2006 End-Use Monitoring Report: The Caribbean
Post is responsible for the INL-funded program in seven countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent and the Grenadines. Post is also responsible for monitoring equipment provided to the French Department of Martinique. The Narcotics Agent met with Police, the Coast Guard Defense Force, the Financial Intelligence Unit and other officials to review the use of the equipment, training and services provided through NAS funding. Host government officials cooperated fully with End Use Monitoring inspections.
Vehicles-The Barbados Airport Security uses one 2001 Mitsubishi L2000 double cab purchased in support of the C-26 program. The Drug Squad’s 1998 Mitsubishi Sedan has transmission problems and has been taken off the road. One 1999 Suzuki Grand Vitari wagon has reached the end of its useful life; a second is still in use. The 2003 Nissan X-Trail provided to the Barbados Information Centre remains in good condition.
Communications Equipment-The Sectel telephone and base station at the Coast Guard are working well.
Computer Equipment-Thirty laptops purchased for the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions in 2002 are distributed throughout the court system and used daily. Three laptops, four computers, i2 Analyst’s Notebook, four printers, one digital camera and one projector are in use at the Financial Crime Investigations Unit (FCIU). Their office has recently been moved to a larger building and they are in the process of setting up the NAS-provided plotter. The Barbados Community College Court Reporting Program uses 12 computers and three printers. Two printers, a server, scanner and a fax machine are in use at the Barbados Information Centre (JICC Program). Four computers purchased by the NAS in 2001 have reached the end of their useful life. The Drug Squad uses one computer and one printer provided in 2001.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The BCC’s 22 stenography machines are in need of servicing. However, there are no qualified technicians on the island. The BCC has no funding to send the machines overseas to be serviced. The television, chairs, TV carts, A/C units, keyboard charts are all used daily. The Barbados Information Center uses its security access system and one photocopier. The shredder has reached the end of its useful life.
Uniform and Field Gear- One pair of Night Vision Goggles is in use at the Airport Security. The Drug Squad uses one digital camera and the Barbados Information Center uses one portable scanner and one digital camera.
Vessels-The Coast Guard has replaced the EMMs on H920 RHIB engines. They found it so useful to their operations that they have purchased a second one with Barbados Government funds. The 733 RHIB is being refurbished and fitted with a new collar, but needs new engines as well. The Boston Whaler is working well.
Vehicles-In 2006, the NAS purchased one Kubota tractor for the Coast Guard, which is used mainly for hauling and retrieving the H920 RHIB boat. One 2001 Nissan double cab purchased for the Dominica Customs was written off. The insurance company has paid for the vehicle and the NAS has made up the balance to purchase a new vehicle. One 1996 Jeep Cherokee is used by the Coast Guard. The Drug Squad uses one 2002 Nissan double cab and one 1998 Nissan Double Cab. Both have been used extensively and need to be replaced. One 2000 Nissan double cab, assigned to the Grand Bay is working well. The 2000 Nissan purchased for the Portsmouth Police station has problems with the computer and has been taken off the road for repair. One 2000 Mitsubishi Pajero Wagon provided to the Special Branch is in good condition.
Computer Equipment-The NAS purchased one laptop for the FIU in 2006. The FIU uses three computers, an all-in-one fax machine, i2 Analyst’s Notebook, two printers, one laptop and one server. One computer and printer in the Commissioner’s Office have reached the end of their useful life. Three computers, two printers, and one projector are in use at the Financial Services Unit (FSU).
Comunications Equipment-The Police Force has one solar repeater in use.
Maritime Equipment-The 733 RHIB has been fitted with new engines acquired by TAFT and is working well. The H920 RHIB has engine problems but is serviceable. The 22’ Nautica RHIB purchased in 2001 continues to experience engine and fuel tank problems but is serviceable and is used in shallow areas. Two 225 HP engines purchased in 2001 are operational.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The Director of Public Prosecutions is using law books and photocopier. The Drug Squad uses two filing cabinets and a shredder. Their photocopier is no longer serviceable. The FIU uses a photocopier, safe, shredder, and five office chairs. One conference table and 12 chairs remain in storage. One photocopier, fax machine, shredder, heavy duty stapler, binding machine and paper cutter are in use at the FSU.
Uniforms and Field Gear-The Customs and Excise Department uses BDUs, boots, flashlights and handcuffs, five binoculars, two spotlights, ten body armor and one digital camera. The Drug Squad uses Night Vision Goggles, binoculars, a digital camera, traffic vests, BDU uniforms, holsters, body armor, flashlights, GPS receivers, rain gear, handcuffs, weapons belts, ponchos, jungle boots, water bottles, two vehicle camouflage nets, six dome tents, inspection mirrors and field compasses. Their digital camera and BDU uniforms have reached the end of their useful life. The Coast Guard has one handheld spotlight, rain gear, night vision goggles, binoculars, body armor, a boarding kit, digital camera and fiber optic viewer provided by NAS. Their lifejackets have reached the end of their useful life. The Marine Unit has 45 life vests, one handheld spotlight, rain gear, night vision goggles, binoculars, body armor, a boarding kit, digital camera and fiber optic viewer.
Vehicles-One 2001 Isuzu double cab at the Marine Police Unit is in good condition. The Police Drug Squad’s 2001 Nissan Patrol wagon still has a broken headlamp but is operational. The Turbo on their 1998 Mitsubishi double cab has not been replaced due to lack of funds. One 2000 Mitsubishi mini bus is used for the DARE program.
Computer Equipment-In 2006, the NAS purchased one laptop for the Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat (SAACS). One computer and printer are used by the Police Community Relations Office (CRO). Two computers, two printers, one laptop and one fax machine are used by the Police Special Branch. The FIU is using six computers, a fax machine, digital camera, scanner, two printers, and two laptops. One computer monitor was damaged and has been replaced. Two computers, two printers, one fax machine, printer and scanner are used daily at the Marine Unit. The Drug Squad is making use of one computer and printer at their Vieux Fort location. Two computers and two printers are in use at the Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat (SAACS). The Customs Central Intelligence Unit uses three computers, two scanners, one printer, and one laptop.
Communications Equipment-Two VHF radios and one base station are in use at the Marine Unit.
Vessels-The Marine Unit’s one Zodiac H920 “Go Fast” RHIB is not operational because it requires new engines. They will be purchased by the NAS. The engines purchased for the 733 RHIB overheat. One Boston Whaler, which is used mainly for training, is working well.
Uniforms and Field Gear - The Customs Department uses two Night Vision Goggles. The Drug Squad uses 25 sets of uniforms and boots, two Night Vision Goggles and two digital cameras. One digital camera and twenty-five pairs of boots have reached the end of their useful life. The Marine Unit uses six sets of dive gear, fourteen sets of body armor, a camcorder, inspection mirror, fiber optic viewer, flashlights, batons, handcuffs, and binoculars. camcorder, inspection mirror, fiber optic viewer, flashlight, batons, handcuffs and binoculars. The FIU uses one pair of binoculars, three bulletproof vests and a digital camera. The Special Branch is using one camcorder, one digital camera, and ten sets of body armor provided by NAS. Camera equipment, fingerprinting equipment, intoxilyzers, and body bags provided by NAS to the Criminal Investigations Department (CID) in 2001 have reached the end of their useful life.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2006, the NAS provided five air conditioning units for the Marine Unit’s Base in Castries. One NAS provided photocopier is in use at the CRO. The FIU uses one conference room table with chairs, four 2-drawer filing cabinets, one safe, six office desks, six chairs, four office chairs, one shredder and two fireproof filing cabinets. Five air conditioning units, one photocopier, shredder, four filing cabinets, lockers, and folding chairs are used daily at the Marine Unit’s sub-base in Vieux Fort. The Substance Abuse Advisory Council Secretariat uses armchairs, side chairs, desk, a credenza, and a conference table. One shredder is in use at the Police Special Branch. Law books are in use at the Office of the D.P.P.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vehicles-The Drug Squad’s 1988 Toyota double cab has been taken off the road because it is in need of repairs to the gearbox. Its 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero wagon has suspension problems but is in use. The 1996 Jeep Cherokee was reassigned to the Coast Guard but needs a head gasket. One 2001 Mitsubishi Pajero for the Marion House “Right Step Program” remains in good condition. The 1999 Mitsubishi Pajero purchased for the DARE Program is in good condition.
Computer Equipment-In 2006, the NAS provided two laptops, three USB data travelers, one digital SLR camera and one photo printer for the Drug Squad. One computer and a scanner were provided to the Community Relations Office (CRO). Three laptops, two projectors, one scanner, one printer, and one USB flash drive. I2 Analyst Notebook were provided to the FIU. The fax machine is unserviceable. The A/G’s office uses three computers, one server, two printers, one scanner, one projector, and one photocopier. The Police Narcotics Intelligence Unit has two computers, one fax machine and one printer.
