Countries/Jurisdictions of Primary Concern - Guernsey
The Bailiwick of Guernsey (the Bailiwick) encompasses a number of the Channel Islands (Guernsey, Alderney, Sark, and Herm). As a Crown Dependency of the UK, it relies on the UK for its defense and international relations. While Alderney and Sark have their own separate parliaments and civil law systems, Guernsey’s parliament legislates in matters of criminal justice for all of the islands in the Bailiwick. Guernsey is a financial center, and as such, there is a risk that proceeds of crime will be invested in or pass through the Bailiwick. In terms of volume, most criminal proceeds arise from foreign predicate offenses; domestic criminal activity, such as drug trafficking, yields the highest overall number of money laundering cases. The principal area of concern or vulnerability remains the risk of abuse of the financial sector to launder the proceeds of overseas criminal activity, primarily financial crimes.
For additional information focusing on terrorist financing, please refer to the Department of State’s Country Reports on Terrorism, which can be found at: //2009-2017.state.gov/j/ct/rls/crt/
Do FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONs engage in currency transactions related to international narcotics trafficking that include significant amounts of US currency; currency derived from illegal sales in the U.S.; or illegal drug sales that otherwise significantly affect the U.S.: NO
criminalizATION OF money laundering:
“All serious crimes” approach or “list” approach to predicate crimes: All serious crimes
Are legal persons covered: criminally: YES civilly: YES
Know-your-customer (KYC) rules:
Enhanced due diligence procedures for PEPs: Foreign: YES Domestic: NO
KYC covered entities: Banks, lending firms, financial instrument issuers and managers, and money service businesses; insurance companies and intermediaries; investment firms and funds; safekeeping and portfolio management services; trust and company service providers; lawyers, accountants, notaries, and estate agents; dealers of precious metals and stones; and e-gaming services
Number of STRs received and time frame: 693 in 2014
Number of CTRs received and time frame: Not applicable
STR covered entities: All businesses
money laundering criminal Prosecutions/convictions:
Prosecutions: 3 in 2015
Convictions: 3 in 2015
Records exchange mechanism:
With U.S.: MLAT: NO Other mechanism: YES
With other governments/jurisdictions: YES
Through a resolution of the Council of Europe, Guernsey formally participates in the mutual evaluation procedures of the Council of Europe Select Committee of Experts on the Evaluation of Anti-Money Laundering Measures and the Financing of Terrorism (MONEYVAL), a FATF- style regional body. Its most recent mutual evaluation can be found at: http://www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/moneyval/Countries/Guernsey_en.asp
Enforcement and implementation issues and comments:
Guernsey’s comprehensive AML/CFT legal framework provides a basis for an effective AML/CFT regime, and remaining shortcomings are technical in nature. While no weaknesses have been identified in the legal framework, concerns remain with respect to the implementation of the money laundering provisions. Given the size of the Bailiwick’s financial sector and its status as an international financial center, the modest number of cases involving money laundering and the small number of money laundering convictions raise questions concerning the effective application of money laundering provisions.
The Bailiwick has been actively involved in the provision of formal mutual legal assistance for many years. The legal framework provides an ability to freeze and confiscate assets in appropriate circumstances. A formal asset sharing agreement between Guernsey and the U.S. Department of Justice was signed in February 2015.
Guernsey is a Crown Dependency and cannot sign or ratify international conventions in its own right unless entrusted to do so. Rather, the UK is responsible for the Bailiwick’s international affairs and, at Guernsey’s request, may arrange for the ratification of any convention to be extended to the Bailiwick. The UK’s ratification of the 1988 UN Drug Convention was extended to include the Bailiwick in 2002; its ratification of the UN Convention against Corruption was extended to include Guernsey in 2009; its ratification of the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism was extended to Guernsey in 2008; and its ratification of the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime was extended to include Guernsey in 2014.