2006 End-Use Monitoring Report: South America
The INL program assistant conducted periodic visits throughout the year to verify the status of commodities located in the outlying areas of the country. In addition, new color-coded and numbered stickers were placed on all items that were donated to the Government of Paraguay (GOP) to include vehicles and office furniture. INL provides computer equipment, software, training course, vehicles, and tactical equipment to a variety of Paraguayan Government agencies. These agencies include the Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD), the Financial Analysis Unit (SEPRELAD), the Ministry of Women for Trafficking in Persons Program, the Specialized Investigation Unit (UTE), and the Statistics Center Unit of the Ministry of Industry and Commerce (MIC).
All items provided to SENAD, SEPRELAD, the UTE, MIC, and the Ministry of Woman’s Affairs are in good working condition, except for a few equipment items that were identified as deteriorated by normal wear and tear. The deteriorated equipment was separated out in order to proceed with the proper disposal. The GOP maintains INL-provided commodities in several field locations including Ybyturuzu, Ciudad Del Este, Concepcin, Mariscal Estigarriba, Asuncion and Pedro Juan Caballero. All equipment is used for its intended purpose.
The SENAD has 21 INL-provided vehicles ranging in model years from 1996 to 2005. These vehicles are in good condition and are currently in use by SENAD for operational and interdiction purposes. Also, SENAD has four INL-provided motorcycles. UTE has three INL-funded vehicles for operational and interdiction purposes. These vehicles are in excellent condition.
INL provided computer equipment to UTE, SEPRELAD, SENAD, MIC, and the Ministry of Women in prior years. All equipment is in good working condition and used for the purpose intended. In 2006, INL provided two new computers and two printers to SENAD.
INL funds support the detector dog program, which employs 10 dogs. INL funding provides veterinary care, food, new dogs, uniforms, and maintenance of the kennels and vehicles used to transport the canines and guides. One detector dog died this year; two new dogs were purchased and are expected to arrive in February 2007. The canine units are housed in kennels located at Asuncion Silvio Petirrossi International Airport, Pedro Juan Caballero, Ciudad del Este, and Mariscal Estigaribia.
Thirteen hand-held radios were donated to the K-9 unit in 2006. The rest of the communications equipment donated in prior years is in fair condition. Post recommends that this equipment be replaced.
The SENAD laboratory is equipped with one auto-injector module for eight sampler turrets, an auto-sampler tray module and a Chem-Station PC bundle system. This equipment, donated in 2005, is in excellent condition. The drug laboratory played a key role in identifying the drugs, contributing to the conviction of drug traffickers.
The SENAD Central Counter Drug Laboratory has an Agilent Gas Chromatograph, a Mass Spectrometer System (GCMS), and a Gas Chromatograph Flame Ionization Device (GCFID) to support evidence processing in criminal drug cases. This lab equipment will support future investigative procedures and help bring investigative standards closer to international standards.
INL initiated the construction of a regional office facility for SENAD in Pedro Juan Caballero located in the northwest region; this project is designed to enhance the Government of Paraguay’s narcotics enforcement activities as it relates to other southern cone countries. The construction of the new facility (phase I) was completed in July 2006. Phase II which includes the construction of a hanger and a K-9 kennel facility is scheduled for completion in May 2007.
New office furniture was donated to the new regional SENAD facility in PJC and includes twelve bunk beds, 24 lockers, ten desks, kitchen appliances, ten tables and 36 chairs. All of the equipment was inventoried and accounted for. In addition, an inspection of the office furniture at the Ministry of Women and UTE was conducted. The office equipment is in excellent condition.
All equipment and material support the SENAD, SEPRELAD, MIC, UTE, and the Ministry of Women’s Affairs. For SENAD, the communications equipment, vehicles, and canine program are aimed at bolstering the interdiction effort and operational capabilities. Furthermore, SENAD has continued to make advances in its drug enforcement activities, including the seizure of cocaine and marijuana, and the destruction of important drug networks that operate in the country.
Assistance to SEPRELAD is focused on enhancing its investigative capabilities through the provision of technical equipment and software as well as training. For the MIC, post’s assistance is dedicated to helping the IPR unit UTE increase its ability to conduct operations in the tri-border area.
Consultations with counterparts
Bogota NAS held regular working meetings with Government of Colombia (GOC) counterparts to discuss operations and the status of USG provided assets. Among those counterparts were the Colombian National Police (CNP) Anti-Narcotics Division (DIRAN), its aviation component (ARAVI), and the Colombian Army Aviation Unit (COLAR). These three entities received the bulk of INL-provided resources. The NAS obtained selected GOC inventories of USG-provided equipment to compare with NAS records, ensuring donated materials were accounted for properly.
NAS Program Manager Responsibilities
Each NAS Program Manager, in coordination with the NAS EUM, is responsible for the reviews of support provided to the program he/she oversees. The NAS tailors the technology and methods for tracking support to the size and scope of each program, ranging from simple hand receipts to spreadsheets to bar-coding and electronic databases. American Direct Hire (USDH) and American contract (USPSC) personnel are responsible for contributing to the annual report, using the results of site visits and inventory checks. USG-provided equipment managed by contractors is also covered by the EUM process.
NAS Bogota Audit Unit
The NAS management section has a six-person unit that assists program staff with the EUM program. The audit unit implemented updated monitoring procedures, carried out inventory checks and audits, and oversaw the disposal of surplus and hazardous materials in 2006. In addition, this group met with each program manager to determine if EUM procedures were followed during the year. The audit unit confirmed and evaluated the methods used to check the inventory at different locations throughout Colombia.
EUM Training Program
The audit unit also conducted EUM training sessions to educate USDH and USPSC program managers, Locally Employed Staff (LES) and GOC counterparts on the purpose and importance of EUM.
NAS Aviation Unit
The NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) met its annual EUM requirements, verifying the location and condition of 705 accountable property items valued at $42,602,443. Under the NAU, the Plan Colombia Helicopter Program (PCHP) working with COLAR (Colombia Army Aviation) verified the location and condition of 234 accountable property items. Under the NAU, the Eradication Program (ERAD) accounted for 440 property items valued at $39,056,812.
All property was successfully accounted for or properly reported as Lost, Damaged or Destroyed (LDD) in accordance with property listings. Post confirmed property location and condition through review and reconciliation of the NAU property book, DynCorp property book, and field visits. The NAU completed a one hundred percent inventory review in CY-06. The Department of State INL property book officer visited Colombia in November to review property management procedures and found no major discrepancies.
Institutional Contractor Support
In addition to USDH and USPSC staff, the NAS has 1,300 American, Colombian, and third country national contract personnel, employed under contracts with Lockheed-Martin (LM); Contracting, Consulting, Engineering (CCE); DynCorp (DI); Aeronautical Radio, Inc (ARINC); and Olgoonik Logistics LLC. These institutional contractors are an integral part of the NAS program and actively participate in monitoring the use of USG provided equipment, conducting inventories and preparing status reports on program assets.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA); Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF); Immigration Customs Enforcement (ICE); Presidential Security Program (PSP); Bureau of Prisons (BOP); and the Justice Sector Reform Program (JSRP) have databases of all equipment donated to their counterpart agencies which identify items by brand, model, serial number, location, and condition. All agencies conducted random unscheduled visits to ensure that all USG-funded assets were accounted for and being used for their intended purpose.
The Colombian National Police (CNP) Eradication Unit and Colombian Army (COLAR) Aviation Unit projects, both managed by the NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) and supported by a contract with DynCorp, were major recipients of INL-funded support. NAS Bogota and the INL Air Wing (INL/A) conducted regular program reviews to ensure that aircraft were being used for their designated purposes and that the contractor was complying with all contract support requirements. There are currently 188 aircraft for all programs.
While the GOC has operational control of USG-provided aircraft, the USG retains title. The Letter of Agreement (LOA) specifies the authorized use for all aircraft. Any other use, such as disaster relief or humanitarian operations, must be approved by the Embassy. The CNP and COLAR provide regular status reports to the NAS. The NAS conducts random reviews of flight logs for all USG-supported aircraft.
Eradication Program-The CNP Eradication Program and COLAR Aviation Program both managed by the NAU and supported by a contract with DynCorp were major recipients of INL support. NAS Bogota and the INL Air Wing (INL/A) conducted regular program reviews to ensure that aircraft were being used for the intended purposes and that the contractor was complying with all contract support requirement. There are currently 188 aircraft for all programs.
The CNP and COLAR provide regular status reports to the NAS. The NAS conducts random reviews of flight logs for all USG-supported aircraft.
|10 UH-1N’s||Four T-65’s|
|Twenty-eight UH-1N II|
CNP Air Wing (ARAVI)-A program manager, five personal services contract advisors, two locally engaged staff, and numerous Lockheed Martin (LM) contractor personnel monitored all assets provided to ARAVI. The NAS held regular meetings with ARAVI and DIRAN administrative, operational, and intelligence officers to determine the status of USG-provided assets. LM provided aircraft maintenance support under a contract with INL’s Office of Aviation (INL/A).
The NAS compared CNP and other GOC written and computerized data with its own records to assess resource status. The NAS LES voucher payment staff analyzed payment documents for items bought from USG-funded accounts. NAS personnel worked closely with the CNP inventory team. The NAS, CNP, and the LM contract staff are in the process of performing a 100 percent physical inventory count of USG-furnished equipment to develop an inventory control system. NAS advisers receive daily aircraft status reports, status reports on engine repair and procurement, and additional reporting on aircraft–on-ground incidents.
One Foreign Service program manager, five USPSC advisers, one LES, four locally contracted staff, and several contractor personnel from LM and Contracting, Consulting and Engineering (CCE) participated in monitoring ARAVI assets. NAS held regular working meetings with ARAVI and DIRAN administrative operations, and intelligence officials to discuss the status of USG-provided assets.
The NAS compared CNP and GOC written and computerized sources with its own records to assess the proper use of resources. Seven NAS LES voucher examiners analyzed purchase documents for all CN items purchased through USG-funded accounts. The CNP has five fixed warehouses for aircraft spare parts and one fixed warehouse for fuel equipment spares throughout Colombia. All ARAVI equipment and armaments are recorded in the Advanced Maintenance Management System (AMMS).
NAS advisers received daily aircraft status reports, engine repair reports, and procurement status updates, focusing particularly on aircraft-on–the ground (AOG) issues. Two NAS locally contracted Colombian fuel advisors monitored purchases, deliveries and use of NAS-purchased fuel at all bases and airports. The NAS audit unit assessment of fuel controls will be completed in CY-07.
The USG-supported CNP fleet flew 26,959 hours in CY-06. The CNP complied with the requirement to seek Embassy authorization when using assets for non-counternarcotics missions, e.g. counter insurgency operations, high value targets, or the evaluation of wounded security services personnel.
The ARAVI aircraft inventory changed during CY-06 for a variety of reasons.
- The CNP removed three Bell 206-L3 helicopters, two Cessna Caravans, and three Cessna C-206G aircraft from NAS support.
- April 2006: DC-3 was added to the fleet
- July 2006: C-26B was added to the fleet.
- September 22, 2006: one UH-II crashed. The helicopter was titled to the United States, but operated by the CNP and supported by NAS. The helicopter was a complete loss, and three crew members were killed.
|One H530FF||Two DHC6-300’s|
|One H500||One C-99|
|Three 206B’s||Five DC-3’s|
|One 206L||One C-208’s|
|One 206L3’s||Two C-26A’s|
|Eleven B212’s||Four C-26B’s|
|Seven UH-60L’s||Three C-152’s|
|Thirty Huey II’s|
The Air Bridge Denial (ABD) Program-The ABD manages five Citation 560 tracker aircraft and one C-26 reconnaissance aircraft to suppress illicit aerial traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances over Colombia. One NAS USPSC oversees the program. The COLAR provides the aircrews. The United States provides aircraft maintenance and safety monitors under a contract with ARINC. Five Citation 560 tracker aircraft have been loaned to the COLAF. Two C-26’s were donated to the COLAF in 1998 under the 506 drawdown program.
|AIR BRIDGE DENIAL|
|Five Citation 560’s|
NAS program funds provided jet fuel, aviation gasoline, and methanol (fuel additive for C-26 aircraft) for all NAS-supported aircraft. A PSC fuel advisor monitored purchases, deliveries, storage, and use of NAS-provided fuels at all bases and airports. NAS procurement agents and voucher examiners reviewed all fuel orders and invoices and found no major discrepancies. During 2006, the CNP fuel office supported over 30 eradication and interdiction missions throughout Colombia. The NAS supplied 4,116,011 gallons of A1 jet fuel, aviation gasoline, and methanol to the aircraft programs valued at $12,470,404 as of October 31, 2006. The NAS also supplied 49,758 gallons of regular gasoline and 16,811 gallons of diesel fuel to CNP vehicles with a value of $165,298.
The NAS installed fuel recuperation tanks at four fixed sites and will install tanks at four additional sites in CY-07. Recycling drained fuel should result in annual savings of $34,000. Waste fuel and oil is very difficult to dispose of locally. Local fuel companies do not always adhere to environmental laws for disposal. Environmentally safe fuel burners have been installed at five fixed sites to burn accumulated waste fuel and oils.
The NAS provided equipment to the CNP to establish an in-house capacity for a fuel equipment calibration program. The testing laboratory and staff training should be completed by May 2007.
The NAS closely monitored fuel quantity, equipment, calibration, and consumption. Military procedures were used as a model to develop checklists for documenting fuel deliveries and daily quality control. The NAS audit unit is in the midst of an extensive and thorough audit of CNP fuel control systems.
The NAS has a construction unit comprised of three architects and three civil engineers. The unit manages all phases of NAS-funded construction projects including contract administration and advice to GOC on projects requirements and maintenance issues. During site visits, the NAS program staff ensured that facilities were used for their designated purposes. In 2006, there were over 40 NAS-funded construction projects valued at $3,978,978.