Vessels-One Zodiac H920 RHIB provided to the Coast Guard is in need of new engines and is not operational. The second NAS-provided H920 RHIB has been fitted with smaller 200HP engines and while it is serviceable, the engines are not adequate to reach the required speeds. The 733 RHIB is being refurbished. The Coast Guard has purchased a new collar using local government funds.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2006, the NAS purchased one paper trimmer for the Drug Squad. One laminator, one binding machine, a digital surveillance and security access system, shredder, television, VCR, digital camera, safe, and photocopier are in use at the FIU. One TV/VCR and one slide projector provided by the NAS are in use at Marion House. The Drug Squad uses twenty-four pairs of bunk beds provided by the NAS. The Police Narcotics Intelligence Unit uses one photocopier by the NAS.
Uniforms and Field Gear- In 2006, the NAS purchased one NVG for the FIU, one digital recorder, two vehicle rotating lights, Raid T-shirts, one NVG and drug I.D. kits for the Drug Squad. Three bullet proof vests, one digital SLR camera, one camcorder, one digital camera, one pair of binoculars and three micro-cassette recorders provided by the NAS are used by the FIU. The Coast Guard uses a boarding kit, and flashlights body armor, GPS’, SLR camera, Night Vision Goggles, binoculars, one digital camcorder and flashlights provided by the NAS.
Antigua and Barbuda
Vehicles-The Police Drug Squad's Canine Unit is using two 2001 Suzuki vans with dog cages. They are in good condition. The Police Drug Squad’s 1998 Mitsubishi Pajero needs a clutch cylinder kit. Their 1996 Jeep Cherokee has reached the end of its useful life. The 1999 Nissan Patrol is still in good condition and in use by the police-administered DARE program. The ONDCP’s 2003 Suzuki Vitara wagon is used for surveillance purposes. Their 2003 Toyota Corolla was written off while on duty doing surveillance work.
Vessels-The Coast Guard’s H920 RHIB is working. Their 733 RHIB needs a new collar. Two Boston Whalers are in use but in need of cosmetic repair.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The ONDCP uses four stationery storage cabinets, two portable scanners, nineteen desks and chairs, two fireproof filing cabinets, a fax machine and a typewriter. One 2-drawer safe is in use at the IFSRA.
Uniforms and Field Gear- The Drug Squad uses portable scanners, cameras binoculars, micro cassette recorders and handcuffs. Their Night Vision Goggles have been sent for repair. The ONDCP uses body armor, portable scanners, camera equipment, a camcorder, flashlights, binoculars, Night Vision Goggles and rechargeable spotlights. The Coast Guard uses a NAS-provided digital camera.
Computer Equipment-In 2006, the NAS purchased five computers, three laptops, three printers and a projector for the Office of National Drug & Money Laundering and one projector for the Police Training School. Six laptops are in use at the Financial Services Regulatory Commission. The International Financial Sector Regulatory Authority (IFSRA) uses 14 computers, two servers, one network printer and one scanner. The Office of National Drug and Money Laundering Control Police (ONDCP) equipment includes 19 computers, three i2 Analyst’s Notebooks, two servers, a plotter, four scanners and four printers. They are in good condition. The Defense Force uses one laptop. The Drug Squad uses one projector. The laptop has been sent out for repair.
Vehicles-The Nevis Task Force uses one 2001 Toyota double cab. The St. Kitts Drug Squad’s uses one 1996 Jeep Cherokee. Their 1998 Mitsubishi mini van requires a new clutch. The 1999 Mitsubishi mini bus provided to the DARE program remains in good condition.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2005, the NAS purchased one air conditioning unit for the National Joint Headquarters (NJHQ). The Nevis Financial Services Department uses one photocopier. The Drug Squad uses six air conditioning units, desks, filing cabinets, stacking chairs and office chairs. The FIU uses one office desk and chair, one secretarial workstation, one conference table and twelve chairs, three fireproof filing cabinets, a binding machine, trimmer, television, VCR, photocopier, shredder and digital camera. The NACDAP uses one television, VCR, photocopier, five desks, five office chairs, ten guest chairs, and a conference table with sixteen chairs, two stationery cabinets and two filing cabinets.
Vessels-The Coast Guard’s Zodiac H920 RHIB and Boston Whaler are operational. Their 73333 RHIB is being refurbished. The 22’ RHIB purchased for the Nevis Customs is operational.
Computer Equipment-In 2006, the NAS purchased a server, three computers, one printer, digital camera and projector for the National Joint Headquarters (NJHQ). Four computers, one server and one laptop are in use at the Financial Services Department (FSD). The Nevis Regulation and Supervisory Division (RSD) uses four computers, three printers, and one laptop. The FIU uses one i2 Analyst Notebook, four computers, a network hub, laptop, projector, scanner and two printers. One computer and one printer are in use at their Nevis office. Five computers, a projector and fax machine are in use at the National Council for Drug Abuse Prevention (NACDAP). One scanner is in use at the Drug Squad.
Uniforms and Field Gear-One boarding kit, weapons belts, zoom camera and camcorder provided to the Coast Guard in 1996 have reached the end of their useful life. The Drug Squad uses body armor, binoculars and BCU’s, jungle boots, a camcorder, handcuffs, Night Vision Goggles, micro cassette recorder and a digital camera. Their Night Vision Goggles and jungle boots have reached the end of their useful life. The Nevis Police use BDUs, jungle boots, ponchos, handcuffs, fingerprint cameras, fingerprinting equipment, SLR cameras, film developing equipment, Night Vision Goggles, handcuffs, flashlights, binoculars, rain gear, body armor, traffic vests and a digital camera.
Vehicles-The Special Services Unit’s (SSU) 2001 3-ton Toyota truck is working well. The FIU’s 2001 Mitsubishi L3000 van works well but is waiting for body repairs. The Drug Squad’s 2003 Suzuki Grand Vitara wagon is in good condition. Their 2001 Toyota Prado has problems with power steering and is awaiting parts. The 1999 Mitsubishi Prajero purchased for the DARE program was involved in an accident and is awaiting repairs.
Miscellaneous Equipment-In 2006, the NAS purchased three fireproof filing cabinets and installed an alarm system at the FIU. The FIU also uses a photocopier, two fireproof filing cabinets, one shredder, four desks, six chairs, coffee table, six waiting room chairs, television, VCR, fax machine, digital camera, a filing cabinet, and a portable projector screen. All are in good condition. The Drug Squad uses one NAS-provided television and VCR, one shredder, a photocopier, three filing cabinets, five office chairs and two fireproof cabinets. Their fax machine has reached the end of its useful life. Six air conditioning units are in use at Police Headquarters.
Vessels-The Coast Guard’s five engines purchased in 2003 remain in good condition. The H920 RHIB is in need of a lower unit for one of its engines. The 733 RHIB is in need of an oil unit which has been ordered. Both Boston Whalers are being refurbished. The radar and sirens remain in good condition.
Computer Equipment-In 2006, the NAS purchased one laptop and one printer for the FIU. One laptop provided by the NAS in 2003 was stolen from the FIU. The FIU also uses one fax machine, i2 Analyst’s Notebook, four computers, two printers, one laptop and one scanner provided by NAS. The Drug Squad uses one server, two computers, one palm pilot, two laptops and two printers. The Police Headquarters’ four computers and two printers have reached the end of their useful life.
Uniforms and Field Gear-The Police Force uses 250 police caps and belts, 430 sets of uniforms, 150 reflective vests and 150 flashlights. The Drug Squad uses binoculars, polo shirts, caps, pagers, a rescue phone, body armor, two digital cameras, a digital camcorder, batons, windbreakers, micro cassette recorders, flashlights, and Night Vision Goggles. The polo shirts, caps, windbreakers, pagers and a rescue phone have reached the end of their useful life. Coast Guard uses body armor, Night Vision Goggles, and a boarding kit. The Police Special Branch uses body armor, microsette recorders and a GPS receiver.
The Director of the French Coast Guard has reported that the 82-foot patrol boat, the Lafayette, is in good condition and is used in operations.
Regional Security System
Vehicles-In 2006, the NAS purchased two Suzuki APV vans for the Administration Section. One 2002 Isuzu double cabin pickup purchased for the C-26 project remains in good condition.
Aircraft-The RSS Airwing has two C-26 maritime surveillance aircraft. One aircraft is fully operational and the other is having the propellers overhauled and awaiting a receiver/transmitter for the radar.
Vessels-One Zodiac H20 “go fast” RHIB located at the RSS Training Unit in Antigua is working well.
