information System (BMIS), a computerized system tracking travelers and cargo in and out of Armenia. INL previously funded the installation of the system at the airport and one port of entry on the northern border. INL is currently funding the expansion of the system to six additional border crossings.
The classroom equipment donated to the Vanadzor Customs House Training Center is used for the training and re-training of Customs Officers in the Gugark region of Armenia.
The computer equipment donated to the National Bureau of Expertise (Forensics Lab) is being used to track evidence and other materials received by the lab for analysis. Donated surveillance equipment protects lab personnel and the integrity of the Lab’s procedures against unauthorized entry.
The X-ray van has been used on a regular basis to inspect suspicious parcels and other material.
Post encountered minor problems in gaining access to some of the equipment. In one case, post donated 18 cameras to the National Police Investigative Department. Police officials informed post that only six of the cameras are still at police headquarters. The other 12 were distributed at post stations throughout Armenia. Rather than travel all over the country to track the cameras down, post decided not to personally inspect these items. Total cost of the donation was $6,686.
Misallocation of Printer
One of the laser jet printers donated to the Border Guard Training Center was not on site. Training Center officials stated that the printer was transferred to the Border Guard station at Zvartnots International Airport in Yerevan. Post requested the return of the printer to the training center. To date, no confirmation of its return has been received.