The INL program assistant personally verified the National Anti-Drug Secretariat (SENAD) inventory report through on-site inspection of the Asuncion facilities in January. Reports for commodities located outside of Asuncion are based on SENAD's inventory.
All items were provided to SENAD, the Anti-Drug Executive Secretariat; DINAR, SENAD's Enforcement Branch; and SEPRELAD, Paraguay's money-laundering investigative unit. In addition, the Government of Paraguay (GOP) placed INL-provided commodities in service in several field locations: Ybyturuzu, Encarnacion, Ciudad del Este, Lima, Mariscal Estigarriba, and Pedro Juan Caballero.
Seventeen pickups, one sedan, and two motorcycles were used by the DINAR and the SENAD for counternarcotics operations and administrative tasks. Five of the pickups are in fair condition; one needs an engine overhaul; and four are in poor condition and will be auctioned.
INL funds support the detector dog program, which employs 11 dogs. The dogs are based in Asuncion at the INL-supported kennel located at the International Airport. The dogs are rotated periodically. INL also funded training in Bolivia for four dog guides to provide them with updated techniques that should be used when training the dogs. The INL program provides funding for maintenance of the kennels, food and veterinary care. INL provided uniforms to guides of drug detector dogs.
SENAD has taken the initiative to use their own manpower to make room additions at some of the posts, to include a larger housing area for the dogs. DEA and SENAD are working together to improve the overall program. The canine unit is very limited in what they can do without a court order, which is much different than in the United States. Once this is formally resolved, the canines will be able to work more routine roadblocks, searches, etc.
All communications equipment was accounted for and in good condition. SENAD made good on its promise to replace nine hand-held radios which were lost last year. Some communications equipment is now inoperable. Efforts are being made to determine if parts from the inoperable or irreparable radios can be used for service or replacement on similar equipment.
The office and computer equipment are in good to excellent condition, except for the following items which are in fair condition: desk computers (2), refrigerator, filing cabinet, desk and two printers (inoperable).
INL assistance provided virtually all computer and communications equipment used by the DINAR intelligence and operations and prevention units. SENAD and DINAR have incorporated these commodities not only into Asuncion operations, but at remote locations as part of DINAR's Chaco Mobile Enforcement Unit (CMET), and Major Violators Unit (MVU) activities. SEPRELAD relies exclusively on INL-provided computer equipment and software.
The NAS held regular working meetings with CNP administrative, operations, intelligence, and air service officers to discuss the status of all assets provided in support of counternarcotics programs. Discussions included review of Foreign Military Sales (FMS), 506A Emergency Presidential Determination, excess defense property, and Grant AID programs. Additionally, all NAS advisors were required to conduct periodic EUM in their respective areas of responsibility. The NAS hired an American Personal Services Contractor (PSC) as a reports/monitoring officer at the end of CY-2001, primarily to attend to EUM requirements. Two NAS Foreign Service Nationals (FSN) developed auditing procedures to review CNP vehicles and all purchases made from a special USG-funded account used to obtain counternarcotics items costing $2,500 or less. Seven NAS advisers implemented review procedures in their corresponding areas of field equipment, aviation spare parts inventories, and aviation fuel program receipts.
Aircraft-The CNP Air Service, in conjunction with three aviation advisors, provides daily reports on the status of all USG-provided aircraft. Vigilance was maintained on availability and operational use to ensure subject aircraft were actually employed in counternarcotics missions. Spare and repair part inventories were closely monitored to ensure proper utilization. NAS aviation fuel program procedures were in place to monitor purchases, deliveries, and use of fuel in all subject bases and commercial airports.
Construction-These projects continue to be supervised and monitored by a NAS contracted personnel. The staff has increased to three: one architect, who oversees all construction projects, and two civil engineers, one for NAS Aviation Unit (NAU) projects and the other for all remaining NAS-sponsored building efforts. These individuals coordinated all projects from development to completion and delivery to end-users. NAS advisers also participated in the identification of construction requirements and conducted EUM to ensure facilities were used as intended.
Vehicles-The CNP continued its standard operating procedure of having each base report quarterly on the status of vehicles assigned to it. Preventive maintenance was performed by CNP mechanics in the Bogota motor pool in accordance with the logbook maintained on each vehicle. Purchases of repair parts and major maintenance requirements were handled per procurement instructions outlined in joint procedures developed between the CNP and the NAS. Fuel purchases were handled using the same procedures as in previous years, but with tighter controls to prevent waste. The fuel quota per car remained at three gallons per day for most vehicles. NAS voucher examiners closely monitored invoices to ensure proper controls were in place.
Communications Equipment-The CNP managed and monitored this equipment, reporting the status to the NAS upon request. The NAS hired a permanent communications PSC advisor in May 2001 to help the CNP conduct ongoing programs; identify new requirements; and monitor program implementation.
Weapons-The CNP maintained strict controls on the distribution and use of USG-provided weapons under security assistance programs. Three NAS PSC advisors assisted the CNP with weapons EUM. One of these, the UH-60L maintenance advisor, also served as a weapons adviser for the CNP Air Service, as did the other two field advisers with ground operation weapons programs. Two NAS FSN personnel maintained records on USG-provided weapons for counternarcotics purposes.
The Letter of Agreement (LOA) on narcotics control signed by the USG and the Government of Colombia (GOC) in CY-1999 gives full operational control of all of the aircraft to the CNP, which makes EUM inherently more difficult. While the USG retains title to the aircraft, the CNP is not required to consult with the NAS when they deploy an aircraft, although the deployment must be for counter-narcotics purposes. USG monitoring is based primarily on checking CNP flight logs and daily status reports. The NAS believes the addition in CY-2002 of an operations adviser to the NAS staff will allow monitoring of all CNP aircraft to a far greater degree. The CNP Air Service inventory began the reporting year with 72 aircraft, or 52 rotary and 20 fixed-wing units. Additions and removals throughout the reporting year resulted in an end of year inventory of 70 units, 54 rotary and 16 fixed-wing aircraft.
Thirteen USG-owned aircraft were added to the CNP inventory in CY-2001. These included: two UH-60L helicopters purchased under Plan Colombia; seven converted Huey II helicopters; a Bell 20L helicopter; a Cessna 208 airplane purchased by the CNP; and two C-26B airplane Intel platforms delivered by INL. Fifteen aircraft were removed from the NAS-supported CNP inventory in CY-2001. These included: eight Bell 206L3/L4 helicopters; a King 300 airplane and four Cessna 206G airplanes, dropped in accordance with the CY-1999 narcotics control LOA; a confiscated King 200 airplane, returned to its original owner in compliance with a Colombian court order; and a Beech Craft C-99 airplane, which awaited INL approval to make it available for NAS use. However, five of the Bell 206L3 helicopters and four Cessna 206G airplanes removed from the fleet in CY-2001 will receive renewed NAS support for CNP training purposes. in CY-2002. Flight hours for CNP aircraft totaled about 6,986 for fixed wing and 14,434 for rotary wing aircraft during CY-2001. No major accidents or loss of aircraft were registered during CY- 2001.
|One Hughes 500D||Two Twin Otter|
|Three Bell 206B||Two C-26B|
|One Bell 206L||Three DC-3|
|Twelve Bell 212||One Ayres T-65|
|Two Bell UH-1H||Two C-26A|
|Two Hughes 530F||Three Cessna 152|
|Twenty-five Bell Huey II||Three Cessna 208|
NAS Aviation Unit (NAU)-supported aircraft numbered 58 at the end of CY-2001, including 43 helicopters and 15 airplanes. The NAS employed 340 American, Colombian and third-country contractors, including both permanent and rotational personnel, to support NAU programs through an INL contract with DynCorp during the reporting period. An additional 106 local-hire Colombian contract personnel supported the narcotics eradication program through a contract with DAOL, a subsidiary of DynCorp in CY-2001. In addition to the CNP fleet, the NAS supports USG-owned aircraft that are maintained and operated by DynCorp Aerospace Technologies under a contract with the Department of State for support of INL’s Aviation Division. Flight hours for INL aircraft totaled 5,598 for fixed wing and 4,290 for rotary wing aircraft during CY-2001.
|Two UH-1H (eradication)||Three Ayers T-65|
|Eight UH-1N (eradication)||One Cessna 208|
|Thirty-three UH-1N (COLAR)||Two C-27A|
A NAU OV-10D fixed-wing spray aircraft sustained serious damage when the craft landed with wheels retracted at Larandia, Caqueta, in October. (It was repaired and returned to service three months later.) The pilot was uninjured. The aircraft incident investigation cited pilot error as the cause. In November, a T-65 spray plane veered off the runway at Villagarzon, Putomayo, when the pilot lost control of the aircraft during a landing. The accident caused serious damage to the airplane, but the pilot was not injured. (The aircraft will be returned to Patrick Air Force Base in Florida for major repairs in CY-2002.) In early October, a T-65 spray airplane, in transit to CONUS after being denationalized in Colombia, crashed in the Caribbean sea near Cuba with the lost of both pilot and aircraft.
During CY-2001, the NAU UH-1N program completed the fielding of all thirty-three (33) helicopters in support of counternarcotics operations within the departments of Caqueta and Putumayo. Counternarcotics operations accounted for eighty (80) percent of flight hours, the remainder being divided between training and maintenance flight hours. UH-1N operational readiness exceeded the eighty (80) percent requirement rate throughout the year. Twelve Colombian pilots achieved UH-1N pilot-in-command status and one finished training as a maintenance test pilot. NAU UH-1Ns supported the COLAR first counternarcotics brigade ground forces in all major eradication and interdiction missions in southern Colombia without loss of life or equipment.
The CNP Aviation Service provided the NAS with a detailed report of fuel procured and consumed in CY-2001. However, a lack of CNP personnel constrained the ability to produce timely reports. The CNP also lacked a system for accurately reporting flight hours, and was in the process of reviewing aircraft logbooks to convert data into flying hours at the end of CY-2001. Difficulty in receiving completed reports from some CNP support bases because of insufficient communications equipment presented another problem during the reporting year. Pending funding, the CNP planned to implement a VIL key system at critical Forward Operating Locations (FOLs) in CY-2002 to improve communications. NAS advisors, along with USMILGP personnel, worked with the CNP to develop fuel inventory procedures, such as implementing sampling requirements and systems maintenance. The NAS also helped the CNP to begin a fuel reclamation program, which should substantially reduce fuel losses due to drainage resulting from aircraft and systems maintenance. By year's end, all CNP air bases and FOLs were covered by fuel distribution contracts.
For CY-2001, there were 17,419 gallons of fuel unaccounted for. According to the police, they were used for maintenance check flights, draining of aircraft fuel systems, and aircraft fuel system maintenance checks and inspections.
OIG Inspections-The Office of the Inspector General reviewed the controls over the aviation fuel used in the Colombian counternarcotics program in September 2000. The results are as follows:
(1)The OIG recommended that the NAS maintain summary records of the dollar value, quantity, and delivery location of aviation fuel purchased for the CNP. The NAS began maintaining summary records of the quantity of aviation fuel delivered to each CNP installation in CY-2001. If the documentation procedure outlined by the NAS was not followed, the NAS did not reimburse the CNP for the fuel.
(2)The OIG recommended that the NAS request the CNP produce regular reports that compare the gallons of fuel dispensed to the actual flight hours of each aircraft type. The CNP began maintaining summary records of the fuel quantity dispensed by gallons to each type of aircraft within the CNP in CY-2001. Record copies were maintained by the NAS Logistics Advisor.
(3)The OIG recommended that the NAS request that the CNP regularly test the calibration of all fuel pumps and meters. The CNP requested training on calibration and identified new fuel test sets in order to maintain high fuel quality. The NAS received assistance from various MILGP personnel in these endeavors. The CNP took steps to begin conducting a comprehensive inventory. The CNP also tried to locate a source or company to maintain the required calibrations for the meter readings and the fuel pumps. The CNP requested the calibration of the fuel pump readers.
(4)The OIG recommended that the NAS request the CNP properly secure all fueling locations to prevent misuse of aviation fuel. The CNP advised the NAS that they had secured all fuel devices to prevent unauthorized use or vandalism, and that they add more fuel handlers to secure and protect fueling locations. Due to the geographical dispersion of the sites, the NAS could only partially verify these claims by the close of CY-2001.
NAS-supplied vehicles were used for official CNP purposes (transportation of personnel and supplies around Bogota and other locations). As of June 30, 2001, the CNP had 240 NAS-donated vehicles.
A breakdown of the condition of the CNP vehicles indicates that of the 240 vehicles, 133 are serviceable vehicles; 55 are repairable vehicles; and 52 have reached the end of their useful life and are pending disposal. Most of the vehicles were manufactured prior to 1994. Considering the deplorable road conditions throughout most of Colombia, especially outside of the major cities where significant counternarcotics activities often take place, it is clear why many older models remain out of service and need to be replaced. NAS CY-2002 EUM plans call for a review of CNP vehicles for possible disposal.
The NAS provided ten new vehicles, consisting of five Yamaha XT-225 motorcycles and five Suzuki FR-100 motorcycles to the CNP for counternarcotics purposes in CY-2001. The NAS also provided the following excess property vehicles to the CNP in 2001: two 1987 international buses; one 1975 Oskosh fire Engine (out of service); five 1985-86 Backhoe tows (1 in good condition and one out of service).