The NAS supported construction for the PCHC COLAR base in Tolemaida including office space, classrooms for nationalization training, and an aircraft parts warehouse. In Bogota, the construction unit managed a NAS Plan Colombia-funded building project on the CNP Police Intelligence (DIJIN) headquarters compound for a joint ATF-CNP Center for Anti-Explosives Information and Firearms Tracing (CIARA). The CIARA center opened on December 6, 2006, and will house all explosive-related intelligence (D-Fuze System) and all firearms tracing (E-trace system) information under one roof. ATF owns and manages the electronic data systems and CNP manages the daily operations of the facility. The NAS and ATF expect CIARA’s nationalized capabilities to service a broad community: ATF, CNP, DAS, CTI, Colombian Military Industries (Indumil), and COLMIL.
The Reinsertion into Society Program facilities were upgraded in CY-06 with refurbishment of office space and installation of computer cabling and functional office furnishings. At the Forward Operating Base (FOB) in Larandia, security improvements included upgraded perimeter lighting and guard towers.
In Cumaribi, the NAS completed emergency runway repairs and barracks upgrades to ensure safe and sanitary conditions for eradication missions.
INL provides funds for vehicles which NAS, in turn, distributes to a variety of NAS and Department of Justice programs responsible for counternarcotics support to host country agencies. In CY-06, the following vehicles went to host agencies: 5 to DEA; 6 to NAU COLAR and Eradication; 8 to the Overseas Prosecutorial Development Assistance and Training (OPBAT); 3 to ABD; 10 to the COLAR Counterdrug (CD) Brigade; and 282 to the NAS Rule of Law Program to Reestablish Public Security in Conflict Zones. All 314 vehicles added in CY-06 are in good condition. A breakdown of vehicle types follows:
|Armored SUVs Level 3||5|
|Armored SUVs Level 5||5|
In 2006, the NAS supported 249 CNP Antinarcotics Directorate (DIRAN) vehicles with routine maintenance and fuel. These vehicles are dispersed throughout Colombia and used in CNP counternarcotics operations such as transporting officials and operational personnel to interdiction and eradication sites; transferring program materials; performing surveillance; pursuing arrests; and detaining members of narcoterrorist and illegally armed groups.
NAS oversight of the CNP vehicles and fuels program is direct and extensive. The NAS audit unit staff includes an automotive engineer who serves as a Vehicle Maintenance Advisor. The advisor monitors vehicle use and vehicle locations, and operates a database that documents maintenance, performance, and fuel consumption. The advisor also provides CNP personnel with basic training in safety, maintenance, and recordkeeping and will begin establishing in-house CNP vehicle support capability under long-term nationalization goals. A breakdown of the CNP DIRAN vehicles list follows:
The NAS motor pool provides oversight for all vehicles assigned to DynCorp International (DI). All vehicles are in satisfactory condition. The NAS and DI conduct an annual one hundred percent inventory review (or accounting) in accordance with established procedures.
NAS interdiction program managers provide vehicular support to Colombian counterparts with Mitsubishi L-200 trucks and Yamaha motorcycles.
CNP units outside of the DIRAN also received vehicles support. These units provide periodic inventories and status reports to NAS program managers who work with the audit unit to resolve any problems.
The NAS provided arms and ammunition to the CNP and COLAR. These items were monitored through access controls and inventories of USG-provided weaponry. The NAS weapons adviser monitors the use and operational status of donated weapons. The NAS staff performs regular inventories to ensure that all weapons are accounted for and provides detailed information on location, type of weapon, and condition.
Strict controls are maintained for weapons provided to the CNP by the USG. The LOA specifically requires the host nation to notify the NAS immediately of any lost or damaged weapons and all investigations related to USP-provided weapons. CNP units that receive weapons support provide monthly inventories and status reports which are reviewed by NAS program managers.
NAU weapons and ammunition are issued to users and controlled by the INL contractor. NAS-funded ammunition provided to the PCHP is monitored and accounted for on a daily basis by U.S. contractors.
ARAVI received aircraft-mounted and small arms weapons, as well as weapons training, funded by security assistance programs. In CY-06, two million rounds of 7.62 mm linked ammunition for GAU-17 miniguns and M-60 machine guns were provided in support of eradication and interdiction missions.
ARAVI upgraded 34 GAU-17/MK44 weapon systems. In CY-07, the remaining 29 GAU-17’s will be replaced as they reach the end of useful life-on an “attrition basis.” The M60D weapon system will be replaced by the M-240D weapon system.
The strict controls over USG-provided Defense Articles extend to Night Vision Goggles (NVG). Any unit that receives weapons or NVG support must prepare monthly inventories and status reports, which are reconciled by NAS program managers.
All NAS counterpart agencies that received communications equipment provided inventories and status reports upon request. Equipment includes two-way radios, portable satellite phones, digital hybrid IP PBX, radio C-5000, and VHS transmitter receivers. Comparison of NAS records with analysis of Colombian inventories showed no major discrepancies. The NAS employs a US PSC Communications Advisor who aides the CNP and other GOC entities in identifying requirements, conducting training, and monitoring program implementation. The adviser also works with host nation counterparts to develop a nation-wide strategy for regional and tactical communications support.
The Andean Counterdrug Initiative and Special Investigative Unit program funding supports a wide variety of communications equipment such as interceptors, radios, and recorders in locations throughout Colombia. DEA agents work closely with the GOC units that receive this equipment to ensure proper use.
In CY-06, ARAVI operations received secure aircraft radios, cellular phones, and a new computerized aircraft tracking system. There are now secure communications between aircraft and ground units. All aircraft in flight are automatically monitored by a secure internet-based system that tracks location, speed, altitude, and alternate communications options in case of emergency.
DI, the NAU Eradication and the PCHP program contractor have a section that manages all communications equipment used by DI in the two programs. All equipment is in satisfactory condition. The contractor issues equipment to personnel using hand receipts and conducts an annual one hundred percent inventory as stipulated in the contract.
The NAU Logistics and Facilities Section monitors the use of communications equipment assigned to the NAU program advisors. Equipment is tracked in the NAU property book, and accountability is enforced through an annual one hundred percent property inventory review and inspection process.
USG-provided computer equipment forms the backbone of systems for detecting, tracking, identifying, removing and/or detaining narco-terrorists in Colombia. NAS PSC advisors monitored USG-provided computer equipment used to maintain CNP ARAVI logistics, maintenance, training, and aircrew flight records. GOC recipients have provided inventories and status reports as requested. Intrusion detection equipment has been installed at all five fixed bases, which completes all planned installations. Extensive damage to the systems due to operator error and lightening strikes were also repaired. The NAS Management Section employs a computer programmer and two computer specialists who assist program staff and GOC counterparts with maintenance and technical support and aid in identifying requirements for new and upgraded systems and databases.
NAS computer equipment was inventoried as part of the annual inventory inspection. Lost, damaged, or destroyed items (LDD) were reported in accordance with State Department regulations and procedures. The NAS Audit unit oversaw the disposal of LDD items. DI has a separate IT section that manages all IT equipment DI uses in support of both the Eradication and PCHP programs. All IT equipment is in satisfactory condition. The contractor controls IT equipment issued to contract personnel using hand receipts and conducts an annual one hundred percent inventory as stipulated in the contract. The NAU Logistics and Facilities Section monitors the use of IT equipment assigned to NAU program advisers. NAU IT property is tracked in the NAU property book, and accountability is enforced through the annual one hundred percent property inventory and inspection.
NAS program managers supported Colombian counterparts with a variety of IT equipment including tactical rugged laptops, desktops, digital cameras, network switches, printers, and servers. The GOC units receiving computer support have provided the requested inventories and status reports.
ARAVI installed Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) at five fixed bases, completing full installation plans. Extensive repairs were made to systems damaged by operator error and lightning strikes. An official letter was sent to the PNC requiring them to pay for the repairs. The NAS will not fund repairs caused by abuse. Effective August 1, 2007, post will not longer support IDS.
INL funding channeled through DOJ provided digital cameras and video cameras to the Office of the Attorney General (Fiscalia) and law enforcement agencies throughout Colombia to enhance the effectiveness of investigations. The equipment is being properly maintained and in good condition.
There were problems with 7.62 ammunition from Mast Technologies. The ammunition has proven to be within commercial specifications, but CNP gunners and armament technicians required additional training in maintenance procedures and operations with this ammunition. The ARAVI Armament Program was provided appropriate training and weapons upgrade parts are currently being received.
Aerial Eradication Program
The Colombia Army Counterdrug Brigade (CD) provides three important services that support U.S. objectives in Colombia: protection of aerial eradication missions; drug interdiction missions; and occasional missions against high-value targets.
CY-06 was the sixth consecutive year of record aerial eradication in Colombia. While spraying over 172,000 hectares in 2006, spray planes nonetheless recorded the lowest level of impacts from ground fire. This record level was made possible by CD Brigade ground support. In addition, through October 23, 2006, the CD Brigade seized over 1.8 MT of cocaine, blew up 14 HCL labs and 235 coca base labs, and destroyed thousands of tons of procursor chemicals. Without NAS funding and support, the CD Brigade would not be able to maintain the level of readiness and professionalism needed for these critical missions and the Brigade would not have seen such impressive results.
U.S. vehicle support to Colombia is a proven force multiplier, increasing the mobility of counternarcotics units. One significant example is the donation of NAS-purchased Mitsubishi L-200 pick-up trucks. Most counternarcotics units operate in remote rural areas without paved roads. The trucks give the Colombians the means to mobilize rapidly against terrorist elements. They can now locate, close in on, fire on, and outmaneuver the enemy. Continued U.S. support is crucial to increasing the units’ success against the narcoterrorist organizations.
CY-06 was another record year for eradication of illicit crops in Colombia. ARAVI aircraft and crews continued to play a significant role in providing support for spray operations. T-65 operations are wholly supported by ARAVI gun ships and Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopters. All other spray operations, using AT-802 and OV-10 aircraft, have CNP copilots and gunners. CNP “Halcon” gunships provide additional cover and were instrumental in rescuing the crew of a downed eradication helicopter in December 2006. With Embassy approval, AVARI participated in security support operations for Colombian congressional and presidential elections and continued to play a role in numerous interdiction operations. ARAVI provides aerial intelligence platforms and, with Embassy approval, supports other police units when assets are available.
Under the aerial monitoring provided by the ABD program, the number of illegal tracks has been reduced to nearly half the number compared to the outset of the ABD program. The location of tracks has also changed significantly. At the beginning of the program, illegal tracks were found throughout Colombia, but are now confined primarily to northern areas on the Venezuelan border and near the Caribbean coast.
INL funding for DOJ programs is key component of the total support to the Fiscalia and GOC law enforcement agencies of Colombia. Equipment donations, training efforts, unit development, an on-site technical assistance all increase GOC abilities to investigate and prosecute crime.
GOC investigations conducted in coordination with DEA led to several high profile extraditions in CY-06. The new Colombian penal code, modeled after U.S. legal systems, has enabled DEA to streamline the investigative process and provide readily admissible evidence in U.S. courts. New equipment for GOC counterparts is similar in quality to equipment used by U.S. law enforcement agencies. Raising the standards in Colombia has played a significant role in ensuring that evidence obtained here will meet U.S. legal requirements.
The NAS Environmental Program’s support to the CNP ranges from airlift and protective equipment to basic items, such as lodging and meals for eradication personnel. CNP compliance with the Environmental Management Plan is crucial to continued government and public support of the aerial eradication program.
In 2006, the NAS and the CNP completed two verification trips. They also completed five to ten monitoring and five to ten damage claims trips.
The CNP Pijaos experimental plot received NAS-funded equipment and infrastructure support in CY-06 and now has a functioning 2,000 plant coca plot. Under the oversight of the NAS eradication policy adviser. This experimental plot is used to conduct tests on glyphosate mixtures, to measure the timing and effectiveness of aerial spraying, and to evaluate the efficacy of pruning and replanting efforts by local growers. All the data obtained from these experiments will serve as important indicators in evaluating the overall success of the eradication program.
By establishing new standards, training, and protocols, the ATF Explosives Program directly supported the creation of 74 explosives units around the country, 62 bomb squads, and 12 explosive investigative units, all of which have proven very effective in combating terrorism. Since the start of the ATF Explosives Program in CY-02, the fatalities among bomb technicians during “render safe” procedures dropped substantially. From six fatalities in 2002, the rate dropped to zero facilities in CY-03 and CY-04. There was only one fatality in CY-05 and CY-06.
The NAS USPSC Communications Adviser supports the CNP and other GOC entities in identifying requirements, conducting training, and monitoring program implementation. Communications support enabled Colombian counterparts to improve command and control performance both at the tactical level and at the national level. Satellite iridium phones and ICOM, Inc. air-to-ground radios enabled the man on the ground to communicate with aircraft and gave ground commanders nationwide communications, which is especially important in the jungle.
All aircraft except for the Bell 212 fleet have secure communications capability. The Bell-212 aircraft wiring and cockpit reengineering is underway and the entire fleet will have secure communications capability by the end of CY-07. Repair of extensive corrosion and previously unreported operator damage will be completed in 2008.
Reentry into Society Program
NAS assistance to GOC ministries under the Reentry Into Society Program for demobilized combatants had a noticeable impact. In CY-06, the desertion rate for the FARC increased by 53 percent, from the ELN by 31 percent, and from other Colombian illegal groups by 3 percent. Valuable intelligence for deserters prevented terrorist actions, aided criminal prosecutions in Colombia and the United States and led to the discovery and seizure of weapons, explosives, drugs, and other illegal material.
All GOC counterpart agencies have responded favorably to the entire range of Presidential Security Program (PSP) support, advice, training, and equipment provided. This includes on-the-spot advice on protection operations and security assessments, formal training for all protection personnel, and provision of security-related equipment. Since the start of the PSP program, the GOC has thwarted about ten attempts to assassinate President Uribe. Post attributes this success directly to the effectiveness of the program and the resulting improvements to the protective details. .
Reviews of illegal air traffic have highlighted the need for forward deployment of Air Bridge Denial (ABD) trackers and Colombian Air Force (COLAF) interceptors. Construction of ABD facilities at forward bases was included in both the FY-05 and FY-06 budget requests. However, budget cuts have prevented these projects from moving forward. COLAF is proceeding with short-term deployment of interceptors and trackers. The planned transition of two COLAF C-26 aircraft to a tracker role was unsuccessful due to the Department of Defense (DOD) decision to install F-16 first generation radar in the aircraft without available spare parts. As an alternative, both aircraft will be used in a reconnaissance role. .
