The constitution guarantees freedom of religion. It prohibits discrimination on the grounds of religion. It states that the “freedom to manifest one’s religion or beliefs shall be subject only to such limitations as are prescribed by law and are necessary in the interests of public safety, order, health or morals, or for the protection of the fundamental rights and freedoms of others.” The constitution acknowledges a special relationship with the Catholic Church “in accordance with Andorran tradition” and recognizes the “full legal capacity” of the bodies of the Catholic Church, granting them legal status “in accordance with their own rules.” One of the two constitutionally designated princes of the country (who serves equally as joint head of state with the president of France) is the Catholic Bishop of Urgell, Joan Enric Vives i Sicilia, whose diocese in Spain includes the Principality of Andorra.
There is no specific legislation on the treatment and recognition of religious groups or on religious freedom.
The government registers religious communities as cultural organizations under the law of associations, which does not specifically mention religious groups. To build a place of worship or seek government financial support, a religious group must register as a non-profit cultural organization and acquire legal personality. To register, a group must provide its statutes and foundation agreement, a statement certifying the names of persons appointed to the board or other official positions in the organization, and a patrimony declaration that identifies the inheritance or endowment of the organization. A consolidated register of associations records all types of associations, including religious groups.
According to the law, municipalities are responsible for providing public service regarding the construction, preservation, and administration of funerary services.
Instruction in the Catholic religion is optional in public schools, but must take place outside of both regular school hours and the time set aside for elective school activities, such as civics or ethics. The Catholic Church provides teachers for religion classes, and the government pays their salaries.