The NAS auditor and EUM assistant conducted mid-CY-2001 EUM inspections at the CNP Guaymaral and Simon Bolivar Park facilities in the Bogota area. EUM procedures consisted of inspecting, photographing, and reconciling information on 65 NAS-donated vehicles. The base-line data was added to the NAS CNP vehicles inventory report produced in October 2001.
There were no reported incidents involving the misuse of NAS-donated vehicles in CY-2001. NAS vouchers did disallow, however, several gasoline reimbursements for CNP vehicles deemed by the NAS to have been used for other than official counternarcotics activities.
Fifty-eight (58) INL-purchased vehicles are used by DEA for counternarcotics programs with the following GOC agencies: Security Administration Department (DAS), Judicial Police Central Directorate (DIJIN); CNP Anti-narcotics Units (ANTIN), Special Investigative Units (SIU), Heroin Task Force (HTF), and the Attorney General's Technical Investigations Unit (CTI). Most are in good condition. They are dispersed throughout Colombia including Bogota, Cali, Barranquilla, Cartegena, and Medillin.
The NAS purchased new communications equipment under Plan Colombia in CY-2001 for this essential part of CNP counter-narcotics activities. The NAS hired a communications and weapons personal services contract (PSC) advisor in May 2001 to work closely with the CNP to determine the proper balance between newer and older, easier-to-use technology to provide the CNP with the most practical mix of communications equipment. The wide variety of communications equipment used by the DIRAN was distributed among bases and mobile units throughout the country.
A crew of six DIRAN technicians performed all in-house maintenance and repair of DIRAN communications equipment in one of the CNP warehouses. The CNP plans to add two more technicians in CY-2002 to meet increasing maintenance and repair demands. Damaged equipment was returned to original manufacturers and suppliers for repair.
The CNP gave the NAS a detailed 38-page inventory of USG-supplied communications equipment. NAS advisers and EUM personnel checked the list for discrepancies and found no major problems. The list will serve as the basis for NAS spot checks and more extensive reviews in 2002.
DEA provided the NAS with a detailed 14-page inventory containing 299 pieces of USG-supplied communications equipment and other related major items, such as computers, digital cameras, printers, photocopiers, etc. NAS advisers and EUM personnel checked the list and found no major problems. The DIRAN uses a wide variety of communications equipment that is distributed among the bases and mobile units throughout the country. A majority of the radio equipment was physically inspected by NAS officers and INL TDY personnel.
The following U.S.-supplied radio communications equipment purchased in CY-2001 was delivered to the CNP: 400 Motorola radios (XTS-3000R); 20 Motorola radios (Spectra); 12 Tadiran radios (PRC-730G); 10 Tadiran radios (PRC-745); 10 Tadiran radios (VRC-745); 3 radio sets (PRC-104); 20 Motorola encryptor (KVL-3000); 2 Motorola portable repeater (P1821AX); 8 Quantar fixed repeaters; 9 Ericsson Satellite telephones (portable); 5 Ericsson satellite telephones (fixed); 1 Iridium telephone (satellite); 32 TCC secure telephones (CSD-3324E).
The SIU and Andean initiative programs use a wide variety of communications Equipment, i.e., interceptors, radios, recorders, etc. in locations throughout Colombia. DEA agents work closely with the GOC units that receive this equipment to ensure that it is used properly.
The CNP continued to use NAS-donated automated data processing equipment in their various divisions throughout the country for property inventory control, aerial reconnaissance data collection and storage, human resources and training management, and production of their own internal publications and standard operating procedures. They maintain accurate inventory records of computers issued to different organizations and bases. CNP computer equipment inventory was reorganized to associate the items with the account from which its purchase was funded. This has made it easier to track and perform EUM.
There are 200 computers, 26 printers, and 6 scanners located in DIRAN headquarters; Guaymaral; and DIRAN administrative section. Laptop computers are being used by officers assigned to administrative and intelligence positions.
The following USG-supplied equipment was received by the SIU and Andean Initiative program and is used at various sites: air conditioner, generator, microwave oven, gas stove, refrigerator, vacuum cleaner, water heater, television, VCR, calculator, night vision scope, binoculars, fingerprint kit, contraband detection system, compass.
The SIU and Andean Initiative programs also use photographic equipment for surveillance and other law enforcement activities. The equipment includes digital and Polaroid cameras, slide projectors, and video cameras.
Post human rights officer and all mission entities responsible for providing assistance to Colombian security forces have established inter-agency procedures enabling them to track the provision of USG funding to units of Colombian security forces. Post had established vetting procedures in place in CY-2001 to determine the eligibility of any GOC security forces that sought USG assistance for counternarcotics purposes. These procedures required a confirmation from the GOC's Office of the Attorney General and the Fiscalia that there were no investigations for grave human rights violations pending against any individual belonging to the unit or units in question. Post then correlated this data with its own to ensure that no assistance was provided to any unit of the Colombian Security Forces that, according to credible evidence, had committed gross violations of human rights.
The CNP maintained strict controls on the distribution and use of USG-provided weapons under security assistance programs. Three NAS PSC advisors assisted the CNP with weapons EUM. One of these, the UH-60L maintenance advisor, also served as a weapons advisor for the CNP air operation weapons programs.
The table below lists CY-2001 year-end discrepancies between NAS and CNP inventory records. Some missing units may be due to combat losses, others to improper inventory counts and other record-keeping errors. Two NAS FSN personnel maintained records on USG-provided weapons for counter-narcotics purposes. A USG weapons MTT, along with NAS EUM monitors, is scheduled to visit all DIRAN counternarcotics bases in February and March 2002 to reconcile differences and update the status of USG-provided weapons.
|Machine gun 7.62MM(M60, M60D, M60E3)||421||400||21|
|Machine gun 7.62MM (MK-44)||66||66||0|
|Machine gun 7.62MM (M240B)||10||10||0|
|Machine gun 5.56 (M249)||80||80||0|
|Armament subsystem HELO 7.62 (M27E)||3||3||0|
|Armament subsystem cal. 50 (GAU-19/A)||4||4||0|
|Launcher grenade (M203)||441||440||1|
|Launcher grenade 40MM (M79)||320||320||0|
|Submachine gun (MPS)||50||50||0|
|Rifle 5.56 (M16, M16A1-A2)||1,603||1,600||3|
|Carbine 5.56MM (M4)||132||125||7|
|Shotgun 12 gauge semi-auto||25||25||0|
|Pistol 9MM automatic (Baretta; M9)||873||870||3|
|Revolver caliber .38 (15)||200||200||0|
|Bayonet and scarbard (M9)||75||75||0|
The Colombian Navy (COLNAV) and Coast Guard (COLCG) continued maritime counter-narcotics surveillance and interdiction operations. Meanwhile, the Colombian Marines (COLMAR) expanded their execution of Riverine counternarcotics operations.
COLNAV-The COLNAV continues to provide the required budgetary and personnel support not only to the Navy but to the Marines and Coast Guard as well. COLNAV operations center on its four light frigates and two submarines that are supported by two multi-purpose replenishment ships. The COLNAV maintains a presence along the coast, at sea and within the harbors conducting counterdrug operations in conjunction with its other mission.
COLCG-The COLCG conducts daily and nightly counter drug patrols and operations at each of its locations at Cartegena, Buenaventura, Turbo, and San Andres. Routine maritime patrols are being conducted in the vicinity of Cartegena, San Andres, and Punta Espada.
COLMAR-The COLMAR is tasked with conducting amphibious and land operations for the purpose of maintaining national sovereignty and public order within its assigned areas of responsibility
COLNAV and COLCG equipment provided under USG programs since 1989 consists of: PB MK3 boat; (8) LCU boat; (20) Mako 27 foot BOA; (18) Zodiac boats; (60) 9mm pistols; (208) grenade launchers; (80) .50 Cal M; (157) M60 M; (1) LCM 8 BOA; (4) LCM 6 BOA; (22) M35A2 2.5 ton trucks; (14) MA1 Jeeps; (30) 1 ¼ ton trucks; (5) PBR MK2 boats; (4) LCPL boats; (22) M35A 2.5 ton trucks; (14) MA1 Jeeps; (30) 1¼ ton trucks; (5) PBR MK2 boats; (4) LCPL boats; (4) point class boats.
The U.S. Navy mission conducted the following inspections during CY-2001:
(1) Corozal/Yati/Sincelejo-A USMC representative inspected equipment to include: 4 ea M-19 mortors; 52 ea M79 grenade launchers; 68 ea M60 machine guns; 30 ea .45 Colt pistols; 227 ea M-14 rifles; 16 ea M2 .50 cal machine guns; 12 ea M60E3 machine guns; and 2 ea Motorola Quantar repeaters. In addition, he inspected 3 ea Motorola spectra radio; 7 ea Motorola portable radios; 4 ea Motor saber radios; 3 ea Motorola encryption devices; 2 ea jeeps (1 ea ambulance); and 3 ea CUCV. He also inspected 3 ea 2 1/2 ton trucks; 40ea AN/PVS-7B Gen II+NVGS; 3 ea binoculars; 5 ea GPS; 1 ea laser designator; 1 Motorola UHF repeater; 1 MICOM 1 RPD 125W; 1 ea HF MICOM-1 125W; 1 ea TCC secure voice; 3 ea 22' Piranha boats; 1 ea 25' Piranha boat; 3 ea 22' Anguilla boats; 5 ea Motorola UHF portable XTS-3000; 87 ea antiballistic floatation devices; 154 ea anti-fragmentation floatation devices; 5 ea patrol boats Riverine (PBRS); 27 ea 150 HP OMC OBM; 3 boat trailers; 5 ea compasses; 11 RC-292 antennas; 1 ea MICOM RDP 125 W; and 1 Suburban.
The condition of the equipment varied, but most M79S lack sights. Three M60s are out-of-service and 18 ea M14S have broken stocks. Weapons were in above average to excellent condition. The vehicles are not in good condition. The 2 1/2 ton trucks need new cylinder heads and tires.
(2) Tumaco- The USMC representative inspected the following: 4 ea M-19 mortars; 17 ea. M79 grenade launchers; 42 ea M60 machine guns; 30 ea .45 Colt pistols; 1011ea M-14 rifles; 1011 ea M-14 bayonets; 1011 scabbards for M-14 bayonets; 9 ea M2 .50 Cal machine guns; 1 ea Motorola spectra radio; 1 ea TTC secure voice encryption device; 4 ea 22' Piranha boats; 6 ea OMC 150 HP OBMS; and 4 boat trailers.
The weapons were in excellent condition, with the exception of missing sights on the M-79s and 290 ea M-14s. The M-14s were down for a variety of reasons, i.e., broken stocks, missing sights, problems with action assembly. Two Piranhas were observed to be in operating condition, but the weapons exhibited corrosion due to the salt air. One Piranha was undergoing engine maintenance as a result of being damaged in operations.
COLMAR riverine forces use USG supplied equipment primarily for counterdrug operations. The COLMAR riverine forces conducted daily river patrols and waterborne check points during the high water operating season. The most noted limiting factor to riverine counterdrug operations is the water level which drops substantially during the dry season throughout Colombia's extensive river system. The dry season leaves small river estuaries completely inaccessible to the 22' Piranha. The larger rivers are dangerously low limiting navigation and increasing the number of possible ambush sites
COLMAR equipment provided under USG programs since 1989 include 22-foot Piranha-type craft (45); 22-foot Boston Whalers (2); 31-foot patrol boats (6); and patrol craft riverine boats (3).
The following are COLNAV counternarcotics results for CY-2001:
|Coca leaf (KGS)||122,799|
|Coca in processing (GALS)||12,375|
|Cocaine base (KGS)||183|
|Cocaine base (GLS)||3,166|
|Coca seed (KGS)||511|
|Solid precursors (KGS)||88,744|
In 2001, funded by the Plan Colombia Supplemental, the U.S. Government provided the Colombian Military fourteen (14) UH-60L helicopters and 17 UH-1H helicopters to support counternarcotics operations. Plan Colombia funds were also used to outfit and sustain the Colombian Army (COLAR) counternarcotics brigade. In addition, Plan Colombia funded the modernization of the Colombian Air Force (COLAF) OV-10 fleet; however, this modernization is still in progress at Marsh Aviation in Arizona. The helicopters are not being used in direct counternarcotics missions yet. The UH-1Hs are part of the initial entry rotary wing school that is training COLAR pilots. The UH-60s are being operated in transition, upgrade and tactical training for COLAR pilots. Up to 25 UH-IIs will be delivered in calendar year 2002 to provide additional lift for the COLAR counternarcotics brigade along with the 14 UH-60s.
COLAF-The COLAF supported all phases of counternarcotics operations in 2001. It operates the Air Defense Center, which monitors all aircraft in Colombian airspace. This center is connected via data link to the JIATF-E regional operations center. Therefore, all U.S. surveillance and radars in Colombia feed data to the Air Defense Center. This data is used to identify aircraft in the Colombian area of responsibility. With the commercialization of the ground-based radar in Colombia, the FAC now operates five USG radars. The data from these radar feed into the Air Defense Center tracking aircraft in Colombian airspace. The USG maintains the radar, but the actual tracking of aircraft is now accomplished by the COLAF. The COLAF sent personnel to Panama, Aruba, Curacao, and Tampa to perform the duties of the host nation rider on US E-3, P-3A/B, B and CDU aircraft.