Funding restraints make it increasingly difficult to procure new and replacement vehicles for counterpart agencies. A significant number of donated vehicles date as far back as 1998 and are at the end of their useful life, especially considering that operations are mostly in remote areas with harsh terrain. Maintenance costs for aging vehicles are increasing rapidly, and many vehicles are no longer cost effective to keep in the inventory. The NAS needs to assist counternarcotics units annually to replace a percentage of decaying fleet. Funding limits have prevented the NAS and DEA from donating more than a token number of vehicles to recently established counternarcotics units.
Based on reviews of illegal traffic, ABD trackers and COLAF interceptors need to be forward deployed. Though ABD requested funding for construction of facilities at forward bases in FY-05 and FY-06 budget, the funding was not approved, and additional facilities were deferred. COLAF is relying on short-term deployment of interceptors and trackers. The transition of the two COLAF C-26 aircraft to a tracker role failed because DOD installed F-16 first generation radar in the aircraft, for which no parts are available. The two aircraft are usable only in a reconnaissance role. Budget restraints led to a 40 percent reduction in monthly flying hours (300 to 180), which has caused an up-turn in illegal tracks.
Under the ATF support program, the first four phases of the Explosives Program are complete: Phase I-creation of bomb squads; Phase II-equipment purchases; Phase III-training on equipment; and Phase IV-establish operational protocols. In CY-06, ATF met the Phase V goal of continued training. NAS and ATF will review the timeline for the final ATF goal of enabling each GOC agency to become self-sufficient in explosives programs.
Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the Federal Police and its Drug Enforcement Division (DPF/DRE) to allow close monitoring of donated materiel. DPF/DRE maintains detailed and up-to-date inventories of all assets donated by the USG and submits monthly reports of accounts, including receipts, to the NAS. The NAS and other USG personnel conducted on-site inspections to spot check the location, condition, and use of the commodities during 2006.
The 36-foot patrol boat provided under the 506(A) drawdown was fully renovated by the Brazilian Police and inaugurated in May of 2001. It is currently in the water at Praca 15 de Novembro (Rio de Janeiro’s city port). It is functioning and being used in normal operations. The DPF installed GPS/VHS equipment, as well as a depth finder and a police siren. It is used exclusively in harbor patrol crime prevention activities. The boat is in use and played an important part in U.S. Coast Guard training given to the Federal Police in March 2006.
According to NAS and DPF/DRE records, there are currently 14 donated Boston Whalers in Brazil, dating from 1991. They are assigned to Belem (3); Macapa (2); Santaren (1); Manaus (4); Tabatinga (1); Porto Velho (1); Guajara-Mirim (1); and Foz de Iguacu (1). In 2006, six of the Boston Whalers were inspected by NAS personnel. They were found to be in good working condition. Lack of manpower, at times, limits the use of the vessels by the Federal Police in some locations.
The three Boston Whalers in Belem are located at the riverine base of operations in Ananindeua on a branch of the Maguary River. All of the Boston Whalers need repair work on the hulls and outboard motors. The trailers were functioning. Replacement motors ordered last year have been purchased and should arrive in country shortly. In addition, the floating dock in Manaus is fully operational and used regularly.
During 2006, the NAS provided the Brazilian Federal Police with five bomb detection dogs, which are distributed as follows: 1 in Brasilia; 1 in Rio de Janeiro; 1 in Belo Horizonte; 1 in Fortaleza; and 1 in Porta Alegre. The NAS has expanded the Brasilia kennel area and purchased equipment. Dogs now have individual cages as well as a separate breeding area.
In 2002, basic computer equipment, including monitors, CPU's, printers, webcams, keyboards, speakers, and UPS, were provided by the NAS through SENAD for use by the 26 Brazilian State Drug Councils (CONENS) as well as a connecting unit for SENAD and the CONEN of the Federal District. In 2006, the NAS staff visited 8 CONENS (Amazonas, Bahia, Espirito Santo, Maranhao, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Rio de Janeiro, and San Paulo). All of the equipment was observed in use and functioning, creating an “Antidrug Informational Network” connecting the State Drug Councils with SENAD in Brasilia.
On-site inspections and DPF/DRE reports indicate that most USG-donated communications gear, including two-way radios and fax machines, are operational, in good condition, and being used regularly in police counternarcotics operations. Other donated equipment, including transformers, and bulletproof vests, are also used regularly. Most of the equipment is held in Brasilia and shipped around Brazil as needed for operations. Careful computerized inventory control of this equipment is maintained as it is checked in and out.
In 2002, the NAS provided basic law enforcement equipment to the Civil Police Forces of nine Brazilian States in the Amazon Section through the Brazilian National Public Safety Secretariat (SENASP). The equipment includes computer equipment, narcotics kits, flashlights, first aid kits, CPR masks, life vests stearns, night vision goggles, handcuffs, gun cabinets, bolt cutters and bullet proof vests. During 2006, NAS personnel visited four of the states (Acre, Amazonas, Rondnia, Para) and certified that the equipment was in order and being used regularly,
The sheer size of Brazil (larger than the continental U.S.) and its difficult physical, climactic and infrastructure conditions present a unique challenge to Federal Police. This same size makes End Use Monitoring of donated equipment difficult, time-consuming and expensive. The NAS is composed of one U.S. officer and two Brazilian employees. Through careful use of limited travel funds, and liaison with other U.S. agencies, as well as assistance from the three U.S. consulates in Brazil, the NAS was able to check a sizable representative sample of equipment in a wide variety of places in the country.
The DPF/ DRE in Brasilia is trying to maximize the use of this equipment through a centralized inventory and warehouse operation which sends equipment where and when needed and brings it back to the central headquarters in Brasilia. NAS Brazil, in conjunction with the Federal Police, will begin using a barcode system for all of the abovementioned items in the End Use Monitoring report. This will make it easier for both entities to maintain a more accurate inventory once the items are entered into the system.
The NAS will continue to work closely with DPF/DRE officials, SENASP, and SENAD to identify those problems and operations most likely to give the best results. The dialog with GOB officials has been open. Any disagreements over resource allocation are resolved on case-by-case basis. The Brazilian Government has enacted a new set of regulations governing the transfer of NAS funds to the Federal Police. When in place, these new regulations will require that funds pass through the Brazilian Treasury and directly into the intended anti-narcotics programs. Overall, program accountability remains acceptable nation-wide and very good in Brasilia.
The amount of funding and assistance given to the Federal Police accounts for a considerable percentage of their entire national anti-narcotics enforcement budget. This assistance, in the form of equipment, is vital to the anti-narcotics interdiction efforts in Brazil. Federal Police-supported units made major inroads last year against international narcotrafficking groups operating in Brazil, among the most notable being the arrest of a Colombian CPOT target in Sao Paulo. Other successes include the multiple seizures of U.S. bound heroin and the dismantling of a Brasilian group illegally selling prescription drugs via the internet.
Post’s Narcotics Coordinator does not have PD&S funding and as such is unable to fund on-site inspections or periodic spot checks to perform End Use Monitoring. The Coordinator relies on DEA officers to assess appropriate usages of INL-funded equipment. Argentine law enforcement officials provide post with periodic updates on equipment. This system of overlapping verification methods is the best possible end use appraisal system available.
StatusThe majority of equipment is located in the northern provinces of Salta and Jujuy. All indications are that all provided equipment is being used for the intended purposes. No single case of inappropriate or unauthorized use was reported in 2006. In general, the equipment provided through INL funding continues to be used but with problems coming from advancing age and hard use. Many computers, vehicles, and radio equipment are near or well past their useful lives.
The two dogs provided to the Northern Border Task Forces (NBTF) in 1988 are healthy, but are ten years old and nearing the end of their useful lives. The Government of Argentina bred six additional dogs for the program. The total force of eight dogs allows the handlers to maintain a rotation schedule that ensures the safe and efficient use of the animals.
One gas tank fiberscope and 20 digital cameras were purchased in 2006; the fiberscope was provided to the NBTF; of the 20 cameras, two were provided to the Argentine Federal Police, one to the Border Patrol in Bariloche, two to Customs, one to Mendoza Provincial Police, one to Coast Guard, two to the NBTF, two to the Condor Group. Nine are still to be distributed by DEA. Post continues to personally observe that both National and Provincial Police Forces make good use of the miscellaneous equipment (handcuffs, vests, flashlights, cameras, etc.) provided to them in previous years.
Communications equipment has not been donated in the last few years. Radio transmitters provided to the Northern Border Task Force (NBTF) require routine maintenance and repair. Many hand-held radios provided to Federal and Provincial Police throughout Argentina need to be repaired or replaced because of wear and tear resulting from routine use under harsh operational conditions.
Two laptops with networking system and 18 desktops were provided in 2006 to the Northern Border Task Force (NBTF). A large number of old and aging computers are nearing the end of their useful lives. .
One Chevrolet double cabin pickup was provided to the NBTF in 2006; one Ford Cargo Van and one sedan was purchased in May 2006. They were provided to the Mendoza Provincial Police. There was a delay in the delivery of the sedan to the Embassy, delaying delivery to the police. The vehicle will be delivered shortly. Vehicles provided in previous years (1993-1997) have over 200,000 miles on them and require fairly extensive routine maintenance on suspension and brakes. A few vehicles purchased in 1989 have reached the end of their useful lives.Problems Post lost its Narcotics Coordinator position in June 2006. These additional duties were assumed by the PolMil Officer. A lack of PD&S resources limits the Narcotics Coordinator’s effectiveness in managing post’s INL account. The ongoing political instability in neighboring Bolivia coincides with growing cocaine transit through and trafficking in Argentina. However, the GOA’s increasing willingness to work with post on counternarcotics issues provides post an opportunity to greatly improve the GOA’s ability to combat drug trafficking.
However, a lack of funding hampers post’s effort in this area. The Narcotics Coordinator has requested PD&S funding to conduct a comprehensive evaluation of provided equipment to consolidate the listing of equipment needed to be monitored, and to re-employ an employee hired to conduct the End Use Monitoring program.Impact
While the INL-funded program in Argentina has been a small one, it continues to have a positive impact especially on the perennially under-funded Provincial Police Anti-Drug Units operating in the northern provinces. Argentina law enforcement agencies have reported large increases in cocaine seizures over the past several years. Post, lead by DEA, has actively assisted local law enforcement in their counternarcotics efforts.
Overall, the growing program gives post a valuable tool with which to pursue its joint counter-narcotics agenda with the GOA. The GOA is very focused on its security and narcotics problems and has turned to post for advice and assistance in creating a national security plan.
Counternarcotics cooperation with the BRV collapsed in the second quarter of 2005 and has yet to be renewed. The low point occurred in July 2005 when President Chavez threatened to expel DEA from Venezuela and broke off all bilateral counternarcotics cooperation. DEA was never expelled but, despite the best intentions of some our working level contacts, President Chavez has refused to authorize the renewal of formal counternarcotics cooperation, including signing the annual NAS Letter of Agreement. DEA continues to work informally with contacts within Venezuelan law enforcement.
The NAS and other embassy personnel continue to perform spot checks and on-site inspections of donated equipment. Despite political tensions, the host government cooperates and allows free access to monitor donated resources. The one exception is military installations.
In 1998, the NAS provided six (6) dogs in conjunction with a training visit for Venezuelan canine program personnel to the U.S. Air Force, Lackland AFB canine program personnel. In 1999, the dogs began to produce litters of puppies to provide a source for drug detection dogs. The breeding dogs are kept at the canine training center in Barquisimeto. The NAS and the USCG sponsored the TDY assignment of a dog handler to assess and support the canine unit. During 2002, the USCS Canine Center donated two new dogs to the unit. At the same time, the NAS entered into a contract with a local veterinarian to improve the health and nutrition of the neglected animals. The state of health of the dogs improved greatly, although the National Guard has not effectively used the dogs in counternarcotics activities. Without an LOA, post has had to cancel the services of a local vet. A contract to provide high-quality food to the canine unit will expire in March 2007 and will likely not be renewed.
The Prosecutors Drug Task Force (PDTF) works with two separate groups: the Judicial Police (CICPC) and the National Guard Anti-Drug Command (GNAD). The PDTF functions under direct DEA supervision. Since 2001, the NAS has donated 19 cars and two motorcycles. One car was totaled in 2003. Since the freeze in USG-BRV counternarcotics cooperation, the PDTF has essentially ceased to function. Post hopes to revitalize it once the counternarcotics agreement is signed. Meanwhile, PDTF vehicles are being used by the GNAD.
A Ford Festiva sedan and a Toyota pickup Hilux were donated to the National Commission Against the Illicit Use of Drugs (CONACUID) in 1998. The Ford Festiva was wrecked and has been out-of-service since 2004. The pickup is being used by the ONA interdiction office.
Two of the three Toyota FJ80 Land Cruisers assigned to the Port Security Project were stolen at gunpoint from one of the U.S. DHS/CBP advisors. The remaining Land Cruiser is in good condition. A Jeep Cherokee replaced one of the stolen FJ80’s.
Six Boston Whalers donated by the NAS to the Venezuelan Navy in 1993 were not monitored in 2006. The USMILGP access to the Venezuelan military bases is an essential tool in conducting 506 (a)(2) EUM. Such access is restricted under the current administration. The last information received was in 2004, indicating that the vessels were based in Puerto Ayacucho, and that they were engaged in a Riverine Patrol Program.
In 2003, the NAS provided seven computers to National Financial Intelligence Unit (UNIF) in the Superintendency of Banks (SUDEBAN) to support its expansion of personnel from 20 to 60. This was part of a tri-lateral cooperation in which the British Embassy, UNIF, and the NAS each provided seven computers. In 2002, the NAS provided five computer workstations, five printers, a video projector, two laptops, two Iomega ZIP drives, and software to upgrade the UNIF. The equipment upgraded the previously existing LAN, which is used to compile and analyze financial information through a comprehensive system of currency transaction reporting similar to that required in the United States.
Two computers with printers donated to the National Guard Command in Tachira in 1999 continue to be used for data base operations.