Computer Equipment-In 2006, the NAS purchased two laptops for the Administration Section. Their two projectors provided in 2003 are working well and are very useful during classroom training sessions. The Training Unit in Antigua uses one scanner and one fax machine. Their laptop and projector are under repair. The C-26 project uses one computer, three printers, and two fax machines. Two laptops purchased by NAS in 2003 have reached the end of their useful life.
Communications Equipment-The pilot headsets are in good condition. Their hand-held radios need new batteries.
Uniforms and Field Gear-Sixteen aircrew survival vests have recently been re-certified but are slightly worn. Life preservers, flight suits, boots, gloves, rescue lights, rescue mirrors, a digital camera and camcorder are used daily in the C-26 program. Chain saws, two 20’ x 40’ tents, Night Vision Goggles, rope, binoculars, machetes, gloves, jerry cans, MRE’s GPS receivers are used for marijuana eradication operations. Riot helmets, batons and shim guards are used for training.
Miscellaneous Equipment-The RSS Training Unit in Antigua uses lockers, a shredder, ten filing cabinets, 12 utility tables, 32 classroom chairs, one lectern, one coffee table, one living room suite, mattresses, folding chairs, folding tables, two washing machines, two dryers and a 25-ton air conditioner condensing unit. Two refrigerators, two televisions, two VCRs, a TV stand, microwave oven, radio cassette, refrigerator, lawn mower, weed-wacker, and 11 air conditioners are used by the C-26 support staff.
Construction-Construction of two hangers, a project which was jointly funded by the U.S. military (Southcom) and NAS has been completed but completion of the second hanger was delayed because there was improper drainage and the offices became waterlogged and had to be rebuilt. Unfortunately there were no funds at the time. However, the NAS has been able to purchase the required materials. Construction of the offices and the electrical work has resumed and should be completed shortly.
Recent reduction in the NAS program budget has hampered the mobility of some agencies as most countries are desperately in need of equipment and their vehicles are aging. The original engines donated with the H920 RHIB’s are unreliable and need to be replaced. Skill and experience levels among various agencies and units vary widely, as well as the ability to use sophisticated equipment. NAS Bridgetown targets procurements to meet the needs of a unit at a given time. However, subsequent personnel turnovers sometimes result in non-use of sophisticated equipment by new personnel unfamiliar with the equipment. Most countries lack spare parts and repair facilities for electronics, leading to collections of items in need of repair. Incidents of theft and misuse are rare.
INL project funds provided through the NAS are critical to the effectiveness and efficiency of Eastern Caribbean law enforcement agencies and ensure that they are capable partners in regional counter-narcotics and anti-money laundering efforts. The equipment provided by the NAS has improved their mobility, communications, record keeping, safety, intelligence collection and drug detection capabilities. INL-funded training provides personnel with the necessary skills to carry out their missions and demonstrates the USG’s counter-narcotics commitment in the region.
The Police Service of the Government of Bermuda (GOB) provides annual reports on the use of the USG-provided vessel, “Blue Heron, seized by DEA and transferred to the Bermuda Police Service (BPS) in 1996.
During 2005, the vessel was used as a platform during anti-narcotics missions. The vessel conducted inshore and offshore patrols and was involved in a number of search and rescue missions and a number of narcotic-related operations. In November 2006, BPS took delivery of a new vessel, the “M/V Guardian” to replace the “Blue Heron.” The BPS is authorized to sell the Blue Heron upon the condition that the proceeds be used for search and rescue. The vessel was put out for bid recently, but no bid met the minimum $50,000. The BPS will reissue the bid package shortly.
The Bermuda Police reiterates its appreciation of this asset, which allows them to function in ways that would not otherwise be possible.
In addition to host government monthly reports, representatives from the Narcotics Affairs Section (NAS) and other USG agencies, including DEA, DHS, MLO, and U.S. Marshal’s Service conduct periodic visits to the various agencies. The host government agencies fully cooperate with the NAS office.
Both Mitsubishi 5-ton trucks (2004) are used in the Jamaica Constabulary Force (JCF) to transport cutters to marijuana fields, drug samples to court, and other related administrative duties. The trucks are in good working condition.
In 2006, JCF’s 2005 Nissan Panel Van was used to transport 8,432 kilograms of ganja and 8.34 kilograms of cocaine to court as evidence. The panel truck is in good working condition.
Ten vehicles were provided to the Narcotics Police/Vetted Unit. They are used to conduct investigations and operations. Nine are in good working condition. One requires a new transmission and may not be worth repairing.
Two 2005 motorcars, one 2005 Nissan pickup, and one Toyota 2005 van were used by the Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) intelligence unit as surveillance vehicles. They were used in 70 surveillance and intelligence missions. The vehicles are part of 11 successful interdiction operations which resulted in the seizure of 19,520 lbs. of cured marihuana. Twenty-eight arrests were made.
Two Nissan SUV’s were used by the Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) to transport officers to the airports and seaports. They are in good working condition. One is located at the Kingston Office and the other is in Montego Bay. The vehicle in Montego Bay was in a minor accident. It has not yet been repaired. Both vehicles are used for the purposes intended.
Two trucks were donated to JDF for the Buccaneer eradication program. They are located at the Monague Training camp. The trucks are used exclusively to transport personnel to marijuana cultivations where they burn and destroy these illicit crops.
Two vehicles were given to the JCF Fugitive Apprehension Team. They are used for surveillance work and to transport fugitives when necessary. These vehicles are in good condition and used for the purpose intended.
A laptop was donated to the National Council on Drug Abuse (NCDA). The laptop is located at the office of the NCDA and is being used for public presentations at schools, as intended. It is in good working condition.
Six desktop computers, 3 printers, 1 scanner, 1 keyboard try, and 2 laptops are located at the office of the Narcotics Police/Vetted Unit. All of the equipment is in good working condition, except for 3 desktops in need of minor repair. The equipment is used for processing information derived from investigation and surveillance as well as routine office reports.
The JCF has six desktop computers, two laptops and three printers. The National Intelligence Bureau (NIB) has six Sony computers, five laptops, two laser printers, and 2 scanners. The JCF has one desktop computer. Jamaica Customs has eight computers and six monitors. The NAS has 2 laptops and five laser printers.
The ten portable radios and phones have assisted the JCF Narcotics Division Special Vetted Unit in fullfilling its mandate by giving them more communication capacity and allowing them to remain in surveillance position longer. They are in good working condition.
Two phone jammers have provided the JDF the capability to disable telephone communication in designated locations, giving them the advantage to achieve operational surprise.
Four cameras were donated to the JDF Coast Guard. Three of the cameras are used on the three large patrol vessels and the fourth is located at the operations room at the JDF Coast Guard. They are used to record images of interest. The cameras are in good working condition and are used for the purpose intended.
Two marine generators, one water purification system, one perma air water pressure tank, and one water tank are used by the JDF CG at Station Pedro Cays. The water tank supplies water for the personnel at the Cays. The tank is in good condition and used for the purpose intended. The other equipment has not been installed because the pier at Pedro Cays has not been completed.
GPS maps were provided to the JDF CG. Five are fitted on the unit’s inshore patrol vessels which are in five different locations; the other is at the JDF CG Cagway, Port Royal. They enhance the unit’s capability in small boat operations.
Three rescue baskets were given to the JDF Air Wing. They are in good condition. The unit has not had the opportunity to use these baskets because of the quiet hurricane season.
A Shallow Water Egress Trainer (SWET) and four cameras were given to the JDF CG. The SWET is used for training and the cameras are used to record incidents of interests. Both the SWET and the cameras are in good working condition.
Twelve brush cutters and replacement parts were donated to the Jamaica Defence Force for Buchaneer Operations. The brush cutters are presently at the Jamaica Defence Force Training Camp in Moneague. They are in good condition. The JDF Engineer Unit has the capability to repair the brush cutters.
One flatbed photo scanner was given to Jamaica Defence Force (JDF) Coast Guard. The scanner is located at the Operations Center at the Jamaica Defence Force Coast Guard and is used to reproduce photographs and documents for operations, databases, training manuals and teaching aid. It has been maintained in good working condition.
The two mobile trailers were donated to the Narcotics Police as surveillance points to monitor any illicit movement of drugs and contraband at aerodromes situated at Boscobel, St. Mary and Ken Jones in Portland. The trailer at Ken Jones was totally destroyed by termites. The other is in use but lacks electricity and water.
The JFAT has two megaphones, one camera, one photocopier, four flashlights, one binoculars, one camcorder, four tactical hoods, and one microcassette recorder.
The National Intelligence Bureau (NIB) has 4 cameras, one copier, one projector and one camcorder. The equipment is in good condition.