During the entire year, the COLAF deployed aircraft to Tres Esquinas to support counternarcotics operations in the area. It provided firepower for ground troops performing lab raids and the transport to Tres Esquinas airbase for the troops to accomplish this mission. The FAC also hosted various DOD-deployments to Apiay AB to support counternarcotics source zone operations. It provided the logistics necessary for these operations/deployments to be successful. It also provided host nation riders on these platforms to better assimilate the information obtained for future counternarcotics operations. JIATF-E and the COLAF have quarterly meetings to discuss daily counternarcotics operations and to coordinate future counternarcotics exercises and over flight requests.
Major defense equipment includes the following: C-130 (7); A-37B (13); OV-10 (10); C-26 (2); AC-47 (5); B212 (14); B412 (2); Huey II (10); H500 (10); UH-1H (8); and UH-60 (18) aircraft.
The COLAF purchased 7 armed UH-60L helicopters via FMS. Delivery is scheduled for May 2002. The COLAF received 17 UH-1H aircraft (14 shipped from Killeen TX and 3 prior owned by CNP) under Plan Colombia. These aircraft make up the IERW school in Melgar. The school is manned by COLAF pilots and trained COLAR pilots. Aircraft COLAF (AC-47) 1670 purchased under FMS case CO-D-NAJ was severely damaged in a takeoff mishap in September 2001. The aircraft was sent to repair at Bassler via commercial sale.
The U.S. Government decision to suspend the air interdiction program as a result of the tragic incident in Peru significantly reduced COLAF interdiction operational results as compared to CY-2000. The data analysis of COLAF counternarcotics operations continue to indicate good operational success despite limitations in logistical and training support to an aging A-37 air interdiction fleet, as well as a willingness to commit whatever resources are available for a successful endgame. This is attributed to effective integration of ground radar systems and air interdiction assets. The COLAF leadership continues to demonstrate a strong commitment toward the counternarcotics effort and EUM program compliance.
COLAR-In CY-2001, the COLAR conducted 418 direct interdiction operations against counternarcotics targets to include locating and destroying 1018 drug laboratories (base and HCL), 1,582 hectares of coca and 203 hectares of amapola. Numerous raids by the COLAR were conducted in the most active drug producing and heaviest guerrilla-infested areas in Colombia. In addition, COLAR units participated in numerous operations in direct support of the Colombian National Police.
COLAR equipment provided under USG programs since 1989 consists of: (24) M19 MTRS, spare parts: (136) HMMWV; (26) 5 ton trucks; (426) M16A2 rifles; (56) M249 SAW; (2020) M9 pistols; (1220) M60E3 MG; (225) shotguns; (77) PRC 77 radio; (169) AN PVS-5; (41) TA 312 phones; (225) AN/PSN10 GPS units; ammunition; field gear; flak jackets; uniforms.
The following are COLAR counternarcotics results for 2001:
|Liquid cocaine GLS||8,435|
|Coca base (KGS)||6,469|
|Coca leaf (KGS)||364,045|
|Coca leaf (GLS)||126,147|
|Liquid chemicals GLS||598,989|
|Solid chemical KGS||793,098|
The USMILGP conducted the following inspections during 2001:
(1) Larandia Army Base: COLAR CN brigade. The brigade was visited frequently by members of the logistics mission readiness cell. Weapons, communications equipment, and vehicles were frequently observed. The counternarcotics brigade is conducting maintenance on all equipment provided by the USG.
(2) Apiay Air Base - Six OV-10 aircraft were observed on the base. One was flying; three were in maintenance; and two were being prepared to be shipped to the Conus for modernization under plan Colombia. Two A-37S were also on the ramp. Two AC-47s were at the base. One was in flight and the other was down.
Human Rights Training-The COLAR has implemented a vigorous human rights training program that is a “top to bottom” approach. The COLAR now has a human rights officer (inspector general) who oversees an army level human rights office. Human rights offices are now located at every level of major command down to the battalion. Those officers are required to attend COLAR level HR meetings; meet with and coordinate with local HR/NGO’s activities; develop long-term training plans; conduct basic entry level, advanced level, and systematic re-training. All students selected to participate in U.S.-sponsored training are first screened and certified by the GOC for HR violations. The COLAR, in conjunction with the joint command, has taken the bull by the horns in clearly understanding and implementing human rights advancement and full compliance with U.S-Colombian HR accords.
Impact USG support through the NAS to the counternarcotics efforts of the CNP/DIRAN is essential. It represents virtually all funding except for salaries for CNP/DIRAN personnel engaged in eradication and interdiction operations. In addition to funding and equipment purchases/donations, USG support also included CNP/DIRAN training and institution building objectives, as well. This enhanced the capabilities of the GOC military and national police, and promoted respect for human rights and democratic ideals. Without USG-provided support, the CNP/INL eradication task force would not have been able to meet its aerial eradication projections in 2001. It sprayed a record 94,153 hectares of coca and 2,258 hectares of opium poppy. In addition, the DIRAN surpassed its established interdiction goals of destroying more than 400 drug laboratories, interdicting more than 30 metric tons of illegal drugs, and arresting over 13,000 narcotraffickers.
The Colombian Armed Forces have significantly contributed to the war on drugs. They have taken an active role in drug interdiction, the destruction of drug laboratories, and precursor chemicals. Continuing negotiations with the guerrillas demonstrate Colombia's and the Colombian military's commitment to work toward peace. The guerrilla ties to narcotraffickers continue to be strong and provide the guerrillas significant funds. Nonetheless, the arrival of the supplemental for Colombia has raised the hopes of the people and the military. This will improve Colombia's ability to eliminate the narcotics trade that threatens both the U.S. and Colombia.
The NAS was unable to perform a one hundred percent audit of all equipment and other assets provided to the CNP for counternarcotics activities because of the sheer magnitude of the undertaking. Selected NAS auditing procedures, however, were initiated to better track and monitor USG-provided CNP equipment, services, and funds. These included a partial inventory of NAS-donated CNP vehicles and a close review of the CNP operational funds. Seven NAS PSC advisors and two NAS FSN personnel assisted and/or conducted various EUM visits and audits in FY-2001. NAS PSC advisors submitted additional EUN information on their particular areas of responsibility after the close of the reporting year. This information allowed NAS FSN auditors to begin planning and scheduling selected audits for CY-2002.
Post maintains regular and frequent contact with the Federal Police and its Drug Enforcement Division (DPF/DRE) to allow close monitoring of donated materiel. DPF/DRE maintains detailed and up-to-date inventories of all assets donated by the USG and submits monthly reports of accounts, including receipts, to the NAS. The NAS and other USG personnel conducted on-site inspections and spot checks of the location, condition, and use of the commodities, particularly motor vehicles, boats, electronic equipment and bulletproof vests during CY-2001.
The 36-foot patrol boat provided under the 506(A) drawdown was fully renovated by the Brazilian Police and inaugurated in May of 2001. During a NAS visit in November of 2001, the boat was in the shipyard for regular preventive maintenance. The boat is working well and is being regularly used by the Federal Police. The Federal Police are also adding a depth finder and adapting a battery charger to receive external energy.
According to NAS and DPF/DRE records, there are currently twelve donated Boston Whalers in Brazil. They are assigned to Belem (4), Manaus (5), Porto Velho (1), Guajara-Mirim (1), and Foz de Iguacu, Parana (1). During November of 2001, NAS personnel inspected all of the vessels.
In Belem, two of the four boats were donated in 1991 and two are from a more recent 506 drawdown. One of the 506A drawdown boats arrived with a broken propeller assemblies that is being repaired. The other 506A Boston Whaler is functional. One of the 1991 craft is functional and being used. The other is essentially beyond repair and is being used for parts. Two of the four trailers are in usable condition. The other two trailers presented signs of oxidation and will need some work before they can be used.
In Manaus, one of the five boats is operational. A second boat was operational until early November when one of the propeller assemblies on the new 225 HP Evinrude Motors broke at the beginning of a routine mission. A third Boston Whaler while in generally in excellent condition, is unusable because of a malfunctioning electrical system. The remaining Boston Whalers are more than ten years old, and are used only for parts.
In Foz do Iguacu, Parana, the Boston Whaler and the trailer are in good condition. The original Johnson motors were replaced in 1998 by two Suzuki 200 HP EFI motors that are considered more economical and better suited for the type of patrolling operations conducted at Lake Itaipu. These motors are both functioning. The boat is used to conduct routine Brazil-Paraguay border missions on one hundred mile long Lake Italipu between Brazil and Paraguay.
In Porto Velho, the Boston Whaler is being repaired. There was a problem with one of its 150 HP motors, which was being fixed during the NAS visit. The hull of the craft appeared to be in good condition, as did the trailer.
In Guajara-Mirim, the starter in the motor of the Boston Whaler was being repaired. The hull was in need of sealing and routine preventive maintenance. The trailer appeared to be functional.
The boat motors continue to be problematic and require a great deal of upkeep and maintenance. The DPF has expressed interest in possible alternative motors to the 175 HP Johnsons. Alternate motors of interest include diesel motors, as diesel is more widely available in northern Brazil, is more economical, and simpler and easier to fix and obtain parts. The DPF occasionally uses craft other than the Boston Whaler for fuel economy reasons. The DPF has also expressed interest in having radar, depth finder, and GPS for the boats.
The vehicles were donated in the early and mid-1980s, have reached the end of their useful lives and are no longer being monitored.
In Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, the 1998 Ford passenger club wagon donated to the Brazilian Community Association of Parents for the prevention of drug abuse is still in excellent condition and used on a regular basis.
Following the USG-funded renovation of the main Federal Police kennel in Brasilia during 2000, the facilities were put to use to their full capacity. The 30-35 trained dogs are actively participating in seizures throughout the country. According to the kennel administrator, a significant percentage of the 2001 drug seizures, which doubled from 2000, are credited to detector dog participation. Part of the 2000 renovation was the construction of adequate lodging to accommodate Federal Police agents from other sites of Brazil during detector dog/trainer training course. This has allowed better planning for training courses and centralization of information dissemination by the main kennel.
On-site inspections and DPF/DRE reports indicate that most USG-donated communications gear, including two-way radios and fax machines, are operational, in good condition, and being used regularly in police counter-narcotics operations. Other donated equipment, including transformers, battery chargers and bulletproof vests, are also used regularly. Most of the equipment is held in Brasilia and shipped around Brazil as needed for operations. Careful computerized inventory control is maintained of this equipment as it is checked in and out.
ProblemsThe sheer size of Brazil and its difficult physical, climactic and infrastructure conditions present a unique challenge to the understaffed and underfunded federal counternarcotics police. This same vastness makes EUM of donated equipment difficult, time-consuming and expensive. The NAS is composed of one U.S. officer and two FSN's. Through careful use of limited travel funds, assistance from DEA agents and three consulates, the NAS was able to check a sizable sample of equipment in a wide variety of places in the country. The DRE in Brasilia is trying to maximize the use of this equipment through a centralized inventory and warehouse operation that sends equipment where and when needed and brings it back to the central headquarters in Brasilia. Although the system, particularly the computerized inventory controls, seem to function adequately, regional superintendents are unhappy about not having direct control over the equipment.
Despite the centralized inventory and just-in-time delivery of equipment to where it is needed for a particular operation, the need for more support for police field offices is clear. This is particularly obvious in operations requiring rapid reaction where there is insufficient time to ship equipment from Brasilia. On those occasions, the regional DPF makes do with what they have or what they can borrow from other government institutions. The NAS will study the regional situation more thoroughly in 2002 and make every effort to provide support, whether equipment, training or funding for operations, and to assure that assistance is distributed where it is needed most.
The NAS has and will continue to work closely with DRF/DRE officials in identifying those programs and operations most likely to give the best results. The dialog with DRE officials has been open and appears to be improving. Disagreements over resource allocations are resolved on a case-by-case basis. Overall, program accountability remains acceptable nationally and very good in Brasilia.
Embassy officials, primarily DEA officers and the Narcotics Affairs Coordinator, take advantage of periodic visits to the provinces and to Buenos Aires-based agencies to assess appropriate use of INL-funded equipment. In addition, trusted law enforcement officials provide post with periodic reports on equipment use. Post has requested that receiving agencies provide status reports on the equipment, although compliance has been sporadic at best. Post has also found that maintenance requests for previously provided equipment give a good indication of where that equipment is currently located and how it is being used. Post believes that this system of overlapping verification methods presents post with an accurate end-use appraisal.
DEA reports that on recent visits its agents observed that the two dogs provided to the Northern Border Task Forces (NBTF) are healthy and being proper cared for. The original two have been joined by six more who were either purchased or bred locally. The total force of eight dogs allows the handlers to maintain a rotation schedule that ensures the safe and efficient use of the animals.
Post continues to personally observe that both National and Provincial Police forces make good use of the miscellaneous equipment (handcuffs, vests, flashlights, cameras, etc.) provided to them.
Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC)
A lack of funding to operate and maintain the Joint Intelligence Communications Center (JICC), combined with unwillingness on the part of other Government of Argentina (GOA) agencies to share information with its current custodian, the National Drug Secretariat (SEDRONAR), continues to hamper its effective usage. The JICC may be more useful if placed under the control of a law enforcement entity. Post believes that this will make the other Government of Argentina (GOA) law enforcement agencies more willing to share information between themselves and the USG, using JICC as the medium. Post may be able to make some progress on this issue in negotiations with the new director of SEDRONAR, who was recently named to the post.
Radio repeater equipment provided to provincial police in Mendoza Province required maintenance and repairs in late 2000 and early 2001, prompting post to eventually replace a faulty repeater unit with new equipment. Post will also have to replace the damaged antennas on a number of hand-held radios provided to federal and provincial police throughout Argentina because of improper usage. DEA reports the INL-provided communications equipment continues to be fully accounted for and functioning.