The computer network the NAS provided to the Training and Coordination Division of the Public Prosecutor's Office (Fiscalia General) in 1998 continues to be used with NAS-sponsored training programs for implementation of the new judicial reform program which took effect in July of 1999. This reform has changed Venezuela's judicial system from a paper intensive system to an oral, adversarial system of justice similar to that used in the United States.
The eight computers and four laptops provided to the PDTF in 2001 continue to be operational and await reactivation of the unit.
A computer provided to the Export Processing Office in 2002 permitted the automation of records for the first time. It remains operational.
In July 2005, two training centers for X-ray machine operators were established in the airports of Maiquetia and Maracaibo. The centers are equipped with 39 computers and the Safe Passage software to train X-ray machine operators. Maiquetia Airport received six additional computers.
In 2005, the NAS donated 22 desktop computers, 5 notebook computers, 3 digital projectors, and 2 photocopiers to NGOs focusing on demand reduction. In many cases, donation of this equipment was coordinated with the NAS and the Ambassador’s office as part of the mission’s public outreach program to counter anti-American propaganda from the Chavez government.
In July 2006, the NAS donated 15 computers to the municipal departments to support counternarcotics investigations. Additionally, three air conditioning units were donated to the Sucre Municipal Police Academy.
The National Guard continues to make effective use of laboratory equipment donated by the NAS, including mass spectrometers/gas chromatographs, infrared spectrophotometers, microscopes, electronic balances and other items. The equipment is located in the Central National Guard laboratory in Caracas and in the regional forensic laboratories established in 1996 in San Cristobal and Puerto La Cruz. The equipment is overdue for maintenance and repair.
In 1999, the USG completed delivery of the following items to the Government of Venezuela (GOV) under Presidential drawdown authority under Section 502 (A) (2): 82-foot Point Class Coast Guard cutters (2); LCM 8 utility Landing Craft (1); PBR Riverine patrol boats (6); C-26 aircraft (2); PRC 77 radio sets and related equipment (77). The MILGRP plays an active role in checking on the status of these items. However, access to this equipment was denied in 2006 under the VZ military.
Cutters-The two 82-foot Point Class cutters named the Albatross and Pelican are in the Punta Fijo naval base on Venezuela's western Caribbean coast. Both are used in detection and monitoring patrols off the east coast of Venezuela and along the maritime boundary with Trinidad and Tobago. Both are in excellent condition and have greatly increased the Venezuelan Navy's capability to operate effectively within the important 25-mile offshore coastal waters of Venezuela.
Landing Craft-The LCM Landing Craft named Margarita is being used by the Venezuelan Coast Guard to support Riverine patrol operations. It is located at Ciudad Bolivar on the Orinco River.
Riverine Patrol Boats-Six Riverine patrol boats are alleged to be in use by the Venezuelan Marines. They are located on the Orinoco River at the Colombian border and support efforts to control Riverine contraband of drugs and chemical precursors. The boats' outboard Yamaha 75-hp engines vary in condition from good to fair.
The NAS continues to provide support to the Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) in conjunction with the Latin America JICC/Guardian program coordinated by DEA with the interagency El Paso Intelligence Center. The Oracle database software is being used in conjunction with a new version of the Guardian software developed by DEA. CONACUID uses the Center to coordinate drug intelligence and collect information on all types of drug-related crime. A photocopier, one of two servers, ten computer workstations and related equipment are in good condition. However, an additional server no longer functions and is in need of repair or replacement. CONACUID uses the JICC to coordinate drug intelligence, collecting information on all types of drug-related cases
Thirteen intercept sets (Triggerfish, Angelfish, and Swordfish) are under the direct control of the President of the ONA. This equipment is in good condition but somewhat antiquated. The sets are not being used presently, but ONA intends to employ them along the Colombian border in support of counternarcotics operations.
In 2000, the Public Prosecutor's Office received a photocopier. In 1998, the NAS provided two contraband inspection kits to the National Guard detachments in Puerto Cabello and San Antonio de Tachira, the major land entry point from Colombia. The equipment is being used for drug interdiction programs. Ninety NAS-procured hand-held metal detectors were donated in 1996 for prisoner searches in the thirty-two Venezuelan prisons. Most have reached the end of their useful lives. The CICPC continues to use audio-visual equipment, camcorders, typewriters, fax machines, cameras and lenses. This equipment is in fair condition. The wide-screen television and VCR provided to CONACUID have ceased to function.
Four X-ray machines for luggage inspection and two Ion scan machines were donated to the airport in Maiquetia in 2003. The National Guard reports to the Airport Security Office that handles the statistics and keeps post informed of their seizures. An X-ray machine for luggage inspection was donated to the airport of Valencia in 2003. DHS/CBP advisors are in constant contact with Airport authorities. Relations between NAS/DHS and the airport are good.
Two forklifts of 5-ton capacity each were purchased in 2005 for the unloading and loading of the containers in the Cargo inspection facility in Puerto Cabello. Construction of the facility was nearly complete when the program was frozen by the BRV in June 2006.
Construction of the Container Inspection Facility in Puerto Cabello was halted in May 2006 as a result of improperly imported Gamma Ray Detection System (GARDS) by a NAS vendor. The installation of dock doors and load levelers, a ventilation and CO monitoring systems are not fully completed.
Venezuela is now the preferred transmit point for drugs leaving Colombia. Two key factors have contributed to the increased trafficking: rampant corruption at the highest levels of law enforcement and a weak judicial system. As a result, organized crime flourishes, with seizures and arrests of underlings more an annoyance than a threat. A third contributing factor was the decision of the BRV leaders to make political hay by attacking the USG. After vilifying DAO and MILGRP, the BRV turned its attention to DEA, at one point threatening to expel all DEA personnel. This resulted in the collapse of most of post’s counternarcotics projects. While there is still some informal cooperation between DEA and its counterparts, bilateral relations may worsen before getting better. As a result of Venezuela’s refusal to cooperate and obstructionist behavior since March 2005, the U.S. Government was unable to certify the Venezuela Government as an ally in the war on drugs in 2005 or 2006.
Nevertheless, DEA continues working with its law enforcement contacts informally developing information and leads that contribute to multi-ton seizures by Venezuelan and third country law enforcement units. Venezuelan Government officials have linked renewal of cooperation to the signing of a bilateral counternarcotics document.
Access to Venezuelan military bases is essential in conducting 506(a)(2) EUM. Unfortunately, such access has been severely restricted under the current administration.
In spite of the political firestorm, DEA continues working with its law enforcement contacts, developing information and leads that have contributed to record seizures by Venezuelan law enforcement.
Post monitors equipment supplied through conversations with and information requests to the relevant Government of Guyana (GOG) agencies. The Military Liaison Office (MLO), Regional Security Officer (RSO) and Political Section coordinated in this effort.
All USG-provided equipment has been accounted for. Most equipment is in use. Equipment not in use requires repairs, which are not cost-effective to complete at this time.
The Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU) continues to use the mobile communication system provided in 1988 on patrols at Cheddi Jagan International Airport. Three of the original twelve L-2000 hand-held mobile radios are partially serviceable and in use; six are unserviceable; and three are lost. The two base station radios are both unserviceable. The two multi-radio charges are serviceable and in use. Two single radio charges are serviceable and in use; ten are unserviceable.
The MLO donated a fast interceptor boat to the Guyana Defense Force Guard (GDFCG) in May 2005. The GDFCC conducts patrols with the interceptor boat, but has not yet interdicted any narcotics shipments. The GDFCG continues to use one of the ex-U.S. motorized lifeboats to conduct patrols in Guyana’s maritime territory. The three other donated boats are out-of-service awaiting the delivery of necessary parts. The MLO supports the maintenance and purchase of replacement parts for these boats, a process often complicated by communication issues with GOG.
Most of the computer equipment purchased in CY-2003 for the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) is located at the FIU office. It is serviceable and in use. This equipment consists of two rack-mounted UPS’, one rack-mounted network switch, one rack-mounted router, four HP-XW4100 workstations with surge protectors, two network racks, two patch panes, ten network cables, two HP Laserjet 2300N printers, one Proliant DL380 server, one HP D330 slim tower workstation, one HP Scanjet 550C scanner, one HP Scanjet 8250 scanner, one VS80E Surestore tape drive, and one photocopier. One HP 5550 printer and one fax machine are not in use.
The computer equipment provided to the Guyana Defense Force (GDF), Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC), and Guyana Police Force (GPF) is not fully in use. One laptop computer, one fax machine, and one photocopier provided to the GDF are no longer serviceable. Information given to the JICC is unavailable. One Acer Acro 486SX computer with installed Oracle software is serviceable and in storage at the JICC. One fax machine is in use in the new JICC director’s office. The JICC is not fully operational at this time. One video camera and one compact recorder provided to the Guyana Police Force (GPF) are no longer in use.
Twenty-four bulletproof vests are serviceable and in use, but are only effective against .32 or smaller caliber ammunition. Twelve Narcotics Test Kits are no longer capable of testing marijuana and cocaine. Four out of six night vision binoculars are serviceable. Twelve sets of handcuffs are serviceable.
Most agencies of the GOG cooperated with post on monitoring efforts, although staff turnover has interfered with the continuity of monitoring efforts. The Guyana Police did not, however, respond to post’s inquires a timely manner. After repeated requests for information, the GPF sent a letter stating that they were unable to confirm that the GPF utilized the other items and that the current ranks in the Narcotics Branch have no record or recollection of this equipment.
The program impact of support provided has been inconsistent. The donated vessels are integral to Guyana’s efforts to patrol its maritime territory. The GDFCG has used these vessels to interdict illegal fishing trawlers and fuel smuggling boats that operate in Guyanese waters. However, lacking sources of actionable intelligence, the GDFCG was unable to use the donated vessels to interdict any significant narcotics shipments in 2006. The impact of the other donated equipment is limited by the fact that the FIU is not yet fully up and running, the JICC is currently not operational, and CANU is a flawed organization.
During FY-2006, the U.S. Mission provided uniforms, field equipment, computers, office furniture and equipment, vehicles, fuel, economic incentives, travel funds and per diem, leases, utilities payments, food, medical supplies, and services to support 26 counternarcotics related projects in Bolivia. This support was funded by an annual budget of USD 48.6 million. An additional USD .83 million was funded by DEA through NAS Bolivia in support of Bolivian police in 2006.
The Narcotics Affairs Section (NAS) La Paz staff consists of three U.S. Direct Hires and two U.S. Personal Services Contractors (PSCs). NAS La Paz has one empty PSC position to be filled in FY 2007. There is one U.S. PSC position in Cochabamba and two U.S. NAS PSC positions in Santa Cruz. There are also three U.S. PSC positions in Santa Cruz managing the Red Devils Task Force (RDTF) project. The staff supervises and monitors all procurement, warehousing, personnel, communications, transportation and other administrative and budgetary requirements related to NAS-funded projects.
US Direct Hire Project Officers require adequate justification and strict accountability prior to initiating new procurement actions. NAS staff members and officials of other agencies and offices (principally DEA, USMILGP, USAID and INL Airwing) conduct regular reviews to account for and verify the condition and use of equipment and property provided by the USG to the Government of Bolivia (GOB) counternarcotics program. NAS Project Officers, Regional Director, and the Management Officer conduct regular, announced and unannounced field visits to all projects and maintain frequent contact with project personnel. NAS Budget and Audit staffs conduct spot inspections of property records, impress funds record keeping, and vehicle/fuel usage reports. Fuel consumption reports countrywide are consolidated and reviewed by the NAS/Bolivia Audit Section on a monthly basis.
The NAS Management Officer has primary responsibility for End Use Monitoring under the general supervision of the NAS Director. NAS Project Officers, NAS Regional Directors in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba, NAS Audit Staff, and officials of other agencies (including DEA, USMILGP and USAID) assist the NAS Management officer in its preparation. The Logistics Section of the Bolivian Counternarcotics Police (FELCN) is the most developed entity within GOB and assists in End-Use Monitoring of interdiction programs. An inventory of property under the direct control of all NAS personnel was conducted during January-February 2006, and the reconciliation was submitted to the Department in March 2006.
Under the Black Devils (BlkDTF) project, three C-130B transport planes ferry cargo to and from the United States, as well as personnel and cargo within Bolivia. NAS/Bolivia projects also include two light fixed-wing aircraft and ten helicopters, maintained under the Red Devils Task Force (RDTF) project.
The NAS-supported BlkDTF, under the supervision of a U.S. PSC Aviation Advisor, flies three C-130B’s that were transferred to the GOB through the DOD Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program. The U.S. PSC Aviation Adviser regularly reports the operational status of all NAS-supported aviation assets to the NAS Director and Deputy Director. The BlkDTF consists of 34 FAB pilots, copilots, flight engineers and navigators, in addition to 55 enlisted maintenance personnel. The C-130Bs fly in-country missions to support Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and UMOPAR (Bolivian Rural Patrol Units) counternarcotics operations, as well as in-country logistics and overseas cargo missions in support of all NAS-funded projects.
The BlkDTF is supported by four Third Country National (TCN) contract mechanics in La Paz that provide quality assurance and supervision for Bolivian Air Force mechanics. One NAS FSN provides logistics support and manages the C-130B warehouse operation, thus guaranteeing accountability for C-130B parts and equipment. The US PSC Aviation Adviser, the NAS Deputy Director and the Director approve all routine and operational missions and expenditures for the BlkDTF project.
Bolivian Air Force (FAB) personnel assigned to the RDTF operate the INL/NAS supported aviation assets controlled by this project. One U.S. PSC Senior Aviation Adviser (SAA) supervises the FAB personnel. The two currently vacant operations adviser PSC slots are due to be filled by INL Air Wing during 2007.
Current RDTF aircraft inventory includes: ten UH-1H helicopters, and two Cessna 206’s. The helicopters are the property of the USG; the airplanes belong to the GOB. These assets are based in Santa Cruz, with permanent Forward Operating Locations (FOL) in Trinidad and Chimore. DynCorp provides the project its maintenance oversight and training, with additional training support provided through USMILGP. The fixed-wing aircraft maintenance program is now mostly Bolivianized. The Senior Aviation Advisor monitors the use of NAS-provided commodities to ensure they are used exclusively for NAS-funded authorized activities, in addition to serving as an adviser. Only the NAS Director or Deputy Director can authorize non-routine missions.