The Jamaican Immigration and Passport Office has one copier that is in good condition and used in support of investigations into passport/visa fraud and malfeasance. Jamaica Immigration and Passport Office personnel use the copier for general office duties as well as to provide copies of documents that are shared with consular anti-fraud officers. The Jamaica Customs uses a copier to copy education materials on drug and HIV/AIDS prevention, and life skills for about 350 inner city youth and 150 adults.
Two digital cameras are used by the Contraband Enforcement Team (CET) to photograph seized items for use in court and by other investigative units. The cameras are in excellent condition and are in daily use for the purpose intended. The ten tool kits have suffered from normal wear and tear and should be replaced. A photocopy machine is used to capture images of travel documents, seizures reports, training materials and general administrative duties.
The furniture purchased for residential use by the NAS is fully accounted for and in acceptable condition.
Safety equipment, such as life jackets, and headsets provided to the JDF Air Wing are used on all routine flights. Approximately 200 persons were air lifted to safety in post hurricane operations in July and October 2005 using two rescue baskets. Ten brush cutters were used by the JDF to destroy 119 hectares of marijuana in 2005. The JDF also used six binoculars, one projector, one shredder, 15 rappelling ropes, two cameras, one generator.
The Contraband Enforcement Teams uses two metal detectors to search large and small bags of food products and other packages for weapons. They are in good working condition and used for the purpose intended.
The NAS provided parts and equipment to refurbish a decompression chamber at the JDF Coast Guard. It is the only decompression chamber in Jamaica. The major refurbishing work of the chamber has been completed. The chamber is not presently working.
Six binoculars were given to the JDF headquarters. They have been used extensively in 14 Night Standing Observation Posts. The infomation gathered has led to successful drug seizures.
The NAS refurbished a building at the airport to house the Airport Interdiction Task Force. The renovation was completed in October 2006.
Uniforms and Field Gear
Ten turtle skin search gloves, 10 special operations gloves, 15 Eagle Beta bags, and 8 ballistics vests were provided to Narcotics Police/Vetted Unit. They are in good condition and used in operations.
Two Sea Ark vessels and two of the three Coastal Interceptors donated to the JDF Coast Guard are unserviceable. The third Coast Interceptor has been refurbished by the CG but has limitations. The CG received a quote for approximately $350,000 to redesign the three Coastal Interceptors.
The JDF Coast Guard has one refurbished 40’ Sea Ark patrol vessel and a Rigid Inflatable Hull. It is stationed on the South coast of Jamaica and is used extensively for patrolling. It operates in areas inaccessible to the large patrol vessels. This affords longer patrol periods at sea and gives the CG more flexibility while on patrol. The refurbished Sea Ark is in excellent condition and the CG has the engineering skills to ensure routine maintenance.
The Rigid Inflatable Hull is in excellent condition and maintained by the CG. It is going to be deployed to the North Coast where divers will search the bottom of the bauxite ships for drugs and contraband.
Ten life rafts were donated to the JDF. Four are at the JDF Air Wing and used on aircraft engaged in maritime operations. Six are positioned on JDF CG small vessels which are deployed at our stations. Personnel from both units have been trained to operate the rafts. They are in good condition.
Six color Global Positioning Systems (GPS’), with their electronic chart, provided real time navigational positions. The GPS’ are used on routine narcotics patrols.
Two hundred and sixty M-16 rifles were transferred under the provisions of the FY-1998 counter-narcotics drawdown in 2002 under section 506 (A)(2) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, as amended. The M-16 rifles are all accounted for. Forty-three are in the armory and the balance have been distributed to various units throughout Jamaica.
International Airport Interdiction Task Force
In 2006, post attempted to assist the GOJ in establishing the International Airport Interdiction Task Force at Kingston’s International Airport The Task Force is to be a multi-agency entity (police, customs, and immigration), which will work with Jamaica’s law enforcement partners, primarily the United States, the U.K., and Canada. As part of the effort to create a Task Force, the GOJ agreed to increase its staff. The results were extremely disappointing, demonstrating a definite need to immediately begin to implement projects that will attack widespread corruption within the enforcement community. Staffing for the Airport Interdiction Task Force has been delayed due to post’s inability to obtain candidates whose integrity is beyond question. The commissioner of police has agreed to provide additional candidates in early 2007.
National Intelligence Bureau
Most of the enforcement entities in Jamaica suffer in some degree from insufficient budget allocation by the Government of Jamaica (GOJ). As a result, some entities experience less than optimal funding for day-to-day operations (including maintenance/repairs) and for optimal staffing levels. The GOJ contends that debt servicing cuts deeply into revenues that otherwise would fund government operations. When problems are severe enough to seriously affect operations by entities assisted with INLE funds, the NAS and other members of the U.S. Mission intercede with high-level officials to correct the problem. The results are usually positive.
However, in 2006, the NAS was compelled to suspend assistance to the National Intelligence Bureau (NIB). Years of pointing out serious budgetary and staffing problems fell on deaf ears and indicated that the GOJ did not truly value the entity. The NAS advised the GOJ that it was prepared to resume assistance when these issues were effectively addressed by the GOJ and when post could determine that NIB was able to produce an acceptable level of measurable performance. The one exception to the cut off of funds was that post was prepared to pay for the polygraphing of NIB personnel, which actually began late in 2006 and should be completed by 2007.
The antinarcotics mission is to substantially reduce the flow of illicit drugs coming from Jamaica to the United States. Historically, Jamaica has been a favored Caribbean transit point for cocaine coming from South America. It is also the largest producer of cannabis in the Caribbean. INCLE assistance aims to improve the capacity of the GOJ to attack the illicit drug problem.
In 2006, significant progress was recorded. Cannabis seizures increased by over 200% from the number seized in 2005. There was a 24% increase in the number of hectares of cannabis eradicated in the field. Although cocaine seizures decreased by 29% from the 2005 figure, the quantity of cocaine going to the United States through Jamaica continued to be less significant than in earlier years.
The reduction in cocaine seizures was a positive indicator from the standpoint that, within the Caribbean context, improved enforcement capacity deterred trafficking through Jamaica as traffickers preferred less risky sites such as the Domical Republic and Haiti. The deterrent largely resulted from improved, intelligence driven operations which successfully targeted major cocaine traffickers over the past three years. In 2005, two such targets, were arrested and await extradition to the Unite States. They allegedly provided maritime transport for cocaine shipments from South American. During that regionally coordinated operation, five tons of cocaine was seized in international waters.
Trafficking patterns and methods change. In 2007, the political administration in Mexico could damage trafficking organizations so severely they we could see a shift back to the Caribbean route. Cocaine still transits Jamaica and post suspects that in 2006, there was an upsurge in that activity over the previous year. Traffickers changed their preference from using air strips and “go fast” boats to smuggling cocaine via air drops and containized maritime shipments. It is important for the GOJ to sustain and improve its enforcement capacity, looking particularly at its vulnerabilities, especially with respect to containerized shipments.
As opportunities for cocaine interdiction decreased in Jamaica, they increased with regard to cannabis for a couple of reasons. Improved weather conditions contributed to skyrocketing cultivation levels over the past couple of years. Following arrests of major cocaine traffickers, a new generation of traffickers is emerging. At this stage they prefer to trade home grown cannabis for cocaine, which does not necessarily transit Jamaica. It is a tribute to Jamaica enforcement that, as the opportunities for cannabis seizures increased, they have responded effectively using the capacity developed to attack cocaine smuggling.
The NAS performs the End Use Monitoring of commodities year-round, conducting periodic inspections of vehicles, computers, boats, etc in Nassau and Freeport. DEA, Army, and Coast Guard personnel, assigned to Operation Bahamas and Turks and Caicos (OPBAT), provide on-going reports on the status of equipment infrastructure at the helicopter bases in Andros, Exuma, and Great Inagua Islands. NAS personnel visit these remote facilities periodically to inspect the status of NAS-funded commodities and equipment. The officials of the Bahamian Government fully cooperated with NAS on the End Use Monitoring process.
The NAS purchased a SUV for the Turks and Caicos police in 2005. NAS continues monitoring the status and condition of vehicles purchased in previous years. Most of the vehicles purchased were purchased prior to 2000 and are in need of repair or no longer serviceable.
The pickup located in Inagua is in good working order and is being used by the DEU in Great Inagua. The pickup that was located in Exuma is in the RBPF repair yard awaiting parts to repair its transmission.
As drug traffickers seek the safest and most expeditious ways to move their contraband, obtaining intelligence concerning their plans and methods becomes even more critical. These criminals constantly upgrade their communications equipment, taking advantage of the latest technological breakthroughs to avoid detection. The NAS continues to support the maintenance and upgrade of intelligence-gathering capabilities of the RBDF Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) by providing electronic surveillance equipment and tools. This equipment is in the custody of the DEU and is kept in excellent condition.