Post provided 20 vehicles to the Argentine Provincial Police Forces in the 1988-93 period. The vehicles are increasingly found out-of-commission due to their age and hard use in rough conditions. Vehicles provided more recently are coming due for fairly extensive routine maintenance on suspension and brakes.
One area that must be addressed and resolved is the need for the GOA to sign end-use and retransfer agreements before post can provide more equipment and support. Post has made some progress in this area and after meetings involving SEDRONAR, the Secretariat for Security (under whose jurisdiction fall the Gendarmaria Nacional, Federal Police, and Coast Guard), it appears that the GOA will soon sign the necessary agreements. Post can then move ahead with the transfer of vehicles, communication equipment, and other equipment for use by the NBTF in the provinces of Salta and Jujuy. Post will also be able to provide equipment to assist the GOA to start up new task forces in Missiones Province (Tri-Border Area), the Port of Buenos Aires, and Formosa Province. Post does not believe that past failure to accept the human rights clauses is a substantive objection. There do not appear to be any systemic abuses of human rights involving U.S. assistance or the recipients of U.S. assistance.Impact
While the INL-funded program in Argentina has been a small one, it has had a positive impact especially on the perennially under-funded provincial police anti-drug units. In 2001, the two NBTS's were involved in the seizure of 769.37 kilograms of cocaine and 2076 liters of precursor chemicals. No marijuana was seized by the NBTF groups and reliable figures on the amount of coca leaf interdicted were not available. However, 81 traffickers were arrested and 47 vehicles were confiscated by the task forces.
The proven success of the NBTF's also encourages post to provide material assistance for the start up of an interagency task force at Ezeiza International Airport. The fledgling task force has had considerable success in interdicting drug traffic flowing through the airport. There have been increased GOA Customs revenues from travelers who would rather declare items than have them discovered by task force members as they search for drugs.
ProceduresThe NAS used the following procedures to conduct EUM in 2001:
Receipt of monthly statistical reports from the National Guard, and the Technical Judicial Police, PTJ, on drug seizures and arrests; receipt of comprehensive reports from the National Anti-Drug Commission (CONACUID).
Periodic meetings with the CONACUID, the Ministry of Justice (MOJ), and the National Guard to discuss planned counternarcotics activities and to evaluate on-going activities.
Field visits and inspections of the National Guard, PTJ, and Navy units outside of Caracas were made with the assistance of the MILGP and DAO. The NAS performed periodic on-site inspections of the National Guard and the PTJ forensic testing laboratories to determine the condition of the laboratory equipment. The NAS also received status reports from the local representative of the U.S. lab equipment supplier, which provides routine maintenance and repair for donated equipment. The host government cooperated fully and allowed the NAS to effectively monitor donated resources.
In 1998, the NAS provided six dogs in conjunction with a training visit for Venezuelan canine program personnel to the U.S. Air Force Lackland AFB canine program. The training was to assist the Venezuelans to start a detector dog-breeding program in Venezuela. In 1999, the dogs began to produce litters of puppies. The breeding dogs are kept at the canine training center in the city of Barquisimeto. There were about 35 dogs available for selection as detector dogs at the end of 2000. The NAS has continued to improve Venezuela’s canine drug detector program. The canine operational unit, working at the major land border crossing point between Venezuela and Colombia, continued as a success story in 2001 with numerous seizures of cocaine entering Venezuela from Colombia.
Four Chevrolet Corsicas donated in 1994 for a MOJ prison reform project are in good condition and continue to be used by the MOJ. One of the two remaining Ford Festiva vehicles is in good condition and is being used by the CONACUID program coordination office. The other Festiva has reached the end of its useful life and will not be repaired. The motorcycle is in good condition and used for document delivery around the city.
A Toyota Corolla was stolen from the Drug Prosecutor's Drug Force (PDTF) in 2001. A police report was immediately filed with the PTJ. The National Guard and the PTJ are looking for the vehicle. The chances of recovering it, however, are minimal. As a result of the loss, DEA and PDTF officials met and determined that Toyotas are too highly coveted by the criminal element. In the future, lower profiles vehicles will be purchased.
Four of the six Boston Whalers donated by NAS to the Venezuelan Navy in 1993 remain operational. They are based in Puerto Ayacucho in the South of Venezuela. The vessels are fully engaged in a riverine patrol program. A major goal of the program is to interdict narcotics and chemical precursor smuggling on the Orinoco River. Four Global Positioning System (GPS) navigational computers are being used by the patrols. The number of Venezuelan maritime counterdrug operations has remained low but relations between the Embassy and the Venezuelan Navy are good.
Six Riverine patrol boats are in use by the Venezuelan Marines. They are located in San Fernando de Apure. These boats are operational but need engine and hull maintenance.
The LCM landing craft is in good condition. It is being used by the Venezuelan Coast Guard to support riverine patrol operations and is located at Ciudad Bolivar on the Orinoco River. It is operational but cannot lower the bow ramp due to a faulty main seal on the hydro-lift.
The two 82-foot Point Coast Guard cutters are in use by the Venezuelan Coast Guard. They are located in Puerto Cabello. They recently received basic maintenance but are in need of engine repair.
NAS-provided computer workstations and printers are used by the Financial Intelligence Unit in the Superintendency of Banks (SUDEBAN) to compile and analyze financial information through a comprehensive system of currency transaction reporting similar to the U.S. The NAS provided software and training in 2000 to further improve the capabilities of this center. Relations between the Embassy and SUDEBAN are excellent.
In 1995, twenty "flightmate" GPS navigational computers were provided to the Air Support Division for installation in Bell 212 helicopters to support National Guard air operations, including counternarcotics activities. The majority of these units have reached the end of their useful lives and the National Guard has obtained replacements. Relations between the National Guard Air Support Division and the Embassy are good.
The mini computer network the NAS provided to the Training and Coordination Division of the Public Prosecutor's Office (Fiscalia General) in 1998 continues to be used with NAS-sponsored training programs for implementation of the new judicial reform program which took effect in July of 1999. This reform has changed Venezuela's judicial system from a paper intensive system to an oral, adversarial system of justice similar to that used in the United States. Relations between the Embassy and the Public Prosecutor's Office are excellent.
The computer equipment and software used to develop a drug intelligence database donated to the PTJ in 1996 are in fair condition. Relations between the Embassy and the PTJ are excellent.
The four computers donated to the PTJ Toxicology Laboratory to support the lab in 1997 are used constantly and in need of repair.
The National Guard Anti-drug Command continues to use a NAS-donated computer mini-network installed in 1999 as a database and an up-to-date link to other military commands. Two computers and printers donated to the National Guard Command in Tachira in 1999 continue to be used for data base operations.
The National Guard continues to make effective use of laboratory equipment donated by the NAS, including mass spectrometers/gas chromatographs, infrared spectrophotometers, microscopes, electronic balances and other items. The equipment is located in the central National Guard laboratory in Caracas and in the regional forensic laboratories established in 1996 in San Cristobal and Puerto La Cruz. The equipment is fully operational and in good condition. The two Mosler safes donated by the NAS are being used to store evidence in the central lab. The National Guard continues to improve its analytical capabilities and evidence handling procedures. Relations between the Embassy and the National Guard forensic laboratories are excellent.
In 1999, the USG completed delivery of the following items to the Government of Venezuela (GOV) under Presidential drawdown authority under Section 506(a) (2): 82-foot Point Class Coast Guard cutters (2); LCM 8 utility Landing Craft (1); PBR Riverine patrol boats (6); C-26 aircraft (2); PRC 77 radio sets and related equipment (77). The MILGRP plays an active role in checking on the status of these items.
Cutters-The two 82-foot Point Class cutters are stationed in the Eastern part of Venezuela. One operates out of the navy station on Margarita Island and the other out of the naval base in Puerto La Cruz. Both are used in detection and monitoring patrols off the East Coast of Venezuela and along the maritime boundary with Trinidad and Tobago. Both are in excellent condition and have greatly increased the Venezuelan Navy's capability to operate effectively within the important 25-mile offshore coastal waters of Venezuela.
Landing Craft-The LCM Landing Craft is being used by the Venezuelan Coast Guard to support Riverine patrol operations. It is located at Ciudad Bolivar on the Orinco River. It is in very good condition.
Riverine Patrol Boats-These boats are based on the Orinco River and support efforts to control Riverine contraband of drugs and chemical precurors. The boats have experienced turbine maintenance problems; two are awaiting repair. One of the boats is inoperable due to an accident. Three of the boats are functioning properly after the installation of new parts with the assistance of a U.S. Southcom team.
Aircraft-The two C-26 aircraft have been incorporated into "Grupo Cinco" of the Venezuelan Air Force and are based at the air base in Caracas. The aircraft are in excellent condition and are well maintained. Although originally intended to support Venezuelan military drug interdiction operations along Venezuelan's long border with Colombia, the Venezuelan Air Force is now considering employment of these aircraft in an air interdiction mode following the increase in the number of drug smuggling flights through Venezuelan airspace in 1999. To carry out this role, the aircraft will need to be equipped with sensors that will cost about $2-3 million. The Venezuelan Air Force is studying means to acquire this equipment.
Radios-Seventy PRC-77 radios sets have been transferred to the military communications authority. This equipment is to be used along the border. The radios are in excellent condition.
The NAS continues to provide support to the Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC) in conjunction with the Latin America JICC/Guardian program coordinated by DEA with the interagency El Paso Intelligence Center. In 2000, the NAS assisted the center in upgrading its equipment by providing Oracle software and elated training. The Oracle database software is being used in conjunction with a new version of the guardian software developed by DEA. CONACUID uses the Center to coordinate drug intelligence, and collect information on all types of drug-related crime. A photocopier, one of two servers, ten computer workstations and related equipment are in good condition. One of the servers is damaged and is currently being repaired.
The majority of the radio communications equipment provided to the CONACUID is in good condition and located in the new CONACUID office building in Caracas. The equipment is used for general office functions and for security of the CONACUID headquarters building. Cooperation between CONACUID and the Embassy is excellent.
In 1998, the NAS donated one server with related accessories to support the MOJ prisoner tracking and database project. The equipment expands the capacity of the equipment previously donated including 165 computers for the central information processing office in Caracas and for the 32 prisons located throughout Venezuela. The MOJ has successfully created a database for all prisoners including information such as their location, sentencing history, medical information, and a photo to aid prisoner ID. The computer equipment and ten digital cameras are in good condition and maintained by the MOJ Director of Information Systems and a capable technical staff.
The PTJ Anti-Drug Division continues to use NAS-procured communications equipment. The computer equipment and software used to develop a drug intelligence database donated in 1996 is in fair condition.In 1995, the NAS provided twenty “Flightmate” Global Positioning System (GPS) navigational computers to the National Guard Air Support Division for installation in Bell 412 helicopters to support National Guard air operations, including counter-narcotics activities. Five of the GPS’ are being used by the National Guard’s Flight School to train new pilots. The rest are being used on National Guard helicopters based in Maracaibo and other locations around the country, including San Fernando de Apure, Barquisimeto, Lara, and Zulia. The NAS estimates that at least 50 percent of the use of these GPS’ is in support of border patrol operations including counter-narcotics.
In 2000, the Public Prosecutor's Office received a photocopier. In 1998, the NAS provided two contraband inspection kits to the National Guard detachments in Puerto Cabello and San Antonio de Tachira, the major land entry point from Colombia. The equipment is being used for drug interdiction programs. Ninety NAS-procured hand-held metal detectors were donated in 1996 for prisoner searches in the thirty-two Venezuelan prisons. Most are in good condition and being used. The PTJ continues to use audio-visual equipment, camcorders, typewriters, fax machines, cameras and lenses. This equipment is in fair condition.
The wide-screen television and VCR provided to CONACUID have ceased to function.
The NAS has had difficulty establishing the usage, condition, and location of 506(a)(2) donated equipment, such as PRC-77 radios. The NAS will work more closely with USMILGP in 2002 to track this equipment.
ImpactNAS-provided equipment and training has been a significant factor in Venezuela's continued efforts to enhance drug interdiction efforts. Venezuela continued to seize drugs in multi and uni-lateral operations in 2001 and cocaine seizures increased to over 13 metric tons for the year. Cooperation with U.S. law enforcement was very good and NAS-provided equipment assisted both training programs and operations conducted by U.S. Customs and DEA in Venezuela in 2001. NAS assistance to Venezuelan prosecutors has been crucial in the change to an adversarial trial system. In all, over 600 prosecutors and about 550 police investigators have received training beneficial to the implementation of Venezuela's new judicial system. This training will continue to have beneficial effects as prosecutors and investigators gain further experience in dealing with narcotics cases.
In 1999, the USG and the GOV signed a Letter of Agreement (LOA) to initiate a project to provide technical assistance to the Financial Investigative Unit (FIU). This unit analyzes information from all sources (including currency transcription reports) to develop and provide leads to law enforcement in order to pursue suspected money laundering operations in Venezuela. This project will include training, equipment and information exchanges between both countries. The NAS is in the process of purchasing computer equipment for the FIU and developing a comprehensive training program for FIU personnel.
Chemical Presursor Control
In 1999, the USG and the GOV signed a LOA to initiate a project to support a chemical precursor control initiative coordinated by the Ministry of Production and Commerce. The NAS is in the process of procuring computer equipment for this project.
Post maintains personal contact with representatives of the following four agencies provided commodities under the narcotics control program: Guyana Defense Force (GDF), Customs Anti-Narcotics Unit (CANU), Joint Information Coordination Center (JICC), and the Guyana Police Force (GPF).
