Report of the U.S.-Brazil Climate Change Working Group
On October 26 and 27, Brazil and the United States held the first meeting of the bilateral Climate Change Working Group, established by Presidents Rousseff and Obama in June 2015 to help implement a Joint Initiative on Climate Change. The CCWG is chaired by Ambassador José Antônio Marcondes de Carvalho, Brazilian Undersecretary-General for the Environment, Energy, Science and Technology, and Todd Stern, U.S. Special Envoy for Climate Change.
At its first meeting, the CCWG discussed a Work Program to address areas of action for cooperation. Both sides took stock of existing cooperation, identified areas for further development and shared experiences in the areas of sustainable land-use and adaptation.
Brazil and the U.S. agreed to immediately launch the following two action initiatives on sustainable land-use, and to cooperate over the next few months to develop and complete workplans for each initiative by March 2016:
- Enhance incentives and forest finance to add value to standing forests and promote enhancement of forest carbon stocks; and
- ncrease scientific understanding and application of low-carbon, climate-resilient agricultural practices.
The CCWG also agreed that at its next meeting it will consider for inclusion in the Work Program an initiative on improving respective abilities to monitor and measure emissions from forests and other land-use.
On adaptation, Brazil and the United States shared experiences related to their respective domestic adaptation processes and agreed to continue discussing how those experiences could shape future collaboration and exchange.
With regard to clean energy, the CCWG took note of the U.S.-Brazil Strategic Energy Dialogue, co-chaired by the U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy, Elizabeth Sherwood-Randall, and Brazilian Deputy Minister of Mines and Energy, Luiz Eduardo Barata, on November 13th in Washington, D.C. The CCWG agreed that the Dialogue will inform the consideration of the matter at its next meeting.
Both sides also agreed to explore opportunities to better coordinate technical assistance to third countries. As part of this effort, the CCWG took note of the focal points nominated by each side to continue discussing a proposal from the United States to jointly identify, develop, promote and pilot climate finance instruments in Lusophone Africa.
Recognizing the need for innovative solutions to today’s challenges, the CCWG will consider proposals on emerging technologies to bring solutions on the horizon to the attention of national policy-makers and technical experts.
Both sides also had a productive high-level policy dialogue on the international climate negotiations leading up to the 21st Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC convening in Paris later this year.
The CCWG will meet again by June 2016 to implement the workstreams elaborated in their workplans, and continue dialogue on other key action areas.