In 2002, the NAS procured an Advanced Digital Audio Collection System (ACADS) for the DEU office in Nassau. In 2004, the NAS purchased an Ion scanner to assist law enforcement units in conducting searches in concealed compartments. Bahamian officers continue to receive training in its use and maintenance. High technology intelligence-gathering equipment donated to the RBDF in the past is maintained in excellent condition at the Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU) offices in Nassau and Freeport. The NAS also provided training on the use and proper maintenance of this equipment to DEU officials.
NAS-donated computers, although aging, are being used by the DEU, the RBDF Forensic Laboratory, the Police College, Customs Department, and National Drug Council. These agencies do an outstanding job of maintaining their NAS-donated computers and office equipment. The NAS continues to maintain the highly technical Office Network System donated in 2003. It communicates with Nassau and Freeport.
The NAS purchased eleven work stations for the RBDF Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU). The DEU refurbished its area to allow more investigators use of the computer facilities and electronic equipment previously provided by the NAS. The remodeling remedied an overcrowding situation that forced investigators to share work simultaneously. In addition, the NAS purchased a color printer for the National Drug Council for use in its anti-drug campaign.
The Joint Information Collection Center (JICC) makes use of a small number of computers and other office equipment provided by the NAS. The JICC has a full-time computer technician who does an excellent job of maintaining the equipment. The JICC continues to make a very small contribution to the Bahamian counternarcotics effort. The value of the data collected is very limited.
The three NAS-donated interceptor boats, two high performance, triple engine, diesel-powered Nor-tech and a 12-meter outboard motored Avenger continue to be used effectively in drug interdiction missions. The boats provide vital “end game” capabilities for OPBAT helicopter pursuits. NAS-funded maintenance contracts provide a cost effective means for keeping these boats operational. In 2006, the NAS purchased trailers to allow these vessels to be moved around the country. giving greater flexibility to the police in deploying these assets and saving engine time and maintenance costs.
The boat trailers are in good condition and housed at the Police College. They are used to transport two NAS-funded fast boats.
OPBAT structures are jointly used by USG personnel, Bahamian and Turks and Caicos law enforcement officers. The NAS is responsible for funding some of the maintenance and repairs at these sites, primarily those used by host nation personnel and those shared by all three nations, such as water supply, sewage treatment and pest control.
The NAS purchased an aggressive drug-sniffing dog for use by the RBPF in Freeport, Grand Bahama. The dog is deployed at the airport, seaport, and the Freeport Container Port to search for illegal narcotics. The dog also has been displayed at schools to encourage students to avoid drug use. The RBPF built a kennel for the dog in its main police units station in Freeport.
Uniforms and Field Gear
In 2006, the NAS purchased floatation vets, holsters, camelbacks and heeds bottles for officers from the Royal Turks and Caicas Island Police Force assigned to the OPBAT base in Great Inagua. Similar gear was purchased for the RBDF Strike Force in 2005.
In 2005, the NAS funded part of the replacement of existing housing units in Georgetown. These units were dedicated in February 2006. OPBAT structures are jointly used by USG personnel, Bahamian and Turks and Caicos law enforcement officers. NAS funds some of the maintenance and repairs at these cities, primarily those items used by host national personnel and those shared by all three nations, such as water supplies, sewage treatment and pest control.
The Advanced Digital Collection System is located at the Royal Bahamas Police Force’s (RBDF) Drug Enforcement Unit (DEU). It is in good condition and continues to be used to investigate drug trafficking organizations.
The Ion scanner is in good condition. It is located with the DEU Marine Unit and is being used to search boats for hidden compartments and narcotics.
The major problem facing the Bahamas is a lack of funding for law enforcement agencies. This results in poorly equipped officers and hampers joint interdiction efforts. In 2005 and 2006, the NAS purchased a variety of safety and tactical gear, including tactical entry tools, land goggles, batons, and floatation vests for DEU Strike Force Officials and Strike Force Officials from the Royal Turks and Caicas Islands Police Force.
Lack of funding also affects Bahamian authorities’ ability to provide upgrades and maintenance for USG-donated equipment. The NAS has provided maintenance contracts and implemented the use of logs to ensure that high-priced commodities receive adequate maintenance and are in working order. The NAS has also provided technical assistance in the form of training-the-trainer sessions to ensure that personnel know how to handle donated equipment. Post also continues to encourage the GOB to invest assets seized in its interdiction efforts back into the law enforcement agencies.
NAS donations continue to have a significant impact on host nation efforts to stem the flow of drugs through the Bahamas into the United States. NAS donations, along with the excellent work of U.S. and Bahamian law enforcement personnel, have reduced the flow of cocaine through the Bahamas to the U.S. from upwards of 70 percent in the 1980’s to less than 10 percent today. Without an adequate tax base, and many competing demands for limited resources, the Bahamas depends upon NAS donations. Bahamian law enforcement officials and USG counterparts enjoy a very close working relationship. Careful review and detailed planning occur prior to the approval of any request for supplies and equipment. NAS intelligence gathering and surveillance equipment made it possible for law enforcement to dismantle two Bahamian based drug trafficking organizations in 2006 with the arrest of nine individuals in the U.S. and Bahamas. An indictment has been sealed and negotiations with the GCOB have begun for the extradition of a narcotics trafficker located in the Bahamas. The NAS will continue to work with the GCOB to review the effectiveness and cost-efficiency of all USG-funded programs.
PORT AU PRINCE
Post INL Police Program Manager, the INL/NAS Program Specialist, and Contract Pacific Architects and Engineers (PAE), maintain regular and frequent contact with the Haitian National Police (HNP) and the Financial Investigation Unit (FIU) to monitor the status of donated equipment. For each donation, a donation letter is signed by the GOH representative receiving the equipment, commodities or supplies. If the equipment is ordered and distributed by PAE, a complete inventory is forwarded to the INL Program Specialist along with hand receipt documents detailing the date, location, and who received the equipment.
Periodically, the INL Program Manager, and the Program specialist, PAE, DEA, MLO, CGLO conduct on-spot monitoring while conducting operations or while working with Haitian Government counterparts. If equipment is out- of-order or cannot be repaired, post, in conjunction, with PAE, requests a written notification for the office in custody of the equipment before it is disposed of or withdrawn from service. Post ensures that the equipment is inspected before being removed. There is good collaboration between the Haitian government and post.
Weapons are distributed under very strict procedures that ensure their distribution only to Leahy-Vetted and trained HNP officers. Their distribution is strictly authorized and supervised by the INL Police Program Manager/Senior Police Adviser. Weapons are stored in an armory located at the Police Academy which is under strict INL control. All distributed weapons are kept in the database developed in 2005 and administered by the US UNPOL. The ballistics testing of weapons is done at the Forensics Lab which is located at the Police Academy. All weapons are accounted for by the Embassy INL Police Program Manager/Senior Police Adviser.
In December 2006, 40 trucks (Ford Ranger Pick Ups) and 78 Suzuki motorcycles were donated to the Haitian National Police to improve their presence on the street as well as to provide means of transportation for the18th class of police officers as they are deployed. They were all assigned to the Patrol and the Traffic Division. Of the 78 motorcycles, 75 were assigned to the HNP and three were donated to the BLTS (anti-narcotics unit of the HNP) and SIU units.
The 64 computers previously donated to various HNP units are in good working condition. The twenty-five computers donated to the FIU and 3 of the 4 laptops provided to the Financial Crime Task Force are in good condition as well. They are being used for the purpose intended. One laptop needs repair. Two HP 3650 printers donated in 2004 to the FIU will be disposed of. The 11 computers donated to the Haitian Coast Guard are functioning and in good condition. One Hewlett Packard was donated to the BLTS.
Eleven computers were donated to the Haitian Coast Guard (HCG) base in Killick. An additional computer and printer were assigned to the HCG station in Cap Haitian. The items donated to Cap Haitian have not yet been installed due to the absence of a generator to provide electricity during the frequent power outages. A total of 62 computers were donated to various HNP units. Twenty-five computers were donated to the Central Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) and four laptops were provided to the Financial Crimes Task Force, along with various office furniture. The Joint Intelligence Command Center (JICC) equipment remains non-functional. It has not been repaired or replaced.