All USG-provided equipment has been accounted for. Most equipment is in use. Equipment not in use requires repairs, which are not cost-effective to complete at this time.
A 12-radio mobile communication system and complete support package and pagers (2) were provided to the CANU in 1998. CANU uses the radio equipment at the airport and on patrols and operations at the Georgetown port. Twenty-four new batteries for the radios were provided in 2000.
Post’s MLO confirms through personal observation and contacts with the GDF that the four 44-foot patrol boats are used for patrolling Guyanese waters. Most recently, one of the boats was involved in a GDF joint air-sea operation, resulting in the interception of a Brazilian cargo vessel suspected of smuggling.
The JICC and its four Acer Acros 486SX computers remain largely inactive because of a lack of interagency coordination. The hardware and fax machine are still operational. Oracle software was installed. The JICC uses the computer equipment donated by the USG to store statistics concerning narcotics seizures and arrests.
Of the four computers provided, one is at the GDF; one is at the Customs Review Authority; one is at the GPF; and one is at the JICC.
Twenty-four bulletproof vests were supplied to CANU in 1998. They are used at the airport and on patrols and operations at the Georgetown port. Life jackets, narco test kits, handcuffs, lamps, night vision binoculars (15), and an answering machine provided in 1997 were used by the CANU. The two pagers are no longer in use. The GPF uses the video camera and compact recorder provided in 1997. The GDF continues to use the fax and copier machine. Office equipment was provided to the Guyanese law enforcement agencies in 2000.
The sniffer dogs donated to the GPF in 1992 have died. The GPF has trained its own dogs for examining cargo at the international airport.
CANU, as Guyana's premier counternarcotics agency, makes full use of equipment provided in counternarcotics operations. Among the recipient agencies, resources provided to CANU have had the greatest counternarcotics impact. Items donated to other agencies have had a much smaller impact.
During 2001, under the general supervision of the NAS Director, the NAS Administrative Officer, members of the NAS staff and officials of other agencies such as DEA, MILGRP and USCG performed reviews to account for and to verify the condition of equipment and property provided to the Government of Bolivia (GOB) counter-narcotics program. NAS program officers, regional office directors and the Administrative Officer conducted regular and unannounced field visits to all projects. Field assistance visits by the budget and audit staffs resulted in spot inspections of property records, impress fund record-keeping usage reports, and fuel management reports. Program officers require adequate justification and strict accountability prior to initiating new procurement actions. A monthly report on the status of procurements was distributed to the regional directors and program officers for review.
The NAS operates eight warehouses: three in La Paz, one in each regional office and one at the headquarters of the Green Devil Task Force (GDTF) in Santa Cruz. All NAS program officers, regional directors, the NAS Administrative Officer and Logistics Supervisor conduct spot checks during periodic visits to the field. The NAS two-person audit staff performs spot checks and undertakes special reviews or audits to help ensure proper use and care of equipment and materials. The property control officer receives all incoming property other than that procured locally by the NAS regional offices; prepares receiving and inspection reports; affixes barcodes as appropriate and enters control information into the NEPA system. When property is delivered to the respective regional offices, additional documentation, along with a computer file, is created. Each month, the NAS administrative officer prepares a countrywide reconciliation report. Copies are maintained in the La Paz office.
An inventory of property under the direct control of all NAS personnel was conducted during September/October 2001.
Bolivian Air Force (FAB) personnel assigned to the Red Devil Task Force (RDTF) operate most NAS-supported aviation assets. U.S. military personnel serving in Bolivia under Participating Agency Support Agreements (PASA) supervise the RDTF. The RDTF inventory consists of 16 UH-1H helicopters, one B-55 Beech Baron, three Cessna 206's, and two Cessna 210's. All are based in Santa Cruz with permanent Forward Operating Bases (FOB's) in Trinidad and Chimore. A U.S. contractor, DynCorp, has maintenance and training responsibilities for the helicopter fleet. In addition to serving as advisors, the PASAs monitor the use of NAS-provided commodities to ensure they are dedicated solely to counter-narcotics activities.
The NAS also has operational control over two C-130B aircraft. These Aircraft were transferred to the Bolivian Government through the DOD Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program to be used in support of counter-narcotics programs; a third C-130B aircraft is scheduled for delivery by the end of the second quarter of FY-02. FAB pilots fly the C-130's under the supervision of an American PSC aviation adviser. The C-130B unit (the Black Devil Task Force, which consists of 13 pilots, copilots, and navigators, and 32 enlisted maintenance personnel) flies in-country logistics and overseas cargo missions in support of Bolivia's counter-narcotics programs.
The C-130B program is also supported by three third country contract mechanics that provide quality assurance and supervision for FAB mechanics. The NAS also employs a local national to provide logistics support and manage C-130 warehouse operations to ensure accountability for C-130B parts and equipment.
USG personnel approve all NAS-related air missions. The status of all NAS-supported aviation assets is reported to the NAS Director or Deputy Director. NAS contract personnel and RDTF personnel participate in inventory management and property oversight.
Defense articles were procured up to FY 1995 with FMFP funds. Due to lack of available funds from this source, the NAS, with MILGP assistance, has taken full advantage of the FY-98 506A drawdown program for those items not otherwise available or that are restricted from purchase with INL funds. Under this program, the NAS received ammunition and explosives valued at $1,106,000 for the Special Force for the Fight Against Drug Trafficking (FELCN). Additionally, the NAS received parts and supplies for the C-130 aircraft valued over $1 million. Field gear such as binoculars, radios, blankets, uniforms, field jackets, first aid kits, sleeping bags, tents, etc., along with ammunition, parts and equipment received under the 506 drawdown program totaled more than $6 million in 2000.
Bolivian Army - During 1991, the USMILGP delivered weapons, ammunition and radios to two Bolivian Army light infantry battalions, the Mancheg and Jordan battalions, as part of a requirement calling for equipment and training. Although these units are not actively engaged in the counter-narcotics effort, they are considered by the GOB to be available on a contingency basis for use in counter-narcotics operations. The following equipment was provided: 870 rifles; 5.56MM; 176 pistols; 96 grenade launchers; 25 radios, AN/PM 77. All the equipment remains in serviceable condition with the exception of the two PRC-77 radios, which are in need of major repair.
MILGP- During CY-2001, the MILGP supplied 280 M4 carbines, of which 20 are to be used by the Navy's Blue Devil Task Force (BDTF) and 260 by the National Police units assigned to the CN program. FELCN headquarters in La Paz has responsibility for the distribution, accountability, maintenance and repair of the firearms received through the FMF program. The MILGP conducts periodic inventories to verify the use and serviceability of the firearms released to the FELCN.
The MILGP previously supplied the following weapons to the FELCN and other counternarcotics forces for use in the counternarcotics program: 98 grenade launchers; 2 machine guns, 7.62MM, 4 machine guns 5.56MM, 190 shotguns, 50 M9 pistols.
Bolivian Navy - In 1992, the MILGP provided the BDTF with the following radios and weapons for counternarcotics operations: 10 hand-held Motorola radios, 7 motors 150HP, 31 GPS units, 10 night vision goggles, 80 rifles, 5.556MM; 118 pistols, 50 machine guns, 7.62, 5 HF, 125/400W base stations, 35 HF radios shipboard, 20-125W, 20W, manpack, 31 GPS units.
During CY-2000/2001, the MILGP provided the BDTF with the following equipment in support of counternarcotics related riverine operations: 27 ea 150HP outboard motors, 31 ea GPS units, 10 ea hand-held radios, 10 night vision goggles and 2 sets of computer equipment. USCG training teams and MILGP personnel conducted spot checks during 2001 and determined that all items inspected are in serviceable condition and are being used as intended.
Bolivian Air Force (FAB) -The MILGP did not receive any FMFP supplies for the Bolivian Air Force. All equipment received in previous years is being used for counternarcotics operations. It is inspected regularly by members of the MILGP and/or MTTs and remains in good condition. The following equipment was provided to the FAB: 17 rifles, 5.56, M16A2; 56 pistols, 9MM; 4 HF radios 25/125W; 4 HF radios 15/400W, base station, two HF radios, 20W manpack.
Bolivian Army Transportation Battalion- The Green Devil Task Force (GDTF) operates and shares a military post with a logistics battalion in Santa Cruz. The GDTF's primary mission is to transport fuel, cargo and personnel throughout Bolivia via ground in support of the Bolivian counternarcotics strategy. The second mission of the GDTF is to train Bolivian Army personnel in conducting all levels of specialized vehicle maintenance, warehousing operations, and operating heavy US military vehicles. There are 101 vehicles in the GDTF inventory: 46 2 1/2 ton trucks, 26 HMMWV'S, 8 dump trucks, five 5-ton tractors, 2 wreckers, 1 40-ton tractors, 2 contact trucks, 3 international fuel trucks, 2 fuel tankers, 2 semi-trailers, 1 semi-trailer low-bed, 2 forklifts. The GDTF is staffed by 112 Bolivian Army personnel commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. NAS personnel total nine, with the temporary hire of two mechanical technicians under the supervision of one U.S. PSC who maintained an operational readiness posture of 98 percent during 2001.
Joint Task Force –During 2001, the Joint Task Force (JTF) consisted of 1,563 military, police and civilian personnel. One-half of the JTF eradicated illicit coca plants, while the other half provided security for the camps and operations in coca fields. The NAS continues to provide meals, field equipment (i.e., uniforms, general supplies, tools), office supplies and transportation, fuel and medical support for task force personnel. In 1999, the NAS personnel designed and fabricated an extraction tool, nicknamed the "Paquito" after its designer, which made eradication of the coca plant more efficient and less strenuous. This tool design was shared with NAS/Lima that reports similar success with it.
Feeding the JTF is a major undertaking. A food service contract for one year with options for additional years’ service was awarded on December 1, 1999. The new contractor started operations on January 10, 2000 and the arrangement has improved the quality of food, provided better accountability, and reduced costs. On December 1, 2001, the NAS exercised the second option year based on the strong performance of the contractor. A NAS FSN was designated to monitor the contract. The COR traveled to the Chapare twice a month to conduct spot checks on quality, quantity, and sanitation in the different base camps.
Expeditionary Force (FEC)-An Expeditionary Force (FEC) was created to assist the eradication process in the Chapare by patrolling the main access route between Santa Cruz and Cochabamba. The FEC staff level was at 500 personnel from January 2001 to January 2002, but additional 1,000 troops will be integrated to the unit beginning in February 2002. The NAS provides the unit with food, military equipment and salary supplement. Food is provided to the FEC under the same contract that supports the JTF and the same administrative controls are in place.
The NAS-supported Blue Devil Task Force (BDTF) is a 160-man Riverine unit of the Bolivian Navy organized into five task groups, a headquarters, and a Riverine training school. The BDTF has six motherships, 32 Boston Whaler-type patrol boats, and 42 Zodiacs and complete overhaul of the mother ship fleet. These boats were purchased using FMF, except for the motherships, which were procured with INL funds. During this period, the NAS began the replacement of aging Zodiac craft. Task groups are located at Trinidad, Riberalta, Guayaramerin, La Horquilla and Puerto Villaroel. The NAS regional office in Trinidad supports all task groups with the exception of the task group in Puerto Villaroel, the BDTF headquarters, and the Riverine school.
INL-funded USCG personnel under NAS supervision also provide the logistics support and operational guidance on a TDY basis. The BDTF has assigned to it USG-provided Defense Articles: vehicles, communications equipment, computer equipment, uniforms and field gear. NAS and USCG personnel conducted End Use Monitoring of all BDTF equipment. They closely screened all requests for additional equipment before forwarding the request to the NAS program officer for consideration.
NAS provides some form of support for more than 1,100 vehicles either procured or donated by the U.S. Government or other donor governments for use in Bolivia’s counter-narcotics programs. DEA funded the purchase of 17 vehicles in FY-01, of which 12 have already been assigned and delivered to the new DIGECO program. The other five were assigned to FELCN. Additional vehicles were seized. These vehicles were assigned to twenty-three of the twenty-six counter-narcotics projects throughout Bolivia. In May 2001, the NAS received 57 vehicles, including 38 4x4s SUvs, 14 4x4 trucks and 5 sedans ordered in CY-2000 and assigned them to various GOB counternarcotics units. This is part of a five-year vehicle replacement program.
To provide vehicle maintenance support, the NAS operates repair facilities and maintains a large stock of spare parts for all programs in Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Villa Tunari, Trinidad and the UMOPAR Base Camp in Chimore. Maintenance supervisors closely monitor the issuance and use of parts through vehicle work orders, inventory tracking cards, computerized inventory programs and spot checks at each location. In addition, certain types of parts such as tires and batteries are marked with identifying numbers or symbols to prevent improper exchange.
Field advisors, the Logistics Supervisor, program officers and the Administrative Officer made frequent unannounced inspections of these facilities to ensure proper accountability. In addition, the NAS audit section conducted periodic reviews of commonly used parts most susceptible to pilferage, as well as those items subject to theft or misuse such as fan belts, filters and tune-up kits.