In 2005, the NAS had a total of 15 helicopters. Four UH-1H helicopters were sent to the U.S. to be upgraded to the Huey II standard. Four Huey II helicopters were scheduled to be delivered to Bolivia but were held back for political reasons due to the upcoming presidential election in December 2005. Deliveries of the four helicopters have been delayed for over a year, bringing our operational fleet down to 11 UH-1H’s. On November 27, 2006, one UH-1H helicopter crashed in the Chapare, resulting in minor injuries to the crew. It has been removed from inventory and will not be replaced. That incident brings the current operational fleet to ten UH-1H’s.
A total of 14 NAS Foreign Service National/Personal Services Agreement (FSN)/PSA personnel (supervised by the U.S. PSC SAA) are responsible for ensuring operational continuity of the RDTF facilities in Santa Cruz, Chimore, and Trinidad. NAS contract personnel, RDTF, and BlkDTE personnel participate in inventory management and property oversight.
From FY-1995 to the present, the NAS, with MILGP assistance, has obtained equipment not otherwise available or that is restricted from purchase with INL funds through the FY-98 506A drawdown program. The Special Force for the Fight Against Drug Trafficking (FELCN) currently has 1,017 M-16’s, 636 Berettas, and 767 other firearms in its inventory donated in prior years by USMILGP. FELCN maintains a computerized inventory of these weapons at its Ingavi Weapons Facility, which is manned by U.S. trained personnel and monitored by USMILGP and the NAS.
Bolivian Army Transportation Battalion-The NAS-supported Green Devils Task Force (GDTF) operates and shares a military post with a logistics battalion in Santa Cruz. The GDTF's primary mission is to support NAS-funded activities by transporting fuel, cargo and personnel anywhere in Bolivia via ground. Its secondary mission is to train Bolivian Army personnel in conducting all levels of specialized vehicle maintenance, warehousing operations, and operation of heavy US military vehicles.
Currently, there are 124 vehicles in the GDTF of which 119 are military vehicles acquired through Foreign Military Financing (FMF) program managed by the USMILGP. The GDTF manages all of these military vehicles. The GDTF vehicle fleet consists of 58 two and a half-ton trucks, two M49’s two and a half ton fuel trucks, 23 HMMWV'S, four ambulances, eight five-ton dump trucks, three five-ton contact trucks, two 5-ton wreckers, two forty-ton tractors, two contact trucks, three International Harvester fuel trucks, two fuel tankers (5,000 gallons), two 12-ton semi-trailers, one (40-ton) semi-trailer low-bed, four water trailers, one Hyster fork lift (with a capacity of 6,000 pounds), and seven NAS project vehicles. The GDTF is staffed by 125 Bolivian soldiers commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. Operational readiness in 2006 was maintained at 98%. A total of ten NAS FSN personnel (supervised by one U.S. PSC) are responsible for ensuring operational readiness.
The NAS-supported Blue Devil Task Force (BDTF) is a 140-person Riverine unit of the Bolivian Navy organized into six task groups, with a headquarters and Riverine Training School in Trinidad. The BDTF groups are located at Trinidad, Riberalta, Guayaramerin, La Horquilla, Cobija, and Puerto Villaroel. The NAS Regional Office in Trinidad supports all task groups (except for the group in Puerto Villaroel, which is supported by NAS/Chimore), the BDTF headquarters and the Riverine School. The BDTF has three mother ships (two were recently auctioned), 33 Boston Whaler-type patrol boats, and 52 Zodiacs (of which only 31 are currently operable, due to age). The NAS purchased 12 new Zodiacs during 2006. In April 2007, eight Zodiacs were sent to Santa Cruz to be auctioned off. These boats were transferred to the Bolivian Navy via FMF funding or constructed (in the case of mother ships) with INL funding.
The NAS maintains more than 1,450 project vehicles, including GDTF vehicles, of which 237 are over 10 years old and 20 are undergoing repair. During 2006, the NAS distributed 94 new Nissan vehicles (the last batch of 230 vehicles ordered in 2005 to replace old vehicles fleet). Post’s planned purchase of 100 new pickups trucks in 2006 to supplement the existing fleet and replace some of the non- repairable truck fleet designated to support the Yungas eradication efforts was put on hold by the Ambassador due to political uncertainty in Bolivia. In November 2006, 40 of the vehicles in the worst condition were auctioned off, generating about $160,000 in proceeds. The NAS motor pool personnel in the regional offices conducted unannounced checks of vehicles two to three months after certain items, including batteries, voltage regulators, etc. were replaced to ensure the items were not removed from vehicles by project personnel and replaced with older ones.
The NAS maintains 2,750 sets of communications equipment, including repeaters, base stations, mobile radios and hand-held radios in the UHF system from Motorola, in addition to over 160 HF units, all of which are distributed throughout the country. This equipment was provided to the FELCN, UMOPAR, intelligence units, AIROPS, Riverine and all NAS regional offices as follows:
Another 604 radios are held at the NAS-controlled repair facility in El Alto. This is equipment that will be installed in the coming year. The NAS maintains a comprehensive inventory under the Non-Expendable Property Accounting System (NEPA) that identifies location and personnel accountable in each organization. Another 230 hand-held UHF equipment sets and 10 base UHF stations do not appear in the NAS inventory because they were purchased with DEA funds. NAS technicians usually perform equipment maintenance in the NAS-controlled repair facility. They make frequent field visits to verify the condition and teach the proper use of the equipment as well as perform preventive maintenance.
In 2006, the NAS provided 72 computers, 33 printers and other devices to NAS offices and GOB agencies participating in NAS-funded activities. Part of this equipment was used by users in the FELCN computer training lab in La Paz Eradication Programs and the inspector tracking system of the prosecutors program.
The NAS currently maintains about 3,800 pieces of computer equipment (CPU, monitors, printers, scanners, laptops, and projectors) and four servers (two for NASBOL, two for the Intelligence and Special Operations (FOE) Unit) at its offices and project sites. NAS Bolivia provides 21 points of ADSL internet services and 14 points of Dial-up connections through different providers in the regions.
The NAS purchases (low-tech) laboratory supplies for FELCN Forensic Laboratories, which relies on manual techniques.
Uniforms and Field Gear
The NAS issues uniforms and equipment on a regular basis to Joint Task Force (JTF), FELCN, UMOPAR personnel and all NAS-supported projects. The NAS has contracted for an IDIQ contract to assure itself of timely delivery of uniforms for issue. In 2006, the NAS procured approximately 20,000 sets of BDU’s, boots, hats, and such field gear as web belts, field packs, hammocks, tents, and entrenching tools (valued in total at more than $2.8 million) in support of 1,639 FELCN police officers and approximately 2,200 military personnel assigned to various counternarcotics projects, including eradication. The NAS has purchased riot gear (including helmets, shields, shin guards, etc.) valued at approximately $209,000 to donate to police crowd control units. The donations are on hold due to social turmoil.
There are 81 working K-9s in Bolivia, of which eight are for the detection of explosives. Four of the eight explosive detection K-9s were bred and trained at El Paso (a FELCN Police Base and canine training center in Cochbamba, Bolivia). The program has twenty-two K-9’s (puppies of 5-6 months old) that are in training and should be ready by June 2007, fully trained and each with its own handlers.
In 2004, NAS delivered to the FELCN canine program four young adult Malinois explosives detector dogs from a U.S. breeder, and continued to supply dog food, veterinary supplies, specialized training equipment, travel and per diem expenses, and facilities maintenance. Post expects future purchases of dogs to be rare or nonexistent as the program has now developed sufficient breeding and training capacity to maintain its current size. The program currently supports 81 guide dog teams assigned at various FELCN posts, which is half the ideal number, but near the maximum that can be sustained with current program support and DEA/FELCN operational priorities. In FY-2005, there were 95 dogs. In one year, three passed away and 11 were removed from the program due to falling below the minimum performance standards or due to old age.
ConstructionNAS construction engineers/architects advise, design and provide oversight during all phases of construction projects related to NAS-funded activities. The engineers are responsible for executing projects by direct administration.
During 2006, the NAS completed 25 building projects that provided the physical infrastructure necessary to support NAS-funded activities. The building projects included the following: El Paso shooting range; FELCN roofing; security; car park; work areas; fuel tanks in Villa Tunari; new fuel tanks for Cochabamba office: Aranjuez land exterior areas; UMOPAR old bases repairs; Ivirgarzma well perforation; remodeling office at NAS Cochabamba; Chimore construction and computation repairs; Tips PTJ Cochabamba remodeling; communications post for Santa Cruz; communication post for Sucre and Tarija; women dormitories for canine facilities at Cochabamba airport; Tips villa Fatima remodeling; electric diagnosis for UMOPAR Bulo Bulo and El Castillo; jump tower for Garras swimming pool; communications offices and labs; La Paz canine facilities; Yapacani school repairs; DIGECO prefabricated post; C-130 offices first phase; Irpavi II rehabilitation center sanitary system; motor pool Chimore renovation; motor pool Villa Tunari renovation; up grade Voroico second phase; UMOPAR km 53 repairs; old NAS warehouse expansion; NAS El Alto lightning rods installation; C-130 offices second phase; Huaricollo communication post; km 52 communication post; FOE house at Cobija base; new fuel tank for Chimore Offices; Rinconada energy provision, diagnosis and final design.
The NAS construction section currently has ten concrete mixers, ten concrete vibrator machines, four manual compacting machines, one roll compacting machine, two scales, one topographical machine, 48 well barrows, 53 shovels, and 45 picks.
Misuse of Vehicles
Personal use of vehicles by GOB officials and careless operation continue to be a problem, but serious accidents and misuse have declined significantly. This is largely due to increased investigations and disciplinary sanctions by the police internal affairs investigators of the NAS-supported FELCN office of professional responsibility. The NAS continues to assist FELCN by supporting continued training on proper operation of vehicles, as well as by holding program participants accountable. The NAS Regional Director and other NAS staff also continue unannounced checks of recently maintained vehicles to look for auto parts theft.
With the nationalization of hydrocarbons, the multi-year contract awarded in 2003 became invalid, forcing the NAS to sign a bridge one-year contract in June 2006 given the GOB’s incapacity to provide fuels to supported programs in over 50 locations around the country. Further, in November, the implementation of a poorly drafted decree doubled the price of jet fuel, severely affecting the budget of NAS air operations. However, swift negotiations with the sole provider of aviation fuels in Bolivia allowed the NAS to be charged the original price while parallel negotiations with the GOB sought to clarify permanently the interpretation of said decree.
The NAS is now allowed to purchase jet fuel at domestic prices for flights outside of Bolivian territory. With regard to fuel accountability and safety, and in line with NAS efforts to certify in ISO 9000 procedures, new checks and balances have been implemented at all NAS sites.
Accountability and safeguarding of weapons is a continuing concern, but FELCN and Bolivian Army commanders have shown increased commitment and progress in this area. The USMILGP continues to work with the Bolivian Army to achieve 100% serial number inventory as well as working with the Bolivian Army Ninth Division to safeguard sensitive items. For police counternarcotics interdiction-programs, increased viligence by NAS-supported police internal affairs investigators has helped markedly reduce the numbers of losses and /or thefts of weapons reported. FELCN has done a better job at weapons accountability lately.
The USMILGP has an on-going inspection program that cross-levels FELCN weapons and ammunition based on changing roles and missions. The Ingavi facility is manned with U.S. trained logistics and maintenance personnel.
It remains difficult to track equipment and defense articles issued to projects. For NAS and DEA-issued property, the FELCN’s record-keeping system and procedures are not sophisticated enough to consistently track property from unit to unit and through special operations. Troops only check, fix, and account for those items that they know their commander is interested in. The NAS Supply Section in conjunction with FELCN Logistics Section are in the process of completing and implementing an End Use Monitoring module, which will help the tracking of NASA, as well as the other agency that provided expendable and non-expendable supplies from the project’s supply units to the end user. Currently, there are over 10,000 items with an acquisition value of over $12 million of NAS-provided property distributed nationwide to support projects.
A property management shortcoming was identified. The FSN/PSA Program Assistants were issued non-expendable property on behalf of the supported projects and no end user receipts were submitted to indicate to whom the property was delivered. This resulted in the loss of accountability of about $38,000 in one instance. In order to avoid further incidents of a similar nature, the NAS has implemented policies and procedures whereby any NAS employee receiving non-expendable property on behalf of a supported project has five working days to submit end user receipt of the property. The NAS continues to support FELCN Logistics by keeping parallel records using NEPA property accountability system and extensive warehouse facilities.
NAS/Bolivia operates nine warehouses located as follows: two in La Paz, one in Cochabamba, three in Chimore/Villa Tunari area, two in Santa Cruz, and one in Trinidad. Additionally, there are three GOB warehouses supervised by U.S. PSCs and FSNs, one at the GDTF headquarters, one in Santa Cruz at the RDTF site, and one in La Paz at the BDTF site.
The NAS also built a motor vehicle facility in Aranjuez, La Paz for use by the FELCN on FELCN-owned land. The U.S. Embassy has occupied this facility since May 2006 as an interim Embassy warehouse. The embassy paid $2,400/month in security guard costs and has offered to pay utility costs. The facility was built to save the NAS about $10,000 to $15,000 per month in vehicle repair costs by being able to repair vehicles in-house. A new facility has been identified to become the new Embassy warehouse. Until then, the Embassy will remain in the NAS Aranjuez facility and the NAS will be unable to use it for its intended purpose.
The NAS continues to adequately equip and support 1,721 police agents working in counternarcotics. The NAS has recently purchased GE Ion scanners that will be installed and used in the Chapare, the Bolivia-Argentina border, and rotated to various locations, to better detect drugs, especially hidden within shipments of licit fresh fruit exports leaving Bolivia. The NAS is also engaged in the purchase of X-ray machines to use in the three major major airports to detect those who have swallowed cocaine capsules and are on their way to Spain and other countries.