The USG has donated 12 vessels to the HCG. Two 40-foot MonArk patrol craft were overhauled in 2005 and a third was refitted in 2006. Three refurbished 32-foot Eduardono fast boats were delivered to the HCG in 2005 and 2006. Two are in working order. One MonArk and two Eduardonos, one of which is not in operating condition due to stress fractures, are harbored in Cap Haitian. Four 25-foot Boston Whalers were provided, but only one remains in service. The other three are considered unserviceable, with one static display due to hull integrity compromise. A project to restore a 65-foot swift boat in Port-au-Prince was approved but upon further evaluation by USN engineering experts, it is unlikely that the boat can be cost-effectively put back in service. Instead, the funds may be used to overhaul three additional hulls which were previously assigned to the Haitian Port authority but have not been in service for several yeas. A USCG industrial engineering team from Miami is scheduled to assess these hulls for use by the HCG. The highest priority for future projects in Port-au-Prince include a badly overdue dredging of the harbor in which the HCG operates, repair and replacement of the pier and the purchase and installation of heavy weather moorings.
In 2006, the following were renovated and refurbished: the recruiting office, the student barrack, the reading groom, the classrooms, the administration building, the instructors barrack, the water system, the ballistic tank, the garage, the kitchen, the medical facility, the chapel/lecture hall, the bathrooms and bathroom roof, and the armory. A fuel station and a protective fence around it were also installed at the academy. The fuel supply contract was also provided for the HNP fleet. At the end of 2006, the construction of a water well was funded and completed to improve the water supply at the Academy. The entry gate at the academy is under construction. Three police stations were renovated and furnished: Leogane, Petit Goave, and Carrefour. Two model stations in Thiotte and Croix des bouquets are under construction. The SWAT base has been renovated.
In 2006, INL/NAS funded the replacement of the floating dock at the Coast Guard base in Cap Haitian and the repair of the boat ramp with a gate installed to facilitate planned maritime operations. The boat ramp is being expanded at an appropriate grade. The repair of the swimming pool at the Coast Guard in Port-au-Prince is in process and a 25KW generator has been ordered.
INL funded the installation of communications systems composed of solar-powered radio stations with portable radios throughout 6 regions in 70 rural communities to improve the capacity of the communications system of the HNP throughout the country. In 2006, 279 portable radios, plus 36 base stations, chargers and antenna were ordered to improve the radio communications system of the HNP, the Coast Guard Base in Cap Haitian, the Killick (Coast Guard) base in Port-au-Prince, and the Special Investigative Unit. The radio systems and all associated equipment and accessories have been ordered and expected to arrive soon. INL funded the repair of 87 portable radios belong to the HNP.
Uniforms and Field Gear
A wide array of essential police equipment was donated to various units within the HNP. Items include web gear, helmets, batons, holsters, flashlights, duty belts, bulletproof vests, boots, riot gear, tear gas, launchers, and smoke grenades.
The USG donated 2,657 weapons as part of the project to reform the HNP in August 2005. Out of 24 M-4’s, twenty were sent to the SWAT team and four to BLTS. Twenty shotguns went to twenty members of the18th training class. Other weapons such as .38 caliber handguns were also distributed to cadets of the Weapons Data Base. Nine members of the National Police Security have been equipped with Smith @Wesson 9mm handguns. They were all trained and Leahy-vetted. Fifty-seven 357 caliber handguns, three hundred forty-one .38 caliber handguns and sixty 9 MM are inoperable. Four thousand rounds of 5.56, and 4000 rounds of 7.63 were issued to the HNP in September 2006 for training purposes. Each vetted cadet in the training class received 75 rounds for practice and 12 rounds for duty after graduation. In addition. non-lethal weapons including smoke grenades, air horns, gas mask 37 mm white smoke projectiles, 37 mm singe shot launchers and riot control grenades were provided to the training class. Weapons are issued only for use by vetted officers trained and certified in the use of these weapons.
In 2006, INL financed surveillance equipment for the BLTS and the SIU. An Ion Scanner and all related accessories were donated to the BLTS to improve their drug detection capability. Equipment such as inner and outer belts, belt keepers, handcuffs and handcuff case, speed loader and case, flashlight and flashlight holder, baton and baton holder, ammo and ammo pouch was issued to police cadets upon their successful completion of the training at the HNP police Academy.
Even though there is a democratically elected government now in Haiti, the social, economic and political situation is still not stable. Haiti is bankrupt and torn by social conflict; its endemic instability threatens U.S. national security and regional stability. Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. Kidnapping is the new form of social disturbance and the HNP is ill equipped and under-staffed to react and combat this crime which is destabilizing all aspects of Haitian life. The HNP is not yet structured to maintain an inventory control system that will ensure effective accountability of USG donations. The infrastructure at the HCG Killick base suffers form similar challenges faced throughout Haiti-deterioration of equipment and facilities due to neglected maintenance and misuse.
End Use Monitoring was complicated and hampered by the lack of historical data, documents and files referring to prior years donations. Extensive research was made to account for what post believes to be a compilation of most, if not all, prior donations. A tracking system is now in place to account for all present and future procurements done by the U.S. Embassy for all donations.
The USG support provided to the HNP contributes tremendously to its professional- ization and improves its capability to act as a viable and effective police force of the type post envisions. Post’s continued support to the police academy is leading to an upgraded and equipped Police Academy able to handle new recruits and in-service training for 600-800 students simultaneously. INL funding support permits the Police academy to meet basic needs.
The vehicles and motorcycles allow a better police presence in the major cities and allow transport to all the remote areas. Post observed a decrease in the existing insecurity because of more police presence on the streets. The radios provided to the HNP give them the capability to communicate with the rest of the country.
The presence of well-trained police offices on the streets of Port-au-Prince made the population feel more at ease. The people can send their children back to school again. This sense of security is mainly due to USG contribution to the HNP.
The Police Academy projects have contributed to recruiting, vetting and hiring good qualified police officers with no criminal records. Their rehabilitation of the juvenile detention facility brought the living conditions for juvenile detainees to acceptable international norms of human rights.
PORT OF SPAIN
Each recipient of INL-funded equipment is given the “Guidelines for INL Provided Equipment Receipt.” Resources provided to the Government of Trinidad and Tobago (GOTT) are monitored primarily through quarterly reports to the Embassy that detail the location, status and use of the equipment, as required by USG-GOTT Letters of Agreement. A central office in the Ministry of National Security also receives a copy of these reports. The Embassy’s Political/INL officer, Military Liaison Officer, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Agents, U.S. Customs Officers, IRS Agents, other Embassy officers and the INL Program specialist monitor the resources when visiting sites where equipment is located. The GOTT recipient agencies are generally cooperative in allowing site visits as requested, but are frequently late in submitting written reports.
The Cessna 172 aircraft has been out-of-service since 1994 because of severe mechanical problems and lack of funding for replacement parts. It is presently in storage. However, the long-term plan for the Cessna 172 is to return it to service for use as a training platform. The Cessna 310 returned to service in 2006 after undergoing engine repair.
One of the two Navajos was in service in 2006. The other has been deemed unserviceable and is used for training.
One of the C-26 aircraft was in serviceable condition throughout 2006; the other has been grounded since January 2005. Repairs have been completed and the aircraft is due back in the country by the end of February 2007.
One of the Bowen "go-fast" boats incurred damage to its hull and has been out of service since 2002. This vessel does not appear salvageable. The second vessel was operational during 2006.
The four 82-ft Class Patrol Craft were inspected in 2006 and parts were replaced as needed. All of the vessels are operational and frequently conduct patrols of the coast of Trinidad and Tobago. Three vessels are headquartered in Trinidad, and the fourth vessel is headquartered in Tobago. One of the vessels is outfitted with complete radar, an electronic package, reducers and converters.
The 30-foot U.S. Customs vessel and two 29-foot Phantom interceptors are operational and used in counternarcotics/law enforcement interdiction operations initiated by the Trinidad and Tobago Customs and Excise Division and in interagency operations.
Three of the four Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) were fully operational during 2006. These craft were used extensively in maritime interdiction operational around Trinidad.
One of the two 40 ft interceptors is down for repairs; the second vessel has been fully functional during 2006.
All three Zodiac Hurricanes are unserviceable. One does not have an engine. The second Hurricane was unserviceable due to impeller and wiring defects. The third Hurricane has damaged pontoons. The vessels do not appear to be salvageable. The Board of Survey to will determine disposal.
The six night-scopes were in use and fully operational in 2006. The TTCG and its Special Naval Unit share the night scopes. The hand-held Global Positioning System receiver was fully functional and in use throughout the year. The data scopes, infrared cameras, and three handheld Global Positioning System receivers were fully functional and in use throughout 2006.
The four right-hand drive vehicles that replaced the SUV’s donated to the Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit were fully functional during the year. The vehicles allow the task force to conduct surveillance and interdict narcotics trafficking throughout the country.
U.S. Customs-Provided Radar
The six U.S. Customs-donated radars provide the GOTT with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking. At any given time during the year, between two and three installations are fully functional. The radar systems, via realtime feeds, allows the JOCC to coordinate the interdiction of vessels suspected of narcotics trafficking, as well as vessels suspected of fisheries violations. However, the limited operational status of the radar installations has hampered the efforts of the JOCC personnel. There are only two operational radars. The U.S. donated radars have not markedly improved this situation because the components are not necessarily compatible with the GOTT. The multimeter and scopemeter are used in maintaining the six radar installations.