NAS communications equipment includes repeaters, base stations, mobile radios, and hand-held radios. This equipment was provided to all the FELCN, UMOPAR, Intelligence units, AIROPS, Riverine as well as NAS regional offices. The NAS has supplied 616 sets of communications equipment to Bolivian counternarcotics projects as follows:
|La Paz||170 sets|
|Santa Cruz||125 sets|
NAS maintains a comprehensive inventory under the NEPA system that identifies location and personnel accountable in each organization. NAS technicians perform all equipment maintenance, normally in the NAS repair facility in La Paz. Frequent field visits are made to verify the condition and proper use of the equipment as well as to perform preventive maintenance. As of the 2001, 92 percent of the equipment was in service. The remainder is undergoing repair. Furthermore, the NAS purchased communications equipment in CY-2001 for installation in the area of the Yungas as part of a nationwide communications grid that will be concluded during CY-2002 and will enhance current counternarcotics efforts.
The Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU) of DEA/NAS conducted a thorough inventory of all communications and technical equipment purchased by the NAS on their behalf with FY-97 funds. All equipment was found to be in serviceable condition. DEA/La Paz began a physical inventory of FY-98 acquisitions for the Andean/SIU programs in the second quarter of FY-2001. The inventory includes all technical communications equipment and vehicles transferred to various offices and DEA-supported programs throughout Bolivia.
In 2001, the NAS provided 175 computers to counternarcotics agencies in its four regions. To alleviate the high-cost maintenance and reduce the problems with local providers, two small computer repair facilities were established in Santa Cruz and Cochabamba to serve as satellites of the La Paz computer repair facility.
Uniforms and Field Gear
In 2001, the NAS procured 13,000 sets of BDU’s, boots, hats, and various field gear such as web belts, field packs, hammocks. Tents and entrenching tools valued at more than $2 million in support of 1,500 FELCN police officers and 2,000 military personnel are assigned to various counternarcotics projects. Since 1998, the NAS has issued uniforms and equipment to FELCN and UMOPAR personnel once per year, normally during March and April.
In 2001, the Embassy embarked on a major two-year counter-narcotics construction program drawing on funds from INL, DEA, MLGRP, and SouthCom. The mission will undertake over $3.5 million in projects including construction of 14 bases, major expansions to 20 existing facilities; and significant repairs and upgrades of exiting infrastructure. These projects include a new holding facility at Chimore, a new base in San Ignacio and Puerto Suarez (currently at 75% completion), new UMOPAR bases for Locotal, Rinconada, Guayaramerin, Yucumo, Cobija and Yacuiba, finishing of the new K-9 training center, major expansions of the UMOPAR, Blue Devil Riverine training facilities, new or upgraded K-9 support facilities and offices throughout the country, construction of eleven DIGECO posts throughout the country; a new C-130 hanger; and the creation of a FELCN Special Unit permanent base in Santa Cruz.
To insure quality control, the NAS contracted the services of three construction engineers/architects to advise, design, and provide oversight during the design and construction phase of the counternarcotics projects. Approximately half of these construction projects began in FY-2000/01; the other half will be started in FY-2001/02.
ProblemsMisuse of Vehicles
Personal use and careless operation of vehicles by senior Bolivian officials in certain programs continue to be serious concerns. Although the NAS monitors and attempts to prevent personal use of official vehicles, Bolivian officials in the field frequently abuse the privilege of having a vehicle by using it for personal travel. NAS training programs have helped reduce the number of serious vehicle accidents. However, traffic mishaps attributable to negligence continue to occur. The NAS policy of requiring mandatory restitution in cases involving negligence has been a useful, but not a totally effective deterrent.
On October 2, 2001, a serious single accident with five occupants took place near the Potosi district. The accident caused permanent injuries to one FSN; neck injuries to an FSO (the driver at the time of the accident); shoulder and arm injuries to a DEA Agent; and minor injuries to the other two passengers. The accident occurred while travelers were conducting a survey for the DIGECO project to determine locations where the project would establish control points. The vehicle suffered significant damage, but is repairable. An investigation of the accident was conducted by the Traffic Division of the National Police in Tupiza (report on file at the mission) and internally by the Senior General Services Officer (SGSO).
Given the remote locations of some NAS-supported counternarcotics projects, fuel distribution continues to be a major concern. Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA’s) have been set up in several locations to eliminate the need to transport large quantities of fuel over long distances. Additionally, a bridge fuel contract is being worked and should be awarded in early calendar year 2002 that will alleviate the fuel distribution problem. This bridge contract will be followed by award of a multi-year fuel contract.
Frequent audits and an enhanced fuel monitoring system have improved the accountability of all types of fuel. However, some units must still rely on primitive means to measure and distribute fuel. Inaccurate pump meters and manual methods account for most of the discrepancies in the fuel distribution program. Safe storage facilities are also a concern in some areas of the country. Open storage with containers being exposed to the sun and other weather conditions are common problems.
As Bolivia’s counter-narcotics program expands and additional equipment and Defense Articles are received through the 506 drawdown program, property accountability will become increasingly challenging. Despite training, the FELCN’s record-keeping is not yet sophisticated enough to track property from unit to unit and even less capable of tracking property issued for special operations. Title to property and materiel provided through the FMFP and the FMS process transfers to the GOB at the time shipments are placed in transportation channels. Similarly the standard terms and conditions stipulated in respective LOAs vest title to NAS-financed property in the GOB and charges them with the responsibility for the accounting for it. In a joint effort to assist the FELCN in improving their property accounting methods, the NAS and the MILGP will examine the feasibility of providing additional training to logistics personnel of the FELCN.
JTF personnel are rotated on a quarterly basis. Transportation arrangements are coordinated by the administrative officer using GDTF assets, commercial buses and C-130 transport. In the past, the rotation of large numbers of personnel among various programs have created continuity problems as well as increased costs. The NAS has been successful in getting FELCN and service commanders to stagger the rotation so that no more than 20 percent of a particular unit rotates in any given year.
A highly effective eradication program in the Chapare, Bolivia’s principal coca-growing region, is the hallmark of the GOB’s counternarcotics strategy. In 2001, Bolivia reported that 9,394 hectares of coca had been eradicated. However, due to the massive replanting in the Chapare and increased cultivation in the Yungas, the potential cocaine production in Bolivia increased from an estimated 43 metric tons to an estimated 60 metric tons, as of June 1, 2001. However, current Bolivian studies estimate that 6,000 hectares of coca, or about 17 metric tons cocaine equivalent, is dedicated to traditional, legal consumption, reducing the real potential capacity for illegal cocaine production by over 28% to 43 metric tons.
During 2001, FELCN assisted by DEA, seized 4.46 metric tons of cocaine drugs, 5.2 metric tons of marihuana and destroyed 878 cocaine laboratories. A total of 165,000 liters and 46.8 metric tons of essential precursors were seized and destroyed. The FELCN also successfully dismantled numerous high-profile trafficking groups and seized property including 284 vehicles, 23 real properties, 1 airplane, 23 motorcycles, 118 weapons and $834,910 in currency. NAS logistics support in conjunction with DEA’s operational guidance, enabled GOB’s interdiction forces to make 1,674 arrests.
Significant changes in the administration of justice have been achieved, including the creation of a panel of two judges and three citizens to try drug-related cases which will hopefully improve the administration of justice system, increase the number of prosecutions and convictions of drug dealers, and improve the credibility of administration of justice as a whole in Bolivia.
NAS has a five person Logistics Section headed by an American PSC employee, who has primary responsibility for coordinating End Use Monitoring activities. The Logistics Section is charged with shipping/receiving of all NAS commodities; preparing donation letters; maintaining inventories; and coordinating EUM spot-checks.
The NAS significantly revamped and upgraded its computerized listing of equipment subject to End Use Monitoring. The new database contains detailed information on commodities and EUM inspection visits. It can be sorted by location, facilitating EUM spot checks. During 2001, NAS Logistics visited 19 counterpart sites nationwide and physically inspected 1,325 donated items out of 4,455 items that are subject to inspection. The balance had been inspected during year 2000.
The Embassy's Administrative Section is responsible for the physical inventory of non-project personal property located in Lima and maintained on the Embassy's NEPA system, under the ICASS Agreement. A NAS American PSC administrative assistant oversees non-project personal property. NAS Logistics is responsible for the inventory of NAS personal property at FOB's and FOL's. It completed a 100% inventory for 2001.
In September 2001, the NAS requested that all counterparts submit up-to-date inventories, including locations and condition information, for all donated commodities. Most Peruvian counterparts have complied and submitted detailed inventories. The submissions were compared to existing computer records and after the physical inspections, all necessary changes, modifications and additions were made to update the new NAS database.
The NAS schedules annual inspections throughout Peru carried out by Foreign Service National staff and American program advisers. Air and fuel assets, including 14 UH-1H helicopters and a C-27 fixed-wing airplane are constantly monitored. In the INL/NAS Aviation Program, this is done by four PASA military officers, two American PSC aviation advisers, and five American PSC security specialists. INL's Regional Communications Adviser conducts spot checks during the year to verify the condition and location of communications equipment. MAAG personnel perform spot checks on Defense Articles provided to the Peruvian Armed Forces and Drug Police under security assistance programs for counternarcotics purposes. They visit military installations where they have been provided access to inspect the equipment provided by the USG. DEA special agents assist in monitoring equipment, materials and consumables provided to the Peruvian National Police (PNP). A Coast Guard PASA shares responsibility for EUM of riverine assets with the Logistics Section. Not all equipment subject to EUM is inspected every year because of the large volume of donations in Peru. Every effort is made to visit sites containing large concentrations of equipment and any site where discrepancies have been noted. Both announced and unannounced EUM visits were performed throughout the year.
All commodities are used full-time in the conduct of counter-narcotics activities, including construction and logistical support. While conducting EUM inspections of counterpart sites, Logistics found no evidence of improper use of donated materials and the cooperation of counterparts as a whole was satisfactory.
The NAS Logistics maintains an inventory of about 500 vehicles nationwide, supporting fully or in part, 342 project vehicles, 91 motorcycles and 67 program support vehicles. The vast majority of the vehicles are provided to various elements of the Drug Police, including the DEA Vetted Unit Program, where they are used to conduct investigations, surveillance and interdiction operations. The central and regional Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDRO), the Aviation Police (DIRAVPOL), the Coca Reduction Project of the Upper Huallaga (CORAH), its sub-division, the Coca Measurement and Eradication Verification Corps (CADA), the Ministry of Education, the Judicial Prosecutors, the Chemical Control Group, and the Peruvian Customs Service also possess NAS-donated vehicles.
Special use surveillance vehicles were purchased during 2000 to support the operations of the SIU's. In FY-00, the NAS procured on behalf of DEA $1 million worth of equipment and services, including two off-road vehicles and ten motorcycles. The NAS also procured an additional 34 multipurpose vehicles and eight motorcycles to support other counternarcotics projects. This purchase was the third phase of a five-year vehicle replacement program.
The NASemploys a FSN motor vehicle maintenance supervisor in the Logistics Section, who is charged with overall responsibility for tracking project vehicle fleets, maintaining stocks of essential spare parts, and providing guidance concerning appropriate schedules of preventive maintenance. Aviation personnel are charged with overall responsibility for all "special use vehicles" (e.g. tugs, fuel trucks, fire trucks, forklifts, etc.) including preventive maintenance. Since the latter part of 2000, NAS Logistics has been maintaining a computerized vehicle maintenance tracking system and is presently updating the program by entering data from prior months. The program provides reports that greatly improve controls of inventory and repair costs. NAS Logistics maintains a stock of spare parts for the 67 NAS program vehicles located in Lima, Pucallpa, Tingo Maria and Iquitos. Bulk orders of spare parts from the United States continue to improve vehicle performance and reduce maintenance costs. During 2001, NAS Logistics acquired four excess DEA light armored late model vehicles to replace the aging units at the FOL's.
The NAS requires counterparts to provide proof of preventive maintenance when requesting NAS financial assistance for major repairs to vehicles purchased with project funds. Aging project fleets remain a problem, but a schedule of more frequent replacements is benefiting operations. NAS Logistics has completed an inventory of about 80 obsolete and non-operative PNP vehicles including motorcycles. It has presented a detailed report to the police program advisers to be used in the preparation of a NAS supervised auction. Funds received from this auction are to be returned to the police program to assist in purchase of new units and/or parts to maintain remaining units. NAS Logistics has proposed the same procedure be implemented for all counterparts holding obsolete or inoperative equipment on their inventories. Once approved, these procedures will improve NAS control over funds received from sales of such equipment.
The NAS continues to provide upgraded computer systems for counterparts, including surge suppressors and UPS as necessary in areas where the electrical current is unstable. In addition, the NAS is assisting counterparts to improve internal communications through LAN's and connection to the worldwide web. New equipment supports counternarcotics helicopter operations, CN Riverine interdiction operations, DINANDRO drug intelligence activities, coca eradication missions, and coca measurement and eradication verifications. NAS funds were used to upgrade computer networks to support these missions.
Project equipment was provided to DEA's Sensitive Investigative Units (SIU) in 2000. The units have continued to expand and to produce quality information. DEA agents performed End Use Monitoring activities throughout the year. They did not find any instances of equipment being misused, poorly maintained or used for purposes other than those intended by the USG.
Computer equipment is maintained at the assigned sites and used for the intended purpose. The communications adviser initiated a Pilot project with joint participation of DIRANDRO INTEL and the Peruvian Prosecutors' office to track/expedite legal process of all narcotics related cases. The hardware/software system is under implementation; if the project succeeds, the "Judicial Tracking System" is expected to be implemented on a larger scale countrywide.