The NAS is expanding its demand reduction project by assisting the GOB CONALTID Coordination Secretariat to develop and implement a national program; expanding DARE to more schools and communities; supporting public awareness campaigns that stress that threat of domestic drug consumption; working with NGO’s to develop a drug prevention network nationwide; and working with NGO’s and universities to train Bolivian prevention and rehabilitation experts. The NAS is also funding periodic independent studies to determine drug consumption and public attitudes in Bolivia in order to develop the appropriate context for Embassy strategies.
NAS Bolivia has developed and introduced an automated administrative management system called National Integrated System (NIS) which integrated most of the NAS administrative functions throughout Bolivia through a Wide Area Network. The NIS system integrated procurement, financial accounting, travel and property accountability functions. Although the system is still very much a work in process, post is making steady and positive progress towards enhancing its internal control and accountability system while providing timely and effective administrative support to its customers.
Also as a means of enhancing its quality management practices, post has undertaken to achieve ISO 9000 certification. Most of its FSN/PSA employees have been trained on the concept of ISO 9000 and post is in the process of implementing the ISO 9000 administrative framework into its operations for eventual certification in the near future.
Eradication in the Tropico de Cochabamba region for the cultivation of illegal coca is the sine qua non of any realistic Bolivian counternarcotics strategy. Previous Bolivian Governments have been unable to move beyond the planning stages for controlling coca cultivation in the Yungas. The GOB reported that 6,073 hectare-equivalents of coca cultivation were eradicated in the Tropico in 2005. At the end of 2006, only 5,070 hectares were eradicated. Overall, it is likely that coca cultivation increased this past year and in the coming years, total cultivation is likely to rise rapidly as newly planted coca matures. Bolivia’s estimated potential cocaine production is now at 115 MT.
In 2006, the FELCN seized 1,344 MT of coca leaf, 14 MT of cocaine/base and 125 MT of cannabis, as well as 1,352,152 liters of liquid precursor chemicals (acetone, diesel, ether, etc) and 323 MT of solid precursor chemicals (sulfuric acid, bicarbonate of soda, etc). FELCN also destroyed 4,070 cocaine labs and made 4,503 arrests.
Law Enforcement Development
During 2006, the NAS Law Enforcement Development Project (LEDP) continued supporting and training the offices for Professional Responsibility (OPR/DNRP) and the related Tribunals of the Bolivian National Police (BNP) throughout the country on procedures and requirements of the new Police Disciplinary Code. The LEDP also followed-up the implementation of the manual and regulation approved for the proper running of Disciplinary Court procedures and supported the OPR officers with economic Incentive to OPR personnel to encourage continuity within ranks and help to prevent corruption. The LEDP also continued its four-year program to upgrade the knowledge and skills of the BNP and the Public Ministry, including the areas of human rights and human dignity. In addition, LEDP implemented new curriculum developed with MILGRP and DEA for the counternarcotics training school. The LEDP also worked with local government, Bolivian NGO’s, and other international agencies to sustain achievements and efforts made against Trafficking-in-Persons (TIP).
NAS Logistics is a nine person Logistics Section headed by an American U.S. hired Personal Services Contract (PSC) employee. The Logistics Section is charged with customs clearances; shipping/receiving of all NAS commodities; preparing donation letters; maintaining inventories; and coordinating EUM spot-checks and drafting the annual End Use Monitoring report.
The Logistics database contains detailed information on commodities and End Use Monitoring inspection visits. It can be sorted by location to facilitate End Use Monitoring spot-checks. NAS Logistics manages warehouse facilities in Pucallpa and at the Lima airport and has extensive security controls in place in these locations.
The NAS staff performs regular and unannounced End Use Monitoring inspections throughout the year. Participants include project advisors and directors of all NAS programs. Aviation assets are inspected by NAS Logistics and 8 U.S. hired American Personal Services Contractors (Field Advisor security specialists). A U.S. Coast Guard PASA shares responsibility for End Use Monitoring with the Logistics Section. Two eradication advisers and a program analyst monitor commodities and assets donated to CORAH (Coca Reduction Project), its subdivision, CADA (Coca Measurement Corps), and the Institute of Tropical Crops (Instituto de Cultivos Tropicales- ICT). ICT is a Non-Government Organization (NGO) dedicated to improving crops that may be substituted for coca MAAG personnel visit military installations to perform spot checks on Defense Articles provided to the Peruvian Armed Forces and Drug Police under security assistance programs for counternarcotics purposes. DEA special agents assist in monitoring equipment, materials and consumables provided to the Peruvian National Police (PNP).
During 2006, NAS Logistics visited 111 counterpart sites in 17 different cities and conducted inspections of 3,664 donated items out of a total of 6,284 items subject to inspection. The NAS visited all sites containing large concentrations of equipment and targeted any site where discrepancies had been noted in the past. Inspection results were compared to existing NAS inventories to produce a computerized list of discrepancies. These discrepancies were reported to the appropriate NAS program adviser and counterparts.
NAS Logistics submits a final report to the program advisor of the project for follow-up action to locate any shortages and/or to correct errors. Throughout the year, Logistics also tasked Peruvian counterparts to submit up-to-date inventories, including the location and condition information of all donated commodities. Some counterparts maintain vehicles and equipment in their inventories that have outlived their useful life span. The NAS routinely encourages counterparts to dispose of outdated and worn-out equipment by auction and to replace these items. In addition, the NAS reminds all counterparts of established guidelines for replacement of equipment. Most Peruvian governmental and other counterparts submitted detailed inventories. These submissions are compared to existing records and the results of physical inspections are used to update the NAS databases.
The Embassy’s Management Section is responsible for the physical inventory of non-project (NAS) property maintained on the Embassy’s NEPA system. A NAS Administrative Assistant oversees non-project, non-expendable personal property. NAS Logistics is responsible for the inventory of NAS personal property at Forward Operating Bases and locations. In 2006, Logistics reconciled property book inventories of 2,251 NAS program items out of a total of 6,731 items. The balance of items inspected has not been recorded at the time of this report.
All commodities are used full-time in the conduct of counternarcotics activities, including construction and logistical support. While conducting End Use Monitoring inspections of counterpart sites, Logistics found no evidence of improper use of donated materials. In addition, the cooperation of counterparts as a whole was satisfactory.
NAS Logistics maintains an inventory of about 662 vehicles nationwide, and tracks and/or supports in part about 391 project vehicles, and 194 motorcycles and 77 program vehicles. The vast majority of the vehicles are provided to various elements of the central and regional Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDRO), the Aviation Police (DIRAVPOL), the Coca Reduction Project of the Upper Huallaga (CORAH), its sub-division, the Coca Measurement and Eradication Verification Corps (CADA). CORAH/CADA has 64 vehicles and 29 motorcycles in their inventory. Nineteen (19) vehicles and two (2) motorcycles are beyond their useful lifespan; however, they are operational. The Instituto de Cultivos Tropicales (ICT) was funded previously under CADA but is not funded with its own budget. Besides NAS-provided vehicles, it has acquired various vehicles and motorcycles through a coca yield study (Breakthrough) funded by DEA. ICT has a total of four vehicles and 9 motorcycles. Five motorcycles are beyond their useful lifespan; however, two are still operational but three are not. Three vehicles are beyond their useful lives. The latter will be disposed of by auction. The Ministry of Education and Judicial Prosecutors, the Chemical Control Group, and the Peruvian Customs Service also possess NAS-donated vehicles.
The NAS employs a FSN motor vehicle maintenance supervisor under the Logistics Section, who is responsible for tracking NAS project vehicles, maintaining stocks of essential spare parts, and providing preventive maintenance advice. Aviation personnel have overall responsibility for all aircraft, tugs, fuel trucks, fire trucks, and forklifts, including preventive maintenance.
The NAS requires counterparts to provide proof of preventive maintenance when requesting NAS financial assistance for major repairs to vehicles purchased with project funds. Funding is not provided if the preventive maintenance has not been performed.
In 2005, NAS Logistics disposed of four inoperative/obsolete NAS program vehicles. Two were donated to counterparts; one sold at auction; and one was destroyed. At the present time, there are 14 inoperative/obsolete counterpart vehicles being prepared for action and/or disposal. Any funds received will be returned to the program in accordance with regulations.
A mobile X-ray van for box and luggage inspections was purchased in May 2006. It is used to conduct random inspections both at the airport and seaport.
In 2006, the NAS continued to monitor the use and maintenance of radio equipment to support interdiction and eradication missions.
The NAS continues to upgrade computer systems for counterparts, including surge suppressers and UPS as necessary in areas where the electrical current is unstable. In addition, the NAS is assisting counterparts in improving internal communications through LANs and web connections. Post encourages counterparts to automate inventory, case management and filing systems. These help to improve internal controls, produce a smoother flow of paperwork, and provide more accurate documents. Computer equipment is maintained at the assigned sites and upgraded as needed and as funds permit.
Additional project equipment was provided to DEA's Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU's) in 2006. DEA agents performed End Use Monitoring activities throughout the year. They did not find any instances of equipment being misused, poorly maintained or used for purposes other than those intended by the USG.
Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDROS)-Weapons procured with FMF funds for use of DINANDRO and DIVANDROS participating in the counter-narcotics program are surveyed periodically by the NAS and MAAG representatives. There is no evidence that the equipment is being used for any purpose other than police counternarcotics operations. All monitored equipment was in serviceable condition. The NAS monitored 200 M-60D machine-guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DLA; 12 Smith & Wesson 357 Cal M-19, 14 M4 carbines, received from the RSO. The NAS, with INL approval, provides non-lethal weapons to the PNP (DIRANDRO). The weapons include twelve complete Pepperball systems.
Riverine-The Chief of Mission and the NAS Director cancelled the NAS Riverine program due to inefficiency and lack of commitment by GOP counterparts. Personnel and resources previously dedicated to the NAS Riverine Program have been reprogrammed to the Maritime and Ports Program that is focused on interdicting drugs leaving Peru by sea and airports.
The Aviation Program, working jointly with the Airwing of the Police (DIRAVPOL), provides airlift support for interdiction and eradication missions. In 2006, the Aviation Program helicopters (UH-1 and UH-II) logged 5,892.5 hours and the total for aircraft flown was 8,167.1 flight hours. NAS has a B 1900 D aircraft to facilitate CN operations east of the Andes.
Without the airlift and emergency evacuation capabilities of the 23 INL helicopters, NAS-supported PNP helicopters and fixed aircraft, the eradicators would not have been able to operate in most coca-growing locations. The ability to move operations quickly from one location to another added the element of unpredictability needed to safely operate in areas of grower resistance to eradication missions.
The NAS supports a total of 23 USG-owned INL Airwing UH-II helicopters that are operated by the National Police Aviation Directorate (DIVAVPOL) for counternarcotics interdiction and eradication missions. NAS Lima received ten of the 23 in 2006. INL rotary wing assets are based at the Main Operating Base (MOB) in Pucallpa where all major helicopter maintenance is performed. In Lima, there is one fixed wing aircraft B 1900 D twin-engine passenger aircraft capable of carrying 19 passengers or cargo. This aircraft supports CN operations in Peru. The B 1900 is pressurized. A fixed wing C-208 single engine passenger aircraft capable of carrying 8 passengers or light cargo is stationed at the Main Operating Base at Pucullpa. The C-208 is not pressurized. GOP police MI-17 helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft are also used for counternarcotics operations. As needed, the NAS rents small aircraft to move personnel and cargo to locations east of the Andes. The NAS supports two FAP V-26s (four were donated by the USG) with maintenance support, fuel, and crew training. One of the FAP C-26 has a FLIR installed. The FLIR is interchangeable with the C-26s. The C-26s are used to identify illegal runways, reconnaissance, and transport for CN personnel in support of NAS and GOP CN efforts in Peru.
NAS Aviation Program personnel and the INL Air Wing contractor DynCorp, performed support and End Use Monitoring activities for the NAS Aviation Program in 2006. DynCorp and NAS aviation personnel maintain flight and maintenance records for all INL aircraft. A task order incorporated into DynCorp’s contract authorizes procurement of spare parts, lubricants, chemical additives, and aviation life support equipment (ALSE) for CN aircraft. No diversion of NAS-purchased parts and equipment has been detected.
The MAAG continues to conduct EUM inventory of 24 Dragonfly A-37 aircraft. Two other aircraft had been lost to attrition and three are being used as static display.
The NAS provides all fuel required for the UH-1 and UH-II helicopters and the fixed-wing aircraft. The NAS also pays for fuel for police fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters on selected counternarcotics missions. The NAS closely monitors all fuel ordering, receiving, and dispensing procedures of fuel stocks for aviation. The NAS has Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA's) with fuel suppliers and transporters and has ordering, receiving and payment procedures in place. In 2006, $2,040,000 was spent on the purchase of aviation fuel. An additional $200,000 was paid to transport the fuel from Lima to forward locations. The NAS in-house quality control of aviation fuel is strictly monitored through daily, weekly and monthly testing, weekly spot-checks and monthly audits. Additionally, the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) conducts quarterly inspections of DOD quality assurance of all in-plane contracts, which includes both NAS BPA's. All meet or exceed standards established by DLA.
The NAS stores and dispenses fuel from 11 locations in Peru, nine of which are east of the Andes. The main facility is in Pucallpa and has a maximum Jet-A capacity of 41,000 gallons. Tingo Maria has a capacity of 20,000 gallons of Jet-A1. Aguaytia has 4,700; Santa Lucia has 20,000; Mazamari has 17,000; Palma Pampa has 18,000; Puerto Maldonado has 20,000; Mazuco has 12,000; and Pichari has 14,500. All locations have CORAH-contracted refuelers who report daily to the NAS embassy Field Coordinator in Pucallpa. The NAS Petroleum Logistics Advisor visits all locations at least quarterly.
The NAS also purchases fuel for the Riverine Program for use by PNP and Coast Guard Riverine Unit. However, no fuel was purchased in 2006 due to the initial stage of the program. Several offshore operations are planned for 2007 in which the NAS will provide fuel and parts for maritime assets donated by the U.S. Coast Guard.
Ion Scan Machines
The three Ion scan machines purchased by Ports program, which detect atomic- sized particles of cocaine (or other drugs/explosives if so programmed) have been used daily on cases ranging from airport passengers to cargo and fishing vessels.