The laptop computer donated to TT Customs and Excise Division in December 1999 became unserviceable and had to be replaced. The computer equipment provided to the Counter Narcotics and Crime Task Force (CNCTF) allows information and intelligence to be analyzed in a more comprehensive and timely manner than would otherwise not be possible. The computers, electronic equipment, and safe were in use throughout the year with the exception of ten monitors, one printer, and a micro recorder.
Computers are installed at the Customs and Excise Prevention Branch and at key stations of the Customs and Excise Division. They give the branch an automated database system, providing continuous connectivity of the branch as well as key stations of the Customs and Excise Division in Trinidad and Tobago, and other related law enforcement agencies.
The 25 laptop computers and three desktop computers donated to the Board of Inland Review are fully functional. The attorneys and new criminal tax investigators use the equipment daily.
The two Compaq computers, printers, and monitors are fully operational at the Ministry of Health.
In 2001, post donated 4 Jaguar computers with viewsonic monitors, 1 HP LaserJet printer, 2 Sony digital photo printers to the OIJ Narcotics section.
Computers and other equipment were donated to the Intellectual Property Rights Office (IPR) in July 2004. All of the computers and other equipment are fully functional and are used by the staff of the IPO in their Parent and Trademark Databases to assist in scanning, recording, monitoring and investigating intellectual property rights.
Computers and associated peripherals were installed at the Board of Inland Revenue. Criminal Investigation Unit members were trained on the equipment and in investigative techniques in early 2003. Legal and Enforcement training started in January 2004.
The two computer workstations, donated to the Joint Operations Command Center (JOCC) in 1994 are not able to access the LAN due to their incompatibility with Windows NT. One of them is used to transmit information to and from EPIC while the other serves as a backup.
The Organized Crime and Narcotics Unit's (OCNU’s) thirty (30) hand-held radios are out in the field, at Piarco Airport and at OCNU's headquarters. The Interpol radios were in use throughout the year. All ten radios are in good condition.
The ten radios provided to the Interpol Liaison Office were in use throughout the quarter. They were used to conduct communications between Interpol, other TTPS units and the TT Customs and Excise Division. All are in good condition.
The six installed radars provided the Customs and Excise Division with information vital to detecting, tracking, and intercepting vessels and aircraft suspected of narcotics trafficking radars. The GOTT has contracted to replace the six radars.
The kool kube, battering ram, handcuffs, tape recorders, binoculars, bullet proof vests (35), camera kit, chainsaws, electronic surveillance equipment, night vision goggles and brush cutters are all operational and in use by the OCNU. None of the equipment is checked out to individual officers. All are kept at headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The boots, bulletproof vests, chainsaws, and brush cutters, were particularly valuable as defenses against booby traps planted by marijuana growers. The brush cutters have been serviced and are operating at an acceptable level.
The two TT Defense Force (TTDF) hand-held Global Positioning System receivers were fully functional and in use throughout the year. The unit is regularly used during marijuana eradication operations to help locate marijuana fields and to position troops.
The Redman gear and gym mats have greatly enhanced the ability of TT Customs and Excise to train its officers in both hand-to-hand combat and personal defense.
The handcuffs provided to the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS) are used to transport prisoners to and from court as well as in general police work. The digital camera and micro-cassette recorders were in use throughout the year to record interviews/interrogations of suspects and have led to a higher success rate with regard to prosecutions based on such interviews. The three digital cameras are functioning well; the fourth is not powering up. These cameras are used at crime scenes to document evidence and for mug shots. The editing VCR was fully functional and in use throughout the year. The bulletproof vests protect the officers during law enforcement operations.
Thirty (30) iron beds and the woodworking equipment are at the Piparo empowerment center. All items are in good condition and in use by the Piparo residents.
Brushcutters have been serviced and are fully functional. All equipment is kept at OCNU headquarters and checked out for specific missions. The cutters were used extensively in 2006.
The TV and the VCR have significantly increased the number of children exposed to the counterdrug videos of the Police Youth club. Having the equipment on site has allowed greater flexibility in terms of when and how frequently club members are exposed to counterdrug videotapes.
The steel soled boots, bulletproof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chair saws and brush cutters were used in marijuana eradication efforts. Boots, bulletproof vest, and leggings were valuable defenses against booby traps planted by the marijuana growers.
The two explosive detection canines arrived in country in June 2005 along with two which were donated to the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS). They continue to be used extensively at the airports and other points of entry, in addition to being used in the explosive detection unit.
The INL program employs a full time INL Assistant to staff the office and to monitor equipment use. In spite of meetings with officials responsible for compiling data for the end use report, post continues to experience delays in receiving the necessary reports from post’s GOTT counterparts. Post is otherwise unaware of any significant problems in the course of the year’s equipment use.
Adequate staffing remains the biggest obstacle in narcotics and law enforcement. The GOTT continues to take the necessary steps to ease their manpower shortage, but some government entities still do not have the required manpower to fully use the INL-funded services and commodities provided.
The GOTT conducted numerous marijuana eradication operations, and improved training and general maintenance of aircraft over the years. As in previous years, the GOTT funded repairs of its vehicles and vessels, and will likely continue this trend in the coming year. GOTT law enforcement agencies benefited from INL-funded equipment and training; apprehended couriers at airports attempting to smuggle narcotics into the U.S. According to GOTT law enforcement personnel, marijuana eradication operations occurred on an almost daily basis. In addition, the GOTT took steps to strengthen its counterdrug air and maritime surveillance interdiction capability. The GOTT provided significant resources for the TTCGAW and its two C-26 aircraft, upgraded at GPTT expense with maritime sensor packages. GOTT law enforcement entities participated in several GOTT-orchestrated counternarcotics law enforcement operations in 2006.
The Piper Navajo and C-26 aircrafts flew a total of 150 missions, logging over 500 flying hours, including patrol, support, training and counternarcotics missions. However, a lack of reporting by the TTCG and TTCAW made it difficult to determine if the C-26 intelligence gathered has been acted upon. The sensor/maintenance has greatly enhanced the Air Wing’s ability to patrol the area surrounding Trinidad and Tobago.
The Combat Rigid Raiding Craft (CRRC) conducted 50 patrols covering over 2,000 nautical miles resulting in 35 seizures/intercepts. The one operational Bowen G-Fast boat conducted more than 40 patrols; made 42 narcotics seizures and/or intercepts; and covered 400 nautical miles. The four 82-ft patrol boats conducted a total of 184 counternarcotics/law enforcement patrols and 82 seizures and/or intercepts covering over 7,561 nautical miles.
The CCRC’s, the one operational Bowen Go-Fast boat, the four 82-ft patrol boat and the two 40ft interceptors together conducted 200 patrols and intercepted over 4000 kg of marijuana and cocaine along with small arms and ammunition and other contraband in 2006.
The two 29 ft. Phantoms and the other Customs vessels have played a key role in monitoring the nation’s coast and surrounding waters. During 2006, Customs officials conducted more than 150 counter-drug/law enforcement patrols and frequently operated in conjunction with TTCG and other GOTT law enforcement agencies when performing those operations. However, the operations of the Customs Marine Interdiction Unit (MIU) continue to suffer some restriction due to staff shortages
The steel soled boots, bullet-proof vests, gloves, jerseys, leggings, chain saw and brush cutes were used in the marijuana eradication effort. OCNFB used the equipment to conduct 78 exercises between January 1 and December 8, 2006. During that period 151 fields were destroyed with over 192,550 fully grown trees, 47,400 seedlings on 12,322 hectares of land and 271,264 kg of cured marijuana.
The SNGC has participated in nine maritime counterdrug operations, which increased the deterrence factor along the pacific and Caribbean coast of Costa Rica. Results include hundreds of at-sea boardings, the detention of dozens of vessels for illegal fishing, the detention of suspect go-fast refuelers, and the rescue of a sinking ferry with 48 passengers. The SNGC has also provided port security for visiting U.S. law enforcement vessels.
The implementation of the Audio Digital Recording Systems has decreased trial time by about 50% and production of Notes of Evidence for judgement and appeals by the same. The increased pace allows litigation more cases to be disposed of during this period than was filed. Freeing up any backlog speeds up the appeal process and provides faster and more efficient access to justice for an accused.
The computers have assisted the Ministry of Legal Affairs in becoming a fully automated entity by complimenting and enhancing the efforts of the office. The range of access to the patent information services has been increased and continues to provide up-to-date transactions of all Intellectual Property applications.