Drug Police (DINANDRO and DIVANDROS)-Weapons procured with FMF funds for use of DINANDRO and DIVANDROS participating in the counter-narcotics program are surveyed periodically by the NAS and MAAG representatives. There is no evidence that the equipment is being used for any purpose other than police counternarcotics operations. All monitored equipment was in serviceable condition. The NAS monitored 20 M-60D machine-guns and 131 M16A rifles received from DLA; 12 Smith & Wesson 357 Cal M-19, 14 M4 carbines, received from the RSO. The country team also received 200 M-60 machine guns from the drawdown that will be distributed to GOP counternarcotics units in early 2001.
Peruvian Air Force (FAP)-A-37 fuselages provided in 1992 and in 1996 to the FAP have been cannibalized as planned for parts to repair operable aircraft. An INL-funded FMS case is open ($4,500,000) for A-37 support to purchase support equipment for the A-37 base (Grupo 7, Piura); provide technical training for A-37 personnel; and purchase spare parts for A-37’s. Under this case, parts and accessories are being delivered. To date, $4.3 million has been expended.
Riverine-Over the life of the project, the USG plans to train and equip 12 riverine interdiction units. Four Riverine Interdiction Units were created and equipped during 1999. Additional 25-ft and 40-ft boats arrived at the end of 2000. The final shipment of Boston Whalers and a floating maintenance base were delivered in 2001 and turned over to the Coast Guard. The program also provides for improvements to existing Coast Guard and Drug Police infrastructure to support Riverine operations, including office space renovation and repairs to existing equipment. The NAS, DEA, and MAAG Program coordinators conduct frequent field visits to observe training, equipment use and storage practices for all GOP forces. The donated equipment has been maintained satisfactorily, although the GOP has not been able to fund minor outfitting or consumable expenses (fuel, MRE's or medical supplies) due to severe budget constraints.
The NAS now supports fourteen (14) USG-owned UH-1H helicopters operated by the DIRAVPOL and used in counter-narcotics enforcement and coca eradication missions. It also supports a C-27 cargo aircraft capable of carrying 34 passengers, or heavy cargo. INL rotary wing assets are based at the NAS hanger in Pucallpa where all major helicopter maintenance is performed. GOP DIRAVPOL 's MI-17 helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft are also used for counter-narcotics operations. If needed, the NAS rents small aircraft to move aircraft and cargo to locations east of the Andes.
NAS Aviation program personnel and the INL Air Wing contractor DynCorp, managed and performed EUM activities for the NAS Aviation Program in 2001. DynCorp and NAS aviation personnel maintain flight and maintenance records for all INL aircraft.
In 2001, the aviation program (UH-1H's) logged 3,968 hours of flight time in 345 interdiction missions and 1,383 eradication missions. The NAS funded fuel and per diem to DIRAVPOL MI-17 and fixed-wing crews during CY-01, totaled over $330,000. During 2001, the C-27 flew 448 hours in support of post's counternarcotics program, transporting 2,630 passengers and 1,116,535 pounds of cargo.
Without the airlift and emergency evacuation capabilities of the INL helicopters, the eradicators would not have been able to operate in many high-density coca-growing locations. The ability to move operations quickly from one location to another added an element of unpredictability needed to safely operate in areas of pocket resistance to eradication missions. Over 20,081 eradicators were transported, greatly facilitating the reduction of coca under cultivation. Coca eradication results in 2001 equaled those of 2000.
The NAS provides all fuel required for the UH-1H helicopters and the C-27. The NAS also pays for fuel for police fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters on an occasional basis for selected counternarcotics missions. The NAS closely monitors all fuel ordering, receiving, and dispensing procedures to control both the supply and quality of fuel stocks for aviation and Riverine operations. The NAS has Blanket Purchase Agreements (BPA's) with fuel suppliers and transporters and has strict ordering, receiving and payment procedures. In FY-2001, 689,977 gallons of aviation fuel was purchased at a cost of $833,319. An additional $39,500 was paid to transport the fuel from Lima to Forward Locations. NAS quality control of aviation fuel is strictly monitored through quarterly inspections by DOD quality assurance representatives and meets or exceeds standards established by DOD Defense Logistics Fuel Division.
The NAS stores and dispenses fuel from six locations east of the Andes. The main facility is in Pucallpa and has a 48,000 gallon Jet-A capacity in four tanks and a 2,000 gallon tank for Avgas. An additional 12,000-gallon tank is located at Tingo Maria. All other locations use bladder storage. All locations have CORAH contracted refuelers who report daily to the NAS Embassy field coordinator in Pucallpa. All locations are visited quarterly by a NAS or DynCorp fuel specialist to verify records and assure adherence to established quality control procedures. A fuel specialist will join the staff in 2002.
The NAS also purchases fuel for the Riverine Program for use by PNP and Coast Guard Riverine Units. In 2000, the NAS purchased about 198,400 gallons of gasoline and diesel fuel at a cost of $252,099. NAS Riverine fuel is stored at PNP and Coast Guard floating facilities as well as in portable fuel bladders. Although the GOP has typically paid for their own fuel requirement, the USG has augmented the fuel requirement when needed for specific operations or increased operations tempo. The recent GOP budget crisis has had a detrimental effect on the police and the Coast Guard’s ability to purchase fuel for even routine operations.
The NAS continued to provide through CORAH some limited construction activities in support of counternarcotics operations, including improvements to police and Coast Guard bases during 2001. CORAH carried out about 103 small projects with a total cost of $768,900. In all cases, renovated facilities were used for their intended purposes. The CORAH construction directorate is staffed to conduct maintenance of the NAS aviation facilities in Pucallpa. Budget limitations frequently preclude counterparts from undertaking preventive maintenance activities.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is undertaking several million dollars of construction and design projects in Peru. The Lima country team carefully coordinates all DOD-funded construction projects for counternarcotics purposes. NAS-funded improvements included Pucallpa Base improvements and armory, offices and electrification in Tinga Maria; Tarapoto Base upgrades; Santa Lucia water purification, sewage, electrification, classroom, phone line installation, etc.
The NAS provides funding to about 50 institutions, including entities of the GOP and NGO's to promote drug awareness, prevention and treatment programs. A large portion of Demand Reduction funding goes to support training programs. In addition, the NAS has provided vehicles, computers, office equipment, and other commodities to its demand reduction counterparts.
Over the last three years, the GOP as well as private NGO’s have developed an institutional capacity to carry out demand reduction activities. While self-sufficiency in the funding area has not yet been realized, the level of technical expertise within the country is remarkable.
The NAS has been working with the Ministry of the Interior since 1998 to resolve administrative difficulties preventing DINANDRO from obtaining the proceeds of sale when NAS-donated property is auctioned by Central Police Administration. Under the current police disposal system, all excess property is turned into the Central Police for disposal. Proceeds of the sale remain with the Central Police and are not returned to the Drug Police for items donated under the bilateral counternarcotics program. For this reason, the NAS is requesting that DINANDRO return the obsolete and/or non-operative vehicles/equipment to the NAS so the NAS may conduct an auction and return the funds to the counternarcotics program. In late 2001, this procedure was again proposed to DIRANDO but the NAS has not received an official response.
Chemical Control Board
During 2000 the NAS, in concert with DEA, worked directly and almost exclusively with the DINANDRO Chemical Control Group. This has resulted in successful chemical seizures and has greatly improved the regulation of the chemical companies. However, the task is enormous. Out of an estimated 13,200 tons of chemicals used by narcotics traffickers, about 177 tons are seized. In 2001, the NAS Police Program facilitated chemical training programs presented by DIRANDO to police personnel.
High-Tech Office Equipment
During EUM inspections, logistics noted that some counterpart sites, (mostly Police Units) had received hi-tech office equipment, i.e., copy machines, fax machines and printer. Because of toner cost and high maintenance, some machines were not in use. Logistics has proposed reviewing purchasing practices in an attempt to provide the counterpart with simpler equipment that is easier to maintain and represents a lower cost, especially for remote sites.
The NAS ceased its donation of commodities, including vehicles and communications equipment, several years ago, when Customs could not or would not account for donated goods. In the interim, the NAS continued to provide some training assistance. In December 2001, after several attempts, NAS Logistics was successful in obtaining a list showing present locations condition of all 138 items donated. Logistics will be coordinating visits to sites in January 2002 with the intent to resolve long-standing discrepancies. Also, during the last few weeks of 2001, Peruvian made great strides. Customs agents in Arequipa seized six tons of cocaine and the Director of Customs in the border town of Puno was arrested for corruption. The NAS hopes to reestablish a program to support such efforts and will be coordinating with other agencies within the Mission to ensure a unified plan for support.
The fall of the Fujimori government in November 2000 revealed that policy-level corruption was endemic in Peru. Government investigations have resulted in the arrest of many politicians and high-ranking military and police officers or their being closely supervised.
Law Enforcement/Intelligence Projects
Problems have been encountered involving leased houses used to support all covert surveillance operations for the collection of sensitive intelligence. For security reasons, the SIUs frequently change locations. Suburban homes made for no more than twelve people are used to accommodate in excess of twenty persons plus a significant amount of equipment. Lack of maintenance and excessive wear and tear are frequent complaints of landlords when properties are returned. The NAS continues to press the GOP to provide confiscated properties or other office space for SIU activities. However, security and anonymity are the first priorities.
Both DINANDRO and the Coast Guard have continued to support the training center, providing permanent trainers to the school. The main concern this year has been the assignment of dedicated GOP riverine personnel at the four key operational locations. While the Coast Guard met more of its commitment in this area, DINANDRO performed much better at its Iquitos unit than at the Pucallpa unit. The basic problem with DINANDRO has been competing requirements for personnel time. As personnel numbers increase for Iquitos and Pucallpa, their ability to support the riverine program will improve. Current shortages of personnel continue to limit the number of DINANDRO personnel dedicated to riverine operations. The NAS will hold discussions with DINANDRO during the coming year to resolve this issue. Refueling and safety issues surrounding the Riverine Floating Support Base were resolved with design modifications.
Public Ministry Project
In the past, tracking donated equipment was difficult due to a lack of central coordination among the recipients. However, a new coordinator has been named, who reports directly to the Attorney General and is the only authorized link between the Embassy and the prosecutors. The new coordinator has provided a detailed list of where each donated item is currently located and will be reviewing and approving all future requests for equipment, travel, and other commodities supplied to the prosecutors. The NAS has a master list of equipment donated, along with the useful life of each item and is working on a replacement cycle for the equipment. In addition, the prosecutors have begun providing vehicle logs to track usage of donated vehicles. The NAS will continue spot checks to verify the location and use of all equipment donated to this project.
Santa Lucia Police Base
The construction of the base was finalized in 1992. It was turned over to the PNP in November 1993 in fully operational condition, when budget cuts forced the NAS to move helicopter and other operations to Pucallpa. However, the GOP was unable to maintain this large base. The EUM inspection in 1999 revealed a high state of decay from lack of maintenance and repair and vandalism. The runway condition poses a serious safety hazard to landing aircraft. Many buildings are completely abandoned, while others have major structural damage. When CORAH undertook eradication activities in the area of the base, the base became the base of operations, and limited funds were made available to make the facility secure and habitable. FY-2000 base upgrades included barracks, offices, and security perimeter in support of eradication operations, as well as reconstruction of the repelling tower. The NAS Police Program initiated an advanced training/operations school at Santa Lucia, which has been credited with eradication of opium poppy fields.
INL project funds provided through the NAS are the sole source of support for CORAH. The NAS completely funds all coca eradication, and all the activities of CADA for coca measurement and eradication verification east of the Andes. While the GOP provides significant resources in support of counternarcotics activities, it does not provide any funding for CORAH and its eradication activities. CORAH conducted a total of 543 eradication missions during 2001.
The GOP achieved 8% reduction in coca crop cultivation in 2001, bringing the five-year reduction to 69 percent. Due to political indecision during the transitional government, CORAH eradication of coca fields was delayed pending the approval by the Ministry of the Interior of the eradication plan. Eradication did not get fully underway until April, and was suspended during the two elections and changeover of government due to the need for the police resources. The law enforcement activity of the GOP has continued with success throughout the year.
The statistics in seizures and arrests follow:
|Coca eradicated||6,436.0 hectares|
|Coca leaf seized||13,800.0 kilograms|
|Cocaine HCL seized||2,836.6 kilograms|
|Cocaine base/paste seized||5,707.0 kilograms|
|Illicit laboratories destroyed/seized|
|Maceration pits||163.0 pits|
|Cocaine HCL||27.0 labs|
|Opium seeds||4.9 kilograms|
|Extasis (XTC)||35.0 units|
|Marijuana destroyed/seized||31,201.9 kilograms|
|Marijuana seeds||3.0 kilograms|
|Essential chemical seized||177,673.9 kilograms|
|All drug related arrests:|
With USAID and NAS assistance, the Peruvian eradication agency, CONTRADROGAS, has assumed a central role in developing and monitoring counternarcotics projects throughout the country in alternative development and demand reduction. CONTRADROGAS is undergoing a major reorganization under the direction of the newly appointed Presidential Adviser for Counternarcotics (Drug Czar).
The most important message given to post's counterparts is that the USG is vigilant and has a system in place to accurately monitor donated commodities.
During the year, embassy officers performed spot checks and an annual on-site inspection at the Prefectura, and at the Uruguayan Anti-Drug Unit, Directorate General for the Repression of Illicit Drug Trafficking (DGRTID). These agencies provide an annual report, which specifies the use, status, and location of all equipment supplied by the USG. Procedures have been effective and ensure that recipient agencies are cognizant of USG access and End Use Monitoring requirements. Recipient agencies are cooperative and understand the need for accountability.