The NAS provides construction support to advance counternarcotics operations through CORAH personnel. During 2006, CORAH carried out 46 projects at a cost of $1,226,274. This included 11 projects for aviation, 17 for the police program, 4 for the Maritime and Ports , 7 for CORAH facilities, 1 for Drug Executive Office (OFECOD) of the MININTER, and 1 community support project. In all cases, renovated facilities were used for their intended purposes.
Weapons provided for the use of DIRANDO and DINANDRO (National and Provincial Drug Police) units that participate in the counternarcotics program are surveyed periodically by NAS and MAAG representatives. There are no indications that the weapons are being used for other than intended purposes. All monitorable equipment is in serviceable condition. The NAS monitors 200 M-60 machine guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DKA, 12 Smith & Wesson 357 cal M-19, 14 M4 carbines, received from the RSO (DS). The NAS, with INL approval, provided non-lethal weapons to the PNP (DIRANDRO). The non-lethal weapons include 12 complete Pepperball systems.
ProblemsReassignment of Vehicles During an inspection of DIRANDRO, post discovered that four NAS-donated vehicles had been reassigned to other police sections by the Director General of the Peruvian National Police (PNP). This was immediately reported to the NAS Police Program Adviser. Shortly thereafter, the Director General of the PNP was changed and the NAS Police Adviser officially requested the vehicles be returned to DINANDRO. The New Police advised that the vehicles would be returned.
Due to changes in Peru’s Customs regulations implemented in 2003, the average clearance time for counternarcotics materials increased from 24 hours to three or four days, causing an increase in bonded warehouse storage charges. In 2005, the Logistics Management Adviser received signature authority for the processing of Customs documentation which reduced the average processing time to the original 24 hours and as little as six hours, thus reducing bonded warehouse charges by over 50 percent.
The Chief of Mission and NAS Director cancelled the NAS Riverine Program due to inefficiency and lack of commitment by host nation counterparts. Personnel and resources previously dedicated to the NAS Riverine Program have been reprogrammed to the Maritime & Ports Program that is focused on interdicting drugs leaving Peru by sea and air.
The DIRANDO Police Inspector General (IG) investigated cases involving DIRANDO police submission of fraudulent documentation that resulted in new DIRANDO policies implemented to safeguard NAS-donate equipment.
During End Use Monitoring inspection visits of police sites, NAS Logistics noted that several units were lacking qualified personnel and /or were poorly equipped to track property. Some police units have shown improvement in this area. NAS logistics completed the necessary software needed in remote areas and had planned training sessions. However, DIRANDRO has been going through extensive restructuring. The issue is on hold until exact needs can be clearly identified as a result of the restructuring.
Maintenance of High-Tech Equipment
During End Use Monitoring inspections, Logistics noted that the Police were not using some of the high-tech equipment, e.g., copy machines, fax machines, etc. because of high maintenance costs. The technical level of the equipment donated to the Police has been re-evaluated. Emphasis is now given to lower cost, low maintenance units. This is helping to resolve the issue.
The NAS Police Adviser was alerted by a NAS employee at Palma Pampa PNP base that 1,200 gallons of diesel fuel for the base generators, provided by NAS Police Program funds had been stolen. The Police conducted a formal investigation confirming the illegal sale of the fuel by base personnel in complicity with an employee of UNIMAQ (the contractor that maintains the generators). The Police are taking legal action against the perpetrators. The prosecution of those responsible should serve as a deterrent for such action in the future.
In 2006, NAS and DEA coordinated two high-seas interdictions totaling over 7.5 tons of cocaine. Cocaine seizures at the Jorge Chavez international airport exceeded 2.1 tons, more than doubling CY-2005 totals before NAS support. The maritime effort yielded multiple several hundred kilogram seizures in CY-2006.
The Government of Peru has had continued success throughout the year in conducting law enforcement operations. Over the period, the price of coca leaf has dropped from 120 Nuevos Soles to 40 Nuevos Soles in the Apurimac/Ene Valley. The statistics in seizures and arrests follow:
|Coca leaf seized||1.078 metric tons|
|Cocaine HCL seized||14.6 metric tons|
|Essential chemicals seized||334,243 kilograms|
|Illicit laboratories destroyed/seized||724|
|Cocaine HCL labs||11|
Post conducted periodic checks of resources provided though INL funding to the following GOU agencies: The Directorate General for the Repression of Illicit Drug Trafficking (DGRTID), the Coast Guard (Prefectura), the National Drug Secretariat (NDS), the Central Bank of Uruguay (BCU), and the Ministry of Interior (MOI). An annual inspection is conducted and these agencies provide annual inventory reports that specify the use, status, and location of all equipment supplied by the USG. Post maintains regular contact with the Government of Uruguay (GOU) officials throughout the year with regard to training opportunities, drug seizures statistics and equipment status.
Computer and Communications Equipment
Most of the computers are in good condition. Embassy-provided computers are used by accountants to monitor financial drug-related activities, by analysts looking for drug-related activities, and for general office use. Computers are also used to network with the Ministry of Public Health in an information-sharing program concerning sale and distribution of potential drug precursors.
Some of the older, renovated computers have been sent to local police stations to improve communication and data sharing.
Post purchased 10 computers in 2002 for use in Prefectura’s main headquarters and to replace the computers from 2000 that are being distributed to the border areas. The vehicles are still in use within the Prefectura’s headquarters in Montevideo. They were distributed to Prefectura stations along Uruguay’s main maritime ports of entry. These computers are used primarily to form the information backbone for their central database. Through this expanded network, border officers have gained improved access to the Prefectura’s database and more timely and thorough analysis of data and border crossing patterns of potential drug traffickers.
Thirteen vehicles have been donated to DGRTID, including three motorcycles. Through an innovative exchange program with major car dealerships in Uruguay, the vehicles are traded in for new models every two years at virtually no charge. Through this program, seven vehicles have been exchanged, thus maintaining a young, low-maintenance fleet of vehicles.
The Uruguayan Coast Guard (Prefectura) maintains two trucks, one sedan, and two motorcycles provided by INL in 1999. The two motorcycles are in poor shape. There is no funding to exchange them for new ones. Prefectura mechanics are using cannibalized space parts from motorcycles to maintain the other.
Typewriters, electronic surveillance system, videocassette recorders, video cameras, photocopiers, fax machines, night vision devices, camcorders, air conditioning unit, narcotics test kits, cadaver kits, electronic scales, air conditioning units. fingerprint kits, fiber optic borescopes, metal detector police assault gear, protective gear, voltage regulators, radio, transformers plus other support equipment (including desks and chairs, binoculars, flashlights and handcuffs), communication monitoring systems, bullet-proof vests, protective outerwear, UPS, weight balance, have been donated to the DRGTID and the Prefectura.
In general, the equipment is in good condition. Out-of-date electronic equipment has been replaced with newer, more useful models. The handcuffs and other police equipment could be replaced.
The following equipment was donated to the Ministry of Interior (the Direccion Nacional de Identification Civil) for use in improving immigration controls and databases: channel storage system (2); hard drive (2); IEC cord (2); storageworks modular SAN array controller (2); storageworks Modular SAN array controller (2); multi-mode fiber channel cable (8).
The Embassy has donated other equipment to assist with investigations, including multi-channel digital logger, drug test kits, cadaver kits, fingerprint kits, 6 fiber optic borescopes and a metal detector. Most of this equipment is centralized in Montevideo, although some equipment is used in Prefectura stations outside the capital.
In 2005, post funded the National Drug Secretariat Drug Rehabilitation Clinic, including a telephone clinic, in a northern Montevideo suburb specifically for “pasta base” addicts. The program, known locally as the “portal Amarillo,” opened in April 2006. It is staffed by recent graduates of Uruguay’s largest nursing school. It services about 200 patients a week.
The DGRTID and Prefectura’s canine programs are operational with dogs in MVD and in frontier offices. Both agencies carry out dog performance controls and training activities on a yearly basis. They breed their own puppies and donate to good homes ones that are no longer useful.
Accountability of equipment purchased between 10 and 30 years ago is problematic. GOU officials have been accommodating to post’s request for information over the years and post has documented any accountability issues.
INL equipment has made a significant impact in the Government of Uruguay (GOU) counternarcotics effort, particularly through improved border control and tracking of persons. Computer equipment provided to the DGRTID and the Prefectura has formed comprehensive information networks that improve data sharing between Uruguay’s ports of entry and Montevideo. Without INL funding and assistance, many anti-narcotics projects would not be possible or would lack depth.
DGRTID records show that 1,691 individuals were arrested in 2006 for drug trafficking activities; 460 were prosecuted. Yearly seizures in the internal markets reached 434,432 grams of marijuana, 29,339 grams of cocaine, 92,600 grams of pasta base.
Receiving law enforcement agencies sign documentation confirming receipt of all materials and committing to using the INL-funded resources for their stated purposes. Documentation includes serial numbers, quantities, and expected end-use. Post, including the Narcotics Coordinator’s Office, and RSO office, conduct on-site inspections including periodic spot checks. The Suriname Police Force (KPS) and other law enforcement agencies accommodate visits from Embassy personnel. The Embassy maintains contact with law enforcement officials throughout the year with regard to training opportunities, drug seizures statistics, and equipment status. Post reports periodically via cable on various End Use Monitoring activities.
StatusThe majority of INL equipment donated in CY-06 and previous years is used by various units within the Surinamese Police Force, including the Narcotics Brigade, Police Liaison Unit, Special Investigations Units, special unit assigned to the Embassy area, Financial Investigative Unit, and a police ombudsman unit within the Ministry of Justice and Police Forensics. The equipment is being used and maintained properly. The Criminal Records database is located in a secure environment within the KPS Forensics Unit. All items donated are being used in accordance with their stated purpose. Computer Equipment
The following computer equipment was provided to the Government of Suriname (GOS) law enforcement agencies in 2005: 41 PC Intel Pentiums (4), 37 color monitors, Criminal Records Database System, two ASUS Mypal Pocket PC, 6 biometric fingerprint scanners, one server, 4 workstations, 1 laser printer, 37 UPS, 37 CD drivers, 1 Dell notebook including document management, investigation, and fingerprinting matching software.
The following computer equipment was provided to the Surinamese Police Force in prior years: 15 computers, one computer scanner, computer software and supplies for vehicles database, 2 Laser network scanners, one16-port network switch, one Microsoft Windows 2003 server, one Microsoft windows 2000 professional, two printers. Four CPUs, monitor, keyboard, etc, were provided to the Financial Intelligence Unit in prior years.
The following communications equipment was provided to the GOS law enforcement agencies: 60 Motorola Pro 5550 portable units, 3 multi rapid charger units, 10 single MTS rapid charges, 20 portable antennas, 20 single GTX radio chargers, 7 power supply mobile spectra radios, 100 MTS portable batteries, 100 GTX batteries, 40 dispatch centers batteries, 12 repeater site batteries, 8 repeater batteries, 2 Micro wave links, 4 X-tra talk radios.
The following miscellaneous equipment was provided to the GOS law enforcement agencies in 2005: 2 copy machines (FIU); 2 four-drawer file cabinets (FIU); 1 VCR/DVD, 1 television for instructional videos (FOT); renovation of Police Academy building (KPS); translation equipment, 50 one channel wireless receivers (KPS).
The following computer equipment was provided to the Surinamese Police Force in prior years: 4 home office UPS systems; 2 micro cassette recorders; 2 digital handy cam camcorders; 4 Xtra talk radios; 3 binoculars; 10 traffic vests; 20 second chance body armor; 12 electrodes batons ASP; 12 universal handcuffs, 12 expandable baton holder; 6 fax machines; 4 Polaroid cameras; scanner; 1 shredder; 1 conference table; 7 chairs; 5 office desks; 5 office chairs; drug test kits; handcuffs; Maglights.
VehiclesOne 1996 Toyota Landcruiser Station Wagon, a 1997 Toyota Landcruiser pickup and a reconditioned 1993 Toyota Corolla are in use by the KPS. The vehicles are used by police units for basic transportation needs enabling them to respond more rapidly to urgent situations. Impact
The KPS and other law enforcement entities receiving assistance use all resources provided in an effective manner. They are extremely appreciative of all assistance. The INL program has strengthened GOS’ institutional capacity to make real progress in its fight against narcotics trafficking and related crimes within its border. The success of the program has also deepened and strengthened the bilateral relationship and cooperation. In 2006, Surinamese authorities arrested and deported Shaheed “Roger” Khan, a Guyanese national suspected of narcotics trafficking, on charges of false documentation. In another joint operation, police units in two western districts of Suriname seized 100 kilograms of cocaine hidden in an oil-storage tank and arrested two men. Additional arrests and seizures throughout the year also helped point to the effectiveness of increased INL help and funding.
Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the National Police Anti-Drug (DNA) and Intelligence Divisions to allow close monitoring of donated material. The NAS staff performs random, sample inventories when visiting outlying offices and checkpoints. NAS personnel concluded the labeling of newly-purchased commodities and those from previous years which had not been labeled. Inventories of sites with only a small volume of donated commodities were verified in the course of project site visits by any NAS personnel.
In 2006, NAS Ecuador continued support to the Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) Anti-Narcotics Division (DNA) with vehicles, communications equipment, computer equipment, field gear and construction projects.
The Ecuadorian Army's 19th Brigade includes a Boston Whaler located in Puerto El Carmen. In addition, there are 100 HP Johnson O/B motors (19); trailers (4); Zodiac boats (4); and 40 HP Motors (4) donated by USMILGP.
The DNA received 700 SIG Sauer 9mm pistols via 506 (A) drawdown. They are distributed to ENP offices as follows: GEMA/Baeza (100); Guayaquil (60); Pichincha (95); SIU (45); Sucumbios (15); Manta (25); Santo Domingo (5); Esmeraldas (10); Imbabura (21); Carchi (20); Tunguragua (15); El Oro (20); Azuay (10); Napo (5); Loja (30); Los Rios (10); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (10); Mascaillas (5); Puyo (7); Morona Santiago (5); DNA Warehouse (162).
