Rape and Domestic Violence: Rape, including spousal rape, is a criminal offense, and the government effectively prosecuted persons accused of such crimes. The penalty for rape is two to six years’ imprisonment. In aggravating circumstances the penalty is four to 10 years’ imprisonment.
The law prohibits violence against women, and the government effectively enforced it. The penalty for spousal abuse is two to six years’ imprisonment. In aggravating circumstances, it is four to 10 years’ imprisonment. There was one case of violence against a woman. On September 29, a court sentenced Gioi Fabbri to three years for beating his girlfriend.
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C): FGM/C is a crime of aggravated assault according to articles 155 and 156 of the penal code. There were no instances reported of FGM/C.
Sexual Harassment: The government effectively enforced the law prohibiting sexual harassment. In January the press reported that authorities arrested former head of state Peter Berti, a physician, on charges of sexual harassment following complaints by a number of his patients.
Reproductive Rights: Couples and individuals have the right to decide the number, spacing, and timing of their children and had the information and means to do so. The have the right to attain the highest standard of reproductive health, free from discrimination, coercion, or violence. Access to information on contraception and skilled attendance during pregnancy, at childbirth, and in postpartum care were widely available. Women and men had equal access to diagnostic services and treatment for sexually transmitted infections.
Discrimination: Women enjoy the same rights as men, including rights under family law, property law, and in the judicial system. There were no reports of economic discrimination against women in pay or employment. The law requires equal pay for women and men performing equal work.