The constitution prohibits religious discrimination and provides for freedom of religion and worship consistent with public order and national unity. It provides for the separation of state and religion and prohibits religiously affiliated political parties. In July authorities banned full‑face veils in the Diffa region under state of emergency provisions. The ban was implemented following an increase in the region in militants’ use of burqas or similar coverings to conceal explosives. The government monitored religious expression it viewed as potentially threatening. It organized and attended multiple events on the role of religion in countering violent extremism. The Ministry of Interior (MOI) created a committee tasked with regulating preaching and sermons, assessing religious buildings, evaluating the management of Quranic schools, and determining the relationship between the MOI and the Islamic Council of Niger. Some government officials required imams to submit their sermons for approval before delivering them.
Riots and protests in January targeted Christian churches, other religious buildings, and homes; 10 people were killed, 177 injured, and 69 churches and Christian‑owned houses burnt.
The U.S. embassy discussed religious freedom, interfaith dialogue, and tolerance with the government. The embassy hosted events and organized outreach activities and exchange programs with religious leaders and civil society to promote religious tolerance and encourage interfaith dialogue, including a roundtable discussion on religious tolerance and several interfaith iftar events.