Weapons/Ammunition-The Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) Anti-Drug Division (DNA) received 743 Pistols Sigeauer and Beretta 9MM from the USMILGP in 2000. Those weapons are in use and in good condition. They are located as follows: Pichincha (144); Orellana (10); Manabi (53); Azuay (15); Los Rios (24); Tungurahua (10); Carchi (33); Imbabura (50); Esmeraldes (21); Morona Santiago (10); Sucumbios (16); Galapagos (4); Guayas (136); GEMA (138); El Oro (20); Nap (5); Cotopaxi (5); Chimborazo (6); Loja (30); Puyo (10); and Bolivar (3).
The USMILGP also donated 500 Colt-AR15 M-16 guns as part of the 506 (a) drawdown. They were distributed to ENP units as follows: Pichincha (66); Guayas (71); GEMA (149); Imbabura (29); Carchi (20); Esmeraldas (35); Manabi (21); Tungurahua (5); Los Rios (10); El Oro (10); Azuay (5); Napo (8); Cotopaxi (5); Chimbozo (5); Sucumbios (15); Loja (20); Orellana (40); Puyo (3); Galpagos (2).
The DNA received 519 flak vests from the 506 (a) Drawdown in 1999. They were distributed as follows: Pichincha (154); Guayas (73); GEMA (127); Imbabura (9); Carchi (19); Esmeraldas (29); Manabi (34); Los Rios (5); El Oro (49); Azuay (10); Napo (3); Cotopaxi (9); Chimborazo (4); Sucumbios (16); Loha (20); Morona Santiago (3); Orellana (6), Puyo (10). One was lost and 16 were auctioned. All but 30 are due for replacement.
The DNA received 469 helmets from the 506 (a) Drawdown. They were distributed to the various ENP offices as follows: GEMA (100); Carchi (19); Imbabura (6); Esmeraldas (26); Manta (20); Tunguragua (4); El Oro (44); Azuay (10); Napa (5); Chimborazo (4); Caar (10); Sucumbios (12); Morona Santiago (5); Puyo (7).
The NAS donated 100 HMMWV’s and 51 five-ton trucks to the Ecuadorian Army in 2003 for northern border use. One HMMWV and one truck were lost overboard during transit to Ecuador; one HMMWV was wrecked after it was transferred to the GOE. Nineteen additional HMMWV’s and 26 additional five-ton trucks were donated to the Ecuadorian Marine and Air Force units in 2004.
These vehicles are assigned to Ecuadorian military units at the following locations:
HMMWV’s-Tulcan (12); Santa Cecilia (12); Esmeraldes (30); Lago Agrio (12); Putumayo (6); Ibarro (12); Coca (4); Shushufindi (6); San Lorenzo (7); Machachi (5); Manta (3); Military Maintenance shop (3).
Five-ton Trucks-Tulcan (5); Santa Cecelia (5); Esmeraldas (23); Lago Agrio (5); Ibarro (4); Putumayo (2); Quevedo (4); Latacunga (3); Shushufindi (6); San Lorenzo (13); and Military Maintenance shop (6).
In support of its peace-keeping troops working under the United Nations in Haiti, the Ecuadorian Army (ECA) sent, without NAS permission, five USG-donated 5-ton trucks to Haiti. With host country funds, the ECA purchased sixty 5-ton trucks from the same excess U.S. military lot as the trucks donated by NAS. Five of the 60 trucks replaced those sent to Haiti; the replacement was competed in 2006.
VehiclesThe NAS provides support for all USG-donated vehicles totaling 174 cars/trucks/vans buses and 86 motorcycles. In 2006, the NAS purchased 34 vehicles. Only 3 vehicles donated through 506 drawdown prior to 1999 are operating; the others are out-of-service. The vehicles are assigned to the following counternarcotics units throughout Ecuador: Pichincha (51); Guayas (28); Carchi (8); Esmeraldas (5); El Ora (2); Loja (3); Manab (3); Azuay (2); Tugurahua (1); Imbabura (3); Cotopaxi (1); Sucumios (5); Napo (1); GEMA (17); SIU (36); COAC (5); Pastaza (1); Judicial Plice (1); and Military (19).
The motorcycles are assigned to the following locations: Pichincha (15); Guayas (6); Carchi (3); Sucumbos (1); Exmeraldas (2); Loja (2); Imbabura (4); Azuay 1; Manab (3); El Oro (2); Cotopaxi (1); Tungurhua (2); Napo (1); Orellana (2); Chimborazo (1); Caarl (1); Los Rios (1); Zamora (1), GEMA (8) COAC (4); Judicial Police (1); SIU (9); Military (15).
Twenty-four vehicles and two motorcycles were auctioned in 2006. Proceeds of those auctions are being cycled into replacement vehicles and motorcycles.
The NAS has established Blanket Purchase Orders (BPA’s) with several repair shops. Repair and maintenance needs are evaluated by NAS personnel and the vehicles are sent to appropriate shops for the necessary work. The NAS keeps records of vehicle maintenance; maintains a tire stock; and furnishes a fixed amount of fuel for operations by the donated vehicles throughout Ecuador.
In 2006, the NAS supported the ENP’s Aeropolitical with the purchase of a Eurocopter helicopter. It is based in Santo Domingo e los Colorados, a growing city, both in terms of population and narco-related crime. The local community raised $400,000 from private and community sources towards the purchase of the aircraft. NAS does not provide fuel, maintenance or spare parts. However, the NAS monitors flight hours and general use of helicopter.
The NAS currently supports the Ecuadorian National Police Communications with 22 repeater stations, 38 base stations, 75 mobile units, 475 portable hand-held radios (walkie-talkies), 2 manpack HF radios, and 1 HF base radio. All equipment is provided with full accessories. The equipment is distributed throughout the country. The NAS donated 262 Motorola Portable hand-held radios to the ENP in 2006.
The DNA has 71 Motorola Saber radios. Twenty of the 71 Saber radios were previously used by the NAS-supported, DHS-guided anti-alien smuggling police intelligence unit (COAC) but were returned to the DNA in 2005. Currently, those 20 radios are inoperable and stored at the ENP warehouse.
The Ecuadorian Army (the 19th Jungle brigade, Coca) has 87 Manpack VHF radios, chargers and accessories that were donated in FY-2002. The equipment was upgraded and repaired by the manufacturer in 2006.
The NAS completed the upgrade of the computer equipment. Two hundred ninety computers, 91 printers, 117 digital cameras, 35 scanners, 14 servers, 51 laptops were distributed throughout Ecuador at the following antinarcotics facilities:
Computers-Pichincha (158); Guayas (67); Imbabura (6); Carchi (18);Esmeraldas (4); Tungurahua (4); Los Rios (2); El Oro (4); Canar (1); Azuay (3); Napo (1); Zamora (2); Cotopaxi (3); Chimborazo (2); Orellana (2); Sucumbios (4); Pastaza (2) Manabi (9); Loja (1); Galapagos (3); Bolivar (1); Morona (1); San Lorenzo (1).
Printers-Pichincha (27); Guayas (28); Imbabura (3); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (21); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios (2); El Oro (2); Canar (1); Azuay (1); Napo (1); Zamora (1); Cotopaxi (2); Orellana (1); Sucumbios (1); Pastaza (1); Manabi (8); Loja (1); Galapagos (1); Puyo (1).
Digital Cameras-Pichincha (51); Guayas (18); Imbabura (6); Carchi (4); Esmeraldas (5); Los Rios (1);; Canar (1); Azuay (1); Napo (2); Zamora (1); Cotopaxi (2); Chimborazo (1); Orellana (1); Sucumbios (4); Pastaza (1); Manabi (6); Loja (3); Galapagos (2); Bolivar (1); Morona (1); Puyo (1).
Laptops-Pinchincha (23); Guayas (4); Carchi (1); Esmeraldas (1); Tungurahua (1); Los Rios (1); El Oro (1); Azuay (1); Zamora (1); Chimborzao 1; Sucumbios (1); Pastaza (1); Manabi (3); Loja (2); Galapagos (1); Napo (1). The NAS donated 7 laptops to the Ecuadorian Military in Sucumbios.
Scanners-Pichinchi (7); Guayas (6); Imbabura (2); Carchi (2); Esmeraldas (1); El Oro (1); Sucumbios (1); Manabi (3).
Servers-Pichincha (7); Guayas (6).; Carchi (1).
NAS/Ecuador has been providing technical assistance, food and supplies to the Ecuadorian National Police's Canine Training Center (CAC) located in Quito since its inception, as well as to the canine units deployed at Ecuador's major airports. The canine program has been the pride of the ENP and accounts for nearly all of the drug interdictions in Ecuador. There are 79 dogs in the canine unit donated by the NAS. They are located as follows: Pichincha (17); Guyas (21); Manta (9); Machala (5); Mascarillas (7); Carchi (6); Cotopaxi (3) San KLorenzo (3); San Jeronimo (3); Esmeraldas (5).
Most dogs are located at the airports and at checkpoints. They are being maintained better since post demanded that a police vet be removed because of strong indications of malpractice in the death of one of the donated dogs. Civilian vets are now being used.
Three 27-foot launches were donated to the Ecuadorian Marines to provide them better capability to patrol the extensive water systems on the border with Mario province in Colombia. All of the boats are located in San Lorenzo and are in good working condition.
The following construction projects were completed in 2006: a C-130 workshop in Pichincha; remodeling of canine kennels in Pichincha; enlargement of workshop for tactical vehicles in San Lorenzo; a warehouse for CONSEP in Pichincha; maintenance workshop for tactical vehicles in Santa Cecelia, Sucumbios province; enlargement of GEMA Police /check Point in Baeza; construction of kennels for canine unit in Santo Domingo; design and construction of a tactical tower; integrated police check point in La Y del Jobo, El Oro; aeropolicial control base in Santo Domingo.
In 2006, the NAS purchased significant amounts of field gear for the Ecuadorian military and police: 32 binoculars; 70 expandable batons; 255 trauma kits; 145 compasses; 590 canteens; 375 hats; 75 belts; 1076 tactical gloves; 166 flashlights; 1115 sleeping pads; 23 tactical life preservers; 50 tactical lights; 100 boots; 85 overalls; 480 hammocks; 100 pepper spray; 11 head mounts; 32 GPS; 150 tactical harnesses; 360 ponchos; 150 florescent jackets; 8 overalls; 415 tactical harnesses; 140 boots; 240 flashlights.
The NAS provided the DNA with 18 emergency generators in previous years. They are in service at the operational units as follows: Pinchincha (1); Guayas (3); Manta (2); Sucumbios (2); Baeza (2); Carchi (2); San Lorenzo (1); San Jeronimo (2); Machala (2); Napo (1).
The NAS provided three portable Ion scanners in 2003. They are located in Tulcan (1); LaAgo Agrio (1) and Guayas (1).
Two digital X-ray machines are located at the Quito and Guayaquil airports. The X-ray machine at the Guayaquil airport is out-of-service after a passenger struck the machine in anger in refusing to submit to an X-ray examination by police.
Field gear donated by the NAS is in proper use subject to normal attrition, war and tear.
No particular problems were encountered. There are no indications of systemic abuses of human rights involving USG assistance or the recipients of USG assistance.
U.S. Government assistance is crucial to the counternarcotics program of the ENP. The central funding received from the National Police by the Anti-Drug Division covers only salaries and basic administrative expenses, aside from about 30 vehicles procured for DNA by the ENP in 2002 and 2003. The NAS and DEA provide almost all logistical and operational support to the Ecuadorian National Police Anti-Drug Division.
Drug seizures and arrest statistics for calendar year 2006 were (metric tons):
Post is able to take advantage of official travel for spot-checking on an ad hoc basis. However, on-site inspections are infrequent, as the small size of the program does not merit resource dedication to monitoring trips. Post supplements personal inspections with information obtained from Chilean contacts about the use and status of equipment. Experience has shown the Chileans to be reliable in their reporting.
The host government agencies participating in INL-funded projects are the National Drug Commission (CONACE), the Chilean Investigative Police (PICH), Chilean Customs Service, and the Chilean Uniformed Police (Carabineros). The equipment is deployed in both rural and metropolitan areas in counternarcotics operations.
The Carabineros’ Chevrolet LUV pickup in El Loa is in poor condition. It is no longer in use.
The Police have one radio scanner, one base station (fair condition), four walkie-talkies, and two hand-held high radios (fair condition). Customs has one base station in fair condition.
The Carabineros has four telephone systems in five locations. Three are in good condition; one is in fair condition. The Carabineros also has seven telephone message systems in five locations. They are in fair to good condition.
The Carabineros has 32 computers and one server in 17 locations. All are in good condition. Carabineros has three laptops and two printers in Santiago. CONACE has one computer and two printers in storage. They are all in good condition.
The computers purchased for the PICH-Narcotics were used to replace a limited and obsolete supply of software components that frequently crashed and had backup/storage problems. The new computers are currently used by PICH-Narcotics personnel for the preparation of investigative reports and related forms; to perform intelligence reporting and analysis; and to present PowerPoint presentations used for investigative and operational briefings and training. PICH-Narcotics uses these machines daily. They have expressed gratitude for the resulting increased productivity for their police unit.
In 2006, the following was procured for the PICH-Santiago Narcotics Unit: one Systemax Mission small office server; 20 Systemax Intel P4 computer hard drives (with warranties and data security protection); 21 Magavision MV177V 17” monitors; 15 Microsoft Windows server user license agreements; six Microsoft 3PK OEM Office basic packages; two Microsoft 1PK OEM Office basic packages; two Hewlett Packard HP Laserjet 1320n network printers; two Hewlett Packard HP color Laserjet 3600n printers; one Netgear FS108P Prosafe Switch, and one Netgear GS724T 513MB USB flash drive.
The equipment is excellent working condition. It was installed in the PICH-Santiago Narcotics Office in December 2006. PICH-Narcotics uses this equipment daily.
ImpactDespite many “good” classifications, much of the equipment is nearing the end of its useful life. Post continues to review counternarcotics equipment needs and procurement capabilities of the police forces to determine what further material assistance is warranted.
Chilean police have made a request for pole cameras to monitor suspected areas of urban drug activity, and for mobile radar that would enable them to detect go-fast boats or desert movement as they guard their northern border from the trafficking of drugs and people.