The National Directorate of Drug Control (DNCD), the Director of Migration, and the Superintendent of Banks maintain inventories and USG-donated equipment. The NAS officer frequently visits offices for formal on-site inspections spot checks on the status, condition, and use of equipment. Assets that have reached the end of their useful life are reported to the NAS, formally inspected by a NAS representative, and retired from inventory based on a letter of release from the NAS.
DEA and U.S. military representative from DAO and MAAG carry out informal on-site monitoring during operations or when interacting with local counterparts. All embassy law enforcement personnel stress to counterparts their accountability for proper use and care of INL-donated equipment. In 2005, the NAS received excellent monitoring cooperation from the receiving GODR agencies and counterparts without exception.
Four vehicles were purchased in 2006 for the DNCD Sensitive Investigations Unit (SIU), bringing the total of USG-donated vehicles since 2001 to 24 (15 vehicles and 9 motorcycles). Of these, one motorcycle was stolen in 2003. Some minor accidents have occurred, but vehicular insurance has covered the majority of repair costs. All USG-donated vehicles and motorcycles are in operational condition and being used for the intended purposes. A vehicle donated to the Bani shelter for victims of domestic violence in FY-2004 continues to see limited use due to lack of funds for fuel.
Radio communications equipment including a third repeater tower, 28 hand-held radios, scramblers, and related components were supplied to the police/military Border Intelligence Units (DOIFs). The repeaters give radio communications coverage along the border with Haiti for use by the DOIF’s and DNCD. Repeaters have been installed in Santiago and Santo Domingo and at the airports in Punta Cana, La Romana, and Santiago. Six NAS-donated repeaters were operating normally at year’s end. Two mountaintop repeaters along the Haitian border were inoperative due to theft of their solar panels by persons unknown. The repeater at the Punta Cana airport was awaiting relocation due to new construction. Operational support to the DOIF’s was terminated in late 2003 when the NAS determined that the primary purpose of those units, intelligence collection and reporting, was not being achieved in any useful manner. The following equipment was previously donated to the DNCD: Motorola MX-350 radios (8); ICOM radio receivers (6); Motorola syntor x9000 mobile radios (3); Motorola "Micro" radio repeaters (9); Motorola "Saber" radios (12); Motorola "Spectra" radio bases (25); Motorola "Spectra" mobile radios (12). The current radio communications system is adequate to accomplish the goals of the counternarcotics agencies.
The JICC operates with 17 workstations. Embassy officers routinely work with the JICC and ensure that all computer equipment purchased by INL is fully used and maintained. The JICC received software to implement the Guardian system.
All computer equipment donated to the DNCD, CND, National Police, and Immigration is in operational condition and being used for the intended purposes. In a few cases, e.g., in the CND financial investigations unit, the equipment is not being used to its full potential due to GODR program deficiencies. Computers donated to the DOIF’s remain mostly in nonoperational condition. The border units have showed little interest in maintaining donated equipment. Computers recently donated to the J-2 are in excellent condition and being used for the intended purpose of improving communication between field units and headquarters.
Computer equipment includes 68 Dell computers, 31 LaserJet printers, and 14 modems. The following equipment was donated to Immigration: 31 Compaq Desk Pro computers; 35 High resolution monitors; 3 Compaq PL 1600 servers; 4 HP LaserJet 4050N printers; 33 UPS backups. The following equipment was donated to the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU): 1 Dell Poweredge 4400 server; 4 Dell Optiplex GX110 computers; 2 Dell laptops; 1 HP LaserJet printer. The NAS purchased computer equipment for the newly established National Police Trafficking in Persons Investigation Unit and supplied racks for equipment previously provided.
Search and Rescue personal computer software was previously acquired through a Foreign Military Financing (FMF) case. The Dominican Navy is using the software for search and rescue operations.
Several vessels were transferred to the Dominican Navy under Section 516 Excess Defense Article (EDA) program between 1995 and 2006. Of these, three have been sunk and one, a tugboat is due to be sunk this year. Two tugboats, three dredging vessels, eight patrol boats, four rescue boats, five auxiliary longboats are fully operational. Two tugboats are under lease to a Dominium towing company. Several vessels, while operational, await repair, including one of the six Rigid Hull Inflatable Boats (RHIB’s) acquired in 1994 to patrol the rivers and coasts near the ports, three patrol boats, a tugboat, and two coast guard cutters. As many as eight vessels, are out-of-service, and in poor condition due to systematic inattention to preventive maintenance and lack of funds for repairs.
Two of the donated UH-1Hs are still fully operational and being used for their intended purposes of anti-narcotics, Search and Rescue, as an alternative for support and transportation. Of the 4 UH-Hs grounded in 2005, one is in the process of being repaired and is expected to be flyable in April 2007. The other three have not been refurbished for lack of funds.
In 2006, the NAS provided support to the Cuerpo Especializado en Seguridad Aeropuertuaria (CESA) explosives-sniffing canine units in the form of training and recertification of the canine handlers at five major Dominion airports: Santo Domingo, Punta Cana, Puerto Plata, La Romana, and Santiago. CESA is in possession of 27 USG-donated dogs, spread across the aforementioned airports. The dogs are in good condition and the trainers continue to meet expectations.
The DNCD drug-sniffing dog program has 29 dog-and-handler teams, including four dogs in Punta Cana, five in La Romana, and four in Santo Domingo. Thirteen dogs in Punta Cana at DNCD headquarters in Santo Domingo need to be replaced due to age or poor quality of work. The majority of DNCD dogs and all five CESA bomb-sniffing dogs are in good health.
The following are in use by the DNCD: 17 Craig recorders, 17 Sony recorders, 7 Panasonic recorders, 20 headphones, 25 Radio Shack tele-recording controls, 4 fax machines, 4 Pentax cameras, 1 CD-Rom reader, two digital cameras, 4 fax machines, helmets, handcuffs, bullet-proof vests, and electronic typewriters, concealed recording devices and transcription equipment. Each DOIF received a stock of flashlights, handcuffs, and nylon wrist/ankle ties. The NAS bought surveillance equipment, office furniture, and appliances for the DEA vetted unit in 2002.
The NAS purchased and installed a new 35kv generator to help protect the increasingly complex Information Systems Unit from frequent power outages. The recently installed lightning rod system continued to control dangerous power surges during summer storms. Non-functional vehicles were formally inspected and removed from DNCD inventory.
The NAS continued to fund regular maintenance of generators and UPS equipment for the DNCD and for the Bani Center for victims of domestic violence.
Budget cuts have forced the NAS to focus on core programs, including DNCD support, National Police training facilities, and port security. In an effort to reinvigorate the DOIF’s, the NAS will fund a Mobile Training Team (MTT) in intelligence collection and reporting during 2005. The NAS will also invest in drug use prevention and rehabilitation efforts of several NGO’s and in public service campaigns to discourage illegal migration and trafficking of Dominicans.
Vehicles, vessels, and other complex equipment subject to rough treatment tend to suffer from systemic inattention to preventive maintenance and lack of funds for repairs. The Dominican Navy, having received delivery of six refurbished patrol craft and two newly constructed vessels, is unable to employ them due to lack of fuel filters and other routine maintenance supplies. The problem originated when, responding to rising costs during extended contract negotiations, the Navy chose to save money by giving up the contractor’s maintenance package, rather than reducing their procurement by one ship. The Navy’s Maintenance Command has been re-established but the base at Las Calderas, intended site of the reconstituted maintenance school, lacks necessary equipment, parts, and training. INL budget projections offer little hope of near-term relief, but part of the requirement may be supplied from U.S. military sources.
The biggest problem to overcome in the battle against Dominican Republic-based drug trafficking, international crime, and potential terrorist support is endemic corruption. Establishment of a new norm of public service without bribery and favoritism is a prerequisite for any real progress in strengthening the judicial law enforcement systems. However, due to an excellent working relationship between the USG agencies and their local counterparts, NAS-provided resources are not at great risk for misuse. This excellent working relationship will continue to rank high on the Embassy’s priority list for many years to come.
DNCD effectiveness in counternarcotics affairs is almost completely attributable to equipment, training, and close support provided by DEA and the NAS over several years. The NAS is attempting to cement the same relationship with the National Police, Cuero Especializado de Seguridad Aeroportuaria (CESA), Cuerpo Especializado de Seguridad Portuaria (CESEP), and the National Drug Council. Other agencies in the Embassy’s law enforcement community are working with National Police, Customs, Immigration, the National Investigation Department (FBI equivalent), DNCD and military agencies with law enforcement powers including CESA and CESEP. Continued law enforcement cooperation with the Government of the Dominion Republic (GODR) is vital to avoid losing the battle to smart, well-organized delinquent gangs and their corrupted hencemen in official positions.