The constitution stipulates the state is secular, prohibits religious harassment, and provides for freedom of religion and worship. The law requires religious groups to receive government approval to operate and allows the president to dissolve any existing religious groups; however, hundreds of religious groups operated freely without official government authorization. The government has not registered any new religious groups since 2010.
Many prominent religious leaders, such as the imam of the Douala Central Mosque, spoke out against Nigerian-based terrorist group Boko Haram and its attacks against Cameroonian security forces and attempts to elicit support for those attacks from local populations.
The U.S. embassy discussed religious freedom issues with government officials, advocating for greater transparency and efficiency in approving the status of religious groups. Embassy officers met with prominent figures from all principal religious groups to discuss challenges to religious freedom, outreach among religious groups, religious tolerance, and interfaith dialogue. Embassy officials participated in a seminar organized by imams on peace and security and hosted a roundtable discussion on interfaith dialogue and religious tolerance.