The Andean Counterdrug Initiative section of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2004 (Public Law 108-199) lays out conditions under which assistance using funds appropriated under the Andean Counterdrug Initiative may be made available for the procurement of chemicals for use in aerial eradication of illicit crops. In particular, Public Law 108-199 provides:
"That not more than 20 percent of the funds appropriated by this Act that are used for the procurement of chemicals for aerial coca and poppy fumigation programs may be made available for such programs unless the Secretary of State, after consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that: (1) the herbicide mixture is being used in accordance with EPA label requirements for comparable use in the United States and any additional controls recommended by the EPA for this program, and with the Colombian Environmental Management Plan for aerial fumigation; and (2) the herbicide mixture, in the manner it is being used, does not pose unreasonable risks or adverse effects to humans or the environment: Provided further, That such funds may not be made available unless the Secretary of State certifies to the Committees on Appropriations that complaints of harm to health or licit crops caused by such fumigation are evaluated and fair compensation is being paid for meritorious claims: Provided further, That such funds may not be made available for such purposes unless programs are being implemented by the United States Agency for International Development, the Government of Colombia, or other organizations, in consultation with local communities, to provide alternative sources of income in areas where security permits for small-acreage growers whose illicit crops are targeted for fumigation:...."
This memorandum provides justification for the Secretary of State's determination and certification to Congress that the above conditions have been met as required. In 2002 and 2003, the Secretary of State determined and certified to Congress on similar conditions concerning human health and environmental safety issues related to the Colombia spray program. [full text]
Table of Contents
Secretary Powell's September 27, 2004 Letter to EPA Administrator Leavitt
2004 Department of State Report to EPA on Human Health and Environmental Monitoring Related to the Colombian Illicit Crop Eradication Program
"The Evaluation of Human Health Effects of Glyphosate and Other Pesticides in Zones of Influence of the Illicit Crop Eradication Program," The Government of Colombia's National Institute of Health, Bogot�, July 2003."Advance Report of the Evaluation of Human Health Effects of Glyphosate and Other Pesticides in Zones of Influence of the Illicit Crop Eradication Program," The Government of Colombia's National Institute of Health, Bogot�, July 2004.Survey to Evaluate the Effects of Glyphosate and other Pesticides on Human Health in Zones of Influence of the Illicit Crop Eradication Program, The Government of Colombia's National Institute of Health, Bogot�, 2003.English language version of one of the Government of Colombia's National Institute of Health presentations used for training of public health officials in pesticide poisoning, December 2003.Toxicologist's Report from Investigation of a Complaint of Poisoning From the Spraying of Coca in San Pablo (Bolivar Department), July 4, 2003.Letter from the Government of Colombia's Alternative Development Agency (PDA) to Embassy Bogot�'s Narcotics Affairs Section, June 4, 2004.Report from Interagency Soil and Water Sampling Field Study, U.S. Embassy Narcotics Affairs Section and CNP, 2004. [not available online]
USDA-ARS soil sampling results [Excel file]Letter from The Government of Colombia's August�n Codazzi Geographic Institute's National Soils Laboratory Division to the Narcotics Affairs Section with attached soil analysis results, May 17, 2004.Protocol for Water Sampling for Glyphosate and AMPA Residue Analysis, the Government of Colombia's Institute of Agriculture and Husbandry (ICA), Bogot�, 2003.Protocol for Soil Sampling for Glyphosate and AMPA Residue Analysis, the Government of Colombia's Ministry of the Environment's Institute of Hydrology, Meteorology And Environmental Studies (IDEAM), Bogot�, 2003."Final Report: Agronomy Efficacy Test of the Doses of Glyphosate on Illicit Crops," Sociedad las Palmas, Bogot�, June 2004. [PDF file]EPA letter to INL regarding the spray program's compliance with the Government of Colombia's Environmental Management Plan for Illicit Crop Eradication, February 23, 2004.
Letter and Consultation Report from EPA Administrator Leavitt
Letter from Colombian Alternative Development Agency (PDA) Thanking the Embassy for its Rapid Attention to a Human Health Complaint
Government of Colombia (GOC) Ruling No. 707 that States that the Illicit Crop Eradication Program is being Conducted in Compliance with the GOC Environmental Management Plan (EMP)