Since September 11, embassy officers have been working very closely with DGRTID and Prefectura representatives on terrorist-related issues and have visited these agencies on a weekly basis.
Computer and Communications Equipment
The Montevideo headquarters houses most DGRTID computers, which are used for the JICC program as well as for normal DGRTID operations. Some of the equipment is in use at the DGRTID office in Rivera and Colonia. Most of the computer equipment is in working order, though some is in need of upgrade. There is a computer technician responsible for maintaining DGRTID and the National Drug Secretariat (SND) and JICC computers as well.
The nationwide communications network between the sixteen Prefectura offices is built largely on communication and computer equipment donated by the USG and the United Kingdom. The network has been extremely effective in the wake of the September 11 attacks for monitoring the movement of persons, vessels, and cargo within Uruguayan territorial waters. Most donated equipment is located at the Prefectura’s Investigative Division headquarters in the Port of Montevideo, although other equipment is installed at branch offices on the coast and along the river borders with Argentina and Brazil. All computers are in good condition and are equipped with the latest Microsoft software. Older equipment is being phased out due to frequent breakdown and high repair costs.
The Central Bank of Uruguay (BCU) maintains computer equipment, a monitor, a specialized printer, and software for the analysis of financial transactions provided jointly by the USG and Organization of American States (OAS) in 1999 and 2000. The computer equipment is located at its headquarters in Montevideo, where it is very well maintained. The two computers and printer located at the Ministry of Public Health are used for precursor chemical permits and are in good condition.
The SND maintains three personal computers, a fax machine and a printer. They are located in Montevideo and serve basic administrative tasks. The equipment is outdated and in need of replacement.
The vehicles donated to the Anti-Drug Police (seven cars, two trucks, and three motorcycles) transport officers to investigations and/or raid sites in Montevideo and the interior. Frequent trips are made to Rivera, Maldonado and Costa de Oro. The Prefectura vehicles (one car, two trucks, two motorcycles) operate out of Montevideo. During the summer tourist season, much of the Prefectura’s transportation equipment is used in Punta del Este and other coastal resorts northeast of Montevideo. Equipment is in good to fair condition, with the exception of two Prefectura motorcycles and one DGRTID motorcycle that are in need of replacement.
The SND maintains a vehicle for its use.
The Prefectura operates the two Cape Class patrol boats along the Uruguay River and the coast. They are in good condition. The Prefectura operates two motorized rafts out of Montevideo.
Typewriters, electronic surveillance system, video cassette recorders, video cameras, photocopiers, fax machines, night vision devices, camcorders, air conditioning unit, narcotics test kits, police assault gear, protective gear, voltage regulators, transformers plus other support equipment (including desks and chairs, binoculars, flashlights and handcuffs) have been donated to the DRGTID and the Prefectura. Most of the fax machines are in constant need of repair. All other donated items are in fair or good condition with the exception of a video camera, cassette recorder, three fax machines, protective vests and the handcuffs.
Materials were provided to Prefectura in 1999 for the construction of kennels anti-drug canines in 13 branch offices. Most of these facilities now house anti-drug canines. The kennels are in good condition and only require routine maintenance.
INL equipment has made a significant difference in the Government of Uruguay (GOU) counter-narcotics effort. INL assistance fortifies bilateral relations and fosters greater cooperation between USG agencies and their GOU counterparts. GOU agencies appear to function more efficiently as a result of donated equipment and training. Drug seizures and convictions also increased significantly during 2001.
INL funding is responsible for several anti-narcotics projects that would not have been implemented otherwise. DGRTID computers, surveillance equipment, other protective gear, and other law enforcement equipment have enabled DGRTID officers to increase their capabilities. INL funds are necessary to continue to expand DGRTID capabilities and existing operations. The Prefectura depends heavily on INL-donated equipment and has benefited particularly from the canine unit. The Central Bank continues to benefit from the financial transaction database of the recently created Financial Investigation Unit. INL funding of the unit has helped facilitate responses to USG requests for information on suspected terrorists in the aftermath of September 11 attacks.
While the GOU derives considerable benefits from INL-funded equipment and training, the GOU does not allocate sufficient resources to the counter-narcotics problem to allow for more substantial progress.
Post conducted on-site inspections and periodic spot checks of all resources. Post also received a host government report on the materials. DEA agents visit post regularly and monitor the use and status of the vehicle, equipment and furniture. The DEA vetted unit is always willing to have visitors from DEA and the Embassy.
The following commodities were provided to the Ministry of Justice and Police Force’s Special Investigative Unit (SIU): chairs (16); tables (6); Compaq computer (1); fax machine (1); laser printer (1); cabinets (6); air conditioner (1); cellular phones (4); fingerprint kit (1); cypher locks (2); airvent fan (1); single tube night vision goggles (2); Pentium multimedia generic desktop computer (1); Toshiba lap top and a printer (1); protective vests (8); reconditioned 1993 Toyota Corona (1).
Most donated equipment is housed within the offices of the DEA-Vetted Unit at the Surinamese police complex at Nieuwe Haven. The police commonly use cellular phones outside the office for routine communications. The vehicle is used for transportation to investigation sites within Paramaribo and outlying locations accessible by car. It is parked outside of the office when not in use. The copier is located at Suriname's international airport. It is visited regularly by the RSO and the consular officer. Custom's faxes are located at the airport and at Customs' Paramaribo headquarters.
The Government of Suriname is in the midst of a severe financial crisis; thus USG-provided equipment is often the only equipment available. The vetted unit continues to use the resources in an effective manner, and has gradually increased its capability. Without USG-provided equipment, it is unlikely that Suriname could maintain its current level of counternarcotics activities.
The NAS reviews annual inventories provided by recipient host government agencies. NAS personnel conduct frequent spot checks of Anti-Narcotics Directorate (DNA) warehouse inventory, receiving and issuance records, and periodic spot checks of equipment in the field. Currently the NAS inventory is performed and recorded manually. Information on the condition of more remote items is derived from DNA reports and occasional NAS field visits.
The NAS recently purchased a computer barcode system to maintain an inventory of the greater volume of donated equipment that will derive from the new, much higher funding levels.
The Ecuadorian Army's 19th Brigade includes a Boston Whaler located in Puerto El Carmen. In addition, there are 100 HP Johnson O/B motors (19); trailers (4); Zodiac boats (4); and 40 HP Motors (4) donated by USMILGP.
The DNA has received 170 Beretta and 700 SIG Sauer 9mm pistols via 506 (A) drawdown. The pistols are assigned to DNA field offices except for 243 that are held in the armory section of the DNA warehouse. The USG also donated 500 COLT-ARIS and M-16s as part of the 506 (A)(2) drawdown in 2000. These are also in use by DNA field units except for 60 that remain in the central armory.
Weapons/ammunition-The Ecuadorian National Police (ENP) Anti-drug Division (DNA) received 132 Beretta 9MM pistols from the USMILGP. Those weapons are in use and in good condition. They are located as follows: Guayaquil (20); Pichincha (20); El Oro (5); Santo Domingo (5); Manabi (5); Manta (5); Azuay (5); Loja (5); Los Rios (5); IOS (5); Tungurahua (5); Canine center (15); Carchi (5); Imbabura (5); Esmeraldes (10); Morona Santiago (5); Sucumbios (10); DNA Warehouse (2). Ammunition was distributed to anti-drug offices having 9MM pistols. The INTERPOL Office of Pichincha has M16A2 rifles (5); and M16A1 rifles (4). They also have 12-gauge shotguns (8). Drug Unit/ Loja has glock pistols (5); several old .38 revolvers; and M-16 rifles (2). The DNA received 539 bulletproof vests from the FY-99 506 (A) drawdown. Of this total, 411 vests have been distributed to the Provincial Drug Units by DNA headquarters; 128 remain in storage. The USG also donated 700 SIG Sauer pistols as part of the 506 (A) donation in 2000. These arms are in storage at the DNA warehouse. DNA will make a decision as to the distribution of the pistols to operational units in the field.
There are currently 155 vehicles (124 cars/trucks and 31 motorcycles) in the ENP inventory which have been purchased with NAS funds or provided through 506(A) drawdowns. The low level of NAS funding and staffing in previous years did not permit a planned, systematic maintenance and repair program. Many of these vehicles are in fair to poor condition because of age and condition when acquired (e.g. through 506(A)(2) drawdown) and/or poor maintenance while in service. Ten cars/trucks and eight motorcycles have been identified as being beyond their useful operational life. The NAS is in the process of establishing a motor pool project.
The NAS furnished fuel only for pre-approved operations on a case-by-case basis.
The two NAS-procured 17-foot Boston Whaler boats assigned to the ENP Interdiction and Rescue Group (GIR) are maintained by private contractors without NAS financial support. The boats are in excellent condition and are used by the GIR unit in Guayaquil to patrol the waterways near that city.
The NAS has supplied the ENP with 18 repeater stations, 34 base stations, 42 mobile units, and 76 portable hand-held radios (walkie-talkies). The equipment is distributed throughout the country. Units in the field are generally well maintained and are in operating condition. Eleven base stations, 19 mobile units, 15 hand held radios, and 11 repeaters are currently in the repair shop at DNA headquarters.
The DNA has not yet distributed 16 HT-1000 and 71 Saber Motorola radios. These units operate on different frequencies from the ENP National Net and will be used for limited, point-to-point communications as needed.
The NAS has continued its automation project with the National Police, replacing outdated computers with modern equipment. The computer replacement/modernization project begun under the FY-2000 supplemental funding will be completed with FY-2002 funds. Computers/and peripherals have been acquired over the years through donations and auctions of used equipment as well as by new purchase. Many units are inoperative and/or obsolete.
NAS/Ecuador has been providing technical assistance, food and supplies to the Ecuadorian National Police's Canine Training Center (CAC) located in Quito since its inception, as well as to the canine units deployed at Ecuador's major airports. The canine program has been one of the major success stories of the ENP. The detector dogs account for nearly all of the drug interdictions made in Ecuador's seas and at its airports. In 2000, the NAS acquired 26 dogs locally, which were trained with their respective handlers. There are eighty-three (83) narcotics detector dogs in active service throughout the country.
U.S. Government assistance is vital to the Government of Ecuador (GOE) counter-narcotics program. USG-funded training and technical assistance to the Judicial Police and Judicial authorities help ensure more effective investigation and prosecution of narcotics-related offenses. With support and guidance from USG agencies, the DNA has grown substantially in size and effectiveness. Counter-narcotics has become a part of all police basic training and is a formally recognized career track within the ENP.
With strong encouragement from the U.S. mission, the Ecuadorian Army is participating in newly instituted police/military joint patrols in the northern border area although NAS-funded radios and vehicles for the army have not yet arrived.
Statistics in seizures and arrests follow:
The NAS recently purchased a computer barcode system to maintain an inventory of the greater volume of donated equipment that will result from the new, much higher funding levels. Once the barcode inventory system is operational, NAS personnel will label all accountable items as they are received and will retroactively label previously donated items. This will provide NAS with a baseline for physical inspection of all commodities on hand and a more reliable running inventory as the volume and geographical range of DNA operations increase.
ProceduresThe majority of information on the condition and disposal of commodities comes from the National Drug Council (CONACE), which requests and compiles data from the recipient law enforcement agencies. Post is working with CONACE to shift its reporting period from March/April to November/December in order to coincide with the timing of the EUM report and avoid delays in report submission. On-site inspections are infrequent, since Chile’s length makes it financially prohibitive to send embassy personnel to monitor routinely the use of the equipment. Post is able to take advantage of official travel for spot-checking on an ad hoc basis.
The host government agencies participating in INL-funded projects are the Chilean Investigative Police (PICH), the Carabineros (uniformed, National Police Force), Customs, and the CONACE. Post has not purchased any equipment with INL funds for the Government of Chile (GOC) since FY-99.
The Carabineros have a Chevrolet LUV pickup in El Loa. It is in fair condition.Communications Equipment
Of the 17 Motorola model VHF/FM GP-300 radios owned by the Police, three are in good condition. The Police have one radio scanner (good condition); two base stations (good condition); two handheld HP-10 radios in very good condition; and nine handheld visars (five are in good condition and four are undergoing repair). Customs has six hand-held radios in good condition and two Motorola base stations in good condition.
Customs has 10 binoculars in seven locations. Carabineros has one in Iquique Brigade and two in Coquimbo Brigade. All are in good condition.
The Carabineros maintain eight cameras in Santiago. Customs maintains one in Valparaiso. They are in good condition.
The Police have one computer and one printer in Calama. The Carabineros maintain one computer in Coquimbo. Customs has one printer (good condition). CONACE has one computer and two printers in Santiago. They are in good condition.
The Police maintain four night vision goggles: one in Santiago; one in Valparaiso; one in Concepcion; and one in Punta Arenas. They are in good condition. Carabineros have four night vision goggles in three locations; they are in good condition. Customs maintains 23 probing mirrors in 15 locations. Customs also maintains 35 digital scales in 15 locations. Customs has two projectors, and two VCR’s and one television. Each is in good condition. The Carabineros have two televisions, one VCR, one fax machine and three tape recorders; one overhead projector; one electric typewriter; one calculator. Each is in good condition.
The GOC reports that the equipment is used in both rural and metropolitan areas in counter-narcotics operations. The National Investigative Police report that night vision goggles are considered key in coastal patrols and marijuana crop detection. Radios are crucial in urban anti-narcotics operations. Much of the equipment is nearing the end of its useful life.